Deng Xiaoping and his old classmate Jiang Jingguos 15 year secret war

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 Deng Xiaoping and his old classmate Jiang Jingguos 15 year secret war


From 1926 to 1927, Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Jingguo were classmates of Sun Yat sen University in the Soviet Union. In 1973, they were in charge of major affairs at the same time. Over the next few years, the two launched many contests on major issues such as cross-strait reunification and cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party.

Jiang Jingguo in power

In 1973, Chiang gave many things to his son, Chiang Ching Kuo.

In March 1973, when Deng Xiaoping returned to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, Zhou Enlai first handed over most foreign affairs to him. Deng Xiaoping immediately announced that Beijing was ready to negotiate directly with Taipei on reunification. At this stage, Deng said, priority should be given to peaceful means (unification) .

Through public and private channels, the old Kuomintang people who stayed in the mainland kept waving to the Chiang family and his son. Chiang Ching Kuo, who is in charge of Taiwans party, government and military affairs, also ignored them. He told the New York Times: contact (negotiation) with the Communist Party of China is suicide. We are not so stupid.

In 1975, Chiang Kai Shek died. On March 11, 1978, Chiang Ching Kuo was elected President. Two months later, he was officially inaugurated in a grand ceremony.

On the other side, Deng Xiaoping, his old classmate, also firmly grasped the direction of Chinas reform.

Xiao pings heavy blow to Jingguo

Mao Zedong met Nixon in Beijing and gave Chiang a heavy blow. Chiang Kai Shek once said angrily, Nixon is not a thing. Deng Xiaoping also gave Chiang Ching Kuo a heavy blow: Chiang Ching Kuo installed pro Taiwan friends in various departments of the United States. However, President Carter and Deng Xiaopings secret negotiations on the establishment of diplomatic relations were not known to Jiang Jingguo.

At 10:00 p.m. on December 15, 1978, 12 hours before the announcement of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States, U.S. ambassador to the Republic of China suddenly received a private phone call from Washington. The ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary was ordered to call Soong Chuyu, assistant of Chiang Ching Kuo, at 3:00 a.m., saying that there was an urgent business and that he must see the President immediately.

Jiang Jingguo had to get up in the middle of the night to meet with Ambassador an and learn about the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States. At parting, Ambassador an, in accordance with the request of the State Department of the United States, requested Mr. Jiang Jingguo not to disclose the news until 8:00 a.m. the next day. Jiang Jingguo resisted his anger and refused to accept it. On the day of the announcement, the price of the new Taiwan dollar (against the US dollar) fell sharply, and the Taipei stock market fell by nearly 10%. Deng Xiaoping and the Communist Party of China are gaining momentum all over the world.

Joint efforts to build a platform for cross strait repair

On January 1, 1979, Defense Minister Xu Qianqian announced that the Jinmen shelling had officially stopped.

On the same day, the National Peoples Congress issued a letter to Taiwan compatriots. Liao Chengzhi, head of the Taiwan Affairs Office in Beijing, also issued an open letter to Jiang Jingguos younger brother, proposing the third cooperation between the two countries.

On the one hand, Taipei firmly declined Liao Chengzhis visit. Jiang Jingguo said: the Communist Partys proposal for cross-strait dialogue is old bottled new wine. The Chinese people spurn communism, while Taiwans success has inspired peoples desire for a free, democratic and prosperous lifestyle, he declared.

However, on the other hand, Jiang Jingguo also believes that Beijing is now keen to encourage the expansion of economic, social and cultural exchanges between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait. In the long run, the advantages will outweigh the disadvantages for Taiwan. If people on both sides of the Strait Travel and trade exchanges develop prudently, Taiwans image and influence in China will be enhanced.

Therefore, it can also be said that as early as the 1980s, the stage built by Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Jingguo had been completed.

