In his book Freud, psychoanalysis and symbolism, Petocz summarized five definitions of symbolism in broad and narrow sense. There are four broad definitions of symbolism
One is to regard symbol as an advanced category, such as Neo Kantian school;
Thirdly, he regards symbol as a tool of indirect expression;
Fourth, the symbol is regarded as the expression tool of the unspeakable.
The narrow sense of symbol is the definition of classical psychoanalysis, which regards symbol as a substitute made unconsciously. What is most concerned about is the unconscious nature of symbolic process and what content is symbolized.
The diversity of symbolic definition leads to the ambiguity of discussion and research.
But what is more meaningful for psychology and psychotherapy is that it is regarded as one of the symbols. For example, fetishism, each of its objects (animal accessories, brassieres, stockings, high-heeled shoes, etc.) has its special symbolic meaning. For example, the attachment to bra symbolizes the attachment to the mother or female breast. Through the symbolic Association, we can understand that the sexual psychological barrier of fetishism patients is fixed in the oral desire period.
2. The status and function of symbol in psychoanalysis
Symbol, including feeling and image.
Symbolism is like a scenic spot to the mental world. Symbolism is like the light of night for the psychological exploration of the analyte or the unconscious motivation of the patients illness.
Introduce the importance of symbolism by several top psychologists
u00b7Symbol in Freuds Theory: symbol is the product of repression, only the repressed can be symbolized.
He believes that there is a fixed and corresponding relationship between the symbol and the symbolized. In his introduction to psychoanalysis, the fixed relationship between the elements of dreams and the interpretation of dreams is called a symbolic relationship.
There are three characteristics of symbolic meaning: fixed meaning; silent speech; hereditary.
Pay attention to general symbol, special symbol and flexibility. Pay attention to the desire depression of dream symbol. u00b7Symbol in Jungs Theory: a kind of thing is regarded as a symbol if we cant or cant give a rational explanation to it completely according to the Convention, but still firmly or intuitively realize that it has some important or even mysterious (unknown) meaning. In short, it symbolizes ambivalence.
Jung found the symbol in the process of studying the unconscious archetype. It also suggests that in order to reveal peoples spiritual (spiritual) activities, we must understand the symbolic meaning and understand the symbolic language.
The meaning of symbol: symbol is a kind of meaningful image and a tool to promote psychological change. Dream makes our consciousness and unconscious communicate, but it uses symbolic language. Symbol has the function of transcendence and integration. In his later years man and his symbol, he said that the meaning of symbol makes people full of vitality; symbol is not only the key to know ones own, but also the beacon of mans self realization. Mans life is a process of constantly searching for and making symbols; the history of mankind is the history of constantly replacing old symbols with new ones.
Attention: archetype, archetypal image, shadow, personality mask... The healing function of. Give the symbol some constructive meaning. Pay attention to the foreshadowing and purposefulness of dream symbols. u00b7Symbol in Lacans Theory: the structure of society is symbolic. Symbolic order is the world of symbols, language and meaning.
The study of complex is different from Freuds connotation of individual unconsciousness. It holds that individuals psychology is determined unconsciously by social structure. It is found that the formation of psychosis (such as the case of wolf child) stems from the undocumented fear of castration in Oedipus. The illusions and delusions displayed by the mental patient are due to the fact that there is an actual thing that cannot be symbolized in his inner world. So the fear of castration, which should have been addressed in symbolism, came into reality at the right time.
(the core of Oedipus complex is fear of castration. The normal growth of human beings is based on the symbolic solution of castration fear. The successful overcoming of Oedipus complex means the recognition of fathers law. He also said that everyone is a neurosis, and only when people enter the symbolic order can they gain subjectivity.)
Attention: the metaphor and metonymy of symbol in the three structures of human spirit imagination, symbol and reality. The repair of early psychological trauma lies in the reconstruction of psychological or symbolic functions.
3. Interpretation of symbols
The symbol of human psychological reality is realized through images. Therefore, the first is the feeling and naming of images.
A certain pattern of human being (such as feeling) - u2192 vivid image, if understood, needs to play the function of symbol and abstract thinking. To do a good job in psychoanalysis, we must master the symbolic theory and accumulate the experience of symbolic interpretation.
u2460 Dream symbol. Dreams are the most profound channel to the unconscious. Dreams are like dramas, fables.... Dream is the symbolic language of psychological reality.
The foundation to master: familiar with psychoanalysis.
Basic knowledge: familiar with symbolic psychology.
u2463 Psychological projection test. Any object, as a symbol, is the externalization and manifestation of human spirit. The feeling and symbolic analysis of projective psychological test includes psychodrama, sandplay, color character, constellation symbol, work analysis, scale test, etc.
To master the foundation: familiar with object relationship psychoanalysis. 2u3001 Experience symbol and analysis
1. Experience dream symbol (symbolic analysis of dream)
2. Experience the symbol of psychological projection experiment (symbolic analysis of projection experiment)