Trump confirmed the new crown. If there is any accident, who will be the president of the United States?

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 Trump confirmed the new crown. If there is any accident, who will be the president of the United States?


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As soon as the news came out, it attracted global attention. This is the final stage of the US presidential election. If Trumps physical condition fluctuates, it will have a significant impact on the US political situation. Many people are concerned about how the U.S. political system will respond to a vacancy in the U.S. presidential office, and who will succeed the presidency? This paper reviews the succession system of American president. The main text is originally published in Hebei law, and the extended reading part is information synthesis, which only represents the authors point of view for your reference.

The succession of the president of the United States

Loopholes in the original provisions of the United States Constitution of 1787

The original text of the constitution of the United States of America in 1787 stipulates: in the event of the presidents removal, death, resignation or loss of the ability to perform the powers and responsibilities of the president, the office of the President shall be transferred to the vice president. Congress may provide by law to announce the officers of the acting president in the event of the removal, death, resignation or incapacity of the president and vice president. The official shall act as president until the president is restored to office or a new president is elected. . The order of succession to the president of the United States under different circumstances is specified here

Second, if the vice president is also unable to succeed due to removal, death, resignation or incapacity, the order of further Succession shall be prescribed by law by Congress.

In the second case, the order of succession to the president was embodied by a law passed by Congress in 1886. It stipulates that if the vice president is unable to succeed due to death or other reasons, members of the United States internal affairs department shall succeed the president in accordance with the order in which each department was established. When the United States was founded, the State Department, the Department of finance, and the Department of Defense (initially the Department of the army) were established, and then the departments of the interior and justice were established. Therefore, the order of succeeding presidents should be: Secretary of state, Minister of finance, Minister of defense, Minister of the interior, Minister of justice, etc. In July 1947, Congress further passed the presidential succession act. According to the law, if the vice president is unable to succeed due to death or other reasons, the successor should first be the speaker of the house of Representatives and the interim speaker of the Senate, and then members of the U.S. cabinet.

uff081uff09 Dwight Eisenhower, the 34th President of the United States, suffered from several heart attacks during his two terms of office from 1951 to 1961. He was incapacitated three times and recovered three times. This highlights the issue of how to determine the loss and restoration of the presidents ability to serve.

Three supplements to the 25th amendment to the 1967 US Constitution

In order to avoid the interruption of the functions of the president and vice president of the United States and maintain the convergence, and ensure the normal operation of the national machinery of the United States under any circumstances, the United States approved the amendment to Article 25 of the Constitution on February 10, 1967. This amendment provides more specific and comprehensive provisions on the succession of the president and vice president of the United States.

First, it restates some provisions of the original text of the United States Constitution on the issue of presidential succession, that is, in the case of the death, resignation and removal of the president, the Vice President shall become the president.

From 1787 to 1985, eight of the 40 presidents of the United States died during their term of office and were succeeded by the vice president. Among them, the 9th President William Harrison, the 12th president Zachary Taylor, the 29th president Warren Harding, the 32nd President Franklin Roosevelt died of illness during their term of office, while the 16th President Abraham Lincoln, the 20th President James Garfield, the 25th President William McKinley and the 35th President John Kennedy were assassinated during their term of office. After the death of the eight presidents, their vice presidents immediately succeeded in accordance with the constitution, and their presidency was not interrupted for a day.

Lets take the succession process of John F. Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States. At 12:30 p.m. on January 2, 1963, two cars of President John F. Kennedy and his wife, Vice President Lyndon Johnson and his wife, passed through a cheering crowd in downtown Dallas, Texas. Suddenly, John Kennedy was shot from behind. The president, who was wounded in a fatal gunshot, was rushed to the hospital by the vice presidents vehicle. After that, out of vigilance, the vice president rushed to the presidential plane at Dallas airport under the protection of secret service personnel. After the presidents wife boarded the plane, the plane immediately flew to Washington. On the flight, federal district judge Sarah Hughes presided over the swearing in ceremony of Lincoln Johnson, the 36th president of the United States, who took office in accordance with the succession procedure. Just two hours before and after, the presidents power was handed over in an orderly manner.

