Railway freight volume confirms that Chinas economy is picking up, and many indicators set a new record

category:Finance
 Railway freight volume confirms that Chinas economy is picking up, and many indicators set a new record


Known as the barometer of macroeconomic operation, the total amount of goods delivered reached 1.693 billion tons, up 3.6% year-on-year. Among them, the average daily delivery of goods in June exceeded 10 million tons, setting a new record for the average daily cargo delivery volume since this year.

The barometer of economy

The outstanding achievements are due to the comprehensive resumption of work and production, the increasingly warm economy, and the continuous deepening of the reform of the supply side of freight transportation by the transportation department, actively docking with enterprise demand, strengthening service and expanding increment. The railway freight transport system mainly focuses on strengthening the organization of public transit to railway transportation and further increasing the market share of railway transportation, taking various measures simultaneously to achieve the freight transportation target in the first half of the year.

Zhang Xiaodong, vice president of China Logistics Association, believes that the steady recovery of railway freight volume is related to the resumption of work and production of enterprises. Railway freight transport is an important barometer of the economy, and the increase of traffic volume shows that Chinas economy is warming up.

Coal is an important basic energy to support the development of Chinas national economy, and more than 50% of Chinas coal is transported by railway. Since June, with the increasing domestic economic activity, the demand for electricity has increased rapidly, and the coal demand of major power plants has increased sharply.

The railway departments make good use of large capacity freight channels to ensure the energy supply of electric coal, give full play to the role of new freight lines such as Haoji railway, increase the number of 10000 ton heavy haul trains on Daqin, Tanghu and Wari railways. The Datong Qinhuangdao railway has set a record of 1.3842 million tons per day, and strengthen the transport capacity of the main coal producing areas and the transportation capacity of West to East and north to south to ensure the demand for electric coal.

According to the person in charge of China Railway Taiyuan Bureau Group Co., Ltd., the total volume of Datong Qinhuangdao railway in June alone reached 38.95 million tons, an increase of 8.7% over the same period of last year, and reached a record high of 1.3842 million tons of power coal per day. Taiyuan Bureau Group Companys cargo delivery volume also reached a record high of 2.29 million tons per day.

After the outbreak of the epidemic, China Railway Shenyang Bureau Group Co., Ltd. has always maintained a year-on-year increase of more than 10%. Coal, metal ore, iron and steel, grain and other bulk goods are continuously transported to all parts of the country through the railway artery, which effectively promotes the development of epidemic prevention work and helps enterprises across the country to return to work and reach production capacity.

The State Railway Group and the railway bureaus hold regular TV dialogue meetings on freight increment to find out the problems and find out the causes, so as to provide suggestions for promoting the freight increment.

In the first half of the year, in the face of the severe impact of the epidemic on the logistics supply chain, the State Railway Group gave full play to the advantages of the railways large capacity, all-weather and centralized command of dispatching, strengthened the organization of freight transportation and carried out the freight incremental action in depth.

At the same time, we will increase the intensity of multimodal transport and help win the blue sky defense war. 301 new container handling stations were added, and 196 million tons of goods were sent by containers throughout the railway, 47.84 million tons more than the same period last year, accounting for 82% of the total new freight volume; the ore transportation volume of the main coastal ports was 208 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 21.7%.

Reducing logistics cost by multi measures

From March 6 to June 30, the railway department has implemented a phased half reduction policy for some railway freight miscellaneous charges, allowing profits of about 380 million yuan to enterprises and cargo owners, further reducing the logistics costs of enterprises, effectively hedging the impact of the epidemic on logistics services, helping enterprises tide over difficulties and resume normal production as soon as possible.

According to the State Railway Group, the railway system implements the central tax reduction and fee reduction policy and promotes enterprises to return to work and production. Some freight miscellaneous charges will be lowered to reduce the logistics cost of enterprises; the construction of special lines for enterprises shall be accelerated, the intermediate links of logistics shall be compressed, and the time limit for goods transportation shall be guaranteed; the transportation scheme of one enterprise, one policy shall be formulated to ensure the transportation of raw materials and finished products required for the resumption of production.

For a long time, railway has been the main mode of coal transportation with its advantages of large capacity, fast speed, low cost and low energy consumption. With the rapid increase of coal transportation cost, logistics cost has accounted for more than 1 / 3 of coal price, and even reached 50% in some areas. Coal freight should be borne by users. Due to historical inertia, the increase of transportation cost is difficult to transfer to downstream, which can only be borne by coal enterprises themselves. Therefore, it is urgent to reduce the cost.

In June this year, the general office of the State Council transmitted the implementation opinions on further reducing logistics costs (hereinafter referred to as the opinions) issued by the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of transport. The opinions focused on reducing logistics system cost, factor cost, tax cost, information cost, combined transportation cost and comprehensive cost, and introduced 24 measures to promote the transformation from quantitative cost reduction oriented by reducing absolute cost expenditure to efficiency cost reduction oriented by improving logistics operation system.

The opinions pointed out that the items of railway freight miscellaneous charges should be simplified, the charging standard of late payment of freight and miscellaneous charges should be reduced, and the handling charges for changing freight transportation should be strictly implemented. We will vigorously promote the buy it now transportation of bulk goods. We will strictly implement the list of charges and the publicity system in the field of special railway lines. Formulate the behavior rules of railway special line service price, standardize the charging behavior of railway special line and self provided vehicle maintenance service, further reduce the charging standard, and it is strictly forbidden to offset the effect of fee reduction by increasing or increasing other charges in disguised form. The relevant person in charge of the national development and Reform Commission said that on the one hand, we should consolidate the achievements of logistics cost reduction and further optimize the industry development environment; on the other hand, we should focus on improving the operation of social logistics system to create an upgraded version of logistics cost reduction, so as to lay a solid foundation for the high-quality development of the real economy. According to the relevant person in charge of the State Railway Group, with the rapid recovery of Chinas economic and social order, the demand for freight transport will continue to grow. The railway department will adhere to the market demand-oriented principle, continuously increase the effective supply of freight capacity, and continuously improve the quality of freight service, so as to make more contributions to the promotion of economic and social development. Source of this article: Guo Chenqi, editor in charge of first finance and Economics_ NBJ9931

The opinions pointed out that the items of railway freight miscellaneous charges should be simplified, the charging standard of late payment of freight and miscellaneous charges should be reduced, and the handling charges for changing freight transportation should be strictly implemented. We will vigorously promote the buy it now transportation of bulk goods. We will strictly implement the list of charges and the publicity system in the field of special railway lines. Formulate the behavior rules of railway special line service price, standardize the charging behavior of railway special line and self provided vehicle maintenance service, further reduce the charging standard, and it is strictly forbidden to offset the effect of fee reduction by increasing or increasing other charges in disguised form.

The relevant person in charge of the national development and Reform Commission said that on the one hand, we should consolidate the achievements of logistics cost reduction and further optimize the industry development environment; on the other hand, we should focus on improving the operation of social logistics system to create an upgraded version of logistics cost reduction, so as to lay a solid foundation for the high-quality development of the real economy.

According to the relevant person in charge of the State Railway Group, with the rapid recovery of Chinas economic and social order, the demand for freight transport will continue to grow. The railway department will adhere to the market demand-oriented principle, continuously increase the effective supply of freight capacity, and continuously improve the quality of freight service, so as to make more contributions to the promotion of economic and social development.