The development of Chinas economy over the past 40 years has laid a solid supply, demand and institutional foundation for the comprehensive establishment of a new development pattern with the domestic big cycle as the main body and the domestic and international dual circulation promoting each other.
On the supply side, China has not only become the only country in the world with all the industrial categories listed in the United Nations Industrial Classification, but also ranks among the worlds top patent applications.
At the system and mechanism level, the market has played a decisive role in the allocation of resources, the role of the government has been better played, and the national large market has been operating smoothly under the continuous optimization of various basic reforms, supply side structural reforms and business environment.
What are the deep considerations for building a new development pattern?
From the experience of human history, if we want to build a safe, controllable, resilient and resilient economic system, we must give priority to internal affairs and establish a stable basic market in the turbulent and complex world system.
China has unique advantages in expanding domestic demand. Chinas total population ranks first in the world, and has formed the largest middle-income group in the world, with a total number of more than 400 million people, which is the basis for expanding domestic demand.
If poverty alleviation is a major policy measure at the secondary distribution level, then the rapid development of digital economy is to increase the income of workers from the primary distribution level, which is conducive to consumption growth. Chinas digital economy has strong labor-friendly characteristics, such as takeout, express delivery and other employment opportunities in the digital economy, and the income level is higher than that of traditional industries.
What are the rich connotations of the new development pattern?
On the one hand, taking the domestic large-scale cycle as the main body, it is not to close the door to operate in a closed way. The focus of developing domestic circulation is roughly the same as that of developing international circulation. The same should be done to protect intellectual property rights, improve business environment, reduce access restrictions, and rely on complete industrial system and complete infrastructure.
On the other hand, the mutual promotion of domestic and international dual circulation can make the main position of domestic big cycle more stable. Only by integrating the domestic and international dual circulation, can we optimize the transnational allocation of production factors, expand the import of high-quality goods and services, meet the domestic production and consumption demand, and make the domestic big cycle more smooth and heavy.
In order to form a double cycle benign interaction, it is necessary to maintain the security of the industrial chain supply chain. China is in the stage of climbing from the low end of the industrial chain to the middle and high end, and the neck sticking problem is still serious in some fields. Only by maintaining the security of the industrial chain supply chain and strengthening the guarantee ability of key fields, key technologies and key products, can we provide strong support for the benign interaction of the dual cycle.
How to explore an effective way to form a new development pattern?
To explore an effective way to form a new development pattern, we should firmly grasp the strategic basis point of expanding domestic demand. We should firmly implement the strategy of expanding domestic demand, regard meeting domestic demand as the starting point and foothold of promoting high-quality development, accelerate the construction of a complete domestic demand system, give full play to the basic role of consumption and the key role of investment, so as to effectively combine and promote boosting consumption and expanding investment.
In order to explore an effective way to form a new development pattern, we should also give full play to the breakthrough and leading role of reform. We should rely on reform to cope with changes and open up new situations, adhere to the goal guidance and problem orientation, be good at accumulating potential and planning for potential, and be good at identifying and adapting to changes. We should firmly grasp the key points, actively encourage exploration, highlight the actual effect of reform, and promote reform to better serve the overall situation of economic and social development.