Pursuing the US Armys permanent presence in Poland to become the Trojan horse of the United States in Europe?

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 Pursuing the US Armys permanent presence in Poland to become the Trojan horse of the United States in Europe?


In recent years, Poland has purchased a large number of advanced armaments from the United States and repeatedly invited the United States to permanently garrison troops in its territory. For this reason, Poland once offered to provide about $2 billion to build a permanent military base for the US military, and even said that it would name the base trump fort.

Polands sincerity was rewarded. In January 2017, Poland cheerfully welcomed about 3500 US soldiers from Colorado, USA, which is a formation under the framework of NATOs Atlantic determined action, which is replaced by soldiers from other NATO countries every nine months. Last June, U.S. President trump and Duda reached an agreement that the United States will send another 1000 troops to Poland, and that the US troops stationed in Poland will add a division headquarters, a combat training center and a UAV detachment.

In June this year, four days before the Polish election, Duda visited the United States again and invited the United States, which is preparing to withdraw its troops from Germany, to strengthen its military deployment in Poland. At the press conference later, trump said that Poland, unlike Germany, is one of the few NATO member states whose military expenditures meet the standards. Transferring some US troops to Poland in Germany can send a strong signal to Russia and play a deterrent role. But when asked about the permanent garrison, trump did not answer positively. I dont talk about permanence or non permanence. Trump said. This expression is tantamount to pouring cold water on Poland.

The newly concluded defense cooperation agreement between the United States and Poland does not include permanent Garrison and other contents. According to media disclosure, in the past year, officials of the two countries have had disagreements on issues such as funding, location of troops stationed and legal status of the US military. The US has asked novel coronavirus pneumonia to be borne by Poland for more than US $2 billion, which makes it difficult for the economy to accept the new crown pneumonia epidemic in Poland. Poland hopes that the U.S. military will be stationed in the eastern border area near Belarus, while the United States wants to be stationed further west in Poland. At the same time, the United States hopes that if the U.S. military personnel violate the law in Poland, they will be protected by greater legal immunity, which has not been approved by the Polish government.

The US political magazine previously said that the US sides refusal was mainly based on three considerations: first, the alliance Congress regarded this as an unnecessary provocation, and Moscow had reason to claim that NATO was an aggressor and respond in some way. Moreover, this is in violation of the Russian NATO mutual relations, cooperation and security foundation Act signed in 1997. Second, there is no need to do so. In early 2017, just a few months after the Warsaw NATO summit, NATO deployed enhanced forward presence combat groups in countries such as Estonia and Poland, demonstrating its commitment to deterrence. Third, the permanent deployment of an armored brigade in Eastern Europe would require the relocation of an existing combat force from Texas, Kansas, or Colorado, which would be strongly opposed by congressional representatives from those States.

Blood feud rooted in the past

Why does Poland want a permanent US military base and is willing to pay $2 billion for it? According to an article published in May this year by the US Army times, the official documents obtained by the Polish media onet show that Polands move is obviously aimed at Russia. Such a base is indispensable in terms of Russias increasingly bold and dangerous threat posture, the document said.

According to the British economist, Polish President doda has polished up his most popular conversational skills for Trump: flattery, money and loyalty, and Poland has continued to spend large sums of money to buy American weapons. For Poland, the purpose of increasing its military strength is clear at a glance. Russia is absolutely very, very aggressive. So said Raymond andreichak, chief of staff of the Polish army.

Polands goal is not just 1000 American soldiers, but permanent troops. Permanent garrison is a sensitive word, which will damage the cooperative relationship between NATO and Russia, which will obviously worsen the relations between the United States, NATO and Russia, with Poland in the middle, according to the German news agency. But Poland is willing to do so because the insecurity that history has brought to them is too deep.

Although poles and Russians belong to the same Slavic race and share the same language foundation and other cultural ties, they are one of the two most antagonistic ethnic groups in Europe. Some people summarize it as blood feud rooted in the past. From Polands invasion of Russia in the early 17th century to Russias repeated conquest of Polish territory, the resentment lasted for hundreds of years; in the 20th century, from the first World War, the Second World War to the cold war, all left a huge wound. After joining NATO in 1999, Poland has been moving closer to the United States and has become an outpost against Russia. After Russias recovery of Crimea in 2014, Polands demand for the United States to strengthen its military deployment in the east of NATO has become stronger.

