The national public radio website published in August 5th, the national public radio website, published in August 5th, that the defense budget has shifted its military focus from counter-terrorism to China and Russia, and that the national defense authorization act of the 2019 fiscal year was promulgated this month, much earlier than the still pending budget bill.
This is also the first time in the legislative schedule of more than 20 years that the National Defense Authorization Act was submitted to the president.
The new defense empowerment act reflects the focus of Defense Minister Matisses focus from the protracted and fruitless fighting against the insurgency to his The Pentagons main concerns: the increasingly fierce competition between the United States and the other two major powers of the world, Russia and China.
The majority of members of the house and Senate approved the national defense authorization act.
Reported that the bill authorized $716 billion defense spending than the Congress approved 2018 fiscal year spending more than 16 billion dollars. In real terms, this increase of 2.23 per cent corresponds to a reduction in defense spending, as inflation has increased by 2.46 per cent over the past year.
According to reports, the Congress allocated funds according to the requirements of The Pentagon. However, the National Defense Authorization Act requires less money and more work. It requires an increase of 15 thousand and 600 in the 1 million 300 thousand active duty force in the US, which is what The Pentagon wants. It added an aircraft carrier and two coastal battleship ships, and The Pentagon did not make such a request. A total of 13 new warships were approved by the US Navy, half of the number of new ships planned for Russia this year.
The report said that when the two versions of the Senate and the house of Representatives defense authorization law merged, the Republican - controlled Senate and two Senate Military committees had changed their minds and agreed with the Trump administrations major policy changes.
Matisse persuaded Congress to remove the tough language of the Senate against Turkey from the final version of the bill.
Matisse wrote to Congress in July and asked not to prevent Turkey from winning the F-35 fighter. Instead, the wording of the House version requires Matisse to submit a report on the relationship between the United States and Republic of Turkey by October 31st.
The report said the White House asked not to write the words of the Senate to prevent the United States from selling technology to the China Telecom giant Zte Corp in the defense authorization law.
The trade restriction was originally made by the Trump administration, but Trump later cancelled the restriction and said on twitter that he was looking for ways to restore ZTE to business.
The defense authorization act also prohibits the federal government and its contractors from buying or using technologies sold by ZTE and HUAWEI. However, this limitation does not apply to ordinary people.
In addition, the bill on The Pentagon spending also prohibits Chinese language teaching offered by Chinas Confucius Institute.
Matisse also persuaded the Congress not to ask for the implementation of the 2017 sanctions act for countries buying Russian weapons or components.
In addition, the new national defense authorization act has a series of policy measures similar to the cold war, which may irritate Russia. They include:
- 6 billion 300 million dollars for the European deterrent program, the most invested in the United States, which was launched by Obama in power to strengthen defense against European countries in the neighbouring Russia.
The Secretary of defense, Matisse, is asked to submit to Congress a feasibility report on the permanent garrison in Poland by March 2019, and the current US Army combat brigade is on duty in Poland, 9 months per period.
- the Minister of finance, Steven Mnuchin, has been instructed to report to Congress all the assets of Russian President Putin and his oligarchs and other Russian senior officials.
- strengthen the prohibition of funding any act that acknowledges Russias sovereignty over Crimea.
Russia is listed as a country that violates the Convention on the prohibition of chemical weapons. It is based on the role of Russia in the chemical weapons attacks in Syria and the involvement of Moscow Kremlin with the assassination in Britain.
It is required to prove that Trump imposed sanctions on Russias violation of the mid range nuclear weapons treaty, which is required by the 2018 national defense authorization act, which also requires the government to submit an additional sanctions plan to the Congress.
A ban on the extension of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (expiring in February 2021), unless Congress receives a report from the government on the new strategic weapons of Russia, does it ensure that Russia has adhered to the treaty.
According to the summary of the Act, $65 million is authorized for the development and production of low-equivalent warheads for submarine-launched ballistic missiles.
The Republic of Korea
It is prohibited to reduce the number of U.S. troops in South Korea to less than 22 thousand, unless the defense minister has proved that such a reduction is in line with the national security interests of the United States and is fully negotiated with South Korea and Japan.
- extend Syrias training and equipment plan, but limit capital expenditure.
- postpone the Afghan security forces fund until the end of next year. The continued support of the Afghan army and police force has become a key task in Afghanistan.
- authorized $25 million to promote the recruitment, training and integration of Afghan national defense and security forces.
- Asking the Defense Secretary to appoint a senior civilian official to focus on civilian casualties related to U.S. military operations. The official will regularly report to the Congress about civilian casualties and work hard to improve the reporting of non combatants casualties.
Extension of Congressional ban on the transfer of the remaining 40 detainees to U.S. prisons and the construction of facilities to hold them in the United States.
- reject the Trump administrations request for $69 million to build a new high value detention facility.
The outer space
The United States space command was set up as part of the US strategic command, but it was not authorized to set up Trump to indicate the space force created by The Pentagon.
Information map: the US LCS-7 Detroit littoral battleship stepped into the water side.