The sixth meeting of the central financial and Economic Commission held on January 3 studied the issue of promoting the construction of double city economic circle in Chengdu Chongqing region. It was stressed at the meeting that it is necessary to promote the construction of double city economic circle in Chengdu Chongqing region and form an important growth pole for high-quality development in the western region.
This time, the central financial and Economic Commission has made a new positioning for the double city economic circle in Chengdu Chongqing area: make Chengdu Chongqing area an important economic center with national influence, a scientific and technological innovation center, a new highland of reform and opening up, a livable place with high quality of life, and boost high-quality development.
Yang Yu, director of Chengdus development and Reform Commission, said that driven by reform and opening up and the development of the western region, the industrialization and urbanization of Chengdu and Chongqing have accelerated. In 2019, the total economic volume of Chengdu and Chongqing will be 1.7 trillion yuan and 2.36 trillion yuan respectively, which is equivalent to the 46th and 38th places in the global economic aggregate ranking. The similarity coefficient of industrial structure between the two places is 0.96. The industrial homogeneity constitutes the scale advantage of external competition. The output of computer products has accounted for 1 / 3 of the world, and the output of automobile vehicles has accounted for 18% of the country. The scale advantage of external competition has been formed and has the full participation Ball competition, driving the strength of regional development.
Moreover, some experts say that the global economy may decline and external risks will increase, and the eastern region will be more affected by the external factors, while the Chengdu Chongqing region has a relatively developed industrial system and a large enough market and population to accelerate the development of Chengdu Chongqing region, which can hedge global risks.
Chen Yao, vice president and Secretary General of the China Association for regional economics, also believes that under the highly uncertain international environment, the countrys economy is under great downward pressure and needs new space and momentum for economic growth. Chengdu Chongqing region is the leader of the western region and shoulders the mission of leading the development of the western region. Speed up the development of Chengdu Chongqing region, enhance vitality for the western region, and add new kinetic energy for stable growth.
Tang Jiqiang, chief researcher of the western finance think tank of Southwest University of Finance and economics, said that in recent years, Chinas external environment has undergone great changes and is facing a complex international situation. One belt, one road initiative, Chengdu Chongqing city group has become an important node in Pan Asia Europe, which has developed rapidly in international classes and air transportation. The largest room for maneuver of Chinas economy lies in the West. Chengdu Chongqing urban agglomeration plays an important role in broadening the leeway and open space of Chinas economic development, and it can not be replaced.
Novel coronavirus pneumonia is a major change in the world. It is a profound change in the worlds great rejuvenation process. It has profoundly reshaped the development of global politics, economy and technology. Especially the new crown pneumonia epidemic has deeply impacted world order and globalization process, and has brought many uncertainties to the changing trend of the world.
Since the two sessions of the NPC and CPPCC this year, the Central Committee has repeatedly proposed to gradually form a new development pattern with the major domestic circulation as the main body and the domestic and international dual circulation promoting each other.
Some experts believe that in the new pattern of dual cycle, the inland cities should be said to be in danger and organic. In order to form a domestic circulation, it is necessary to narrow the regional gap, coordinate the development, narrow the differences between urban and rural areas, promote the integration of urban and rural areas, and promote the upgrading of industrial energy level. Then, inland cities have space and power, which is the focus of promoting internal circulation.
In this context, on July 15, the seventh plenary session of the 13th Chengdu municipal Party committee passed the decision of the Chengdu Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China on firmly implementing the strategic deployment of the construction of Chengdu Chongqing double city economic circle and accelerating the construction of high-quality growth pole and power source for development.
Chengdu leads the rise of inland
According to the latest statistics of civil aviation production, in June this year, the passenger throughput of Shuangliu Airport reached 3.237 million, which has continued to rise since March. The passenger throughput of the month and the first half of the year ranked first in China; the number of take-off and landing sorties was 27000, ranking first in the world for two consecutive months.
Under the city of novel coronavirus pneumonia, compared with the eastern coastal cities, Chengdus air and rail transportation is rather busy, changing the direction of the flow of people to the eastern ports, and the goods exported to Chengdu airport and land port. Chengdu therefore becomes a transportation and logistics center for foreign trade.
On July 16, Chengdu Customs released the data of the first half of the year. The total import and export volume of Chengdu reached 323.09 billion yuan, up 23.5% year on year. Under the impact of novel coronavirus pneumonia, the growth of Chengdus import and export volume has not declined, but it has exceeded the high level of 16.9% growth in 2019, and the trend has been rising.
In the early stage, the cross-border E-Commerce orders of Chengdu International Railway Port were only imported, but not exported. During the epidemic period, 70% of the total cross-border e-commerce business volume was export orders. Wang Ping, operation manager of Chengdu free trade link supply chain company, introduced that China Europe train has established a new channel for domestic small and medium-sized enterprises to export to Europe.
Changes in the world are deeply affecting the adjustment of urban pattern, and Chengdus position as a gateway hub in the international cycle is increasingly apparent.
In addition, under the premise of strictly implementing the epidemic prevention and control measures, Chengdu has taken the lead in organizing enterprises to resume work and production in a classified and orderly manner. It has issued 20 articles for stabilizing economic operation, 33 articles for restoring economic order, and 18 articles for supporting small and micro enterprises. It has continued to carry out special actions of sending policies, helping enterprises, delivering services, and solving problems to solve the supply and demand caused by the outbreak of the epidemic The interruption has been improved rapidly, and has become one of the cities with the fastest resumption of work and production and the best recovery of order and vitality.
Therefore, Chengdus economy is the first to recover and become one of the driving forces of Chinas economic growth.
Statistics show that in the first half of this year, Chengdus GDP reached 829.863 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 0.6%. In terms of industries, the added value of the primary industry was 21.45 billion yuan, up 0.1% year-on-year; the added value of the secondary industry was 256.510 billion yuan, up 2.0%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 551.903 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 0.2%.
Yang Jun said that promoting the construction of Shuangcheng economic circle in Chengdu Chongqing region is a major national strategy that Xi Jinping has personally planned to push forward. It is a major strategic plan for the Central Committee to take the lead and lead the transformation. It has highlighted Chengdus strategic position in the national development map hitherto unknown. The strategy of Chengdu Chongqing double City Economic Circle endows Chengdu with the political responsibility to lead the high-quality development of the western region and even the whole country. Chengdu has become an important fulcrum in a series of major strategic decisions, such as the new development pattern of domestic and international double cycle and the promotion of Western Development in the new era. We are required to improve our political position, assist the implementation of national strategy with the rapid development of the city, and lead and drive the western region And even the high-quality development of the whole country.
Therefore, at this plenary session, Chengdu formulated two phased development goals.
By 2025, the park city demonstration area will be initially built to practice the new development concept. The advantages of high quality and livability will be fully demonstrated. The construction of modern industrial system, innovation system and urban governance system supporting high-quality development will be accelerated. The function of international gateway hub will continue to increase, and the core function of national central city will be significantly improved. The dynamic mechanism with innovation, opening, culture and system as the core will be initially established It has become a solid support for one pole, two centers and two places.
By 2035, the park city demonstration area, which implements the new development concept, will become a national model, become a national central city, an international gateway hub city and a world famous cultural city with international influence and regional competitiveness. It will step into the ranks of modern international cities in an all-round way. The harmonious coexistence of man and nature, and the system and mechanism of sustainable development will be more perfect, which will lead to the active increase of high-quality development Changji and strong power source have helped Chengdu Chongqing region to form a strong and distinctive double city economic circle.