Before the 1950s, Ewenki hunters still maintained the original production and life style: eating animal meat, wearing animal skins, living in the cuoluozi built with wooden poles and birch bark, and living in isolation from the world without cold in winter and rain in summer.
In 1958, the first Ewenki township was established in Qiqian township of Erguna City, and the hunters began to integrate with modern times.
In 2003, in order to protect the ecological environment of the region, Ewenki hunters put down their hunting guns and banned hunting. They carried out ecological migration and moved to the western suburb of Genhe City. Waiting for them is the modern double decker house of each single family.
Now we are slowly transforming to the tourism industry, and the hunters activities in the related tourism industry have played a very important role in increasing their income and becoming rich. Zhang Wanjun, head of Ao Township, said that according to incomplete statistics, the townships income in 2019 was more than 3.82 million yuan, and more than 85000 tickets were sold in scenic spots alone.
Suoyun runs a supermarket in Aoxiang. Although the area is not large, the goods are put neatly on the shelves, including staple food, cold drinks, drinks, snacks, daily necessities and tourist souvenirs.
Suoyun is a traditional Ewenki nationality. Before running a supermarket, she earned money by selling clothes for others.
She is very hardworking, capable and resourceful. After moving here, her family has opened a small shop selling handicrafts. She is typically rich by her own hands. Genhe City Party Committee Propaganda Department Vice Minister Yu Lan said.
Its hard to be outside, especially if you want to be a child. Talking about 11 years of hard work outside, Zhang Guofengs eyes filled with tears.
Zhang Guofeng, born in 1962, runs a homestay in Aoxiang. Her husband is of Ewenki nationality. After moving to Ao Township in 2003, they were assigned to the house. In 2004, Zhang Guofeng and her husband went to work in Qingdao. After returning home in 2015, they started to open B & B, earning more than 20000 yuan a year.
Entering her home, birch bark paintings all over the wall are exquisite and vivid, and reproduce the scenes of Ewenki people and reindeer. It is hard to believe that these paintings were made by Zhang Guofeng, who had never learned painting. These birch bark paintings can not only be sold, but also decorate the whole home stay shining. Zhang Guofeng also said with pride: my family should be the most beautiful in Aoxiang.
According to Zhang Wanjun, as of January 2018, three items of Aoxiang reindeer culture, birch bark handcraft and Ewenki Shaman Dance were included in the national intangible cultural heritage protection list, with 2 National Intangible Cultural Heritage Representative inheritors; 16 items including Aoluguya Ewenki clothing, skilful leather technique and Ewenki narrative folk songs were included in the autonomous region level intangible cultural heritage protection There are 10 representative inheritors of intangible cultural heritage at the autonomous region level.
Dekeli, 48, is the inheritor of intangible cultural heritage in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. In her courtyard, the caribou fur scissors with traditional Ewenki patterns are particularly striking.
These traditional patterns are actually some words of the Ewenki people, which convey our Ewenki peoples feelings for nature, forests and rivers, she said. She also wants to explore some of these traditional patterns and use them in utensils or costumes, so that the younger generation of Ewenki people can better remember and inherit the national culture.
In addition, de Cory also set up a Master Studio of ethnic arts and crafts, which mobilized many young people to participate actively, and helped local women get rid of poverty and become rich. If there is an order, I will organize them to learn and do. In two months, the highest income of them is more than 20000 yuan, and the least is 7000 yuan.
The Ewenki people who put down their hunting guns and walked out of the mountains have been integrated into the life of modern society. They have lived a happy and healthy life, from only living by hunting to everyone can rely on their own hands to become rich through hard work. On the way to embrace a new life, Ewenki people have not forgotten to inherit the national culture. They skillfully combine the elements of national culture with the development of tourism, and gradually usher in their own highlight moment in continuous innovation.