From 1787 to 1985, only one of the 40 US presidents resigned, that is, Richard Nixon, the 37th President. On August 9, 1974, he was forced to resign during his 48th term as president because of Watergate incident. At this time, there are still two years, five and a half months before the expiration of the 48th term of office of the president. Gerald Ford, then vice president, became president on the same day in accordance with the succession procedure. He became the first vice president to succeed as president under the 25th amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

3. Succession in the event of removal of the president

Second, the 25th amendment to the constitution of the United States amends the general provisions of the original text of the United States Constitution on succession in the event of the presidents incapacity to serve, making the following two specific provisions.

1. The loss of the presidents ability to hold office can be determined not only by the written statements submitted by the president himself to the provisional speaker of the Senate and the speaker of the house of Representatives, but also by the written statements submitted by the vice president, the majority heads of the executive departments or other institutions established by law of the Congress to the provisional president of the Senate and the speaker of the house of Representatives.

2. Under normal circumstances, the restoration of the presidents ability to serve can be determined according to the written statement submitted by the president himself to the interim speaker of the Senate and the speaker of the house of Representatives. However, when the president and the vice president disagree on whether the president has restored his or her capacity to serve, the Congress is responsible for deciding on the issue. Congress should decide whether the president has been restored to office by a two-thirds majority vote of both houses within the statutory days.

Third, the 25th amendment of the US Constitution also clearly stipulates the succession of the vice president. It stipulates that when the vice presidents office becomes vacant, the President shall nominate a vice president and take office after being approved by more than half of the votes of both houses of Congress. In 1973, Gerald Ford became the first person to become vice president in accordance with the provisions of the 25th amendment of the United States Constitution. At that time, vice president Piro Agnew was tried by the Federal District Court in Baltimore on charges of income tax evasion and other crimes and was forced to resign. President Richard Nixon, the manager, nominated Gerald Ford, the minority leader of the house of Representatives, was approved by Congress as vice president.

Final rules for the 2003 presidential succession Act Amendment

In 2003, the U.S. Senate passed the amendment bill of the US presidential succession act, which finally determined the succession order of the US president

Speaker of the house of Representatives

Interim speaker of the Senate

ecretary of state

finance minister

efence secretary

attorney general

Secretary of Homeland Security

Minister of Agriculture

Minister of Commerce

Minister of labour

Minister of health and human services

Minister of housing and urban development

ecretary of transportation

Minister of energy

minister of education

Secretary of Veterans Affairs

John Taylor: the first person in the history of the United States to directly succeed the president as vice president because of the death of an incumbent president. The southern manor owner of the United States was born and served successively as the representative, governor and Senator. When Harrison was elected president in 1840, Taylor was elected vice president. President Harrison died of illness after only one month in office; Taylor directly succeeded the president and became the first lucky vice president in the history of the United States in accordance with the provisions of the United States Constitution.

Millard Fillmore: the most controversial president in the history of the United States. Fillmore was born as a poor tenant farmer. After passing the lawyers examination at the age of 23, he entered politics and served as a state councilor and a member of Congress successively. In 1848, Zachary Taylor was elected president and Fillmore was elected vice president. Two years later, President Taylor died of illness, and Fillmore succeeded him directly in accordance with the constitution of the United States.

Andrew Johnson: the first president in the history of the United States to be impeached by Congress. He kept the presidency by one vote. Johnson was born in a poor family. He was an apprentice and a tailor. His early life was very hard. He was the only southern politician trusted by President Lincoln during the civil war. So when Lincoln ran for president for the second time in 1864, he nominated Johnson as the vice presidential candidate, and both of them were elected successfully. In April 1865, Lincoln, who had been re elected president for only one month, was assassinated and killed. Johnson succeeded him as president. The US enclave of Alaska was purchased by Johnson when he was president.

Chester Allen Arthur: American Republican statesman. Garfield was elected the 20th president and Arthur was elected vice president in 1880. Four months after his election, President Garfield was assassinated by assassins, and Arthur directly succeeded the president of the United States as vice president. During Arthurs term of office, he introduced a civil service act to reform the civil service system in the United States and put an end to the phenomenon of political booty sharing in the American political arena. In addition, he also vigorously developed the Navy and created the modern navy of the United States.

Theodore Roosevelt: the famous old president of the United States, a follower of Monroe Doctrine, and a hero of the Spanish American war. When McKinley was re elected president in 1900, Roosevelt was elected vice president. McKinley was assassinated by anarchists in his second year of re-election, and Roosevelt became president. At that time, Roosevelt was only 42 years old, the youngest president in the history of the United States. Roosevelt was one of the greatest presidents in the history of the United States.

