Ideological and political course is the key course to implement the fundamental task of moral education

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 Ideological and political course is the key course to implement the fundamental task of moral education


Now, I would like to share my views on several issues.

Our party has always attached great importance to the construction of Ideological and political course. In each historical period of revolution, construction and reform, our party has made important arrangements for the construction of Ideological and political courses. During the period of the new democratic revolution, our party offered courses such as party building, history of Chinese revolutionary movement, Marxism Leninism, dialectical materialism and scientific socialism in the Red Army University, the Soviet University, the Anti Japanese military and Political University, and the Northern Shaanxi public school; the social work course was offered in Lenin primary school; in the primary school in the liberated areas and in the Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia border region Middle schools offer political knowledge courses. After the founding of the peoples Republic of China, our party put common knowledge of Chinese revolution and common program into the teaching plan of middle schools. Courses such as history of Chinese revolution, foundation of Marxism Leninism, political economy, dialectical materialism and historical materialism were offered in Colleges and universities. It emphasized that the task of political theory courses in secondary and higher schools was to arm the youth with Marxism Leninism and Mao Zedong thought In 1949, we trained strong successors to the revolution. When I was in middle school, I learned a political textbook called to be the successor of the revolution. The contents of the book love production and labor, work hard, build a prosperous and strong socialist motherland with our own hands, set ambition and be the successor of the revolution, etc., which affected the ideals, beliefs and life choices of our generation. Since the reform and opening up, the Party Central Committee has issued more than 10 documents on Ideological and political work in schools, which put forward clear requirements for the construction of Ideological and political courses, and constantly promote the reform of Ideological and political courses.

On March 18, 2019, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, chairman of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, hosted a forum on teachers of Ideological and political theory in Beijing and delivered an important speech. Photo by Sheng Jiapeng, Xinhua News Agency

It is a matter of great concern to me to run a good ideological and political course. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee has successively held the national ideological and political work conference and the national education conference. I have made many comments on the construction of Ideological and political courses. I emphasize the most in this aspect of education, and I also emphasize other aspects of education, but I must pay more attention to the construction of Ideological and political courses. In view of the teaching material construction of morality and rule of law, Chinese and history in the stage of compulsory education, I put forward that we should do a good job in maintaining the national ideological security and cultivating socialist builders and successors. We need to make clear what the goal of cultivating people is. Now we have made it very clear and firm that we should train socialist builders and successors. In 2014, during my inspection in Shanghai, I said that to cultivate and practice the socialist core values, efforts should be made to implement the core socialist values, especially to focus on the youth and other key groups; during the investigation in Haidian District Ethnic Primary School in Beijing, the school should put moral education in a more important position, and strive to make every class not only spread knowledge, but also impart virtue, so as to make socialism possible The seeds of core values take root in students hearts. In 2016, when I visited Beijing Bayi school, I stressed that basic education is the cause of cultivating morality and cultivating people. We should take a clear-cut stand, strengthen ideological and political education, moral education, strengthen the education of socialist core values, and guide students to self-esteem, self-confidence, self-reliance and self-improvement. At the National Conference on Ideological and political work in Colleges and universities, I stressed that the course of Ideological and political theory should be strengthened in the process of improvement and innovation, timely update the teaching content, enrich teaching methods, constantly improve the classroom teaching situation, and prevent formalization and superficialization. On the eve of the May 4th Movement in 2018, I visited the school of Marxism in Peking University. At the beginning of this year, when I went to Nankai University, I also emphasized the construction of Ideological and political courses.

In September 10, 2019, leaders of the party and state Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang and Wang Huning met with the delegates to the 2019 teachers day and the national collective commendation Conference on advanced education and collective education in Beijings Great Hall of the people. Xinhua News Agency reporter Shen Hong

Under the current situation, to run the ideological and political course well, we should take it into consideration of the great changes in the world and the overall development of the cause of the party and the state. We should treat it from the height of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, building a socialist modern power and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. We are working hard to achieve the two centenary goals. In the next 30 years, the people we train should be able to accomplish the great cause of two centenaries. This is the historical responsibility of education. Our party aspires to the great cause of the Chinese nation for thousands of years. We must train generation after generation of useful talents who support the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the socialist system of our country and are determined to strive for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics for life. This requires us to educate and train the next generation well, starting with schools and children. It is very necessary to set up ideological and political courses step by step in primary and secondary schools, which is an important guarantee for training generations of socialist builders and successors. Peoples growth, maturity and success are not achieved overnight, but a gradual process, just like human physiological development, so we should lay out these stages well.