Deng knew that his classmates were filial sons

After entering 1981, Deng Xiaoping further courted Jiang Jingguo. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued instructions to the local Party committee in Xikou, Zhejiang Province, to repair FengHao room and the graves of Jiang Jingguos mother and grandmother. Because Deng Xiaoping and Liao Chengzhi knew clearly that Jiang Jingguo was a filial son. Photos of the renovated Xikou cemetery were quickly but secretly sent to Taiwans presidential palace..

And the first mock exam of Deng Xiaopings one country two systems unification model. He directed that the constitution of the peoples Republic of China be amended to give special status to Taiwan and Hong Kong as special administrative regions. They have a high degree of political and social control over the existing judicial and social systems.

Choose Lee Kuan Yew as the intermediary between the two sides

As time went on, Chiang believed that the time for cross-strait negotiations was gradually ripe. But when there is a formal dialogue between Taipei and Beijing, middleman is indispensable. Chiang Ching Kuo entrusted this sensitive role to Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew.

In 1980, Lee Kuan Yew paid a second visit to China. The following year, Deng Xiaoping sent a large number of Chinese Premier and officials to visit Singapore to investigate the successful experience of Singapore.

Chiang Ching Kuo and Lee Kuan Yew are more like each other. Every time Lee Kuan Yew comes to Taipei, he talks with Chiang Ching Kuo alone for several hours, exchanging views on China and cross-Strait issues. Jiang Jingguo believes that Lee Kuan Yew has a deeper understanding of cross-Strait issues than anyone else.

As for Deng Xiaoping, at least once, through Lee Kuan Yew, he sent greetings to my classmate in Moscow, Chiang Ching Kuo.

Jiang Jingguo decided to carry out political reform

On September 26, 1984, China and Britain reached an agreement on the future of Hong Kong.

Against this background, in the summer of 1986, Lee Kuan Yew visited Taiwan for another three days and had a long private talk with Chiang Ching Kuo. This time, Chiang told Lee explicitly that he had a comprehensive plan and the latest ideas for reforming Taiwans political system.

In 1987, various changes took place in Taiwan, the most dramatic of which was on October 14, 1987. After the opening of the party ban and the newspaper ban, the KMT opened the island people to travel to the mainland in an all-round way. This move was tantamount to betraying the whole anti Communist struggle of the Chiang family dynasty.

Its a pity that Jingguo died too early.

In the next two months, tens of thousands of Taiwan residents applied to visit their relatives in the mainland. Chiang Ching Kuo was satisfied. In fact, it was part of his strategy to encourage the internal evolution of the mainland. There is no need to worry, he told his subordinates. A visit to the mainland will enable the people of Taiwan to understand the situation on the mainland; the people of the mainland can also understand the situation in Taiwan.

On the new years day of 1988, under the instruction of Chiang Ching Kuo, Taiwan officially ended the ban on newspapers license (maintained at 29) and limited sheets (maintained at 3 sheets per day). Within a few days, about 200 new publications were registered with the relevant authorities, and many new pictorial newspapers appeared on the streets. At the same time, more than 60 political groups have applied for the registration of political parties. Later, a total of 20 political organizations, including the Democratic Progressive Party, were approved and formally established as political parties.

On January 12, a draft to end the political process of mainland Chinese control over Taiwan, which was drafted by Ma Ying Jeou, was adopted. Ma Ying Jeou is going to meet Chiang Ching Kuo the next day to report the good news. However, on the afternoon of the 13th, the President suddenly died.

Hearing the news of Jiang Jingguos death, Deng Xiaoping immediately called an enlarged meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

After listening to the report of the Taiwan Affairs Offices working group on Taiwan, Deng Xiaoping said that Chinas reunification is a world event. Deng Xiaoping declared that when Chiang Ching Kuo was still alive, Chinas reunification would not be as difficult and complex as it is now. The Kuomintang and the Communist Party have had experience in cooperation twice in the past. I dont believe there will be a third cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party. Unfortunately, Jingguo died too early. .

Deng Xiaoping was right. If Chiang Ching Kuo is allowed to live a few more years, he may promote the principle of reunification..

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_ 5811557, async:true }Source: War Responsibility on the sand table editor: Zhang Lei_ NB16011