What is the significance of aircraft carrier killer of Pakistan Navy?

category:Military
 What is the significance of aircraft carrier killer of Pakistan Navy?


When talking about South Asia, most people turn their eyes to India, which often has border confrontation with China. However, South Asia is not a geopolitical unit in which India plays a single role. In this important geopolitical unit, there is also a very important country, Pakistan. A recent military news report has put the maritime power of the country that has resisted India for decades on the media page: Based on the reports of Pakistan associated news agency and defense website quwa, on August 23, the first 054A / P frigate built by China for Pakistan Navy was launched at Shanghai Hudong China shipyard, and major general jawade, director general of Pakistans naval public relations office, was on social media The news was announced.

1u3001 Full capability 054A frigate

Type 054ap frigate in outfitting

054ap will replace Pakistans f22p (equivalent to 053h3) frigate, the last of which is built in Pakistan

Some senior officials of Japans Maritime Self Defense Force believe that Chinas 054A belongs to the worlds large missile frigate. It has a full load displacement of 4500 tons and has a missile vertical launching system with very strong firepower. Therefore, the anti submarine, air defense and anti-ship capabilities of this type of combat ship are very outstanding, which can almost compete with many well-known missile frigates in Europe and even surpass them.

This time, the type of ship exported to Pakistan is particularly noticeable.

2u3001 Pakistans strategic intentions

Quwa reported that the Pakistan Navy ordered a total of four 054A / P frigates in 2017 and 2018. In 2018, China shipbuilding trade corporation held the first two 054A / P steel plate cutting ceremony, and in 2019, another two steel plate cutting ceremonies were held. In March 2020, the keel laying ceremony of Pakistan Navys second 054A / P frigate was held at Hudong Zhonghua shipyard. According to media reports when the Pakistan Navy signed the procurement contract, the Pakistan Navy will receive all four 054A / P frigates by 2021.

The first is to improve the air defense combat capability of naval formation. The Gulf War eloquently proved the fact that in modern war, air attack and anti air attack will run through the whole process. With the progress of aviation technology, the role of air platform in naval warfare also presents an upward trend. In recent years, the Indian Navy, the rival of Pakistan Navy, has made great efforts in this respect. The surface ships of Pakistan Navy are facing unprecedented air threats. At present, the Hai Hong qi-7b equipped by the four most advanced f22p frigates in Pakistan can provide limited point defense capability, while the Hai Hong qi-16 equipped with 054A / P frigate can provide Pakistan Navy with the area air defense capability urgently needed by Pakistan Navy, and can effectively counter anti-ship missiles flying across the sea. This capability is undoubtedly urgently needed by Pakistan Navy.

Pakistans maritime geographical environment is poor. Without a strong navy, it is easy to be blocked by India, and may even land in the south

The second is to improve the underwater combat capability of Pakistan Navy. When it comes to underwater warfare, we can not help but mention the current submarine power of the Indian Navy. The Indian Navy is equipped with a large number of conventional submarines, including 4 German 209 class submarines, 10 Russian Kiro class submarines and 6 legal Sebastian class submarines. They are all relatively advanced models and possess nuclear submarines. Such an underwater force is a big problem for the Pakistani Navy.

Type 054A frigate is equipped with active / passive towed linear array. Active / passive towed line array is a low-frequency active array added to the towed line array to detect underwater targets. Its working frequency is low, and it has good detection ability for quiet submarine. The towed linear array itself is a powerful role - its emergence is considered to be a major breakthrough in the field of anti submarine. Compared with the previous ship shell array and towed variable depth array, the advantages of linear array are long array, low operating frequency, far away from noise sources such as the engine of the ship, and long detection distance. Under favorable hydrological conditions, the detection distance can exceed 100 km, which is against modern times The main detection means of quiet submarine. With such anti submarine capability, Pakistan Navy will be more confident in the face of Indias huge underwater power.