In order to learn, we must first make up our minds. As long as ones ambition is established, knowledge can be put into practice step by step. It will not help if you are determined. To become a socialist builder and successor, we must establish a correct world outlook, outlook on life and values, and closely link the realization of personal values with the future and destiny of the party and the country. With Chinas opening wider and closer to the center of the world stage, Chinas ties with the world have become closer and their mutual influence has become more profound. The situation and struggle in the ideological field are also more complex. School is the forefront of ideological work, not a tower of elephant teeth, nor a peach blossom land. To run the ideological and political course well is to carry out the education of Marxist theory, to cultivate people with the thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, to guide students to enhance their confidence in the road, theory, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, to cultivate patriotism, and to consciously integrate the love of the national conditions, the ambition of strengthening the country, and the practice of serving the country, and to adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics and the construction society We are in the process of building a powerful modern country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

In recent years, the construction of Ideological and political course has achieved remarkable results, teaching methods have been constantly innovated, teachers are happy to teach, good at teaching and devote themselves to educating people, the scale and quality of teachers have been steadily improved, and the integration construction of Ideological and political courses in primary and secondary schools has achieved initial results. At the same time, we should also see that some problems in the construction of Ideological and political course need to be solved. In some places and schools, the understanding of the importance of Ideological and political course is not enough; the effect of classroom teaching needs to be improved, the teaching research needs to be strengthened, and the ideas need to be expanded; the contents of teaching materials are not fresh enough, and the pertinence, readability and effectiveness need to be enhanced; there are still shortcomings in the selection and training of teachers, the team structure needs to be optimized, and the overall quality needs to be improved; the system and mechanism are also It needs to be improved, the evaluation and support system needs to be improved, the integration construction of Ideological and political courses in primary and secondary schools needs to be deepened; the construction of Ideological and political courses in private schools and Sino foreign cooperation schools is relatively weak; the synergistic effect of various courses and ideological and Political Course construction needs to be enhanced; the teachers teaching and education awareness and ability need to be improved; the joint force of school, family and society to promote the ideological and political course construction is not coordinated There is a completely formed atmosphere in which the whole Party and the whole society care and support the construction of Ideological and political course is not strong enough.

There are many problems to be solved in the ideological and political course, but the most important thing is to solve the problem of confidence. If you want no doubt, you must be confident. How can teachers teach students if they dont believe it? We should have confidence to run ideological and political courses well. The Party Central Committee attaches great importance to education, ideological and political work, and ideological work. It always adheres to the guiding position of Marxism and vigorously promotes the construction of the subject system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, which provides a fundamental guarantee for the construction of Ideological and political courses. Our understanding and grasp of the ruling law of the Communist Party, the law of socialist construction and the law of human social development have continuously deepened, opening up a new realm of theoretical and practical development of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has made remarkable achievements, which provides a strong support for the construction of ideological and political courses. The theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a system, and the thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era was put forward historically by the Communist Party of China at this stage of development. In addition, the Chinese nation has formed a broad and profound excellent traditional culture for thousands of years. The revolutionary culture and advanced socialist culture forged by our party and the people in the process of revolution, construction and reform provide a profound force for the construction of Ideological and political courses. We have formed the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics through the innovation of upholding integrity. We can not deviate from Marxism and socialism, but we should not seek the sword by sticking to the boat. We should also develop forward and keep pace with the times. Otherwise, it will be rigid, obsolete and outdated. A series of regular knowledge and successful experience formed in the construction of Ideological and political course for a long time provide an important basis for the innovation of Ideological and political course construction. With these foundations and conditions, and with our credible, respectable and reliable team of Ideological and political teachers, we have full confidence and ability to do ideological and political courses better and better.

To run the ideological and political course well, the most fundamental thing is to fully implement the partys educational policy, and solve the fundamental problem of who to train, how to train and for whom. In order to implement the partys educational policy in the new era, we must adhere to the guiding position of Marxism, carry out the socialist thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, adhere to the socialist orientation of running schools, implement the fundamental task of establishing morality and cultivating people, and persist in serving the people, the Communist Party of China, the consolidation and development of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, the reform and opening up, and socialism In order to serve the modernization drive, we should take root in Chinas land to run education, combine it with productive labor and social practice, accelerate the modernization of education, build an educational power, and do a good job in educating the peoples satisfaction. We should strive to cultivate new people of the times who are responsible for national rejuvenation, and train socialist builders and successors who develop morally, intellectually, physically, aesthetically and laboriously.

