Zijin Mountain: under the firm leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, after the joint efforts of the whole country, the major strategic achievements of Chinas epidemic prevention and control have been achieved, and the economic development has shown a steady and favorable trend. Foreign trade, foreign investment, and consumption have recovered steadily and better than expected, making positive contributions to the steady recovery of the economy. The specific performance is as follows:
The decline in foreign trade narrowed. The import and export of goods in the first half of the year was 14.2 trillion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 3.2%, and the decline rate was 3.3 percentage points narrower than that in the first quarter. Chinas global market share rose, and the export performance was better than that of major economies. The structure was further optimized. The export of high-quality, high-tech and high-value-added products such as integrated circuits, notebook computers and new energy vehicles grew rapidly. The proportion of one belt, one road along the countrys exports increased by 0.6 percentage points to 30.6%. Private enterprises have become stabilizers of foreign trade, and the proportion of exports increased by 3.2 percentage points to 53.9%, and the contribution rate of stabilizing exports reached 95%. New formats and new models have become new growth points. Cross border e-commerce exports increased by 28.7%, and market procurement trade mode exports increased by 33.4%.
Foreign investment is basically stable. In the first half of the year, foreign capital utilized was 472.2 billion yuan, down 1.3%, 9.5 percentage points lower than that in the first quarter, and positive growth was achieved in the second quarter. The number of foreign-funded large projects increased, with 320 large-scale projects over 100 million US dollars. The proportion of foreign investment in the service industry increased by 6.2 percentage points to 76.6%, of which foreign investment in high-tech service industry increased by 19.2%. The role of open platform is prominent. The national economic development zone has achieved remarkable results in attracting investment online and offline. The utilization of foreign investment in the pilot free trade zone maintained an increase of 2.6 percentage points to 17.1%.
Consumption is gradually picking up. The total retail sales of consumer goods in the first half of the year was 17.2 trillion yuan, down 11.4%, 7.6 percentage points lower than that in the first quarter. During the period of epidemic prevention and control, the supply of daily necessities was sufficient and the prices were basically stable. Commodity consumption rebounded month by month. In June, the retail sales of goods were close to the same period last year, and the sales of ten categories of goods, such as household appliances and communication equipment, achieved positive growth. Network consumption has become a new bright spot. Online retail sales of goods reached 4.3 trillion yuan, an increase of 14.3%. Service consumption has recovered. The decline rate of catering income was 11.5 percentage points lower than that in the first quarter, and the industry as a whole showed a recovery trend.
Reporter: the World Trade Organization predicts that the global trade in goods will drop by 13% to 32% this year. How to look at the situation of Chinas foreign trade in the second half of the year? What measures will the Ministry of Commerce take to stabilize foreign trade?
Zhong Shan: in the second half of the year, Chinas foreign trade is facing a more complex and severe situation. The impact of the world economic downturn on demand will be further revealed. The supply chain of the industrial chain is blocked, and the trend of thought of protectionism and anti globalization is heating up. The survival pressure of foreign trade enterprises is still great. We should work hard to stabilize the main body of foreign trade, stabilize the industrial chain supply chain, and stabilize the status of a global trade power.
First, increase policy support. We will promote the introduction and implementation of export tax rebate, foreign trade credit, export credit insurance, export to domestic sales and other policies to stabilize enterprises, so that the policies can benefit more foreign trade enterprises, encourage enterprises to innovate and develop, and stimulate their vitality. According to the changes in the situation, we should strengthen policy reserves and promote the introduction of new policies and measures.
Second, optimize the international market layout. One belt, one road, one is to consolidate the traditional market, to open up new markets, and to deepen economic and trade cooperation. We should innovate the exhibition mode, combine online and offline, run the Canton Fair and other exhibitions well, and support enterprises to build overseas international marketing network and overseas warehouses. Actively expand imports, run the third China International Import Expo, meet the needs of domestic production and living, and boost the confidence of the global market.
Third, develop new formats and new models. This year, we have accelerated the pilot projects of cross-border e-commerce and market procurement trade, and expanded the number of cross-border e-commerce comprehensive pilot zones from 59 to 105. We will vigorously support the development of these new trade forms and models, accelerate the implementation of new comprehensive e-commerce pilot zones, do a good job in expanding the scope of market procurement trade mode, and cultivate new driving forces for foreign trade.
? stabilize the stock of foreign investment and expand the increment of foreign investment
Reporter: the epidemic has impacted on global transnational investment. What measures will the Ministry of Commerce take to stabilize foreign investment?
