Hunan province Rucheng county fine score for you to uncover the answer.
According to the report of the China discipline inspection and supervision newspaper in August 5th, the national poverty county of Rucheng County, Hunan Province, built large quantities of image project in large scale. It spent 48 million yuan - repair square, 6 ginkgo trees (holding hands by two hands to hold one) for 2 million 850 thousand yuan and 8 totem stone columns for 1 million 200 thousand yuan.
Relative to it is the extreme disregard of the peoples livelihood. The Rucheng County water supply plant, which is a public welfare infrastructure, was bought and bought by private enterprises in 2002. Since 2016, the water pipe network has been disrepair, the pipe stop water, the yellow mud and the bar water is the normal state, the Spring Festival is repeatedly stopped water. Not only so, the local Luyang Town, there are more than two villagers in the village of the village, there are no electricity, 25 67 people only to the mountain spring power generation and point coal oil lamp illumination.
While enjoying the special policies of the state, they are extravagant. Where is the source of absurdity in poor counties? Why did the central poverty alleviation policy go to the grass-roots level? Today, we have asked Lu Dewendao, a researcher in the Department of Sociology at Wuhan University, who has rich experience in front-line research, to share his views.
Rucheng County Square in Hunan
Not an example
The example of Rucheng County in Hunan is not an example. In the past few years, there have been numerous examples of image projects in poverty-stricken counties in the media.
For example, the China discipline inspection and supervision newspaper reported in 2015, Huang Deyi, the former Secretary of the original County Committee of Fengshan County, Guangxi, engraved the Phoenix murals on the mountain wall of the county city with the state to prevent the geological disasters, and the actual cost of the mural project was only about 2000000 yuan. Meanwhile, Yao students in some villages and towns still wear ragged shirts in rough roads and freezing winters.
Earlier, the media also reported that in Bijie, the most vulnerable and most poverty-stricken area in Guizhou, the local government has made huge sums of all copper lions like the cross street; Beipiao city of Liaoning, and the national poor county, with a financial income of only about 84000000 yuan, built a square of about 10000000 yuan, and Jiangxi Province Peak county, the countrys famous key poor counties, cost about 31000000 yuan, the construction of the provinces leading luxury square and administrative center; Anhui Changfeng County, national poverty county, about 100000 people have not been out of poverty, to build a golf course, the town leaders said that farmers will not starve to death.
It is worth pondering that many local governments have long been aware of this problem and issued relevant documents. For example, in 2015, Hunan province and Hubei province introduced the implementation of the implementation of the restraint mechanism for the poverty county, trying to put tight hoop mantra to the poor county, but the similar problems still exist today.
It can be seen that the problems behind the image project in poverty-stricken counties are very complicated. Today, poverty alleviation has entered a critical stage. Such problems deserve special attention.
The problem of poverty is, in the end, the problem of development. To understand the power of Daxing image project in poverty-stricken counties, we can start with Chinas poverty alleviation strategy.
Generally speaking, Chinas poverty alleviation strategy has gone through three stages.
First, since 1986, the central and local governments at all levels have established a poverty alleviation work system, and determined 258 poverty-stricken counties at the national level. Through the formulation and implementation of the 87 poverty alleviation program in 1993, the concept of poverty alleviation and development led the poverty alleviation work, and the poor counties enjoyed more and more preferential policies. Even a lot of cadres and masses have been proud of winning the hat of poverty-stricken counties.
The two is that in 2001, the leadership group of the State Council promulgated the Chinas rural poverty alleviation and development program (2001 - 2010), which changed the practice of the poor counties as the basic support units in the past, and turned to 148 thousand poor villages through the whole village promotion approach. This means that poor people outside poor counties can also enjoy the policy of helping the poor.
The three is the precision poverty alleviation strategy since the eighteen largest. In November 2013, when Xi Jinping visited Xiangxi, Hunan Province, he gave the first important instructions on seeking truth from facts, adapting measures to local conditions, giving classified guidance and accurately helping the poor. In November 29, 2015, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued the decision on winning the battle against poverty. The decision is clear, by 2020, to ensure that Chinas current standards for the rural poor to achieve poverty alleviation, poverty-stricken counties all take off their hats, to solve regional poverty as a whole. Since then, poverty alleviation has entered a new stage, that is, achieving the goal of all-round well-off society through the strategy of precise poverty alleviation.
It can be seen that poverty alleviation is essentially a development concept. Although Chinas poverty alleviation policy has undergone several major changes, the concept and practice of developing poverty alleviation has not subsided. In fact, this is also an important experience in the success of Chinas poverty reduction strategy.