Although the latest agreement shows that the differences between the United States and Poland on the issue of permanent garrison have not been resolved, Polish defense minister blashchak said recently that the two sides will soon sign a final agreement on the permanent stationing of US troops in Poland. Oliver fox, a German European political scholar, also told the global times that for Poland, the permanent garrison of the United States might come naturally.

In addition to its special geographical location, the trump administration also regards Poland as an anchor point within the EU. Warsaw wants the United States to send more troops, a political goal that has earned the country the title of Trojan horse in Europe. According to a report released by Pew Research Center in February 2019, 79% of poles hold a positive attitude towards the United States.

Poland was once a big European country in history, and it resisted the attacks of Mongolia and other countries on Europe for many times. Therefore, the Polish people have a strong sense of national pride, and the dream of a big country has not disappeared. Poland ranks sixth in area and fifth in population among EU countries. After joining the EU in 2003, Poland has received a lot of aid, and its economic growth rate is much higher than that of Western European countries. However, Polands role in regional and international affairs has been suppressed by Germany, France, Russia and other countries for a long time. As a result, Poland thinks that its influence is not in line with its size, and it is eager to improve its status. Borrowing from the United States is one of the most important ways.

Poland receives about 10 billion euro financial allocation from the European Union every year, which is the largest recipient of funds among the member states. However, the European Unions financial aid focuses on the vast market and cheap labor in Poland and central and Eastern Europe. Poland undertakes the transfer of Western European manufacturing industry and removes a large number of cheap labor. As a result, the traditional manufacturing industry has been impacted, and many Polish brands have disappeared in history. At the same time, Polands labor shortage and the loss of high-tech talents are caused.

Within the EU, conflicts between the old Europe represented by Western European countries and the new Europe represented by Poland and other countries are increasing. In recent years, the Polish government has been fighting with the EU over immigration, carbon emissions, judicial reform, sexual minority rights and other issues, and has been punished by EU sanctions for many times. The contradiction caused by the imbalance in the development stage makes Polands domestic dissatisfaction with the EU increase, which also leads to the loss of power of Pro European liberals. Polands active cooperation with the United States, including its opposition to the construction of the beixi-2 natural gas pipeline connecting Russia and Germany, has led to a rift between Poland and the European Union.

However, from a practical point of view, the pro american, Eurosceptic, and anti Russian policies of the Polish ruling party did not bring the expected big country effect, on the contrary, it caused further tension in relations with the EU and Russia, and its leadership in Eastern Europe was attacked by Hungary, which has relatively independent foreign policy. Duda, who won the general election in July, is only less than 2% ahead of his opponent, which also shows the split in Poland. In response to the US Poland defense cooperation agreement, some people in Poland think that the country will be safer, while others think it will anger Russia and arouse German discontent.

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u5811557,container:ssp_ 5811557, async:true });})(); This is not the situation that the Polish government wants: between the United States, the decisive transatlantic ally, and Germany, the most powerful country in Europe, wrote an article on the official website of the Atlantic Council, a us think tank. Warsaw found itself stuck between the two after trump unexpectedly announced that 9500 American soldiers would be withdrawn from Germany. From a Polish point of view, the best option is a net increase in the overall presence of US forces [in Europe]. Polish ambassador to NATO satkovsky said. Many observers also talk about future risks. As fox told the global times, Polands policy is high-risk and could change dramatically if Democrat Biden wins in November. Maybe Biden will prevent the U.S. troops from leaving Germany and criticize the restructuring of Polands judicial system. At that time, where did Poland go to find regret medicine? Source of this article: Global Times Author: Yu Yang qingmulin RI Ding Yuqing editor: Kang Ruixin_ NB16727

This is not the situation that the Polish government wants: between the United States, the decisive transatlantic ally, and Germany, the most powerful country in Europe, wrote an article on the official website of the Atlantic Council, a us think tank. Warsaw found itself stuck between the two after trump unexpectedly announced that 9500 American soldiers would be withdrawn from Germany. From a Polish point of view, the best option is a net increase in the overall presence of US forces [in Europe]. Polish ambassador to NATO satkovsky said.

Many observers also talk about future risks. As fox told the global times, Polands policy is high-risk and could change dramatically if Democrat Biden wins in November. Maybe Biden will prevent the U.S. troops from leaving Germany and criticize the restructuring of Polands judicial system. At that time, where did Poland go to find regret medicine?