The second question: the key to running a good ideological and political theory course lies in teachers, and the key lies in giving full play to teachers enthusiasm, initiative and creativity

It is not easy to teach the ideological and political course well, because it requires high requirements. When I was working in Zhejiang, I gave ideological and political lessons to college students. At that time, I asked all members of the Zhejiang provincial Party committee to give lectures in universities, and they all contacted a university, so I contacted Zhejiang University. I also talked about it when I was working in Fujian. The teaching of Ideological and political course involves Marxist philosophy, political economy, scientific socialism, economy, politics, culture, society, ecological civilization and Party building, reform, development and stability, domestic and foreign affairs, national defense, party and army administration, party history, national history, reform and opening up history, socialist development history, world history, international communist movement history, world situation and national conditions The situation of the party and the people. This kind of particularity requires high comprehensive quality of teachers. The situation at home and abroad, the tasks of the party and the state are developing rapidly. The teaching content of Ideological and political course should keep up with the times. Only by constantly preparing lessons and speaking constantly can we achieve better teaching results. In the ideological and political class, students will ask some sharp and sensitive questions, which often involve deep-seated theoretical and practical problems. It is not easy to explain these problems clearly and thoroughly. Our country is a growing country, and the socialist system has been improved in constant exploration. Now we have established socialism with Chinese characteristics. At the same time, 70 years after the founding of new China and more than 90 years since the founding of our party, we have made progress in constant exploration. We have gone through many ups and downs, and we have also taken some detours, such as the ten-year catastrophe. We should grasp the understanding of this issue. Our party is not an Immortal Emperor, just as it is sung in the Internationale. We must make mistakes in our progress. We should not lose our faith in the party and shake our firmness in our ideals and beliefs because of these mistakes.

On from July 15 to 16, 2019, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, chairman of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, inspected and directed the theme education of never forget your mind and remember your mission in Inner Mongolia. Forenoon, strive for progress with determination, Xi Jinping was talking to students in Inner Mongolia University library on the morning of 16. Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie huanchi

Its easy to ask for a teacher, but its hard to find a teacher. Teachers bear the important task of spreading knowledge, spreading thought, spreading truth, shaping soul, shaping life and shaping new people. Teachers of Ideological and political education should plant seeds of truth, goodness and beauty in students hearts and guide them to buckle the first button of life. I said at the National Conference on Ideological and political work in Colleges and universities that to teach ideological and political theory courses, teachers with firm belief, profound knowledge and profound theoretical foundation should be allowed to speak, so that students can truly love and benefit from life.. Today, I want to talk about the quality of Ideological and political teachers.

On from October 22 to 25, 2018, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, chairman of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, visited Guangdong. This is the afternoon of October 24th, when Xi Jinping visited Jinan University in Guangzhou, he shared with some Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan compatriots and overseas Chinese students. Photo by Ju Peng, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency

First, politics should be strong. Ideological and political course should solve the problem of students ideals and beliefs. Let those who have faith speak their faith. Only when the belief in Marxism, socialism and communism is rooted in the hearts of Ideological and political teachers, can they blossom and bear fruit in the hearts of students. Only when the teachers of Ideological and political courses have firm belief, highly agree with the content they are talking about, and they are the model of learning and practicing Marxism, can they speak with confidence and depth, and effectively guide students to learn, understand, believe and use. We should be good at seeing problems from the political point of view, consciously arm our minds with the thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and maintain political soberness in the face of major right and wrong. The teacher is to dispel doubts, they are full of doubts, what they say will not be fully firm and infectious.