In addition, the powerful anti-ship combat capability of cm-302 missile is also urgently needed by Pakistan Navy. This full range supersonic missile is small in size, light in weight, powerful in power, modularized and high in precision. It has the characteristics of being launched outside the defense zone, with strong penetration ability, great damage power and high hit accuracy. It is suitable for various platforms and is a killer weapon for attacking large and medium-sized surface ships such as aircraft carriers and destroyers. With a range of more than 290 km, this anti-ship missile with very strong penetration ability can attack multiple targets. For many ships, a warhead of more than 250 kg means one hit. This is a headache for the Indian Navy, which is equipped with a large number of surface vessels.

The aircraft carrier needs to be mentioned in particular here. India is the most powerful country along the coast of the Indian Ocean. Under the influence of the idea of sea power, India has always regarded the effective control of the Indian Ocean as the goal of its marine strategy and even national strategy. Aircraft carrier is the most powerful ship type for sea control. India has always regarded aircraft carrier as the focus of its navy development. The Indian Navy believes that aircraft carriers can carry out multiple tasks, such as supporting land battlefield, defending maritime traffic lines, defending overseas interests, and protecting marine territory, providing an indispensable capability for India to maintain its exclusive influence in the Indian Ocean.

Although Indias aircraft carrier and carrier based aircraft have not been advanced, Pakistan is still left in despair

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India, as the first country in Asia to have an aircraft carrier after World War II, the development of aircraft carrier is the key to build a navy and improve the capability of ocean projection. Indias two aircraft carriers, the ins Viraat and the Vikram, were both from Britain. Among them, Vikram, which played an important role in 1971, was decommissioned in 1997, and Vilat is the only aircraft carrier currently in service in India.

This aircraft carrier was originally the British athletic God aircraft carrier, which was purchased by India in 1986 and renamed as Vilat. It has been refitted many times during its 25 years of service, and is expected to retire in 2012. However, due to Indias purchase of the Gorshkov from Russia, and later renamed as vikramaditya by India, it has been unable to deliver it Fu, as the only aircraft carrier currently in service, India has to refit and upgrade its system again, extending its decommissioning period to 2018, when admiral Gorshkov and Indias self-developed aircraft carrier join the Navy.

India plans to have an aircraft carrier battle group of at least three aircraft carriers by 2020, including admiral Gorshkov and two other India made aircraft carriers. However, because Indias irritating military industrial base, which is good for world and regional peace of course, has delayed the implementation of the plan, the Indian Navy has so far not seen the possibility of its realization.

For Pakistan, the Indian Navys aircraft carrier is absolutely a terrorist existence - aircraft carrier is the most fully functional naval equipment so far, and a double-edged sword capable of both actual combat and deterrence. The aircraft carrier has strong mobility and flexible deployment, and can patrol a large area of the Zhongyuan sea area, which is beyond the power of shore based aircraft and small and medium-sized ships; the aircraft carrier can carry various types of aircraft, equipped with missiles, torpedoes, artillery and tactical nuclear weapons, so it can concentrate its superior forces at any time to attack targets in multi-dimensional space, such as water surface, underwater, air, land and electromagnetic, We should seize the air, sea and electromagnetic power in the theater. This means that Pakistan may lose its air, sea and electromagnetic power in wartime.

Not only that, its onshore targets may also be attacked by carrier based aircraft - in the third India Pakistan war, the Indian Navys aircraft carrier Vikram launched an air attack on targets such as Chittagong the day after the outbreak of the war, and the carrier formation also blocked all the merchant ships that were going to enter Chittagong outside the bay of Monga. As Bangladesh is far away from Pakistan, land and air routes have been cut off with the outbreak of the war. So the Pakistani garrison in Bangladesh can only count on replenishment from the sea by third-party merchant ships. But the presence of the Vikram formation requires that any vessel entering Chittagong must be inspected. In addition to the patrol carrier based aircraft, the formation of two British type 41 air defense frigates, two patrol frigates and one submarine are enough to cover most of the bay of Bengal waters.

Finally, Pakistan lost the war helplessly and was dismembered by India successfully, which brought very serious geopolitical consequences, which still has a profound and long-term impact on the situation in South Asia and India Pakistan Relations. The lesson of history is very painful. The Pakistani Navy now has more sufficient anti carrier combat capability in the face of Indias aircraft carrier, which is more powerful than before. The number of aircraft carriers is small (India can only get one), the target characteristics are obvious and particularly expensive. If Pakistan Navy adopts the tactics of attacking aircraft carriers, even if it is hit by one attack, the strength and morale of Indian Navy will be greatly damaged.

