Service outsourcing refers to that some links or processes in the process of production and operation are provided by professional enterprises, so as to reduce costs, improve efficiency and give full play to their respective advantages. Experts said that in recent years, the rapid development of Chinas service outsourcing has played an increasingly important role in stabilizing foreign trade, stabilizing employment and promoting industrial transformation and upgrading. Facing the complex and changeable international situation, the development of service outsourcing is facing opportunities and challenges. Accelerating digital transformation and moving towards high-quality development is an important way to open up a new situation.
This year, novel coronavirus pneumonia and other factors have affected the development of traditional service trade. However, the trend of outsourcing is not only the main way to achieve export of producer services, but also a new engine to promote stable and sustainable development of Chinas service trade under the epidemic situation.
The rapid development of service outsourcing is reflected in the continuous growth of its scale, and frequent industrial highlights: the rapid growth of emerging digital services and productive services such as R & D and maintenance; in the first half of the year, the off shore execution of emerging digital services such as cloud computing services, artificial intelligence services and blockchain technology services increased by 186.3% year-on-year; the key markets such as the United States, Japan, Hong Kong, China have increased steadily, The implementation of one belt, one road related country offshore outsourcing has been increased by 72 billion 320 million yuan, an increase of 6.3% over the same period. The pattern of dislocation development in key regions has gradually taken shape; private enterprises and foreign-funded enterprises are the main force of development.
Since the second quarter, the domestic epidemic situation has been effectively controlled, and the resumption of work and production has been orderly promoted, which also provides an important guarantee for the continuous growth of service outsourcing business. In June, the amount of service outsourcing contracts undertaken by Chinese enterprises reached 212.64 billion yuan, with an implementation value of 139.02 billion yuan, up 33.7% and 15% respectively year-on-year.
The steady development of service outsourcing is also closely related to a series of favorable policies issued by relevant departments. In January, the Ministry of Commerce and other eight departments issued the guidance on accelerating the transformation and upgrading of service outsourcing, which pointed out the development direction of service outsourcing industry from six aspects: accelerating the process of digital transformation, promoting the development of key areas, building a global service network system, strengthening personnel training, cultivating and strengthening market players, and promoting trade facilitation.
As an important part of high-quality economic development, service outsourcing is the inevitable result of social fine division of labor and large-scale development, which is of great significance to industrial upgrading, foreign trade growth and employment expansion.
In recent years, China has taken on the trend of high-end services, such as R & D and outsourcing, which has promoted the development of high-end services such as R & D and outsourcing to high-end services, such as data mining and outsourcing pattern.
In terms of employment, service outsourcing plays an important role in stabilizing college students employment and expanding employment space. According to the data, by the end of 2019, there were 11.72 million employees in Chinas service outsourcing industry, including 7.510 million with college degree or above, accounting for 64% of the total number of employees.
Li Xilin, a researcher at the International Service Trade Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, said that the transformation and upgrading of service outsourcing put forward greater demand for creative talents such as R & D, design, management and consulting, and expanded the talent team in emerging industries. At the same time, crowdsourcing, cloud outsourcing, platform subcontracting and other new modes are emerging and developing rapidly, providing new channels for young people, especially college students, to obtain flexible employment, and to promote the development of new employment forms such as odd job economy.
New situation needs new ideas
From the external environment, the global epidemic is still spreading, trade protectionism is on the rise, there is great uncertainty and instability, and the international market demand is likely to continue to decline, which will bring adverse impact on Chinese service outsourcing enterprises to undertake offshore business.
From the internal environment, the international competitiveness of Chinas service outsourcing industry is still weak. Wang Xiaohong, Vice Minister of Information Department of China International Economic Exchange Center, analyzes that Chinas service outsourcing enterprises are mainly small and medium-sized, and their comprehensive benefits and internationalization degree need to be further improved. In recent years, the human cost and the cost of financing, land, capital and other factors of service outsourcing enterprises are rising rapidly, which leads to heavy burden of enterprises. In addition, the supply of high-end talents is seriously insufficient, which affects the ability of enterprises to undertake international service outsourcing, especially the competitiveness of undertaking high-end value chain business.
But there are opportunities as well as challenges. Experts believe that as the domestic epidemic prevention and control situation tends to be stable and the resumption of work and production is comprehensively promoted, the service outsourcing business will continue to improve, and it is expected to maintain the growth momentum throughout the year.
Zheng Wei said that at present, the international communitys demand for digital products and services is still increasing, and enterprises can seize the opportunity to open up the international market. Under the influence of the epidemic situation, there are still great uncertainties in the markets of developed countries in Europe and the United States, which forces Chinese service outsourcing enterprises to get rid of their dependence on the inherent market and actively explore diversified market demands.
Turning crisis into opportunity and coping with the new situation still needs new ideas. Wang Xiaohong suggested that in the future, it is necessary to solidly promote the structural reform of the supply side, accelerate the innovation of service outsourcing technology, service mode and system mechanism, promote the standardization, digitization, intelligence and integration of service outsourcing, and build a new development pattern of service outsourcing industry with the interaction between onshore and offshore, and the integration of Eastern, Western and central China. (economic daily u00b7 China economic network reporter Li Hualin)