Zhong Shan: at present, the global transnational investment has shrunk sharply. Some countries have encouraged the industry to return, the competition for attracting foreign capital has intensified, and the pressure on Chinas industries to transfer outward has increased, and the difficulty in utilizing foreign capital has increased. At the same time, China has a huge market with a population of 1.4 billion and a complete industrial supporting system, and the business environment is constantly improving. I believe that smart foreign investors will not give up the Chinese market. In the second half of the year, the Ministry of Commerce will focus on stabilizing the stock of foreign capital and expanding the increment of foreign capital, so as to maintain the status of a big country in utilizing foreign capital.
First, further opening up. The national version of the negative list of foreign investment access has been reduced from 40 to 33. We will focus on the implementation of the list, and at the same time, we will promote the expansion of the pilot scope of service industry opening. We will revise the catalogue of industries that encourage foreign investment and encourage more foreign investors to invest in the central and western regions and the old industrial bases in Northeast China.
The second is to build an open platform. We will further promote pilot free trade zones and actively carry out differentiated exploration. More innovation and innovation can be given to the free trade zone, which will give greater support to innovation and development. We will implement the overall plan for the construction of Hainan free trade port and issue a negative list of cross-border service trade.
Third, optimize the business environment. We will conscientiously implement the foreign investment law and supporting laws and regulations, issue complaint handling measures for foreign-invested enterprises, protect the legitimate rights and interests of foreign investors, protect intellectual property rights, and create a stable, fair and transparent business environment, so that foreign investors can rest assured, secure and develop in China.
? enhance the fundamental role of consumption in economic development
Reporter: at present, the consumer market continues to stabilize. How will the Ministry of commerce make efforts to expand domestic demand and promote consumption in the second half of the year?
Second, expand rural consumption. Promote e-commerce into rural areas, expand e-commerce coverage, and accelerate the development of county-level e-commerce industrial parks. Promote the integration of postal, supply and marketing, business logistics, express delivery and other resources, and improve the county and rural three-level logistics joint distribution system. We will strengthen the construction of rural circulation infrastructure, speed up the development of township commerce, and promote industrial products to the countryside and agricultural products to cities.
? ensure the supply of daily necessities under the normalization of epidemic prevention and control
Reporter: during the period of epidemic prevention and control, the market of daily necessities in China was generally stable. What has the Ministry of Commerce done in the aspect of supply guarantee? What is the next step?
Zhongshan: to ensure the supply of daily necessities for the national residents is related to the peoples livelihood and winning the battle against epidemic prevention and control. We conscientiously implement general secretary Xi Jinpings important instructions and spirit, strengthen horizontal collaboration and vertical linkage. We have mainly carried out three aspects:
One is to guarantee key areas. We will establish a cooperative mechanism of joint guarantee and supply of nine provinces to help key areas to supply daily necessities in a timely manner and realize efficient allocation. Eight provinces including Shandong, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hunan, Chongqing, Guangxi and Yunnan were organized to support Wuhan and Hubei, and 106000 tons of various materials were transported. The Ministry of Commerce has sent three groups of working groups to Wuhan for on-site coordination and supervision. During the period of the closure of the channel from Wuhan, the supply in Wuhan was much higher than the national average level. After the outbreak of clustering epidemic in Beijing Xinfadi market, we should coordinate with Hebei, Shandong, Henan and other surrounding provinces to strengthen the protection of vegetables.
Second, strengthen monitoring and early warning. Establish a liaison mechanism with local commercial authorities, start daily monitoring and abnormal situation reporting system, focus on eight categories of key commodities, such as rice, flour and oil, meat, eggs and milk, vegetables, convenience food, etc., and timely grasp the market supply situation of various regions, so as to make sure that you have a clear idea of the situation.
Third, strengthen the overall planning of the national market. We will identify 500 key guarantee and supply enterprises, find out the inventory situation of wholesalers, retailers, e-commerce and production enterprises, and strengthen the coordination and coordination among different regions. Innovate business model and distribution mode, launch community group purchase, vegetable package, etc., and push through the blocking point of logistics distribution. Together with relevant departments, the central reserve of nearly 500000 tons of pork will be put into operation.
During the period of epidemic prevention and control, Chinas market supply of daily necessities was generally sufficient and the prices were basically stable, which showed the advantages of Chinas socialist system, and reflected Chinas strong organizational and mobilization forces. In the next step, we will do a good job in ensuring the supply of daily necessities under the condition of normalization of epidemic prevention and control, pay close attention to the market operation of daily necessities in flood season, strengthen the supply guarantee in areas with severe flood and waterlogging disasters, and ensure the basic living needs of the people.