Chinas breastfeeding rate is only 20.8% in 6 months: low social support.

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 Chinas breastfeeding rate is only 20.8% in 6 months: low social support.


Paediatrics Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University medical and nursing staff, breast milk after the thawed distribution into the refrigerator Liu Ying / photo

In recent years, with the continuous promotion and popularization, more and more young mothers in China are aware of the importance of breastfeeding and join the breastfeeding army. However, breastfeeding is not optimistic in China either in comparison with the international average level or in comparison with domestic targets.

The fear of frostbite

Data from the WHO and the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF) show that only 23 countries have a pure breastfeeding rate of more than 60% in 6 months, and only 3 countries in East Asia and the Pacific have more than 50% breastfeeding rates, while China is not in the 3 countries.

More and more factors are interfering with the success of breastfeeding, and the marketing behavior of medical staff, mass communication and breast milk substitute vendors have affected the mothers choice of feeding methods in varying degrees. The simple natural act of enjoying breast milk has become a luxury for many Chinese babies.

The elves of these landings cant get the first time to get the intimate contact between breastfeeding and mothers skin, which is a kind of injury, which is called the fear of frostbite abroad.

Mother has no milk for children to eat formula milk, children are easy to have a feeling of full belly, will not want to suck breast milk, the less sucking the less milk, into the vicious circle of the dead end. Cheng Xianghong, the head nurse of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Henan Province Peoples Hospital, said that the decrease of breastfeeding rate is more reflected in the reduction of breastfeeding rate immediately after the birth of the baby and the decrease of breastfeeding after the new mothers work.

The WHO study found that breastfeeding prevented 30% of children from being overweight and 35% of children suffering from diabetes. Breastfeeding can also reduce the risk of infant infection and reduce the risk of breast and ovarian cancer.

Lack of breastfeeding support system

The United Nations Childrens Fund says that only 43% of the worlds babies are breastfed during the 6 months after birth.

Young mothers often need to resist the temptation of marketing from dairy manufacturers. Although relevant laws and regulations have banned the mass media or public places to publish all or partially replace breast milk products, beverages and other food advertisements, the manufacturers marketing means are emerging and the patterns are constantly refurbished.

Inadequate protection of womens rights and interests also brings difficulties. A post - 80s workplace mother told a half moon reporter: work is busy at work, the time for feeding children is compressed, and the company is simply compressing the lactation leave. In addition, there is no room specially for milking women during lactation.

Hindering breastfeeding is the result of a combination of factors, which is due to the lack of support system for breastfeeding. Wu Haiying, director of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Henan Province Peoples Hospital, said, lack of psychological preparation during pregnancy, improper methods of opening milk during postpartum hospitalization, lack of professional guidance, and suspicion of breast milk quality 6 months later... These factors affect breastfeeding at different stages.

Cheng Xianghong believes that it is unjustified to blame the mother for only the lack of breastfeeding, and that breastfeeding needs the common support of other members of the family and the whole society.

Creating a social environment conducive to breastfeeding

In 2013, the National Center for Disease Control and Prevention released nutrition and chronic disease surveillance survey data, Chinas exclusive breastfeeding rate within six months is only 20.8%. In the past two years, due to the different statistical calibres, there is still a lack of unified data on the breastfeeding rate in China, but low breastfeeding rate is a common concern among experts in the industry.

At present, the promotion of breastfeeding in China is still facing the challenges of lack of concepts, lack of professionals, and low social support for women.

The Internet provides convenience for pregnant mothers to acquire knowledge, but there are also many misperceptions on the Internet. We need the government and the media to step up publicity, change peoples attitudes, and strengthen guidance for pregnant women and their families, Cheng said.

In 2011, the Ministry of health, issued by the Ministry of health, has already proposed that the health care institutions should provide guidance for breast feeding for mothers and their newborns.

The implementation of the policy is not satisfactory. Liu Li, a young mother whose stiffness passed six weeks of postpartum recovery, told reporters she had never heard of or received similar services. Wu Haiying said that community health institutions have no full-time follow-up personnel, but also lack of professional skills, professional qualifications of midwives; hospitals, although it will provide maternal health education courses, but limited by personnel, preparation, hospital energy is limited. Breastfeeding is not only a health issue, but also a nations future. It needs the whole society to work together. The government, the society and the family should give more support to women, provide health guidance and education for pregnant and lying in women, and consider the actual needs of womens family and work, and create a social environment that is more conducive to breastfeeding. Source: half moon responsibility editor: Zhang Haitong _NN9053

The implementation of the policy is not satisfactory. Liu Li, a young mother whose stiffness passed six weeks of postpartum recovery, told reporters she had never heard of or received similar services.

Wu Haiying said that community health institutions have no full-time follow-up personnel, but also lack of professional skills, professional qualifications of midwives; hospitals, although it will provide maternal health education courses, but limited by personnel, preparation, hospital energy is limited.

Breastfeeding is not only a health issue, but also a nations future. It needs the whole society to work together. The government, the society and the family should give more support to women, provide health guidance and education for pregnant and lying in women, and consider the actual needs of womens family and work, and create a social environment that is more conducive to breastfeeding.