The PLA has dominated the Taiwan Strait

category:Military
 The PLA has dominated the Taiwan Strait


This week, the Wanghai brigade of a brigade equipped with the Fifth Generation Fighters shot down 17 enemy planes at the cost of zero damage in training and training, and the PLA has also launched large-scale air operations in the airspace around Taiwan. In this context, what role the new generation of fighters will play in possible future military operations has become a new issue worthy of discussion. At the same time, Russia has produced a new batch of cimi-171sh transport helicopters for China, making the once silent military trade between China and Russia a hot topic again. It has been nearly 30 years since the beginning of 1990s, and the emergence of this batch of Sino Russian military trade products undoubtedly means that Sino Russian military trade has entered a new era.

The air force of the eastern theater, which is in dire straits, is the guarantee for the liberation of Taiwan

The new king of the sky in the Taiwan Strait

On September 18, Ren Guoqiang, a spokesman for the Ministry of national defense, said that starting today, the eastern theater of the Chinese peoples Liberation Army will organize Combat Oriented drills near the Taiwan Strait. This is a legitimate and necessary action taken in response to the current situation in the Taiwan Strait and to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Shortly after this announcement, the Taiwan Army released a message saying that the PLA dispatched 2 h-6k fighters, 8 j-16 fighters, 4 J-11 fighters, and 4 J-10 fighters to drop bombs from multiple directions into the southwest and Western Air Defense Identification zones of Taiwan. The Taiwan army took off fighter planes in an emergency and dispatched air defense missile systems to deal with it. According to Taiwan media, the number of emergency take-off times of various types of fighters in various bases of the Taiwan army has reached as many as 17 times, and the frequency of some fighter planes of the Taiwan Air Force wing has set a record since its establishment.

The j-11bs and j-16 in the eastern theater are the main force of air combat against Taiwan. These advanced heavy aircraft use better air-to-air missiles to suppress even the upgraded f-16v

On September 19, the PLA again dispatched large-scale aircraft groups to carry out operations. Two J-10, two J-11 and 4-8 j-16 crossed the so-called central line of the Taiwan Strait for training, while two H-6, one yun-8 anti submarine aircraft and several j-16 close to Taiwan Island were included in the southwest airspace of Taiwan Island.

According to the PLA fighter action plan released by the Taiwan army, the PLA fighters participating in the operation on the 18th mainly came from the direction of the Taiwan Strait and the southwest of Taiwan Island. Among them, 4 J-11, 4 J-10 and 4 j-16 move in the direction of the Taiwan Strait, and their basic actions are to cross the so-called middle line of the Taiwan Strait and carry out activities over the eastern waters of the central line of the Taiwan Strait, while the four j-16 fighters and four h-6k bombers launch their operations from the southwest of Taiwan. According to the photos released by the Taiwan army, each of the launched h-6k carried four hawk-12 supersonic air-to-ship missiles. Although the number of formation changed, the overall operation mode was basically the same.

According to the law of action of the PLA, for example, long-term and complex air operations with multiple directions and multiple types of aircraft, there will inevitably be early warning aircraft to undertake the task of air information control and command, and probably accompanied by electronic warfare aircraft to carry out electromagnetic reconnaissance or suppression support tasks. However, the Taiwan army did not mention these aircraft in the notification. It should be that they are located relatively backward and have not been effectively tracked and found by the Taiwan army.

Such a large-scale, multi-directional deployment, also need special aircraft coordination

Although we do not know the time sequence of the three groups of fighters in the air in the direction of the Taiwan Strait. However, different from the grand scene of thousands of troops crossing the Strait in general, if these three groups of 12 fighter planes are launched at the same time over the Taiwan sea, and the long-range air defense missiles deployed in the direction of the mainland, they can basically meet the need to seize the air control over the west of Taiwans central mountains. However, if the PLA can maintain the existence of such a large fighter force all day long on the Taiwan sea, and successfully suppress the long-range air defense weapons and counterattack aircraft group of the Taiwan army, it will actually maintain continuous control over the air control power over the Strait, and effectively cover all kinds of responsibilities for undertaking ground attack tasks.

Of course, the combat effectiveness of these three groups of fighter aircraft groups in the Strait is different due to their performance. The j-16 fighter, which can give full play to the range advantage of the thunderbolt-15 long-range air-to-air missile, is the most outstanding. Compared with the high-altitude and high-speed advantages of the Taiwan Armys interceptor fighters, combined with the downward looking and downward shooting capability given by the advanced active phased array radar and air-to-air missiles, the Taiwan military fighters can be strongly suppressed as soon as they take off.

