South Korea is ambitious to expand its armaments. Where is the $254 billion spent in five years

 South Korea is ambitious to expand its armaments. Where is the $254 billion spent in five years

Comments: South Korea is a medium-sized regional country, and there is a clear gap between its military strength and neighboring powers. However, in recent years, South Korea has been constantly improving its national defense level, and its overall strength and peripheral combat capability are constantly expanding. South Koreas massive arms expansion this time highlights its determination to develop its national defense forces, hoping to provide more adequate support for future military operations, and also fully demonstrates its ambition to establish a multi regional existence and regional military power. Judging from the current strength base and growth rate of the Korean army, it will become a military force that can not be ignored in the Asia Pacific region in the future. However, due to the complexity of the security situation in the Asia Pacific region, South Koreas large-scale research and development of offensive weapons, including aircraft carriers, will certainly increase the uncertainty of security in Northeast Asia, especially adding a dangerous move to the development trend of the situation on the Korean Peninsula in the future.

South Koreas latest amphibious attack ship maro island will build a medium-sized aircraft carrier in the future.

Become the important pillar to balance the security pattern in Northeast Asia

The Korean Peninsula is known as the living fossil of the cold war. Although the cold war has ended for many years, the two countries have been in a tense state of confrontation. In recent years, the security situation in Northeast Asia has been changeable. The relations between the two countries have become hot and cold, and the relations between South Korea and Japan tend to be tense. The United States pursues global strategic contraction, and its positioning for South Korea is also undergoing subtle adjustment. All these have put forward higher requirements for the future development of South Koreas military power. South Korea believes that in order to survive in the cracks, it is necessary to build a strong military force.

In fact, South Koreas military expansion plan has already been in place. In August 2012, the Ministry of defense of the Republic of Korea announced the basic plan for National Defense Reform from 2012 to 2030, which announced that it would turn the Korean army into a smaller but more effective force. The plan includes the improvement of weapons and equipment as well as the use of more mobility and technology, so that South Korea can better deal with regional security threats and participate in deeper international operations. After moon Jae in May 2017, he also set up a direction for strengthening the self-reliance of the Korean army in modernization and transformation. On August 10, 2020, South Korea issued the defense medium-term plan (2021-2025), The standard configuration of aircraft carriers, nuclear submarines, ballistic missiles and other big powers are all included in the content of military construction. Especially after the United States recently decided to cancel the restrictions on the development of medium and long-range solid fuel ballistic missiles for South Koreas research and development, South Korea intends to substantially improve its long-range missile capability in terms of quantity and quality, and further enhance its active attack forces such as ballistic missiles and cruise missiles, so as to make its neighbors feel better All threatened neighbors are included in the range of their weapons.

In addition, with the expansion of the scope of operations, the South Korean army has higher and higher requirements for information acquisition capability. It has begun to change the current situation that its strategic information is basically obtained from the United States. It plans to launch small reconnaissance satellites into space from 2020, so as to independently monitor the trends of North Korea and neighboring countries, and input relevant information into the air force fighter planes and missile systems Now were fighting fast.

On the whole, the development of South Koreas military strength has achieved remarkable results after decades of efforts. The overall military strength has been greatly enhanced, which can basically play an important supporting role for its participation in regional military operations and subsequent global presence. At the same time, South Korea has increasingly become an important pillar to balance the power pattern in Northeast Asia.

Continuously meet the Navys long-term operational capability requirements

In this South Koreas military development plan, the construction of naval force is an important content, which is also determined by the geographical characteristics of South Korea. South Korea is a peninsula country surrounded by sea in the East, South and West, with 3200 islands and a coastline of more than 8460 kilometers. The Korean Strait is the maritime gateway of Northeast Asia and the South Gate of the sea of Japan. It has always been a place of strategic struggle.

In fact, since the 1970s, with the rapid development of South Koreas economy and the continuous improvement of shipbuilding technology, an ambitious ship modernization program was launched. A series of plans, such as kdx series destroyers and KSS conventional submarines, were launched during this period. After the end of the cold war, South Korea took offensive defense as the core concept of its national defense policy, and accelerated the process of large-scale independent construction of main warships. From the 20000 ton Dudao class amphibious assault ship to the once largest Shizong king class destroyer in Asia, and then to the kss-3 submarine, the worlds largest conventional submarine, South Korea has basically completed its mission through small steps and fast running Target. By 2019, the South Korean navy has 68 large warships, including 16 submarines, 12 destroyers, 13 frigates, 13 light frigates and 14 amphibious combat ships. In addition, it also has dozens of patrol boats, mine warships and auxiliary equipment, which has a very balanced and comprehensive combat capability.

Kss-3 submarine is equipped with basaltic - 2 ballistic missile and has certain strategic deterrent capability.

In terms of aircraft carrier construction, South Korea has been sparing no effort and has a very strong aircraft carrier dream. As early as the 1990s, South Korea has begun to set up a project for aircraft carriers. After repeated research and demonstration, South Korea finally decided to develop amphibious attack ships that can carry helicopters. On July 3, 2007, the first amphibious attack ship Dokdo of South Korea was put into service. This is the first fully armored warship in the history of the South Korean navy, which can carry 10 large and medium-sized transport helicopters. Subsequently, South Korea began to build the No. 2 ship Marlow island in 2017, and is expected to join the navy in 2020. The service of amphibious attack ship makes the South Korean Navy acquire the ability of using carrier based aircraft, which can be called quasi aircraft carrier.

