Ni Guangnan, academician of Chinese Academy of engineering and famous computer expert.
Without network security, there will be no national security, no network security and no security of new infrastructure. This is what we should pay attention to. On August 10, the new pattern of Chinas economy: riding the wind and breaking waves summer summit sponsored by shell finance and economics of Beijing news continued to be held online. At the sub forum of how AI can help new infrastructure, Ni Guangnan, academician of Chinese Academy of engineering and famous computer expert, stressed in his speech that autonomous control is the premise of new infrastructure security.
As we all know, all walks of life are in the wave of digital transformation, some faster, some slower, but this direction, this trend can not be stopped. Ni Guangnan said that at present, the development of Chinas digital economy is very rapid. During the 14th five year plan period, the investment scale directly and indirectly driven by the new infrastructure is as high as 30 trillion yuan.
However, in the development of information technology, security issues can not be ignored. It cant be said that informatization should be done first. If there are security problems, we will solve them. This is not right. From the beginning, when we talk about new infrastructure, network security must be considered at the same time. Ni Guangnan pointed out that in terms of relying on Chinas own science and technology to support the domestic big cycle, the overall level of domestic chips, operating systems, databases, middleware and other software has never been available to use, and is now developing from usable to easy-to-use.
As an important support for the domestic big cycle, the new infrastructure will boost investment of 30 trillion yuan during the 14th five year plan period
We can say that the investment scale directly and indirectly driven by the new infrastructure will reach nearly 30 trillion yuan during the 14th Five Year Plan period, which is a very huge investment. Ni Guangnan pointed out.
Ni Guangnan pointed out that at present, people attach great importance to the new infrastructure, because the new infrastructure is the infrastructure of our digital economy. At present, all walks of life are in the wave of digital transformation, some faster, some slower, but this direction, this trend can not be stopped.
Generally speaking, we sum up the development of digital economy into two aspects. One is digital industrialization , which is the industrialization of digital technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing, Internet of things, 5g and so on. Another sentence is industry digitization, which may be more extensive, and refers to the transformation and upgrading of our traditional industries. Ni Guangnan pointed out. If we grasp these two aspects well, our digital economy will develop smoothly, and I believe these two aspects are integrated.
Recently, a meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee pointed out that many of the problems we are currently facing are medium and long-term and must be understood from the perspective of protracted war. Therefore, the central government emphasizes to speed up the formation of a new development pattern with the domestic big cycle as the main body and the domestic and international dual circulation promoting each other.
For the domestic big cycle, infrastructure support should be said to be very important. Ni Guangnan said that the old infrastructure is known as tiegongji, while the scope of the new infrastructure is in three aspects: first, information infrastructure, second, integrated infrastructure, and third, innovative infrastructure, which covers a wider range than traditional infrastructure.
According to the calculation, during the 14th Five Year Plan period, the direct investment in new infrastructure will reach about 10 trillion yuan. For example, Ni Guangnan said that 5g cost 2.5 trillion yuan, UHV 0.5 trillion yuan, data center 1.5 trillion yuan, artificial intelligence 220 billion yuan and so on. Accordingly, the new infrastructure will also drive indirect investment, which is estimated to be 17 trillion yuan.
Ni Guangnan said, Chinas super large-scale market makes it possible for us to form a new development pattern with the domestic big cycle as the main body and the domestic and international dual circulation promoting each other. I think this is of great practical significance.
Without network security, there will be no security of new infrastructure, and self-control has become an important requirement of new infrastructure
In the development of new infrastructure, we should pay attention to ensuring network security. Ni Guangnan stressed in his speech.
He said that we cant say that informatization should be done first. If there are security problems, we will solve them. This is not right. From the beginning, when we talk about the new infrastructure, network security must be considered at the same time. Security is the premise of development, development is the guarantee of security, and security and development should be promoted simultaneously.
Without network security, there will be no national security, no network security and no security of new infrastructure. This is what we should pay attention to. Ni Guangnan pointed out that this point has been further guaranteed in terms of laws and regulations recently. In April this year, 12 ministries and commissions jointly issued the measures for network security review, which was jointly issued by 12 ministries and commissions, including the office of network information technology, the Ministry of industry and information technology, the national development and Reform Commission, and the Ministry of Finance under the leadership of the Central Commission for network and information technology. It shows that this method is very important and needs our attention.
Ni Guangnan further pointed out that under the current situation, the implementation of the Cyber Security Review Measures should take into account our lessons in Sino US trade friction, such as the security of the supply chain. We need to ensure network security, especially the emphasis on self-control. As a necessary condition, but not a sufficient condition, we have never said that self-control is safe, but if there is no independent control, it must be unsafe. Ni Guangnan said that under such circumstances, the supply chain may be blocked by others. If they stop supplying or forbidding, they may be stuck. This is also the experience and lesson we have learned from this period of trade friction.
Ni Guangnan pointed out that in addition to the existing quality evaluation and safety evaluation, the product evaluation of the new infrastructure needs to highlight the independent and controllable evaluation. Autonomy and controllability can be scored. There can be a score, which means that autonomy and controllability can be measured, not a simple slogan or requirement. Ni Guangnan said that when selecting relevant equipment, hardware and software, we should not only consider its technical indicators, performance and cost performance, but also consider its independent controllability.
I believe that in the development of new infrastructure, more and more users, especially large users, such as infrastructure operators, will pay more attention to the level of autonomy and controllability. If the product used is not autonomous and controllable, and the score is particularly low, I think it can be rejected by one vote. Ni Guangnan said, no matter what else you do, if you cant control yourself, you will be stuck in the neck by others. People can ban it at any time and cut off the supply at any time. Of course, the new infrastructure of this product cant be used. Therefore, we should pay attention to the requirement of self-control.
Chinas software and hardware are developing from usability to usability, and the new infrastructure will highlight the role of Chinas system
Do we have the ability to rely on Chinas own technology to support the domestic big cycle? Ni Guangnan said that in the domestic information technology field, this condition is getting better and better.
Ni Guangnan said that at present, the overall level of our domestic chips, operating systems, databases, middleware and other software or hardware has changed from unavailable to usable, and is now developing from usable to user-friendly. Of course, it still needs a process to achieve a truly comprehensive and easy to use, but we can certainly move in this direction. Ni Guangnan said.
By the end of June this year, China Mobile has hundreds of millions of users. At present, the SMS gateway business system, which has a huge number of transactions every day, has replaced the foreign system with the domestic system. Our individual hardware or software may not be as good as those of multinational companies, but if our overall system design is reasonable, this system can be compared with foreign systems. Ni Guangnan said that this example also gives us confidence that some major domestic information infrastructure will be transferred to the Chinese system more and more. In terms of security, we are free from the risk of being stuck by others, and we can also meet the demand in terms of capacity.
Ni Guangnan pointed out that in the process of new infrastructure construction, in order to ensure network security, Chinas own enterprises will become more and more prominent in computing infrastructure to replace the IOE system and better ensure the security of the new infrastructure. Only in this way can we truly form a large domestic cycle, support our future development, promote each other, and smoothly promote the dual cycle under the new development pattern.
Shell financial reporter of Beijing News promised editor Yue caizhou to deal with Zhang Yanjun
Source: Wang Fengzhi, editor in charge of Beijing News_ NT2541