Will the two-year system of conscripts affect the PLAs combat effectiveness?

category:Military
 Will the two-year system of conscripts affect the PLAs combat effectiveness?


There are netizens in Fengwen community asking: what are the benefits of two-year compulsory soldier system? u2014u2014

According to the subject, he didnt quite understand the two-year system of conscripts, because according to the law of 10000 hours, if you want to become an expert in a certain field, it takes at least 10000 hours. However, if a volunteer takes two years of military service, his time to participate in professional training is only 5475 hours, far less than the requirement of 10000 hours. In addition, according to this schedule, not all the time training, so how to form combat effectiveness?

Under the original post, there are a lot of people left messages for discussion and put forward their own views. Next, the author combines personal understanding, as well as the personal experience of some enlisted personnel, to talk about this issue.

First of all, it makes clear that the compulsory military service system is an effective military service system which is suitable for Chinas national conditions and is conducive to maintaining the combat effectiveness of the army.

A bridge to professional soldiers

The biggest doubt of the subject is that the conscripts can only serve for two years, which can not meet the standard of becoming an expert. The author thinks that this is to confuse the difference between compulsory soldiers and professional soldiers, and to examine ordinary soldiers with the requirements of professional soldiers, the requirements put forward are too harsh, and the evaluation is not appropriate.

According to the military service law of the peoples Republic of China, soldiers in active service include soldiers of compulsory military service system and soldiers of voluntary military service system, soldiers of compulsory military service system are called compulsory soldiers, and soldiers of voluntary military service system are called sergeants. The term of service of conscripts is 2 years, while the non commissioned officers are divided into junior non commissioned officers, intermediate non commissioned officers and senior non commissioned officers, and the service period ranges from 5 to 30 years. In addition, there are also some non commissioned officers directly recruited from local colleges and universities. After the end of their volunteer service, their college study time is also included in their military age. Some of them can be directly transferred to sergeants.

The structure of soldiers is the same as that of officers. They are all pyramid shaped. It is the vast number of conscripts who are at the bottom of the tower. At the end of their service, conscripts begin to change to non commissioned officers according to the needs of the army and their own willingness. The higher they go, the higher the threshold for promotion and the more stringent the requirements. It is rare to be promoted to the first rank Sergeant commander, known as the king of war.

Wang Zhongxin, a retired Sergeant chief of the rocket army, is proficient in operating three types of missile weapons and 19 missile control posts. He is known as the king of war and won the medal of August 1. (photo / PLA Daily)

Therefore, non commissioned officers, especially senior high school sergeants, are experts who have reached 10000 hours according to the subject. They have not only professional skills, but also made outstanding contributions to the construction of the army. Most of the soldiers are ordinary soldiers who have received professional training and have basic combat skills. There is a threshold for their promotion step by step. Some of them will be eliminated one after another because of their own insufficient conditions or their personal aspirations are not in the army.

The compulsory military service system, in fact, builds a bridge between ordinary people and professional soldiers. Citizens who have reached the age of 17 come to the army and undergo professional military training to find out whether they have the interest and ability to become professional soldiers; the army is actually investigating these volunteers to see who is more valuable for training. If there is no compulsory military service system, how can the selection of non commissioned officers become a water without a source and a tree without roots?

The author once contacted a submarine sonar technician because of his working relationship. As far as his industry is concerned, it is a very important industry for technology accumulation. They need to use their ears to distinguish the sound of various propellers and determine whether they are ordinary merchant ships, enemy surface ships or submarines. There are many volunteers recruited by sonar profession, but most of them are eliminated because they cant distinguish various kinds of sounds. Those who can stay as sonar technicians must be professional and excellent to ensure the accuracy of discrimination, and the number is small.

Although he has become a first-class sergeant, the sonar technician admits that he still looks at his work with the attitude of walking on thin ice and facing the abyss, because an oversight at any time may lead to the wrong judgment of the attack target and the failure of the combat operation. Therefore, no matter where he goes, he always takes a small tape recorder to play the sound of propeller at any time for training, and enjoys the noise in other peoples ears as the sound of nature.

From a professional volunteer to a sonar technician, it is as difficult as climbing Mount Everest. (photo / CCTV military report)

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Constitute the basis of combat effectiveness

Will compulsory military service affect the combat effectiveness of troops? To be practical and realistic, it will certainly affect the combat effectiveness to a certain extent. During the period of demobilization and replenishment of compulsory soldiers, it is often a relatively weak period in the generation curve of combat effectiveness of a unit. The professional term is slow rise and steep decline. In other words, after repeated training during the two-year service period, the compulsory soldiers can master the basic combat skills, and the combat effectiveness of a unit (such as a company) will gradually increase. However, with the withdrawal of volunteers, the newly added soldiers will have to pay more attention New training, unit combat effectiveness will decline rapidly.