However, because the displacement of the Dokdo class bipolar attack ship is only 20000 tons, and it can only carry shipborne helicopters, its operational range and function are very limited, which is obviously far from enough for the South Korean navy, which has the expanding ocean going ambition. For this reason, South Korea has decided to substantially adjust the lpx-ii project of the new generation amphibious assault ship, increasing its full load displacement to nearly 40000 tons, about twice that of the Dokdo class, and even surpassing the light aircraft carrier gafur of Italy and at the same level as the aircraft carrier de Gaulle of France. In addition, 16-20 F-35B fighters capable of short-range / vertical take-off and landing were introduced into two squadrons. This will greatly enhance the ships land support and sea attack capabilities, and help the South Korean navy to greatly expand its mission scope and enhance its ability to carry out various sea combat tasks in the ocean.

In order to better realize the formation of aircraft carrier battle group, the South Korean government has specially approved new destroyer and submarine procurement plan, and will allocate US $6 billion to purchase three aegis destroyers equipped with ballistic missile interceptors and three new submarines equipped with cruise missiles for land attack, which are also part of the broader naval force construction plan of South Korea. Among them, the kdx-3 destroyer is the most advanced destroyer in South Korea. It is based on the Allie Burke II-A destroyer of the US Navy. However, its tonnage and air defense combat capability are all better than those. It is one of the most powerful destroyers in Asia at present. Through these system support forces, South Korea will initially build a strong combat formation composed of advanced frigates, destroyers, cruisers and submarines. It is expected that the combat capability will be formed around 2030, which will greatly improve the overall capability of the Korean navy and meet its long-term operational capability requirements.

Shizong king class destroyer is equipped with a large number of vertical launching devices.

The future is facing great uncertainty

From the perspective of development prospects, due to the constraints of international security situation and its own comprehensive strength, South Korea will face more difficulties and challenges in the implementation of its arms expansion plan in the future.

First of all, from the content of South Koreas arms expansion plan, the construction goal seems to be very clear, but the strategic intention is relatively vague. At present, the security situation in Northeast Asia is becoming more and more complex. North Korea has no longer continued the moderate attitude of the summit meeting between the two Koreas in 2018, and its position towards South Korea has turned to be tough. Meanwhile, the relations between Japan and South Korea are also gradually tense, with increasingly prominent contradictions and differences. Therefore, in this context, South Koreas decision to expand its armaments on a large scale is bound to increase the suspicion of neighboring countries and even make a strong response. Moreover, due to the strong offensive and long-term nature of South Koreas arms expansion plan, it means that the Korean Peninsula will be full of tension for a long time, which will make the complex security situation in Northeast Asia more uncertain, which will have a significant impact on the implementation of South Koreas arms expansion plan in the future.

Secondly, although South Korea has a certain manufacturing foundation in the national defense industry, especially in the shipbuilding industry, it lacks core technology. Many key equipment, weapon systems and electronic equipment are directly purchased from other western countries, and most of the projects are simply assembled building blocks. For example, the Sejong king class destroyer, which South Korea is proud of, uses the phased array radar of the United States Aegis system, the air defense missile is the standard and hailam of the United States, and the near defense system is the goalkeeper of the Netherlands. These multi-national equipment concentrated on the same ship will inevitably lead to various incompatibilities, which will greatly limit the overall situation awareness, combat radius and maintenance of ships, and further affect the full play of its quality and effectiveness.

The red shark anti submarine missile developed by South Korea.

Finally, funding constraints are also an important constraint in the implementation of South Koreas future arms expansion plan. In recent years, South Koreas military budget has increased significantly. For example, in 2019, the defense budget of South Korea is 42 billion US dollars, with a year-on-year increase of 8.2%. The growth rate is the highest in nearly 10 years, and the defense budget in 2020 will increase by 7.4%. Although South Korea is an economically developed country, its development process is quite fragile. The outbreak of the new epidemic this year has seriously damaged its export trade and industrial production, and even its economy has shown negative growth, and its future development prospects are not very clear. This time, South Korea announced its weapons and equipment research and development plan, which contains almost all the sophisticated equipment in the three fields of sea, land and air, and the cost is extremely huge. In particular, the aircraft carrier has been known as the gold gobbler of equipment construction. In addition to the huge cost of its own development and construction, the F-35B carried by it is also a bottomless pit. Moreover, if the aircraft carrier is to form combat effectiveness, it also needs to be equipped with relevant fixed wing carrier borne early warning aircraft, refueling aircraft and electronic warfare aircraft, as well as a certain number of advanced escort ships. At the same time, it also needs to carry out high-intensity training and maintenance, which may exceed the economic capacity of South Korea. Therefore, although South Koreas arms plan can be called ambitious, it is still uncertain whether it will be successful or not. The road of development is heavy and long.

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_ 5811557, async:true }Source of this article: surging news editor: Yao Wenguang_ NN1682