Netease technology news on July 24, according to foreign media reports, local time on Thursday, the United States announced a plan to build a quantum Internet.
U.S. officials and scientists say they will build a second Internet parallel to the existing Internet, using the laws of quantum mechanics to safely share information and connect to a new generation of computers and sensors.
Quantum technology attempts to use the unique properties of atoms, photons and electrons to build more powerful computers and other information processing tools. Quantum Internet relies on the quantum entanglement state of photons, which allows photons to share information over a long distance without physical connection.
David awschalom, a professor at the University of Chicagos Pritzker School of molecular engineering and a senior scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, is the backbone of the U.S. quantum research program.
It is reported that the U.S. Department of energy and its 17 national laboratories will become the backbone of the project.
It is not clear how the work will be funded, and the DOE has not released the amount of funding for the project. Paul dabbar, deputy energy minister in charge of Scientific Affairs, said the government invests about $500 million to $700 million a year in quantum information technology, part of which will be used to build the quantum Internet.
The Fermi Laboratory
Panagiotis spentzouris, head of quantum science at Fermilab, said in an interview that more resources and a clearer project structure are needed to implement the plan.
However, the 38 page document only lists the research focus and objectives, but does not have a detailed task division. The initial users of the quantum Internet could include national security agencies, financial institutions and healthcare companies that want to send data more securely, the researchers said.
Spenzoris said the ultimate consumer might also use the quantum Internet. He said that it is possible for consumers to seamlessly switch between the conventional Internet and the quantum Internet when consuming and sending information, without necessarily knowing that they are switching platforms.
Illinois Governor J.B. Pritzker and Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot said in their statements that they expected that the creation of quantum Internet would have spillover effects on the citys technology community and bring potential economic returns.
In the Chicago area, Argonne National Laboratory has built an 83 kilometer quantum network and will soon be connected to the nearby Fermi laboratory to build a 128 kilometer long test platform.
In New York, Stone Creek University and Brookhaven National Laboratory have built another 128 kilometer quantum network.
Spinzoris said the quantum Internet project is to gradually connect local networks across the country using optical fiber cables, satellites equipped with quantum communication hardware and unmanned aerial vehicles. But quantum repeaters that amplify quantum network signals are still to be developed, the researchers said. (Chen Chen)
Source: Qiao JunJing, editor in charge of Netease science and Technology Report_ NBJ11279