In order to deal with the slow rise and steep fall, our army has implemented two coping styles.

First, implement the mechanism of training first and then supplement.

That is, recruits are trained in common subjects in the training institutions (such as teaching teams and training bases), mainly including shooting, formation, discipline, education, etc., which generally lasts for 2 to 3 months. After the completion of the new training, the new recruits will be trained according to different arms and specialties. Generally, the training time is about 9 months, and the training time for some high-tech posts will be longer.

This means that conscripts are usually recruited into combat platoons after one year of training. For the combat platoon, qualified fighters are added to ensure the relatively stable combat effectiveness.

The reform of two levy and two retreat has less impact on combat effectiveness. (photo / national defense times)

Second, the implementation of two levy and two retreat.

The original plan is to start from this year to recruit twice in spring and autumn, and to withdraw twice. In this way, the number of single demobilized soldiers will be reduced by half, so as to keep the soldiers in and out smoothly and ensure that the troops are always on high alert. However, due to the impact of the epidemic, conscription in the first half of this year was combined with that in the second half of this year.

So, can the two-year recruits under the compulsory military service system have combat capability? The author believes that they can become qualified fighters and have the basic quality to perform their tasks. There is no need to worry about this.

In the past war years, because of frequent wars, our armys troops changed very frequently, and a large number of new recruits were often needed to reorganize the army. In order to improve the combat effectiveness of new troops as soon as possible, veterans are often selected from other units as the backbone, and some of them are vividly called veteran oil. Many of these veterans are from the dead, with rich combat experience. They can take the recruits to familiarize themselves with the battlefield as soon as possible and forge their troops into the winning division.

The same is true of the present army. The combat effectiveness is composed of officers as the command force, the non commissioned officers, especially senior non commissioned officers, are the backbone, and the conscripts are the main fighters. It is an important basis of combat effectiveness for the volunteers to complete their tasks under the command of officers and non commissioned officers. Moreover, as long as they can command properly, or the training mechanism is more efficient, or the recruits have good foundation and strong ability, some volunteers can also play an important role in military training.

In recent years, it is common for volunteers to win gold and silver in various martial arts competitions and receive commendations and awards. For example, Yang Ye, a female soldier, was a representative of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. She was named the top ten new recruits in the second year. During the volunteer period, she participated in the military region competition twice and won the record breaking form. Later, she took part in the international military competition - 2016 military medical relay and won the first prize in 100 meter shooting of womens rifle, the second in battlefield rescue and the second in team competition The third and the second class should be established once.

Yang Ye, a female soldier, often won prizes when she was a new recruit, and later became a representative of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. (photo / China Military Network)

In the future, with the development of military science and technology, the degree of dependence on military science and technology will be increased More room for development.

The PLA Daily has reported such cases. After the investigation and recommendation of a brigade informatization construction leading group of Tibet Military Region, Gao Wei, sun Hui and other five recruits with professional expertise participated in the database construction and took on the task of updating and maintaining the database. Leaders of the brigade said that they were close to the needs of the construction of new quality combat effectiveness, and selected and appointed talents regardless of their own style, which accelerated the generation of combat effectiveness by allowing new recruits with professional expertise to come to their posts one step at a time.

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The important measures of putting soldiers in the people

Some people may not help but ask, since the modern army is developing more and more in the direction of specialization, and professional soldiers have gradually become the main body of the army, why spend so much energy on recruiting new soldiers and even affecting the stability of combat effectiveness? Why doesnt our country embark on the military service system of conscription system and even mercenary system, so as to let professional people do professional things?

In my opinion, the implementation of compulsory military service system is the basic military service system in our country, which has historical inevitability and irreplaceable advantages.

First, it is a citizens duty to perform military service according to law.

The military service law stipulates that:

Male citizens who have reached the age of 18 by December 31 of each year shall be enlisted for active service. Those who have not been recruited in that year can still be recruited for active service before they reach the age of 22, and the recruitment age for graduates of ordinary institutions of higher learning can be relaxed to 24. According to the needs of the armed forces, female citizens may be recruited for active service in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph.

It can be seen that military service is a universal requirement. However, due to the limited number of recruits recruited by the army, some qualified soldiers will go to serve as soldiers, while most young people of the right age do not.

The propaganda film of Shaanxi conscription was well received. (video capture)

In real life, many young people of the right age feel that it is someone elses business to be a soldier, and they have no obligation or responsibility to serve in the military. In some universities, college students who are willing to serve as soldiers are sometimes treated differently. The purpose of discussion is for various rewards. They look at conscription from a spectators point of view, never thinking that others are doing their duty for themselves.

Therefore, adhering to the compulsory military service system is actually a kind of national defense education for the whole people, arousing citizens responsibilities and obligations in defending the country, resisting aggression and safeguarding peace, and strengthening the security, emotional and responsibility ties between citizens and the state. The peoples army and our national defense should be widely known with the propaganda of conscription.