The ground guidance forces have suppressed the space for the Taiwanese fighters to move in the west of Taiwan

In modern air combat, both our army and Taiwan army can only keep 12 planes in the sky in one base except for the first attack. Taiwan media

As for the h-6k, which carries hawk-12 anti-ship missiles to the southwest of Taiwan Island, it is obvious that the targets on Taiwan island are not his dishes. The 16 supersonic anti-ship missiles are obviously too cruel for any type of surface ship of the Taiwan army and even for the large-scale surface ship formation with 1-2 Kidd class destroyers as the core. The opponents of such heavy supersonic long-range anti-ship missiles with a range of more than 400 km are obviously foreign forces who expect to use large aircraft carriers to interfere in the territorial actions of Chinas unified country. Of course, when dealing with such forces, the order of attack of hawk strike-12 may be after the real falling from the sky attack, so as to reduce the impact of the enemys shipborne aircraft fleet and aegis ships on missiles The obstruction of penetration.

If these bombers carry akd-20 cruise missiles, even those targets in Eastern Taiwan who think they are under the shadow of the central mountains will not escape justice.

The bomber regiment launched a volley of 96 akd-20s

It is not difficult to see that in these two directions, 18 fighters plus supporting aircraft, combined with long-range surface to air missiles and other strike forces from the rocket army, have basically outlined the basic outlines of the PLAs two forms of operations: seizing the air supremacy of the Strait and counteracting foreign interference forces. In the short-term visible future, the further enhancement of this form of operation depends on the upgrading of the technical performance of each operational element itself.

Specifically, from the perspective of seizing the right to control the air, the fighter aircraft which can achieve rapid upgrading is the fighter aircraft undertaking air combat tasks. Just this week, the military newspaper reported that the air force brigade of the Wanghai brigade, which had partially replaced the fifth generation fighter j-20, shot down 17 enemy aircraft at the cost of zero damage in training. Undoubtedly, it shows the great advantage of the fifth generation aircraft with excellent stealth performance in the face of the fourth generation / fourth generation and half generation fighters. Although such exercises have been repeated in the hands of the U.S. military, only if such cases happen to the PLAs own troops, will we have a deeper understanding of the true meaning of the true fragrance of the five generation fighters.

According to the PLAs previous tests, if the J-11B can give full play to the performance of the thunderbolt-12, the j-16 can give full play to the performance of the thunderbolt-12, and the j-20 can give full play to the performance advantages of the thunderbolt-15 missile with a larger range. Combined with the stealth performance of the j-20, the PLA can completely realize that it can not be detected by the Taiwan military radar with the support of the rear early warning aircraft and other information systems At a safe distance to (also basically near the middle line of the Strait), deploy stealth fighters such as j-20, and use long-range air-to-air missiles to attack any enemy air targets.

At present, the brigade of Wang Hai brigade has been equipped with double-digit j-20 fighters. In other words, according to the scale of the PLA Air operation, the PLA can now realize the invisible wall of Weilong over the Taiwan Strait. For Taiwans air force, which is still complacent about its use of four and a half generations of fighters, such a force is enough to be called a real disaster of destruction..

Similar scenarios can be seen not only in the Taiwan Strait, but also over the East China Sea, Yellow Sea and even the South China Sea. As long as it is properly matched, the brigade scale j-20 can rely on rear support to form a strong air superiority. Although it is still a good vision for the whole brigade to use the j-20, which has just exceeded one brigade in total delivery, with another combat force of the PLA about to raise the j-20, and the production of the j-20 that actually uses domestic engines begins to climb further, it is obvious that the days when the Weilong Great Wall will not be built in Chinas sky will be too long.

Land airlines foreign customers in the new era

This week, Phoenix Satellite TV broadcast its reporters visit to Ulan ude aviation factory. In the picture reflecting the status quo of the factory, the Bayi symbol representing the Chinese army appeared on a mi-171sh helicopter in production, indicating that the aircraft will be delivered to the peoples Liberation Army after production.

It is not uncommon for China to purchase Russian made Mi-17 series helicopters in history. To some extent, helicopter procurement in Sino Russian military trade, just like the epitome of Sino Russian military trade, also reflects, to some extent, the tacit changes in military equipment trade between the two countries since the collapse of the Soviet Union at the end of last century.

In the past 20 years from the 1990s to the beginning of this century, due to the relatively limited level of domestic helicopter development in China, the imminent military struggle against Taiwan and the urgent demand of the growing army aviation force for transport helicopters, the PLA has purchased from Russias two helicopter production plants, Ulan ude aviation factory and Kazan aviation factory The mi-8 / M-17 series helicopters of the same model are used to meet the various operational requirements of the army aviation from the assault aircraft to the plateau transportation and replenishment.

Before a large number of domestic Zhi-8, zhi-10 and zhi-19 series helicopters were put into service, nearly 300 Hippo helicopters and various zhi-9 derivative models were the absolute main equipment of Chinese army aviation at that time.

