The first observation is that the ten Musts convey the partys strategy for Tibet governance in the new era

 The first observation is that the ten Musts convey the partys strategy for Tibet governance in the new era

General secretary Xi Jinping always believed in the snow plateau. As early as June 1998, when he was working in Fujian, Xi Jinping came to Tibet for an inspection mission. In July 2011, Xi Jinping served as the head of the central delegation to attend the 60th anniversary celebration of the peaceful liberation of Tibet.

Villagers perform Guozhuang dance at a spring ploughing ceremony on a snowy plateau (photo taken on April 30). Photo by Tian Jinwen, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency

In the new era, general secretary Xi Jinping has been thinking about how to manage Tibet, how to further promote the rapid development and long period of stability in Tibet, and realize the aspiration of Tibet people of all nationalities for a better life.

In March 2013, when participating in the deliberation of the Tibet delegation at the first session of the 12th National Peoples Congress, the general secretary put forward for the first time the important statement that to govern the country, to govern the border must first stabilize Tibet.

On August 2015, general secretary Xi Jinping attended the sixth Tibet Symposium and delivered an important speech. It was at that meeting that the general secretary summed up the general plan for the governance of Tibet formed by our party in the course of more than 60 years of practice as six Musts.

The five years since the Sixth Central Forum on Tibet work have been extraordinary in the history of Tibets development. In the words of general secretary Xi Jinping, many difficult problems that have been solved for a long time have not been solved, and they have become a lot of important events that have been done in the past but have not been done, and various undertakings have achieved all-round progress and historic achievements.

Photo mosaic: the picture on the left shows the relocation and resettlement site of danmuzhen, a villager of Aru village, Dongru Township, Nitu County, Ali Prefecture, Tibet; the picture on the right shows a corner of the relocation and resettlement site (UAV photo). Photo by Zhan Yan, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency

At the same time, from safeguarding the reunification of the motherland and strengthening national unity, to improving the quality of development, ensuring and improving peoples livelihood, to consolidating border defense and border security, Tibets development faces both rare opportunities and multiple risks and challenges.

This general plan for the administration of Tibet in the new era has summed up the successful experience of the party in leading the people to govern, stabilize and prosper Tibet, and deepen our partys understanding of the regularity of Tibets work. Compared with five years ago, some of them are retained, others are added or improved.

For example, it clearly proposed that safeguarding the reunification of the motherland and strengthening national unity should be the focus and focus of Tibets work; on the basis of previous statements, it listed must coordinate the domestic and international overall situation separately; further proposed that we must adhere to the direction of Chinas religious sinicization and manage religious affairs according to law; more clearly, it proposed that we must strengthen the characteristics of Party building. Its not political construction.

In addition, there is also a significant change that ecological protection must be adhered to first for the first time.

The idyllic scenery of peach blossoms in Bomi County, Nyingchi City, Tibet (taken on March 26, with a UAV). Photo by Pu buzhaxi, Xinhua News Agency

The ecological protection of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is a matter of great concern to general secretary Xi Jinping. He once said, Tibet should protect the ecology and keep the Chinese water tower well. We cant pick up sesame seeds and lose watermelons. If there are ecological problems, the gain will not be worth the loss.

As the main body of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, Tibet is the source of rivers and rivers in China, South Asia and Southeast Asia, and has an important impact on the global climate. At the same time, Tibet is also a fragile and sensitive area of ecological environment. Once damaged, its losses will be irretrievable.

It is for this reason that we have to understand more deeply the heavy weight behind the general secretarys sentence: to protect the ecology of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is the greatest contribution to the survival and development of the Chinese nation..

Background: previous central Tibet work Symposiums

Since ancient times, border governance has always been an important event for the central government. Our party has always attached great importance to Tibets work, always carries out overall research and planning on Tibets work at key historical points, and points out the direction for Tibets development from the top-level design and strategic choice.

The Tibet work forum is an effective form for the Central Committee to study and plan Tibet work. It can be said that every forum on Tibet work fully reflects the characteristics of the times, contains the latest judgment of the Party Central Committee on the situation in Tibet, and makes a series of major decisions and arrangements according to the time and situation, which is of great significance to the long-term development and long-term stability of Tibet.

The first central Forum on Tibet work held in 1980 was just at the beginning of reform and opening up. It was proposed that everything should be set out from the actual situation of Tibet and put things out of order in terms of guiding ideology. It became an important meeting to realize the historical turning point of Tibet after the peaceful liberation and democratic reform of Tibet.

The second forum on Tibet work held in 1984 studied the issue of further relaxing economic policies and making the Tibetan people rich as soon as possible, which laid a solid foundation for Tibets modernization drive.

At the beginning of the new century, the fourth Tibet work forum held in 2001 proposed to seize the good opportunity of implementing the strategy of developing the western region and the basic stability of Tibets social situation, concentrate on solving major issues concerning the overall development and stability of Tibet, and promote Tibet to enter the fast track of development.