Second, compulsory military service can reduce national defense expenditure.

During the 9.3 military review in 2015, China publicly announced the disarmament of 300000, reducing the total number of Chinese military posts to 2 million. If the armed police force is added, the total number will be close to 3 million. In this way, hundreds of thousands of soldiers should be demobilized and recruited every year.

Under the compulsory military service system, the conscripts have no wages but only subsidies, which are used to supplement various living expenses. At present, it is about 1000 yuan per month. If the compulsory military service system is abolished, the wage income of conscripts will be increased by at least 3-4 times of the current level, which will increase the governments financial expenditure.

For example, in India, where the recruitment system is implemented, the salary of an ordinary soldier is equivalent to RMB 2000-5000, which is three or four times of the average income of ordinary people, while the salary of officers is higher. The high income makes the conscription of India very hot. After all, joining the army can be called stepping into the upper class society. However, the recruitment cost has greatly encroached on the foundation of national economic construction.

Although the compulsory military service system has the weakness of leading to the fluctuation of combat effectiveness, it also has an important advantage, that is, it realizes the normal and orderly flow of soldiers, and makes the young people become the main body of the army through the metabolism of the body blood. Young people are energetic and can learn knowledge and skills more quickly, which can make the army more energetic.

This can be seen from the border defense struggle between China and India. The soldiers recruited in India are mainly middle-aged people, many of them are obese, while the soldiers of our army are mainly young people, quick and symmetrical. In the physical confrontation between the two sides, there is no doubt that the physical strength of young people is more dominant. The result of the confrontation in the gallewan Valley reflects the advantages of the compulsory military service system from one side.

The border guards with green dragon sword are being hyped by Indian media. Chinese front-line officers and soldiers are mainly young people with obvious physical strength (photo / print media)

Fourth, the compulsory military service system makes the country have a large number of reserve soldiers.

In recent years, there have been a lot of news about veterans retirement in the media, among which the most frequent sentence is if there is a war, call back. This sentence reflects one of the great advantages of the compulsory military service system, that is, a large number of veterans are transferred to the reserve service after they are discharged from the army. They have a certain tactical basis. Once a war breaks out, as long as temporary mobilization and recruitment are carried out, a large number of reserve personnel can be organized to enter the war.

The peoples war has always been an important cornerstone of Chinas national defense. The 57 million veterans have undoubtedly increased the sense of national security. This year, the reform of the reserve forces has been formally implemented. The reserve forces are bound to take greater measures to better organize and train reserve personnel in the aspects of training veterans and conducting peacetime and wartime conversion exercises.

Fifthly, military career will also inject positive energy into life.

For individuals, the experience of joining the army for at least two years, more than five years, eight years and even more than ten years is also a valuable asset. It is easy to cultivate strong physique, resolute will, team spirit and discipline abiding will after long-term military training, which will undoubtedly have a long-term impact on veterans after they retire from the army. And the experience of joining the army may open up another possibility of life.

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_ 5811557, async:true }Zhou Xiaohui, the editor in chief of the No.1 post I know, joined the army when he was a student in the school of journalism of Renmin University of China. After he retired from the army, he founded post No.1, which is famous for his three element love letter: assembled / not said / I love you. Its about military lovers in love who are always interrupted by the whistle. Zhou Xiaohui self-evaluation: two years in the army has made me deeply understand what soldiers think and how the military system works. At the end of the paper, I sincerely suggest that if you have a chance, you might as well go to the army for some experience. Maybe you will have a totally different perception and even a different situation when you come back. This article is the exclusive contribution of the observer. The content of the article is the authors personal view, which does not represent the platform view. Without authorization, it can not be reproduced, otherwise legal responsibility will be investigated. Pay close attention to guanchacn, the wechat of observer network, and read interesting articles every day. Source: observer.com editor in charge: Yao Wenguang_ NN1682

Zhou Xiaohui, the editor in chief of the No.1 post I know, joined the army when he was a student at the school of journalism of Renmin University of China. After he retired from the army, he founded post No.1, which is famous for his three element love letter: assembled / not said / I love you. Its about military lovers in love who are always interrupted by the whistle. Zhou Xiaohui self-evaluation: two years in the army has made me deeply understand what soldiers think and how the military system works.

At the end of the paper, I sincerely suggest that if you have a chance, you might as well go to the army for some experience. Maybe you will have a totally different perception and even a different situation when you come back.

This article is the exclusive contribution of the observer. The content of the article is the authors personal view, which does not represent the platform view. Without authorization, it can not be reproduced, otherwise legal responsibility will be investigated. Pay close attention to guanchacn, the wechat of observer network, and read interesting articles every day.