Second, deep feelings. Ideological and political course should guide students to be moral adults and determined to become talents. Only by moving students can we guide them. The feelings displayed by teachers in the classroom can move people most, and even affect students life. True faith can bring true feelings, and true feelings can infect people. The reason why I love Jiao Yulu so deeply is that when I was in the first grade of junior high school, I publicized Jiao Yulus deeds. When my political teacher told about Jiao Yulus deeds, he choked for several times. For a time, he couldnt speak any more. He covered his eyes and sobbed, especially when it came to Jiao Yulus liver cancer, he broke his cane chair. I was shocked. Ideological and political teachers should have the feelings of home country, with the country and nation in mind, pay attention to the times and society in the great practice of the party and the people, absorb nutrients and enrich ideas. It is necessary to have the feeling of preaching, to invest in the cause of Marxist theory education, and to have persistent pursuit of Ideological and political education. We should have benevolent feelings, integrate the love of home and country, love for education and love for students. We should always have students in our hearts, so that ideological and political course can become a class with temperature.

Third, thinking should be new. Ideological and political course should teach students scientific thinking. Teachers of Ideological and political education should not only give students some abstract concepts, but also observe and understand the stand, viewpoint and method of contemporary world and contemporary China. The teaching of Ideological and political course is a very creative work. We should learn dialectical materialism and historical materialism, be good at using innovative thinking and dialectical thinking, and be good at using the method of contradiction analysis to grasp the key points, find the key points, clarify the law, innovate the classroom teaching, and give students a deep learning experience. In teaching, we can discuss the problems, and we should make clear the achievements; we can criticize the bad social phenomena and guide the students to think positively; we can talk about the complexity and arduousness of socialist construction, and we should guide students to be confident in the future of socialism. No matter how to say, it is necessary to guide students to establish correct ideals and beliefs and learn correct thinking methods.

Fourth, we should have a broad vision. Teachers of Ideological and political courses should have a knowledge vision. In addition to having the theoretical foundation of Marxism, they should also extensively cover the knowledge of other philosophy, social sciences and natural sciences. We should have a broad international vision. Students often associate foreign affairs with domestic situations, and this process will produce some doubts. Students doubts are the focus of Ideological and political course. We should be good at using the facts, cases and materials at home and abroad to answer students doubts in comparison. We should neither be closed nor conservative, nor worship foreign countries. We should guide students to have a comprehensive and objective understanding of contemporary China and the external world, and be good at distinguishing right from wrong in critical identification. We should also have a historical perspective. History is the best teacher. Teachers of Ideological and political education should have a history of more than 5000 years of Chinese civilization, 500 years of world socialism, 170 years of struggle of the Chinese people since modern times, nearly 100 years of struggle of the Communist Party of China, 70 years of development of the peoples Republic of China, more than 40 years of practice of reform and opening up, and the history of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era Through vivid, in-depth and concrete vertical and horizontal comparison, some principles can be explained clearly.

Fifth, self-discipline should be strict. Teachers of Ideological and political courses should be strict with themselves. They should not only abide by teaching discipline, but also abide by political discipline and political rules. They should be consistent after class and online and offline. They should not speak well in class but talk nonsense after class. They cant perform well in real life but talk nonsense on the Internet. The teachers of Ideological and political course should consciously carry forward the main melody and actively transfer positive energy as they master the dominant power and discourse power in the classroom. To abide by discipline does not mean that we can not talk about contradictions and encounter problems. Some teachers are afraid of the ideological attribute of Ideological and political courses, and worry that disasters will come out of their mouths. They always avoid problems and difficulties. As long as we adhere to the correct political direction, base on guiding students to firm their ideals and beliefs, and look at the problems comprehensively, we dont have to worry about political problems. We should give teachers full trust, do not catch braids, do not put on hats, do not hit sticks.

Sixth, personality should be correct. If you have personality, you will be attractive. Only by loving their teachers can we believe in their way. Ideological and political teachers should have a decent personality, with noble personality to infect and win students. We should have the charm of knowledge, inspire students with the power of truth, and win students with profound theoretical foundation. The thought must have the realm, the language also must have the charm, from the teachers speech, the student can feel the teachers personality and the knowledge. We should consciously achieve self-cultivation and self-cultivation, like Zeng Zis three introspections of my body, like Wang Yangmings sincerity and integrity and unity of knowledge and practice, and consciously be an example of learning and being loved by students.

The third problem: promote the reform and innovation of Ideological and political theory course, and constantly enhance the ideological, theoretical, affinity and pertinence of Ideological and political course

Reform and innovation is the spirit of the times, and teenagers are the most active group. The construction of Ideological and political course should be vigorous from reform and innovation. If one day a monk bumps into the clock, recites his knowledge according to the book and deals with the errands, the attendance rate and head up rate are bound to be greatly reduced. Many schools actively adopt case teaching, inquiry teaching, experiential teaching, interactive teaching, thematic teaching, focus teaching, etc. in Ideological and political courses, and use modern information technology and other means to build smart classroom, which has achieved positive results. These are worthy of affirmation and encouragement. To promote the reform and innovation of Ideological and political course, we should achieve the following unity.

