The resignation of all the cabinet in Lebanon: the Big Bang has become the fuse of political crisis

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 The resignation of all the cabinet in Lebanon: the Big Bang has become the fuse of political crisis


Although after the explosion, the government of Lebanon immediately began to pursue responsibility, arrested more than 10 officials involved, and said that it would thoroughly investigate the matter, but it was still unable to calm the publics anger.

The Big Bang has also become a fuse for political crisis: under the triple threat of weak political balance, weak economic development and spread of the epidemic, political dissatisfaction in Lebanon is rising, and the voice of the people for change is hard to resist. There is little room left for this cabinet to turn around.

Lebanon has a tradition of sectarian politics

Lebanon implements a unique sectarian politics principle, and various groups divide state power according to different religions and sectarian attributes.

The president of Lebanon belongs to the Christians in Lebanon, the prime minister to Sunni Muslims, the speaker of Parliament to Shia Muslims, the vice president to the orthodox, and the chief of staff of the army to Druze.

Domestic political factional disputes are an important obstacle to political change in Lebanon. Although the leaders of several political factions in Lebanon, such as Hezbollah in Lebanon, the Christian javelin party in Lebanon, and the Druze in Lebanon, have expressed their desire to establish a more united government, how to divide power has become a sensitive old problem.

In reality, Hezbollah in Lebanon, in the name of resistance to invasion, continues to control southern Lebanon, retains its own armed forces, and also sends its armed organizations into Syria to help the Syrian government combat the anti-government forces.

In the past several cabinet sessions, different political groups often had long-term disputes over the choice of the prime minister and some important ministers of Lebanon, leading to the absence of the government of Lebanon.

Although the political families of the main religious sects in Lebanon, such as Christianity, Sunni, Shia and Druze, are gradually taken over by the post-80s members, how to break away from the existing sectarian political traditions is still facing great challenges.

Lebanon cannot escape from the gravity of Geopolitics

The interference of external forces is another important factor affecting the future political trend of Lebanon. The unique sectarian politics system provides opportunities and soil for the interference and infiltration of neighboring countries. The leaders of the government of Lebanon often need to carefully balance the relations among various regional powers, such as Iran, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Israel.

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The wife of the Dutch ambassador to Lebanon was killed in the explosion, and the couple just returned to Beirut after their vacation. Produced by we video of Beijing News

For example, in 2005, Rafiq Hariri, the Prime Minister of Lebanon, was assassinated for seeking political independence in Lebanon, and the case is still complicated.

Although great changes have taken place in the geographical environment of the Middle East since 2011, Syria is unable to continue to interfere in Lebanons internal affairs because of the internal war, but the interference of external countries in Lebanon still exists and is obvious.

Saad Hariri, the son of Rafik Hariri and former prime minister, was forced to resign in 2017 under pressure from Saudi Arabia. During this period, there was even news that Saad Hariri was house arrest by Saudi Crown Prince Salman junior when he visited Saudi Arabia.

At the beginning of 2020, Prime Minister diab took office smoothly after obtaining the approval of Hezbollah. Iran has a close relationship with the Shiite Hezbollah, while Israel has long regarded Lebanons Christian javelin party and Druze as important potential allies.

There is a long way to go to reshape the political rules in Lebanon

The wave of protests and demonstrations by the people of Lebanon can actually be regarded as a continuation of the mass demonstrations in Lebanon in 2019.

In the wave of large-scale protests in 2019, most of the participants are young people born in the 1980s, 1990s and even after 00. They demand political reform, break the existing sectarian politics system, establish a new political structure in Lebanon, and build a strong central government in Lebanon.

After the Beirut port explosion, peoples voice of protest is still calling for the abolition of sectarian politics and the establishment of a strong central government to deal with sensitive issues such as weak domestic economic development, high unemployment rate and epidemic prevention and control.

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_ 5811557, async:true }The sectarian political tradition and the existing political rules in Lebanon are designed by the National Charter of 1943 and the Taif agreement of 1989, and are also formed by various political factions in Lebanon under the special historical and realistic power balance. What the people of Lebanon hope to build is to break through the existing barriers of sectarian politics and form a new unified political system. However, this appeal means breaking the old family sect state power network and building a new connotation of Lebanon political identity, involving various sectarian relations, involving the national attribute and political identity connotation of Lebanon, can not be completed overnight. The road to reshaping the political rules in Lebanon, which has just begun, is bound to be a long way off. Wang Jin (Associate Professor, Institute of Middle East Studies, Northwestern University, research fellow of Syria Research Center) source: responsible editor of Beijing News: Xu Meng_ NN7485

The sectarian political tradition and the existing political rules in Lebanon are designed by the National Charter of 1943 and the Taif agreement of 1989. They are also formed under the special historical and realistic strength contrast of various political factions in Lebanon.

What the people of Lebanon hope to build is to break through the existing barriers of sectarian politics and form a new unified political system. However, this appeal means breaking the old family sect state power network and building a new connotation of Lebanon political identity, involving various sectarian relations, involving the national attribute and political identity connotation of Lebanon, can not be completed overnight.

The road to reshaping the political rules in Lebanon, which has just begun, is bound to be a long way off.

Wang Jin (Associate Professor, Institute of Middle East Studies, Northwestern University, researcher, Syrian Research Center)