The transformation of UAV under the strategic competition of great powers (Part one)

category:Military
 The transformation of UAV under the strategic competition of great powers (Part one)


Russias defense ministry signed 41 contracts for the procurement and modernization of weapons and equipment during the army-2020 forum, with a total amount of more than 1.16 trillion rubles (about 106.5 billion yuan and 15.4 billion US dollars), according to Russian media daily 25.

As a key point of unmanned equipment development, many countries have invested a lot of energy in research and development. With the spread of UAVs, more and more UAVs appear in the battlefield. Deep Participation in actual combat also affects the development and transformation of UAVs in large countries.

Russian Orion UAV is a long endurance UAV.

Unmanned aerial vehicles destroyed by the regiment

In July, a military conflict broke out between Armenian and Azerbaijani. After the end of the current round of conflict, the Armenian Ministry of defense held an exhibition on the results of small air defense forces, mainly showing military UAVs shot down and captured during the conflict.

Judging from the wreckage of UAVs on the scene, Armenian air defense forces performed quite well. They not only shot down a large number of drones, but also had a variety of models, and they were basically new and cutting-edge products produced by Israel. Such as orbit 2 / 3 and thunder B small reconnaissance UAV, Hermes 200 medium reconnaissance UAV, habi and sky Raider suicide UAV. According to Turkish media reports, at least 28 Afghan UAVs have been shot down or captured by Armenian government. In addition to the models on display by the Asian side, it is likely to include a Hermes 900 large reconnaissance UAV with no debris but video evidence.

Throughout this round of conflict, it shows different characteristics in specific operations. Direct fire exchange between infantry of both sides rarely occurs. The two armies generally adopt the long-range artillery attack and sniper point Kill tactics under the guidance of UAV, which further reflects the importance of anti UAV capability in modern battlefield. Obviously, Azerbaijan would like to test the combat effectiveness of the large number of Israeli UAVs introduced in recent years, as well as the tactical upgrading results brought to its military forces. However, the Armenian side showed no weakness. It can be seen that the most important result (killing major general of the Algerian side) was completed under the guidance of UAV investigation. It is worth noting that the Azerbaijani UAVs suffered relatively large losses. According to Turkish media reports, during the conflict, Russia urgently airlifted a large number of military supplies to Armenian, including the advanced electronic warfare system specially designed to counter UAVs.

Armenian shows down Azerbaijani drones.

Previously, in Iran, Russias anti UAV system has successfully captured or shot down Western UAVs, including even the most advanced stealth strategic reconnaissance UAV rq-170 sentry of the United States, and is likely to include the latest high altitude long endurance strategic unmanned reconnaissance aircraft mq-4c Mermaid Poseidon (it is difficult to believe that Iran has the technology to shoot down the aircraft independently). In this round of conflict, there is no doubt that in recent years, Russias Countervailing capacity construction against the advantages of Western UAVs has been displayed perfectly again.

Azerbaijani orbiter 3 drone shot down.

golden age

You should remember that in early 2020, it was MQ-9 death who killed the legendary Iranian hero General Qasim Sulaimani. This battle case is a very typical and successful operation of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) observation and combat. From the aspects of intelligence support, action planning, task execution, actual tactical effect and strategic impact, textbook air assassination of Sulaimani is enough to become the peak of the operation of integrated observation and combat UAV and be recorded in history.

Although the UAV has appeared as early as 1920s, which is not many years behind the existing UAV, and the military drone has been put into use in World War II, but the real large-scale use of UAV in the battlefield was in the Vietnam War in the 1960s. Since then, as an important investigation platform, UAV has gradually established its position in the modern army. With the continuous progress of science and technology, as the inertial extension of UAV combat capability, the earliest UAV MQ-1 Predator was born at the beginning of the new century. In October 2001, in Afghanistan, a Predator launched missiles to destroy a Taliban tank for the first time, and the integrated observation and combat UAV officially stepped on the stage of war. Since then, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) made by the United States, Israel and China have rapidly spread in military hot countries, and have successfully carried out thousands of firepower strike missions.

There is no doubt that new technology has made UAVs with more advanced performance and more powerful functions. However, it would be biased to attribute the blowout development of UAVs after the cold war to technological progress. In a long period after the end of the cold war, the possibility of a high-intensity and symmetrical war between great powers has become very small. The UAVs of military powers are competent for most asymmetric suppression armed conflicts. With the reduction of military expenditure and the increasing sensitivity of the United States, Israel and other countries to casualties, it is found that it is more cost-effective to use a large number of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to carry out such tasks, thus ushering in a golden age of development.

In the Kosovo war, the second Gulf War, the Afghanistan war, the Libya war, the Syrian war, as well as a series of low-intensity armed conflicts, and even intelligence collection in peacetime, UAVs have been almost everywhere. Various types of UAVs are active in the strategic reconnaissance from high altitude long endurance to individual soldier level tactical reconnaissance, as well as the integration of observation and combat at the operational tactical level u201dIn the multi band combat mission.

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