Many American universities have been temporarily shut down because of the new crown epidemic. International students who have paid high tuition fees have to take online classes in their dormitories. In July, the U.S. immigration service suddenly announced that if students only participate in online courses, they must leave the United States. The decision has pushed students in the United States into a dilemma: if they want to return home, air tickets will be in short supply, and the risk of long-distance flight infection will increase. If you want to stay, you may be deported. After struggling for a week, the U.S. immigration services attitude turned 180 degrees, overturning its previous provisions. Recently, however, trump has focused on wechat, a tool for Chinese students to contact their families.
Chinese students studying in the United States have been the most affected by this turmoil. As the largest group of international students in the United States, according to the 2019 open door report, the total number of students studying in the Chinese mainland in the 2018 to 2019 academic year reached 369548, accounting for 30% of the total number of international students in the United States. For the tenth year in a row, China has become the largest source of international students in the United States.
How did the huge 370000 Chinese students studying in the United States come into being? What periods and subjects do they study in the United States? Which areas and schools are concentrated in the United States?
Ten years of Chinese students studying abroad
China has become the largest source of international students in the United States since ten years ago. Prior to this, Canada, a neighboring country of the United States, and Iran, which has emerged from the east wind of oil, have been the biggest flow responsibility of international students of the United States. At that time, the number of Chinese students who went to study in the United States was mainly government sponsored, so the number was small.
Like a Mercedes Benz train, although the mileage is still increasing, but the speed of the train has obviously decreased. In the past decade, according to peoples daily.com, although the number of Chinese students studying in the United States seems to continue to grow, the increase is not as great as before. Since the 2009-2010 academic year, the growth rate of Chinese students studying in the United States has declined for seven consecutive years.
What is aesthetics?
Most of the 370000 Chinese students studying in the United States are undergraduate and graduate students, accounting for nearly 70% of the total.
Such a partial branch is also related to the intentional guidance of the United States. International students are allowed to enjoy an optional practical training (OPT) after graduating from the United States with an F1 student visa, which is the transition stage from student status to work status. According to the policy of the United States, most students are entitled to one-year opt, while stem majors are eligible for three years, which means that stem majors can have a longer buffer period and legally stay in the United States to find a job.
Zha Wen, an associate professor at the Institute of international relations at the Institute of foreign affairs, said that the tightening of the visa policy by the trump government, especially the restrictions on Chinese students and scholars majoring in stem, has indeed caused peoples concern and even a certain degree of panic.
Where do Chinese students go to study in the United States?
California on the west coast and New York State in the Northeast become the gathering places for Chinese students. Texas and Illinois also have more students. There is a subtle link between the attractiveness of states for Chinese students and their economic strength: all four of them are among the top five GDP states in the United States in 2019.
California, with the largest number of Chinese students, is located in the world-famous Silicon Valley, where Google, apple, Intel and other companies gather. In terms of educational resources, Stanford, Caltech, Berkeley and other top universities can be selected. Among them, the University of Southern California and the University of California admitted a large proportion of Chinese students.
The northeastern state of New York sits on Wall Street and is one of the strongest states in the United States. New York University, Columbia University, Cornell University are all here.
As for the school list, most American universities with the largest number of Chinese students are also distributed in these four states. The University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign and the University of Southern California are the top two.
According to the associated press, the number of applications from China to universities across the United States has declined this year.
William brewstein, President and vice president of global strategy and international affairs at the University of West Virginia, said the loss of Chinese students is a heavy blow to many universities, especially those that devote a lot of energy to recruiting Chinese students and rely to a certain extent on the cash flow from Chinese students.
In the past five years, the contribution of Chinese students to the U.S. economy has risen from 12 billion to 15 billion U.S. dollars, but with the decrease of Chinese students, this number may face a decline.
According to observer.com, the U.S. Department of education even predicted a month ago that the enrollment rate of U.S. universities in the next academic year will drop by 15% in 2020, among which international students from China and other countries will drop by 25%. According to the report on the opening up of American doors in 2019, the number of new students enrolled in 2018 / 19 will be 270000, with China accounting for 1 / 3. Based on this, it is estimated that about 90000 international students will be enrolled in China in the next academic year. If the tuition contribution of nearly 370000 Chinese students to American universities in 2018 is as high as $15 billion, American universities may face a loss of about US $1 billion due to the loss of Chinese students.