How many troops did Wu Peifu have who tried to unify the country by force?

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 How many troops did Wu Peifu have who tried to unify the country by force?


Luoyang is a tiger, and the wind and rain meet Zhongzhou.

This antithetical couplet vividly describes Wu Peifus state of mind and ambition in Luoyang and Central Plains, trying to unify the whole country. So, how did Wu Peifu rise? How did he go from a scholar to the head of a direct warlord? At his peak, how many troops did Wu have? So that he has the strength to unify the country by force?

Wu Peifu was born in Shandong Province in 1874. His father was a grocer in Penglai county. As a result, he was able to study in a private school at the age of 6, and became a military cadet at the age of 14. At the age of 22, Wu Peifu, who had a talent for learning, even won the title of a scholar in the Qing Dynasty.

warlord head of the Zhili military faction

In accordance with this trend, Wu Peifu, who was able to win the middle school scholar, should go through the imperial examination all the way, and eventually become a senior high school scholar or a local squire after repeated attempts.

Under such circumstances, in order not to go to prison, the young Wu Peifu was forced to flee his hometown and arrive in Beijing to make a living by setting up stalls and divining. However, divination was not a long-term plan. In 1898, Wu Peifu decided to join the army and became a soldier of Nie Shichengs army in Tianjin.

Wu Peifu on time magazine

The next year, Wu Peifu, who had been reduced to the streets, joined the army for the second time. This time, he became a soldier under Yuan Shikai, the governor of Zhili. In 1905, because of his outstanding performance, he also went to the northeast to spy on Russian military information. Wu Peifu was appointed as the commander of the first battalion of the 11th bid of the third town.

It was in the third town that he got the recognition of his bole and Cao Kun, who was in charge of the third town, and Wu Peifu got rid of his vagabond life and started on the fast track of promotion. He first served as the first battalion of Cao Kun, and was promoted to the third standard system during the revolution of 1911.

Cao Kun

After Yuan Shikai became the provisional president of the Republic of China, Wu Peifus third town was stationed in Yuezhou as a direct line of the northern army. In 1915, Wu Peifu, who had been in the Beiyang army for 13 years, was finally promoted to senior general, and he was appointed brigade commander of the 6th brigade.

Wu Peifu, who was finally able to command an army independently, quickly demonstrated his extraordinary military talent. He won many victories in the war of protecting the country. Because of his outstanding achievements, Wu was awarded the rank of lieutenant general by the Northern Warlords Government in the second year.

After that, Wu Peifu was promoted again by virtue of his fighting against Zhang Xuns braided army and suppressing the law protection movement. This time, he was appointed acting commander and former commander-in-chief of the third division.

Beiyang military uniform

In the Zhiwan war, Wu Peifu once again showed his outstanding military talent. He led the Zhijun army to defeat the Anhui army in Zhuoxian, and finally drove Duan Qirui out of power. After Cao Kun was promoted to be the inspector of Zhilu and Henan, Wu Peifu, as deputy, began to enter Luoyang.

After entering Zhongzhou, Wu Peifu, who trained in Luoyang, also brought Hubei, Hunan and other places under his rule. In 1922, the victory of the first Zhifeng war led the Zhijun army to the peak.

Warlord separatism

At that time, although Wu Peifu was still under Cao Kuns command in name, Wu Peifu had become independent. With his powerful force, Wu Peifus Luoyang was almost the same as that of the Northern Warlords.

At that time, Wu Peifu had as many as five divisions and a mixed brigade. At the same time, he also had several independent regiments with a total strength of more than 100000. It directly controls Henan, Hubei, Zhili, Shaanxi and other provinces, while other provinces, such as Sichuan and Hunan, also belong to the sphere of influence of the lineage.

Therefore, Wu Peifu, who has become the largest force in China, has decided to realize his dream of unifying the country by force. However, not long after the declaration of military unification was put forward, Feng Yuxiang, commander-in-chief of the third army of the Zhijun army, defected during the second Zhifeng war in 1924.

Wu Peifus army, which had been cut off from the rear, was almost completely destroyed. He himself was forced to take a warship from Tianjin to Yuezhou with 2000 remaining soldiers. Wu Peifus dream of unifying the whole country was not only shattered, but also became a bare Commander: after the second Zhifeng war, Wu Peifu lost all his territory and army.

feng yu-hsiang

However, it has to be said that Wu Peifus skill is good enough and his luck is good enough. After he almost fled to Hunan alone, Wu Peifu did not fall, but made a comeback. In November 1925, Wu Peifu, who kept in touch with the old army, formed an army in Hankou to seek thieves from the fourteen provinces of Hubei, Henan, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fujian, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Shanxi, Anhui and Hunan. He himself served as commander-in-chief, and his troops exceeded 200000.

According to this trend, with Wu Peifus qualifications, status and superb skills, and after integrating all the warlords under his command, it is impossible for him to recover his strength at his peak. However, the Northern Expedition did not give Wu enough time.

feng yu-hsiang

In 1926, the 100000 army of the Guangzhou national government vowed to fight northward. Although Wu Peifu, who occupied the area of Guangdong, Guangdong and Hubei, carried out extremely resolute resistance, Wu Peifus warlord forces were obviously not rivals in the face of the Northern Expedition Army armed with beliefs and ideals. Finally, Wu Peifus 200000 army disappeared again.

After he fled to Sichuan, Wu Peifu tried repeatedly to make a comeback, but obviously, he had no chance. Finally, Wu Peifu, who was unwilling to fail, failed in spite of many setbacks. Finally, at the beginning of the Anti Japanese War, Wu Peifu was killed because he didnt want to be a traitor and didnt accept the Japanese aggressors.

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_ 5811557, async:true }Source: War Responsibility on the sand table editor: Lin Qihui_ NB13068