First, adhere to the unity of political nature and academic rationality. Political guidance is the basic function of Ideological and political course. To emphasize the political guidance function of Ideological and political course is not to make the course simple political propaganda, but to respond to students with thorough theoretical analysis, to persuade students with thorough ideological theory, and to guide students with the powerful power of truth. Marx said: as long as the theory is thorough, it can convince people. Marxist theory is a thorough theory. The theory, viewpoint and conclusion of Ideological and political course teachers should stand up to students various why questions, so that the effect can be good. What needs to be noted is that we should not weaken the political nature with learning rationality. In different periods of primary and secondary schools, we should reflect the political guiding function of Ideological and political course, whether by telling stories, history or theory.

Second, adhere to the unity of value and knowledge. Ideological and political course focuses on shaping students values, which must be firmly grasped. Emphasizing the value of Ideological and political course is not to ignore knowledge, but to strengthen value education by satisfying students thirst for knowledge. Only empty values preaching, without the support of scientific knowledge, the effect of value education will be greatly reduced. Of course, in the ideological and political course teaching, we can not only emphasize the knowledge, we cant let the students memorize the knowledge points by rote in order to cope with the examination, and do not pay attention to the guidance of the students values. Students will remember only when they are interested. This kind of memory is reliable. If they dont have interest, rote learning is dead knowledge. Knowledge is the carrier, and value is the purpose. We should guide the values in the teaching of knowledge. For example, when teaching Chinese history, we should pay attention to guiding students to inherit national integrity and advocate heroism, guide students to learn heroes and remember heroes, consciously oppose those historical nihilism and cultural nihilism that forget their ancestors and belittle themselves, and consciously improve their realm, cultivate their spirit and encourage their responsibility.

Third, adhere to the unity of constructive and critical. The task of Ideological and political course is to transmit the mainstream ideology, and constructiveness is its fundamental. At the same time, thorough critical spirit is the essential feature of Marxism, which opens up a way forward in the constant struggle against various wrong ideological trends. On the basis of spreading Marxist stand, viewpoint and method, ideological and political course should make good use of critical weapons, face all kinds of wrong views and thoughts, and take a clear stand to analyze and criticize. There will be various problems in any society at any time. It is necessary to educate and guide students to correctly treat, dialectically understand and rationally analyze practical problems, distinguish between the great right and the wrong, the true and the false, and promote the true, the good and the beautiful in the criticism of the social false, evil and ugly phenomenon. To adhere to the problem-oriented, students are concerned about the question, there are actually a few categories of questions, to break these questions, in-depth study of the answer, the facts and the truth one by one. In fact, sometimes its not necessarily so high-level and comprehensive. Starting from one problem, talking about a problem in depth, and finally by analogy, can lead to a lot of related problems, which may be all-in-one. We should practice the true ability of not afraid to ask, afraid not to ask, and glad to see questions. We should not be afraid of students questions. Truth has always been developed in the process of questioning and debating. If a question fails, it means that what is said is not truth or that he has not mastered the truth.

Fourth, adhere to the unity of theory and practice. Ideological and political course should use scientific theory to train people, follow the cognitive law of students in different periods, and explain the basic principles of Marxism clearly and thoroughly. At the same time, Marxism is formed and constantly developed in practice. We should attach great importance to the practicality of Ideological and political course, combine the ideological and political small class with the social large class, in the combination of theory and practice, we should guide the students to put their life aspirations into practical action, combine the specific objectives of learning and struggle with the great goal of national rejuvenation, and make great achievements Aspire to be a fighter.

Fifth, we should adhere to the unity of unity and diversity. There are unified requirements for the teaching objectives, curriculum, teaching materials, teaching management and other aspects of Ideological and political course, but the specific implementation should be in accordance with local conditions, local conditions, and teaching students in accordance with their aptitude. The unified requirements should be well implemented in combination with the actual situation, and different methods and paths should be encouraged to explore. The teachers of Ideological and political course should take the unified textbook as the basis to ensure the standardization, scientificity and authority of teaching, and at the same time, they should not simply copy the textbook. The textbook gives the basic conclusion and brief discussion of teaching. In order to let different types of students love to listen, love to learn, understand and learn, it needs to do a lot of creative work. It is necessary to carry out diversified exploration in the teaching process and achieve the teaching objectives in various ways.

