Hong Fans eight policies, food is the first. Xinhua News Agency reporters recently saw in many major grain producing areas that rice and beans are fragrant and a bumper harvest is in sight, and agricultural production is advancing in an orderly manner. In a special year, China has experienced the test of epidemic situation and faced with multiple challenges. China still firmly holds the basic agricultural base. The construction of agricultural modernization led by science and technology is shouldering the heavy task of strengthening agriculture and invigorating agriculture, and adding foundation for high-quality development.
This is a continuous corn field in Lanxi County, Heilongjiang Province, taken on July 7. Photo by Wang Jianwei, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency
In the farmland of Shizhuang village, Sitong Town, Huaiyang District, Zhoukou City, Henan Province, rows of corn stand upright and grow to chest height. After lunch, Shi Wenjun, an 80 year old villager, used to sit by the ridge of the field, watching the corn clinching upward. He said happily, its really good, and its a big harvest.
From spring to summer and from south to north, the reporter saw a busy scene in the grain producing areas and began to describe the hope of a bumper harvest in autumn.
In a wheat field in Nanling village, Shangshui County, Zhoukou City, Henan Province, agricultural machinery hands load the harvested wheat (photo taken on May 29). Photo by Li An, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency
In the endless paddy fields, UAVs are working in the air, setting off against the people who work in the fields, just like a beautiful modern agricultural mulberry map. In LUANNAN, a big rice planting County in the north, 219000 mu of rice is growing well. Zhou Haotian, a staff member of Baixiang grain planting cooperative in bagezhuang Town, LUANNAN COUNTY, said: now we are in a critical period of rice growth. Every day, the company will send out more than a dozen UAVs to help agriculture, so as to ensure a big harvest.
Green hopes spread out on the black land. In Aolai village, Suibin Town, Suibin County, Heilongjiang Province, villager Zhao Jing is busy mixing fertilizer in the field. Since the beginning of summer, the rainfall has increased and the rice has entered the vigorous growth period, which is also the key period of management and protection. The rice is growing quite well this year, and we will serve it carefully, and the harvest will certainly not be bad, Zhao said
Hope grows in the fields, and joy fills the granary.
Recently, the National Bureau of statistics released this years national summer grain production data, which shows that Chinas total summer grain production will reach 285.6 billion jin in 2020, an increase of 2.42 billion jin compared with that in 2019, an increase of 0.9%. The national summer grain production has again achieved a bumper harvest, and the output has reached a record high.
Overcome the unfavorable factors and stabilize the basic agricultural market
The abundant granary is not only related to the peoples food rations and jobs, but also the foundation for the country to cope with the risk challenges.
For agricultural production, this year has experienced different general risks and challenges. The late spring coldness and novel coronavirus pneumonia have just passed through several hot springs in Henan and some areas have been experiencing drought, Wang Junzhong, chief agricultural scientist of the Department of agriculture and rural areas of Hunan Province, said. However, even in the face of such an unfavorable environment, Henans summer grain production again ushered in a bumper harvest this year: the total output of summer grain was 75.075 billion jin, an increase of 167 million jin compared with the highest level in the same period of history.
This is a field intercropping rape, watermelon and wheat in Xiaojie Township, Luoning County, Luoyang City (photo taken by UAV on April 13). Photo by Li An, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency
To overcome the adverse effects, agricultural production stability and farmers income increase are inseparable from the modernization of agriculture and the overall improvement of anti risk ability.
During the epidemic period, 257 agricultural related enterprises, such as chemical fertilizers, pesticides and seeds, were included in the key guarantee and supply list to ensure the continuous chain of agricultural materials for spring ploughing. Cloud spring ploughing has sprung up in Jiangsu Province. In the past years, Zhu Xinkai, a professor of Agricultural College of Yangzhou University, who sat in the field to chat with farmers about farming, launched a live network to answer questions and solve doubts for farmers in real time and guide production. In response to disastrous weather, Shanxi has established a direct meteorological service, and 4000 grain production and operation entities in the province can receive forecast, early warning and prevention information in the first time
In order to stabilize grain production, autumn grain is the most important. The guarantee of autumn grain production is in full swing all over the country.
In Qingshen County of Sichuan Province, a battle of insect mouth seizing grain is starting. As soon as the grasshoppers began to emerge, plant protection personnel guided farmers to catch them by means of information and food lure. In Xiping County of Henan Province, Zhang Xuelin, an associate professor of Henan Agricultural University, came to the farmland to explain to villagers how to apply nitrogen fertilizer in the big bell mouth period of corn, and how to ensure large ears, more grains and grain weight.
In the modern agricultural science and technology demonstration park of Suibin County, Heilongjiang Province, 10 UAVs were launched at the same time to start the rice blast prevention and control exercise. An Baizhi, senior agronomist of Suibin County Agricultural Technology Extension Center, said that at present, it has entered a critical period to prevent rice panicle neck blast. Plant protection UAVs and helicopters are used in the park, and biological pesticides are used. The emergency prevention and control of 50000 Mu rice can be completed within three days.
Zhang Xinyou, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering and President of Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, said that the more we face the risk challenge, the more we need to stabilize the basic agricultural plate. When autumn grain production reaches a critical stage, we should be prepared for various risks and better ensure agricultural production.
Modern science and technology, new production mode
Lettuce and water spinach are lack of nutrients and need to be fertilized. Tomatoes need sun shading because of too strong sunlight. Air humidity in strawberry area is not enough and water is needed Sitting in the office and drinking coffee, Miao Zhen, general manager of Nanjing Kewo Information Technology Co., Ltd., tapped her mobile phone a few times. The shed more than 20 kilometers away was woken up, the sun shading curtain was slowly lowered, and the nutrient solution in the pump room stirred up, and the strawberry was filled with water mist
At Kaifeng station of China Railway Zhengzhou Bureau Group Co., Ltd., staff use transmission machines to transport spring ploughing materials (photo taken on February 13). Photo by Li An, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency
In Linying County, Henan Province, 5g technology has entered the farmland. In the 7000 Mu 5g intelligent digital agricultural planting area, 5g intelligent soil sensors, meteorological detectors and other equipment are implanted. The all-weather Internet of things land moisture detection and intelligent water, fertilizer and drug integrated irrigation can save 30% of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, 50% of water saving and more than 50% of labor saving, and the average benefit per mu is increased by more than 15%.
With the continuous improvement of mechanization and intelligence, the labor intensity of agricultural production has been reduced, but the production efficiency and efficiency have been greatly improved.
In a wheat field in Nanling village, Shangshui County, Henan Province, agricultural machinery hands operate machinery to harvest wheat (photo taken on May 29). Photo by Li An, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency
In Huaxian County, Henan Province, farmer housekeeper service platform, farmers can order by mobile phone, and can ask agricultural social service enterprises to complete field management such as weeding, spraying and watering without leaving home. The charm of agricultural science and technology is that modern farmers do not touch mud on their feet and hands do not touch water, and they can welcome a bumper harvest at home. Huaxian County Baidaokou town grain grower Huang Guoxing said.
Strong science and technology model has changed agriculture and injected vitality into development. The better the agriculture, rural areas and farmers are, the more active the development layout will be. The more and more stable the golden shoulder pole of agricultural modernization not only brings happy life, but also arouses the confidence and hope of high-quality development.