On July 14, 2019, Shanghai Science and Technology Museum, visitors visit the installation art work giant ring composed of nearly 20000 recycled plastic products. The 17 meter long work of art forms a ring shape through mirror reflection, showing that the garbage belt formed by waste plastic in the ocean is surrounding our reality, and reminds people to reduce the production and disposal of plastic waste. (Photo by Fang Zhe, Xinhua News Agency)
Xinhua news agency, Beijing, July 25 (reporter Wang Yijun) - the Pew Charitable Foundation and environmental protection think tank systemi q23 released a research report on July 3 that the total amount of plastic flowing into the ocean could nearly triple in the next 20 years if no action is taken.
If no action is taken, the amount of plastic entering the ocean will increase from 11 million metric tons at this stage to 29 million tons per year in the next 20 years, which will discharge about 600 million tons of plastic into the sea, equivalent to nearly 50 kilograms of plastic per meter of coastline in the world, Reuters reported.
Despite promises by governments and businesses to reduce the use of plastics, these promises will only reduce the flow of plastic into the ocean by 7% by 2040, the report said. In addition, due to the spread of Xinguan epidemic in the world, disposable plastic consumption has increased significantly in the world.
In order to solve the problem of marine plastic pollution, the research report puts forward eight measures, including using paper and degradable materials to replace plastics, reducing the export of plastic waste, improving the recovery rate of plastic waste in low - and middle-income countries, and paying attention to the design of recyclable products and packaging. With these initiatives, the global flow of plastics into the ocean could be reduced by 80% by 2040, compared with no action.
Winnie law, one of the authors of the report and senior manager of the Pew charity foundation, points out that plastic pollution affects everyone. Its not just your problem and mines problem, its not one countrys problem, but everyones problem.
The report, entitled breaking the plastic wave: a comprehensive assessment of ways to curb marine plastic pollution, was published in science, an American magazine, on the 23rd.
Source: responsible editor of Xinhua News Agency: Wang Fengzhi_ NT2541