On the forenoon of May 30, 2014, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, chairman of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, came to Haidian District national primary school in Beijing to take part in the celebration of the 61 International Childrens day. This is Xi Jinpings participation in the young pioneers entrance ceremony. Photo by Li Tao, reporter of Xinhua News Agency

Sixth, adhere to the unity of dominance and subjectivity. Ideological and political course teaching can not do without the teachers leadership, at the same time, we should adhere to the student-centered, increase the research on students cognitive law and acceptance characteristics, and give full play to the students subjective role. Some ideological and political classes use group study, scene display, topic discussion, classroom debate and other teaching methods to let students speak, which is conducive to the development of students subjective role. Teachers should do a good job of finishing the work, strengthen guidance and summary. We should educate and guide students to read more classic works of Marxism, contemporary Marxist theoretical works of China, and excellent Chinese traditional cultural classics. It is necessary to issue a book list and point out the key points, so that students can correctly understand the classic works, master the essence of Marxism, perceive the charm of Chinese culture, avoid dogmatism and bookishness, and avoid misreading Marxism.

Seventh, adhere to the unity of indoctrination and inspiration. Inculcation is the basic method of Marxist theory education. Lenin said: it is impossible for workers to have a sense of social democracy. This awareness can only be instilled from the outside. It is necessary to instill Marxism into students, but it is not equal to cramming. We should pay attention to heuristic education, guide students to find problems, analyze problems, think about problems, and let students come to a conclusion in the process of continuous inspiration. Among them, it is very important to be able to tell stories and tell good stories. Ideological and political courses should tell the stories of the Chinese nation, the Communist Party of China, the peoples Republic of China, socialism with Chinese characteristics, reform and opening up, especially the stories of the new era. To tell a story, not only the teacher but also the students should be organized to tell it themselves.

Eighth, adhere to the unity of explicit education and implicit education. Ideological and political course should be the dominant course of Ideological and political education. Some people put forward that the ideological and political course should be turned into a hidden course and be fully integrated into other humanistic quality courses, which is not right. To run the education of socialism with Chinese characteristics, we should be reasonable and vigorous, and give a good ideological and political course. At the same time, we should excavate the ideological and political education resources contained in other courses and teaching methods, so as to realize the whole process of all-round education. This is the way of education.

The above is to say that only by playing a good combination of boxing, can we teach the ideological and political course well. However, no matter how to play the combined boxing, we should finally teach the ideological and political course with more affinity, appeal, pertinence and effectiveness, so as to realize the unity of knowledge, emotion, will and action, which is called the peoples obedience.

Fourth question: strengthen the partys leadership over the construction of Ideological and political theory courses

The key to the success of Chinas affairs lies in the party. Party committees at all levels should put the ideological and political course construction on the important agenda, grasp the prominent problems restricting the ideological and political course construction, and take effective measures in the work pattern, team building, support and guarantee, etc. It is necessary to establish a working pattern of unified leadership of the Party committee, joint management of the party and government, respective responsibilities of the relevant departments, and coordination of the whole society, so as to promote the formation of a good atmosphere in which the whole Party and the whole society make great efforts to run ideological and political courses, teachers teach ideological and political courses seriously, and students actively learn ideological and political courses. The Party committee of the university should insist on combining strict management with scientific management. The Secretary of the Party committee and the president of the school should take the lead in entering the classroom, take the lead in promoting the construction of Ideological and political courses, and take the lead in contacting the teachers of Ideological and political courses. At present, the opening ceremony and graduation ceremony of the university are very active, and the leaders of the university give speeches, which cause great concern in the society. These speeches are an important embodiment of the direction of running a school and educating people. We should clearly reflect the partys educational policy, actively spread Marxist scientific theory, and carry forward the socialist core values. However, from the perspective of reality, some speeches have more general moral requirements and less emphasis on ideals and beliefs; more personalized expressions, less emphasis on the partys educational ideas; more emphasis on international standards, less emphasis on Chinese characteristics. This should be taken seriously. But they should be the leaders of universities.