In this sense, the poor county hat has a large amount of gold, which is an important support for the development of local economy. It not only means that the county finance can enjoy the aid of the central and local governments at all levels, but also greatly alleviates the local financial pressure; it also means that it can enjoy a lot of preferential policies for development. For example, the local government can use the title of poor county as an important condition for attracting investment. To enjoy a series of preferential policies such as taxation, land and hydropower.
At present, Chinas fight against poverty has entered a critical juncture, and the preferential policies of the central government and governments at all levels for poverty-stricken counties are usually increasing instead of decreasing. To compare the poverty alleviation mechanism with Chinese characteristics, many poverty-stricken counties can often enjoy high quality targets for supporting and helping, such as large state-owned enterprises investment, and the aid of economically developed areas.
It can be seen that in the implementation of precision poverty alleviation, the gold content of poor counties has not been reduced, but has greatly improved. Especially in poverty-stricken counties of the national level, the flow of resources in recent years is alarming. This can explain why some poor counties have money to waste.
In addition, the relationship between the central and the mainland is very special. On the one hand, the superior government, especially the central government, is the only authority to determine the performance of the local governments, and also has the ability to coordinate the development of various places; on the other hand, the local governments have strong autonomy and strong motivation to compete with each other.
In general, both the natural and environmental conditions in poor counties are not very good, and they are depressions of economic development. Today, it is difficult to compete with the developed areas in the center of economic construction. In most cases, the poor county hat is the biggest advantage.
At the same time, Heroes based on GDP has always been an important feature of tournament system. The reason is very simple. It is objective and comparable, and is also consistent with the mainstream ideology since the reform and opening up.
But the problem is that the economically developed areas can easily achieve economic growth by attracting investment by attracting investment and attracting investment, because of the advantages of geographical position, sound infrastructure and complete industrial chain, thus taking advantage of local competition. But what should we do in backward areas, especially in many poverty-stricken counties?
Building infrastructure is the most direct way to achieve GDP growth.
It must be admitted that under certain conditions, this practice in poor counties has its rationality, and the slogan of leap-forward development is popular among the people. Some seemingly wasteful practices are actually the only way to pry land finance. For example, Daxing building square, objectively means that it can reasonably use the government investment to run the city, change the image of the city, but also increase the financial revenue in the short term (although increase the government debt at the same time), why not?
However, in todays strict control of government debt, this practice is neither timely nor sustainable. Some local officials are embezzling and accepting bribes in government projects.
However, it is necessary to point out that the construction of a building building, the image project performance project, is not a patent of the poor county itself, and it is first related to the current driving mode of the local economic development. However, compared with developed areas with better industrial base, poor areas may tend to take land development as the central development model.
So, how to change this problem? What is the progress of our countrys poverty alleviation work at present?
However, the current situation of tackling poverty is very worthy of analysis. On the one hand, to this day, the poverty-stricken people left behind are basically hard bones, and the task of fighting poverty is still relatively large. On the other hand, how to ensure that the population who has already lifted out of poverty is no longer returning to poverty is the key and difficult point in the work of precise poverty alleviation.
According to our research, according to the current standards, the poverty-stricken counties will accomplish the task of eliminating poverty and tackling key problems by 2020. In fact, the problem is not serious. We have found in many poverty-stricken counties that the poverty-alleviation funds co-ordinated by county-level finance are more than enough even if they are equally distributed to all the poor. In other words, the key lies not in the problem of insufficient funds for poverty alleviation, but in how to use it.
There are some funds that can be issued directly, such as the transformation of dangerous houses, difficulties subsidies, medical aid, education subsidies and so on, but some of the funds can not be issued directly, such as a large number of industrial poverty alleviation funds. The trouble lies in the fact that poor households are just short of labor force and have limited market capacity, and depending on traditional industrial poverty alleviation measures, nine out of ten will not be effective. In fact, the situation of helping the poor is not.
Therefore, the vast majority of local governments tend to take industrial poverty alleviation funds and discount interest loans to relevant enterprises and cooperatives, and the poor to obtain relevant interest or dividends. This is not much different from the direct payment of money. Although it does not necessarily conform to the poverty alleviation policy, it is sufficient to ensure that the poor people will get rid of poverty within a certain period of time.
It can be seen that the task of poverty alleviation in various poverty-stricken counties seems very arduous, and the cadres at the grass-roots level are indeed very tired, but for the local chief officials, it is not difficult to accomplish the task of poverty alleviation. Because of the influx of a large number of poverty alleviation funds and the superposition of various preferential policies, poverty alleviation is bound to be strategically achievable. Local officials are concerned about the tactical issue - how to ensure that the poverty alleviation acceptance does not fail, how to ensure that the statements are perfect?