Wei Shangjin: tiktok war will let the United States lose its national destiny!

category:Finance
 Wei Shangjin: tiktok war will let the United States lose its national destiny!


Wei Shangjin, Professor of Finance and economics at Columbia Business School and Columbia University School of international and public affairs, former chief economist of Asian Development Bank

Chinas parent tiktok tiktok, a popular short video product, has been negotiating with Microsoft crazy for the time being, after President Trump (DonaldTrump) vowed to stop the trembling sound coming into the US, presumably to sell its subsidiaries quickly before the administrative injunction comes into effect.

Tiktoks tiktok is, of course, Trumps real intention, rather than prohibiting the jitter entering the US, rather forcing the jitter to sell to American buyers. Trump has said he wants buyers to be very Americanized and even wants the buyers company to pay a fee to the US government, which has kept the sale price down with a threatening ban.

Although Trumps action may bring short-term benefits to the United States, it brings serious potential risks to the long-term interests of the United States, and destroys international and domestic business rules. After all, if the government thinks they can blackmail the private sector at will, how much business confidence is left for investors?

With its efficient video recommendation algorithm and the function of allowing users to reward creators, the app has spawned a new group of self-employed Internet Celebrities in a short period of time. Nowadays, many people earn their living by writing tiktok videos, dancing, language courses and fashion tips. Soon, Chinas tiktok has become a rival of WeChat, and has become a rival in YouTube and Facebook in the US and elsewhere.

Tiktok has taken several measures to create a separate entity, considering the sensitivity of the us to digital products in China. In addition, the company stores all U.S. user data on servers in the U.S., despite having backups in Singapore, and has hired Kevin Mayer, a former Disney executive, as chief executive. The trump administration believes that these measures are not enough. He believes that US user data is being or will be sent to the Chinese government. But the United States has yet to provide evidence for this claim.

Forcing tiktok to sell to a very Americanized buyer will jeopardize the position of many US companies in China. There are more American companies operating in China than in the United States. In 2019 alone, the total amount of us new investment in China reached US $14 billion, an increase of US $1 billion compared with that in 2018, while Chinas investment in the US and Singapore in that year was less than US $6 billion. By 2018, the cumulative U.S. investment in China has grown to about $269 billion, almost twice the amount of Chinese investment in the United States (US $145 billion).

In addition, American manufacturing giants, such as general motors, general electric, DuPont, Merck, Pfizer, Eli Lilly, Bristol Myers Squibb, Boeing, Nike, Coca Cola, P & G, etc., as well as large service enterprises in the United States, such as Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, Microsoft, Starbucks, KFC, McDonalds, etc., have maintained considerable scale of Chinese business. Their business in China is likely to generate 30% of their global profits.

If China follows Trumps strategy (claiming, in the absence of evidence, that some US multinationals are potential national security threats), they may be forced to sell their businesses to very Chinese buyers. Although the Chinese government has not yet done so, the possibility of doing so is gradually increasing.

The second major risk is that the United States may lose the support of some in China. In the past, when successive U.S. governments made demands on China in terms of human rights, the rule of law, intellectual property, information flow and climate change, many Chinese entrepreneurs, scholars and the public would support it. Many Chinese are eager to learn from Americans in order to achieve these goals in China.

Tiktok and other private Chinas practices have caused Chinas very different reactions. Trumps action looks like an attack on Chinese entrepreneurship, which will weaken the position of those who advocate a more market-oriented economic model in China. Why should China care about international norms when the so-called rule-based governance model becomes the law of the jungle?

If the United States has legitimate reasons to worry that tiktok will pose a threat to privacy or national security, it may be very different in dealing with problems. For example, the U.S. government could have informed byte skipping that it was not enough to store U.S. user data in the U.S., and then provide sufficient trading periods for the companys owners to sell their U.S. business on the open market, rather than forcing it to hand over to a very American buyer. British, Australian, Canadian, French, Singapore or Japanese companies should also be allowed to participate in the bidding. For future business, tiktok should have the chance to sell at a fair price.

Brief introduction of the author:

Wei Shangjin, a former chief economist at the Asian Development Bank, is a professor of Finance and economics at Columbia Business School and Columbia Universitys School of international and public affairs.

Brief introduction of manufacturer:

Netease Economic Research Bureau (Netease Economic Research Bureau) is a financial think tank built by Netease News. It has gathered hundreds of top economists at home and abroad. It has close cooperation with Economics Schools and economic research institutions of Tsinghua University, Peking University, Renmin University of China, Shanghai Jiaotong University and other first-class universities in China to deliver the most valuable financial information to users, In order to be able to give advice and suggestions for Chinas economic development, add vitality to economic research, and contribute profound and rational ideological wealth to the progress of the times.

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