The key to running ideological and political course well lies in teachers. To arouse the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of Ideological and political teachers, we must enhance their professional identity, sense of honor and sense of responsibility. It is necessary to make it clear that there are not only skills, but also learning, but also Tao in Teaching Ideological and political courses. The political, ideological, academic and professional nature of Ideological and political course are closely linked together, and its academic depth and breadth and academic content are no less than any philosophy and social science! It is necessary to build a strong team of full-time teachers of Ideological and political courses, and build a team of full-time, full-time and part-time teachers with sufficient quantity and good quality. In the selection, management and assessment of Ideological and political teachers, we should strictly control politics, teachers ethics and business, and solve the problem of study style. It is necessary to innovate the working mechanism, strengthen the training and incentive work, implement various policy guarantees, and improve the attraction of this post to outstanding talents, so that the creative energy of Ideological and political teachers, especially young teachers, will burst into full play and their intelligence and wisdom will flow in full. It is necessary to reform the evaluation mechanism of Ideological and political teachers, increase the proportion of teaching and teaching research in evaluation, overcome the shortcomings of only diploma, thesis and hat, and guide ideological and political teachers to focus on teaching and educating people. Some schools give high praise to ideological and political courses orally, but they cant implement the evaluation mechanism of education, Academy and talents. Some schools follow the evaluation system set up by foreign institutions, ranking, sequencing and discussing heroes according to the published papers in foreign journals. The major of Ideological and political education is unable to publish papers in the so-called international journals, which naturally becomes the object of exclusion by the value evaluation system. Even the departments of Ideological and political education in some schools have no way to enter and evaluate professional titles through normal channels, and some rely on the special approval of schools. Over time, some places have formed the extremely wrong views and atmosphere of non academic and non academic of Ideological and political major, which has caused great psychological shadow to some ideological and political teachers and seriously affected their work enthusiasm. We should attach great importance to the cultivation of reserve talents of Ideological and political course teachers, strengthen the construction of Marxist college and Marxist theory discipline, promote the integrated talent training of master, master and doctoral master of Marxist theory, and continuously provide high-level talents for ideological and political course teachers. Ideological and political teachers should be taken as an important source in the construction of school cadres. The education department should come up with practical and feasible guiding opinions.

It is necessary to take the overall promotion of the ideological and political course integration construction in primary and secondary schools as an important project, adhere to the combination of problem orientation and goal orientation, adhere to the unity of integrity and innovation, and promote the connotative development of Ideological and political course construction. According to the law of Ideological and political theory education and the law of students growth, we should set specific teaching objectives scientifically according to the law of Ideological and political theory education and the law of students growth. We should do a good job in the design of teaching objectives, curriculum setting, textbook compilation, teaching reform, teacher training, assessment and evaluation. We should neither encourage the students to grow up too quickly, nor do we have to be self-contained. The curriculum should be relatively stable, adhere to the principle of running through the longitudinal main line of primary and secondary schools, and the principle of reasonable horizontal structure and complementary functions of various courses, so as to ensure the political, scientific, epochal and readability of teaching materials.

Ideological and political work in schools is not a single line of work, but should be all-round. It is necessary to improve the curriculum system, solve the problem of cooperation between various courses and ideological and political courses, encourage famous teachers to give lectures in Ideological and political classes, solve the problem of promoting the complementarity of other teaching staff and teachers of Ideological and political courses, promote the ideological and political work to run through the talent training system, and exert the integrated, embedded and infiltrated collaborative effect of moral education and talent cultivation. The learning effect of Ideological and political course is closely related to the role of parents, family and family tradition, so we should pay attention to the cooperation between home and school. The construction of Ideological and political courses should also be placed in an important position in private schools and Sino foreign cooperative schools. There is no exception in this regard. Responsible comrades of all regions and departments should actively go to schools to teach ideological and political courses, which is a test of the level of Marxism. It is also the embodiment of a leading cadres political quality, theoretical level and work style.

The central education leading group should put the construction of Ideological and political course into the important agenda. The Ministry of education, the Central Propaganda Department and other departments should take the lead in the construction of Ideological and political courses. The relevant departments should enhance the working force. The construction of Ideological and political courses should be included in the assessment of Party building work, the evaluation of school running quality and discipline construction, etc., and the school should be urged to grasp this work and grasp it in place.

This is the main speech of general secretary Xi Jinpings speech at the teachers Forum on Ideological and political theory in March 18, 2019.