The biggest feature of the Mi-17 purchased by the PLA in the 1990s is that it has no characteristics. At that time, although the PLA Army aviation force had been established, it was small in scale and complex in equipment, and needed medium-sized transport helicopters such as Mi-17. Although in Russias factories, which were in dire straits because of the interruption of cash flow, it was no doubt that the customers who could bring large orders and pay part of the payment in hard currency were masters who needed good service The military is still short of money in military expenditure. When purchasing the corresponding helicopter equipment, it is also the first to meet the needs of scale, and considerable simplification can be tolerated for specific performance.

As reflected in the earlier batch of Mi-17, the avionics system configuration of these helicopters is very simple. There is neither airborne weapon system nor meteorological or navigation radar. Even in the civil models that do not need such equipment, their configuration is also economic and applicable, so as to reduce the unit price of helicopter procurement as much as possible.

After entering the 21st century, with the deepening of the preparation for the military struggle against Taiwan and the advancement of the PLAs modernization drive, as well as the expansion of the land aviation force and the demand of all territory operations, the PLA, which is gradually well-off, has put forward more and more requirements for their performance when purchasing more Mi-17 series helicopters. During this period, large radomes were added to the nose of mi-17v-7 and mi-171e in order to add more radars and improve the safe flight ability under complex weather conditions. The later mi-17v-7 and mi-171e also used engines with better performance to improve the performance of helicopters in Plateau and other combat areas.

Even today, the Army Air brigade of the 76th group army is still Hi Ti Xin MI-171

As a large-scale weapon equipment, the primary purpose of mi-171sh for the PLA is naturally still to use it. Similar to the Mi-17, which has been buying the most recent Russian made large equipment since the 1990s, there are also two well-known ones: the Su-27 / 30 / 35 flanking series fighter aircraft of the Chinese air force and the S-300 / 400 series of long-range air defense missiles. After their introduction, they have played an immediate role in the combat effectiveness of the PLA.

After the military reform, the PLA Air force is facing more new tasks and a series of organizational system reforms. Undoubtedly, more and more general-purpose helicopters with better performance are urgently needed. In addition, all kinds of helicopters equipped by our army at the end of last century have been used for more than 20 years, and their maintenance status and remaining life are not optimistic. The mi-171sh is the latest model of the helicopter which has been used for a long time in our army and has a good response. On the one hand, it can enhance the combat strength of the existing air assault forces, on the other hand, it can replace the aging Mi-17 fleet in time, and reduce the difficulty of refitting training for these units.

According to the production and assembly of the mi-171sh in Ulan uud, it can be inferred that the relevant orders should have been signed with the Russian side 2-3 years ago. Combined with the development progress of the new generation of domestic transport helicopters zhi-20 and zhi-8l, this batch of orders may also be due to the fact that the PLA has entered a critical stage in the development of these state-made models, in order to prevent the progress delay from affecting the combat effectiveness of the relevant forces It is necessary to purchase a batch of Russian made equipment with similar positioning as backup. After all, in the course of the PLAs steady equipment construction, the construction idea of walking on two legs is also a double insurance to guarantee combat effectiveness.

Of course, it is almost impossible for Chinas military industry to introduce a piece of equipment without digesting and learning it. However, compared with other equipment introduced from Russia, the Mi-17 has less significance for Chinas military industry development: the performance and some design features of S-300 / 400 directly affect the development of Chinas domestic long-range air defense missiles, and the flank guard series On this basis, Chinas aviation industry has developed a series of domestic heavy fighters, such as J-11, J-11B, J-15 and j-16.

In contrast, Chinas aviation industry already has domestic helicopter models with similar technical level as Mi-17, and there is a big difference in the technical system between Mi-17 and domestic helicopters. Although China has introduced many Mi-17 helicopters and even obtained the opportunity to assemble Mi-17 helicopters and even produce matching engines in China, the Mi-17 series did not take root in China The liberation army only added some equipment such as IFF, weather radar and photoelectric probe to the Mi-17 aircraft group in active service.

Helicopter industry finally chose the combination of Zhi-8 + zhi-20

However, the concept of modern assault transport helicopter is still a blank for the PLA at present. Although our army has been equipped with Mi-17 assault transport helicopter that can launch rockets, and the domestic zhi-20 has reserved a mounting base for mounting airborne weapon systems, it lacks certain experience in the overall design of modern assault transport helicopters capable of performing multiple tasks. The design of mi-171sh has been tested by the Syrian battlefield on the same series of mi-8sh, which undoubtedly has considerable reference significance for Chinas aviation industry.

From many aspects, although the mi-171sh helicopter is only a buy to use product, it will still have a lot of positive effects on the Chinese military and aviation industry.

What is the legendary assault transport helicopter in the end, the aviation industry still needs to establish a new concept

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_ 5811557, async:true }Source: observer.com editor in charge: Yao Wenguang_ NN1682