1u3001 Liu Jin: an eunuch of the Ming Dynasty, he served Zhu houzhao after his crime was pardoned in Hongzhis reign. He won the favor of emperor Wuzong of Ming Dynasty by offering birds and animals. He was promoted several times. He was called the head of eight tigers at that time. It is said that Ling Chi cut 3000 knives for three days.
2u3001 Yuan Chonghuan: a famous anti Qing general at the end of the Ming Dynasty. After Zhu Youjian, Emperor Sizong of the Ming Dynasty, ascended the throne, yuan Chonghuan was able to use it again. After that, Emperor Chongzhen took Huangtaijis counter plot and executed yuan Chonghuan at high speed. During the execution, the people in Beijing watched and competed for the meat, drinking and eating it raw.
3u3001 Fang Xiaoru: Minister of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Di, the king of Yan, swore to Jingnan and led his army to the capital. Emperor Hui also sent troops for the northern expedition. At that time, all the imperial edicts and denunciations against King Yan were written by Fang Xiaoru. After the king of Yan entered the capital, all the civil and military officials surrendered to the king of Yan. Fang Xiaoru refused to surrender. He was eaten meat and ate a piece of silver or two.
4u3001 Zheng Zhen: the Minister of the Ming Dynasty was killed for impeachment of the eunuch party in Shangshu. He wrote painful Qi Yuan Shu in prison, which cries out for pain, one word for blood, and one word for forgetting overflow. The executioner took down Zheng Zhens body and sold his flesh one by one. People bought the human flesh as raw material for preparing scabies.
5u3001 Shi Dakai: the king of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom in Qing Dynasty, a famous strategist, statesman, revolutionary, strategist, militarist, poet, calligrapher and national hero in modern China. From the lingchi not humble, side advised others to insist.
6u3001 Zeng Shihe: during the execution of lingchi, the executioner of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom in the Qing Dynasty cut Zeng Shihe the first time. Zeng Shihe was in pain and screamed.
As one of the most cruel torture in feudal society, lingchi is worthy of its name. The word lingchi is also called lingchi. Among them, Ling means gentle slope, and the extended meaning is to let the criminals die slowly. According to the current available data, the torture of lingchi first appeared in the Five Dynasties, and it was not written into the law in Tang and Song dynasties. It was not until the Yuan Dynasty that this kind of torture, which was devoid of human nature, was included in the punishment.
The specific number of lingchis swords has been stipulated in all dynasties. In the Yuan Dynasty, the upper limit of lingchis knives was 120, but in the Ming Dynasty, the number of swords rose to 1000. It can be said that thousands of knives and thousands of cuts have been realized. Later, at the end of the Qing Dynasty, Ling Chi was changed by the rulers and was successfully selected as one of the top ten torture cases in the Qing Dynasty.
In the ancient times when spiritual life was scarce, there were no tricks to cut people alive. Every time the court deals with felons, the execution ground will be surrounded. Despite the bloody and cruel process, the specific operation process is a great test of the executioners technology. Like the butcher in a butchers shop, the executioner must be quick, accurate and ruthless. If we only cut a catty, a knife down, there will never be ten Liang.
Generally speaking, the executioners in the warden would establish cooperation with the market butchers shop, in order to practice knife work under the guidance of the master, and to help them in the off-season. In order to practice their unique skill, these executioners did not know how many pigs they cut and how many stuffed buns they cut. It was not until the swordsman could be as precise as a weight that they had completed the first level of an executioner.
Of course, human meat is obviously more challenging than pork cut in a butchers shop.
The second reason is that when the executioner is really carrying out the volley, the number of operating knives must not be different from the number of prescribed knives, otherwise, the executioner himself will lose his life.
In the process of execution, the executioner should cut off a piece of meat from the prisoners chest according to the ceremony, then cut off a piece of meat on the left chest, and finally spin off the milk grains on the left chest. According to Mo Yans sandalwood punishment, these two pieces of meat are also called money meat. After being cut off, two copper coin like holes will appear on the prisoners chest.
Take lingchi of the level of 500 knives as an example. After the executioner cut three knives on his chest, the new knife edge overlaps with the old one, thus forming a pattern like fish scale. Therefore, lingchi is also called fish scale cutting. If the third knife is exposed is Bai Shengshengs stubble, it shows that the lingchi has a good start. Generally speaking, good executioners bleed very little during the execution of the volley. Just a pat in front of the prisoners chest before the execution of the sentence, and the main artery is blocked. In this way, the blood in the prisoners body will be concentrated in the abdomen and legs, cutting several knives without death.
Of course, if the third knife is full of blood, the executioner also has emergency measures. If you pour a bucket of cold water directly on the prisoner, he will be frightened and his blood supply will be completely closed. If cold water does not stop bleeding, the executioner will also use acetic acid. According to the compendium of Materia Medica, pouring vinegar at the beginning has the meaning of convergence. If none of this works, the executioner will have to cut two pieces of meat from the belly of the prisoners leg and bleed. Although this method can solve the problem of blood flow in the chest and abdomen, the prisoner will often die before cutting 500 knives.
After cutting three pieces of meat from his chest, the executioner was about to start the fourth. At this time, the prisoners blood vessels are completely closed, so the executioners can cut without any scruples until they have cut fifty. In fact, the operation of this part is very exquisite. If the prisoners are well muscled, the meat on their chests can be cut easily, and the executioners can often do it well. But if you encounter skinny or obese prisoners, the executioner will be very tired when operating.
When the 50 pieces of meat are cut off from the chest muscles, the muscles on both sides of the prisoners chest will appear to have just been rotated out. By now, one tenth of the punishment has been completed. At this time, the ribs on the prisoners chest are visible, and the heart is still beating inside the film. The scene is quite frightening. After his assistant replaced him with a new knife, the executioners would continue to cut other parts.
If a male prisoner is executed, the executioners will cut off the crotch of the prisoner after spinning the meat on his chest muscles. This part of the general requirements of three knife cut, that is, the size of the cut does not need to be considered. Generally speaking, the pain of cutting this part will not be very strong, but many male prisoners will have a strong stress reaction out of fear and shame.
It can be said that no matter how brave a man is, as long as his male roots are cut off, he will no longer be as powerful as before. This is the same as plucking the feather of a rooster and cutting the mane of a horse. In the specific operation, the executioner will generally pull out the male root from the crotch, and then quickly cut it off. At this time, the assistant will report the number to the onlookers in a loud voice: the 51st knife!
Next, the executioner is going to cut the tongue of the culprit. At this time, the prisoners face has already become ferocious, and blood foam will constantly flow out of his mouth. Because of the great pain, prisoners often bite everywhere. Therefore, to dig out the tongue of a condemned prisoner is tantamount to pulling out his teeth. At this point, the assistant again pours cold water on the prisoner, and the executioner quickly pinches the prisoners throat until the purple tongue naturally sticks out of his lips. The prisoners tongue was cut off between the knife and the hand. This is the 54th knife.
Why do you do this?
This is because, on the one hand, it can show the justice and ruthlessness of the courts law enforcement, and on the other hand, it can frighten the masses who watch the punishment and let them stop their evil thoughts and dare not commit crimes.
This is also an important reason why the rulers of the past dynasties encouraged the common people to come to see the punishment.
History of Ming Dynasty, draft of Qing Dynasty history, history of Song Dynasty u00b7 annals of criminal law, Research on criminal law of different dynasties