Carrier Navy: the Chinese choice of Shipborne AWACS (Part Two)

 Carrier Navy: the Chinese choice of Shipborne AWACS (Part Two)

The importance of Shipborne early warning aircraft in modern naval warfare needs no further elaboration. However, it is worth noting that at present, there are not many countries in the world with such aircraft, and only the United States and France have shipborne fixed wing AWACS. The latter uses eagle eye aircraft. In other words, the E-2 is the only carrier based fixed wing early warning aircraft currently in service in the world. Obviously, its important, but its not a necessity for every nations navy.

In this paper, although the author has repeatedly stressed the great value of the shipborne fixed wing early warning aircraft, it has also repeatedly stressed its prerequisite - for an American ocean Navy, all of which are tenable. Strictly speaking, only the United States and France (not only have fleet aircraft carriers, but also amphibious attack ships and organic nuclear submarines) have been fully built in the world at present. Their characteristics are that they have comprehensive ocean going combat capability and take aircraft carrier formation as the combat core. The British and Chinese navies are in the final stage of transition. After Queen Elizabeth has achieved full combat effectiveness, the Royal Navy is expected to rebuild an American style ocean going Navy after the decommissioning of two Eagle class aircraft carriers in 1978, although the replacement of MV-22 early warning ship with eh-101 early warning helicopter and the decommissioning of marine class amphibious assault ship will revive it There is a big discount on color.

The E-2D AWACS are ready to land on the carrier.

The so-called carrier formation as the combat core is essentially the carrier based aircraft on the aircraft carrier. On this basis, as the thousand mile eye, nerve center and brain of the carrier based aircraft force, the early warning aircraft plays the core role of the whole maritime combat system at both ends of the attack and defense. In such a navy, the shipborne early warning aircraft is indispensable, and the shipborne fixed wing early warning aircraft with more powerful functions and better performance is definitely the best choice. The light weight of the Royal Navy This has been reflected in the poor air defense performance of the combination of anti submarine aircraft carrier and early warning helicopter in the Falklands war.

However, the US Navy is not the only choice in the world. Before the end of the cold war, the Red Navy of the Soviet Union was also a powerful force with comprehensive ocean going combat capability. However, the core of its maritime operations was shore based aviation and nuclear submarines. Although the Red Navy also has a strong surface combat force and aircraft carrier, those nondescript aircraft carrying cruisers have never been entrusted with the heavy task of combat core. The main task of Moscow class and Kiev class is anti submarine. At most, Kuznetsov has provided a certain long-range air defense capability outside the antisubmarine; the glorious class and Kirov class cruisers do exist The surface warship group is in the core position, but in the whole attack and defense system of the Red Navy, it is only a supporting role in the operation of nuclear submarines.

Obviously, a fleet with submarines as its core does not rely on AWACS at both ends of attack and defense. Even if shore based aviation needs AWACS, they are not shipborne AWACS. Before the end of the cold war, the Soviet Navy showed a tendency to move closer to the US Navy. However, this trend has already flashed several times in the development plan of the Red Navy after 1945 (for example, the Orel class nuclear powered aircraft carrier program in the 1970s). This repeated swing is not surprising. Even if the Soviet Union has not disintegrated, even if the Soviet Union class aircraft carrier is completed and put into service, it does not mean that the Soviet Union class aircraft carrier has been completed and put into service The Soviet Navy would change its decades long development path.

The Japanese maritime self defense force, the current British Royal Navy and the Russian Navy all have the typical characteristics of the Soviet Navy, that is, the surface ship group is mainly anti submarine, and the attack ability mainly depends on the underwater force; while the Indian Navy shows many characteristics of the American navy, but these four marine forces are lack of ocean comprehensive combat capability. For them, the shipborne early warning helicopter should be even more The right choice.

The overall performance of early warning helicopter can not be compared with fixed wing early warning aircraft.


If we are committed to building a strong American ocean Navy, then at least at present, the role of Shipborne fixed wing early warning aircraft is still irreplaceable. Of course, this does not mean that there are no other combat platforms that can share the work of AWACS. Ocean reconnaissance satellites can monitor the sea area far beyond the AWACS. For a Navy mainly operating in the offshore, shore based AWACS can also provide a complete set of early warning, command and control, and relay guidance services for the fleet. Even in the ocean, Shipborne UAV reconnaissance aircraft can also be used The fleet with large aircraft carriers provides long-range intelligence support.

However, the above three solutions have obvious disadvantages: at present, the monitoring of the target sea area by marine reconnaissance satellite has the characteristics of periodic window, which is easy to be used by opponents, and the satellite does not have the battlefield management ability of the early warning aircraft; obviously, the shore based early warning aircraft can not fully meet the mission requirements of the ocean fleet, even for the offshore fleet, the early warning aircraft directly accompanying the fleet action The response efficiency to the task is certainly much higher than the shore-based early warning aircraft coming from afar after calling. The Shipborne UAV can collect intelligence and detect targets, but it cant play the role of battle command platform. Maybe there will be a UAV with all the functions of AWACS in the future. It will still be an AWACS aircraft, and it still needs carrier take-off and landing, but no one is there Its just driving.

Hypersonic weapon is the latest challenge for shipborne early warning aircraft. The picture shows the Russian MiG-31 interceptor launching the dagger hypersonic missile.

For shipborne AWACS, the real challenge comes from the emerging new generation of Naval Weapons hypersonic vehicles and anti-ship ballistic missiles. Since the day of its birth, the target that AWACS are good at detecting is the ultra-low altitude aircraft coming from the sea. In order to reduce the air resistance, most of the hypersonic weapons mainly fly in the ultra-high altitude or near space. The anti-ship ballistic missile is the high-speed dive attack directly from space. The detection ability of Shipborne early-warning aircraft for these two types of targets may not be as powerful as the ship with more powerful power Equipped with Aegis radar system.

In March 2018, in his state of the Union address, the Russian president disclosed to the outside world a variety of new weapons being developed by Russia, including the vanguard and dagger hypersonic missiles. Among them, dagger missiles are carried by MiG-31 interceptors, which can be used to attack ground targets and attack surface warships. After that, the Russian Ministry of defense for the first time released high-definition photos of the dagger supersonic missile and the video of the exercise launch. The video shows that the dagger missile was launched by the mig-31b interceptor numbered 592, and finally dived at a high angle of attack and hit a simulated target similar to the shape of the US Ticonderoga class cruiser. In addition to the dagger, Russia is also developing zircon hypersonic anti-ship missiles for surface warships and submarines. In July this year, the Russian army revealed that the zircon missile was successfully launched on the frigate Gorshkov. The Russian military side is very satisfied with the range, accuracy and speed of the missile. The test of zircon hypersonic missile is coming to an end.

In the face of new adversaries, where will the shipborne AWACS go?

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_ 5811557, async:true }Source of this article: surging news editor: Yao Wenguang_ NN1682