General secretary Xi Jinping is concerned about food and politics as the top priority: to stabilize the basic agricultural market and increase development.

 General secretary Xi Jinping is concerned about food and politics as the top priority: to stabilize the basic agricultural market and increase development.

Abundant granaries are the blessing of the country and the hope of the people.

General secretary Xi Jinping attached great importance to food production and safety. In his recent visit to Jilin, general secretary Xi Jinping stressed that we should relax our grain production and accelerate the transformation of agricultural development mode and let farmers use the best technology to produce the best grain.

Hong Fans eight policies, food is the first. Xinhua News Agency reporters recently saw in many major grain producing areas that rice and beans are fragrant and a bumper harvest is in sight, and agricultural production is advancing in an orderly manner. In a special year, China has experienced the test of epidemic situation and faced with multiple challenges. China still firmly holds the basic agricultural base. The construction of agricultural modernization led by science and technology is shouldering the heavy task of strengthening agriculture and invigorating agriculture, and adding foundation for high-quality development.

This is a continuous corn field in Lanxi County, Heilongjiang Province, taken on July 7. Photo by Wang Jianwei, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency

The fragrance of rice and beans and the orderly progress of agricultural production

In the farmland of Shizhuang village, Sitong Town, Huaiyang District, Zhoukou City, Henan Province, rows of corn stand upright and grow to chest height. After lunch, Shi Wenjun, an 80 year old villager, used to sit by the ridge of the field, watching the corn clinching upward. He said happily, its really good, and its a big harvest.

In a wheat field in Nanling village, Shangshui County, Zhoukou City, Henan Province, agricultural machinery hands load the harvested wheat (photo taken on May 29). Photo by Li An, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency

Walking into the Minjiang modern agricultural demonstration park in Dongpo District, Meishan City, Sichuan Province, a lot of green rice grows tall. This is the planting base of Haowei rice professional cooperative. Li Xiangde, chairman of the cooperative, said that rice planting area this year exceeded 40000 mu. Now it is growing well and it is estimated that it will be another bumper year. In Tianchang City, Anhui Province, 2600 mu of rice from hehe ecological agricultural professional cooperative has been ordered before it is mature. Pingdonglin, chairman of the cooperative, said that the expected yield per mu was expected to be around 1300 Jin, successfully completing the expected target.

In the endless paddy fields, UAVs are working in the air, setting off against the people who work in the fields, just like a beautiful modern agricultural mulberry map. In LUANNAN, a big rice planting County in the north, 219000 mu of rice is growing well. Zhou Haotian, a staff member of Baixiang grain planting cooperative in bagezhuang Town, LUANNAN COUNTY, said: now we are in a critical period of rice growth. Every day, the company will send out more than a dozen UAVs to help agriculture, so as to ensure a big harvest.

Guo Tiancai, a professor at Henan Agricultural University, said: summer grain is the first season of grain production in the whole year. It has played a beautiful battle and is particularly exciting. We have more confidence in the annual grain harvest.

Overcome the unfavorable factors and stabilize the basic agricultural market

The abundant granary is not only related to the peoples food rations and jobs, but also the foundation for the country to cope with the risk challenges.

In Yuanzhuang village, Zhecheng County, Henan Province, high standard farmland is covered with crisscross fields and canals. Sitting in a roadside car and looking at the farmland, Zhang baishen, a grain grower, laments his little fortune: the yield of wheat is more than 1000 Jin per mu, and the watermelon and pepper are growing well. By the end of the year, an acre of flat land can earn 67000 yuan, which was hard to imagine at the beginning of the year.

For agricultural production, this year has experienced different general risks and challenges. The late spring coldness and novel coronavirus pneumonia have just passed through several hot springs in Henan and some areas have been experiencing drought, Wang Junzhong, chief agricultural scientist of the Department of agriculture and rural areas of Hunan Province, said. However, even in the face of such an unfavorable environment, Henans summer grain production again ushered in a bumper harvest this year: the total output of summer grain was 75.075 billion jin, an increase of 167 million jin compared with the highest level in the same period of history.

This is a field intercropping rape, watermelon and wheat in Xiaojie Township, Luoning County, Luoyang City (photo taken by UAV on April 13). Photo by Li An, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency

To overcome the adverse effects, agricultural production stability and farmers income increase are inseparable from the modernization of agriculture and the overall improvement of anti risk ability.

During the epidemic period, 257 agricultural related enterprises, such as chemical fertilizers, pesticides and seeds, were included in the key guarantee and supply list to ensure the continuous chain of agricultural materials for spring ploughing. Cloud spring ploughing has sprung up in Jiangsu Province. In the past years, Zhu Xinkai, a professor of Agricultural College of Yangzhou University, who sat in the field to chat with farmers about farming, launched a live network to answer questions and solve doubts for farmers in real time and guide production. In response to disastrous weather, Shanxi has established a direct meteorological service, and 4000 grain production and operation entities in the province can receive forecast, early warning and prevention information in the first time

Villagers spray medicine in Baoma village, Henan Province on March 11. Photo by Li An, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency

In order to stabilize grain production, autumn grain is the most important. The guarantee of autumn grain production is in full swing all over the country.

In the modern agricultural science and technology demonstration park of Suibin County, Heilongjiang Province, 10 UAVs were launched at the same time to start the rice blast prevention and control exercise. An Baizhi, senior agronomist of Suibin County Agricultural Technology Extension Center, said that at present, it has entered a critical period to prevent rice panicle neck blast. Plant protection UAVs and helicopters are used in the park, and biological pesticides are used. The emergency prevention and control of 50000 Mu rice can be completed within three days.

Zhang Xinyou, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering and President of Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, said that the more we face the risk challenge, the more we need to stabilize the basic agricultural plate. When autumn grain production reaches a critical stage, we should be prepared for various risks and better ensure agricultural production.

Modern science and technology, new production mode

Lettuce and water spinach are lack of nutrients and need to be fertilized. Tomatoes need sun shading because of too strong sunlight. Air humidity in strawberry area is not enough and water is needed Sitting in the office and drinking coffee, Miao Zhen, general manager of Nanjing Kewo Information Technology Co., Ltd., tapped her mobile phone a few times. The shed more than 20 kilometers away was woken up, the sun shading curtain was slowly lowered, and the nutrient solution in the pump room stirred up, and the strawberry was filled with water mist

Looking at the whole country, agricultural production is quietly changing, pickaxes, hoes, sickles and ploughs are gradually leaving the market. The intelligent golden iron horse has entered the farmland, and agricultural production has become more and more scientific and technological.

In Linying County, Henan Province, 5g technology has entered the farmland. In the 7000 Mu 5g intelligent digital agricultural planting area, 5g intelligent soil sensors, meteorological detectors and other equipment are implanted. The all-weather Internet of things land moisture detection and intelligent water, fertilizer and drug integrated irrigation can save 30% of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, 50% of water saving and more than 50% of labor saving, and the average benefit per mu is increased by more than 15%.

With the continuous improvement of mechanization and intelligence, the labor intensity of agricultural production has been reduced, but the production efficiency and efficiency have been greatly improved.

In a wheat field in Nanling village, Shangshui County, Henan Province, agricultural machinery hands operate machinery to harvest wheat (photo taken on May 29). Photo by Li An, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency

In Huaxian County, Henan Province, farmer housekeeper service platform, farmers can order by mobile phone, and can ask agricultural social service enterprises to complete field management such as weeding, spraying and watering without leaving home. The charm of agricultural science and technology is that modern farmers do not touch mud on their feet and hands do not touch water, and they can welcome a bumper harvest at home. Huaxian County Baidaokou town grain grower Huang Guoxing said.