India now has two aircraft carriers, one of which is powdered by an old woman and the other is still in its infancy, which is nothing in the eyes of the big Navy. However, it is still difficult to deal with Pakistan without proper means of attack

In addition, the frigate also provides a sea to land strike capability. The official illustrations in 2018 show that the 054A / P is equipped with a 2 u00d7 3 or 2 u00d7 2 unit anti-ship cruise missile (ASCM) kit. This modification may be intended to be compatible with Pakistans halpa anti-ship / land attack cruise missile (LACM). If halba is an improved version of Babur land attack cruise missile, its range should be more than 450 km to 700 km. The ground attack cruise missile has strong penetration ability and high strike precision, which can make Pakistan Navy and even the whole Pakistan Army gain the advantage of asymmetric operation.

With the cm-302 missile of 054ap, Pakistan has got the first kind of carrier killer with strong deterrence

In addition to the cm-302, PAF also purchased cm-400 AKG missiles. Although the air launched ballistic missiles do not have the ability to attack moving targets, they also have enough precision to attack aircraft carriers moored in ports

3u3001 The impact of this

The purchase of four frigates will not only improve the comprehensive combat capability of Pakistan Navy, but also have a significant impact. First of all, Pakistans weakness in the Indian navy may be alleviated to some extent.

As we all know, the Pakistani Navy is against the Indian Navy. The Indian Navy has an increasing advantage over the Pakistani Navy. The largest Navy in the Indian Ocean has 155 ships of all kinds, including 2 aircraft carriers, 2 dock landing ships, 5 tank landing ships, 11 destroyers, 19 frigates, 19 submarines, 20 other combat support ships, as well as missile boats, patrol boats, minesweepers, landing boats and other warships. There is no lack of Delhi class destroyer, kriwak class frigate and other advanced equipment.

Pakistans navy, on the other hand, has only one destroyer, 10 frigates and nine submarines, and most of them are out of date. Compared with India, Pakistans navy is at a disadvantage in terms of quantity and quality. The addition of four advanced frigates will undoubtedly prevent Pakistans Navy from being further dumped by the Indian Navy.

The diesel electric submarine equipped with yu6 heavy thermal power line guided torpedoes will also help Pakistan to greatly enhance its underwater power, enough to form some asymmetric advantages over India

Secondly, India may take measures accordingly. The Indian Ocean is the axis of the future world ocean system. India has always regarded it as the Indian Ocean, and the Indian Navy has always taken the control of the Indian Ocean as the goal, which is based on the absolute superiority of the Indian Navy over the navies of neighboring countries. These countries include, but are not limited to, Pakistan. Now, the joining of four advanced frigates has a certain impact on this absolute advantage. India may purchase more arms to continue to expand its advantage.

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_ 5811557, async:true }In addition, since Pakistan is buying warships from China this time, India is likely to be angry with China. In addition, due to Indias irresponsible expansion in recent years, China India relations may increase more variables. In any case, the joining of these four frigates will further increase Pakistans navy strength and improve its combat system. From the perspective of regional naval power balance and geopolitics, the impact of these four frigates can not be ignored. This article is the exclusive contribution of the observer. The content of the article is the authors personal view, which does not represent the platform view. Without authorization, it can not be reproduced, otherwise legal responsibility will be investigated. Pay close attention to guanchacn, the wechat of observer network, and read interesting articles every day. Source: observer.com editor in charge: Yao Wenguang_ NN1682

In addition, since Pakistan is buying warships from China this time, India is likely to be angry with China. In addition, due to Indias irresponsible expansion in recent years, China India relations may increase more variables.

In any case, the joining of these four frigates will further increase Pakistans navy strength and improve its combat system. From the perspective of regional naval power balance and geopolitics, the impact of these four frigates can not be ignored.

This article is the exclusive contribution of the observer. The content of the article is the authors personal view, which does not represent the platform view. Without authorization, it can not be reproduced, otherwise legal responsibility will be investigated. Pay close attention to guanchacn, the wechat of observer network, and read interesting articles every day.