Truman: a politician of the Democratic Party of the United States. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1934. He worked for a full decade. When Roosevelt was elected president for the fourth time in 1944, Truman was elected vice president. President Roosevelt, who had not yet led the Americans to win the anti fascist war, died suddenly in April 1945. Truman, then vice president, directly succeeded the president in accordance with the constitution of the United States. Three years later, the United States re elected and Truman was re elected.

Lyndon Baines Johnson: a democratic politician of the United States. After the outbreak of the Pacific war between the United States and Japan in 1941, Johnson volunteered to serve in the army. With the U.S. Navy, he went to the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean for many adventures. Johnson was elected to the Senate in 1948 and was promoted to the Democratic leader of the Senate five years later. When Kennedy was elected president in 1961, Johnson was elected vice president. Two years later, Kennedy was assassinated and killed, and Johnson directly succeeded the president.

Ford: Republican statesman of the United States. He served in the U.S. Navy during World War II. He served as assistant navigation officer of the aircraft carrier mantra and participated in the Pacific war between the United States and Japan. Ford retired as a major in 1946 and entered American politics. In 1972, he served as chairman of the Republican National Congress. In 1973, U.S. Vice President Agnew resigned due to the Watergate incident, and President Nixon appointed Ford as the new vice president. In August 1974, Nixon was forced to resign due to Watergate incident, and Ford directly succeeded president in accordance with the United States Constitution. Ford is the only person in the history of the United States who directly served as vice president and then succeeded to president without any election. It can be said that he was extremely lucky. Unfortunately, when Ford pursued re-election in 1976, he was defeated by his opponent by a narrow margin, and his re-election failed. Up to now, there are 48 vice presidents in the United States, of which only 8 are lucky ones. During their term of office, they directly succeed the president because of the accidental death or resignation of the president of the United States.

Extended reading 2: the 25th amendment to the US Constitution

Section2.WheneverthereisavacancyintheofficeoftheVicePresident,thePresidentshallnominateaVicePresidentwhoshalltakeofficeuponconfirmationbyamajorityvoteofbothHousesofCongress.

Section 2. When the office of vice president becomes vacant, the President shall nominate a vice president to take office after being approved by more than half of the votes of both houses of Congress.

Section3.WheneverthePresidenttransmitstothePresidentprotemporeoftheSenateandtheSpeakeroftheHouseofRepresentativeshiswrittendeclarationthatheisunabletodischargethepowersanddutiesofhisoffice,anduntilhetransmitstothemawrittendeclarationtothecontrary,suchpowersanddutiesshallbedischargedbytheVicePresidentasActingPresident.

Paragraph 3. Where the president submits a written statement to the provisional president of the Senate and the speaker of the house of Representatives claiming that he is unable to perform the powers and responsibilities of his office until he submits them a statement to the contrary, his powers and responsibilities shall be performed by the vice president acting for the president.

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_ 5811557, async:true });})();Section4.WhenevertheVicePresidentandamajorityofeithertheprincipalofficersoftheexecutivedepartmentsorofsuchotherbodyasCongressmaybylawprovide,transmittothePresidentprotemporeoftheSenateandtheSpeakeroftheHouseofRepresentativestheirwrittendeclarationthatthePresidentisunabletodischargethepowersanddutiesofhisoffice, When a majority of the vice president and the chief executive or a majority of the members of any other body established by law by Congress submit a written statement to the provisional speaker of the Senate and the speaker of the house of Representatives claiming that the president is unable to perform the powers and responsibilities of the office as acting president President Li assumes the powers and responsibilities of the presidency. Source: Hu olfactory app editor in charge: Qin bailing_ NB17208

Section4.WhenevertheVicePresidentandamajorityofeithertheprincipalofficersoftheexecutivedepartmentsorofsuchotherbodyasCongressmaybylawprovide,transmittothePresidentprotemporeoftheSenateandtheSpeakeroftheHouseofRepresentativestheirwrittendeclarationthatthePresidentisunabletodischargethepowersanddutiesofhisoffice, theVicePresidentshallimmediatelyassumethepowersanddutiesoftheofficeasActingPresident.

Section 4. When a majority of the vice president and the heads of executive departments or the majority of members of other organs established by law of Congress submit a written statement to the provisional speaker of the Senate and the speaker of the house of Representatives claiming that the president is unable to perform the powers and responsibilities of the office of president, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and responsibilities of the office of president as the acting president.