The peoples daily, director of the Bureau of statistics, has basically achieved the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects

category:Finance
 The peoples daily, director of the Bureau of statistics, has basically achieved the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects


Since the reform and opening up, the connotation of the well-off goal has been constantly enriched, and the construction of a well-off society has been continuously strengthened. In particular, since the eighteen Party Congress, under the firm leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, the people of all nationalities in the country have worked together to forge ahead, and comprehensively promoted economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction and ecological civilization construction, laying a solid foundation for the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way.

First, the economic strength has greatly increased. This is a strong material foundation for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. In the face of a severe and complex domestic and international environment, all regions and departments conscientiously implement the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee, adhere to the general keynote of seeking progress while maintaining stability, adhere to the supply side structural reform as the main line, adhere to deepening reform and opening up, and promote the steady development of Chinas economy. In 2019, Chinas GDP will reach 99086.5 billion yuan, reaching 14.4 trillion US dollars according to the annual average exchange rate, ranking the second in the world; and the per capita GDP will reach 10276 US dollars, ranking firmly in the ranks of middle-income countries, and the gap with high-income countries will be further narrowed. The level of social productivity has been further enhanced. The total grain output has been stable at more than 650 million tons for five consecutive years, and the added value of manufacturing industry has ranked first in the world for 10 consecutive years. From 2013 to 2019, Chinas annual contribution rate to world economic growth is close to 30%, becoming the locomotive driving the world economic growth.

Second, the economic structure has been gradually optimized. This is the basic requirement for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. The whole country unswervingly implements the new development concept, vigorously transforms the mode, adjusts the structure, promotes the transformation, steadily advances the new urbanization and the rural revitalization, promotes the coordinated development of the region, and presents a new look in the economic structure adjustment, transformation and upgrading. The advantages of super large-scale market appear. In 2019, the total retail sales of consumer goods exceeded 40 trillion yuan for the first time, reaching 41.2 trillion yuan. From 2013 to 2019, the annual contribution rate of final consumption expenditure to economic growth is 60.5%. Industrial structure optimization and upgrading. In 2019, the added value of high-tech industries above Designated Size accounted for 14.4%, an increase of 5.0 percentage points over 2012; the added value of service industry accounted for 53.9% of GDP, an increase of 8.4 percentage points. The coordinated development of urban and rural areas presents a new pattern. The coordinated development of the four major plates in the East, the west, the East and the northeast, the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, the development of the Yangtze River economic belt, the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Bay area, the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta, ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin have been accelerated. By the end of 2019, the urbanization rate of the permanent population will rise to 60.60%.

Third, the infrastructure is improving day by day. This is a strong support for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. Various regions and departments continue to increase the infrastructure construction to benefit the peoples livelihood and increase the stamina. Chinas infrastructure scale continues to expand, the technical level continues to improve, and comprehensive benefits continue to show. Transportation construction has made great progress. By the end of 2019, the operating mileage of high-speed railway exceeded 35000 km, accounting for more than 2 / 3 of the global high-speed railway mileage; the mileage of Expressway reached 150000 km, an increase of 55.5% over the end of 2012. The communication level has been improved in an all-round way, and the worlds largest mobile broadband network has been basically completed. By the end of 2019, there were 449.28 million fixed Internet broadband access users, 1.6 times higher than that at the end of 2012; the annual mobile Internet user access flow was 122 billion GB. The role of energy and water conservancy in basic security has been enhanced. In 2019, the total energy production will increase by 13.1% compared with 2012, and the effective irrigation area of farmland will exceed 1 billion mu.

Fourth, the construction of democracy and the rule of law has been strengthened. This is the institutional guarantee for building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. The construction of an organic and unified system of the partys leadership, the people being masters of the country and the rule of law has been strengthened in an all-round way. We should adhere to the principle that the party takes overall responsibility for the overall situation, coordinate all parties, strengthen the partys overall leadership, and strictly govern the party in an all-round way. We will significantly improve the level of scientific, democratic and legal governance. By the end of 2019, the total number of CPC members has reached 91.914 million, and the partys grass-roots organizations have reached 4.681 million. Through the peoples Congress, we will continue to improve the democratic system of the peoples Congress and further consolidate the superiority of the peoples Congress through consultation. Scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, fair administration of justice, and law-abiding by the whole people have been further promoted. The constitution has been fully implemented, and the third session of the 13th National Peoples Congress passed the civil code by vote.

Sixth, new steps have been taken in cultural construction. This is the spiritual pillar of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. The core socialist values have been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, the ability of public cultural services has been steadily improved, and the national quality and social civilization have been significantly improved. By the end of 2019, there were 3196 public libraries and 5119 museums, 120 and 2050 more than the end of 2012. The cultural industry has developed rapidly. In 2018, the added value of culture and related industries accounted for 4.48% of GDP, an increase of 1.1 percentage points over 2012. Fitness has become increasingly popular throughout the year. In 2019, nearly 400 million people regularly participate in physical exercise. In 2013-2019, Chinese athletes won 808 World Championships. Cultural brand activities such as happy Spring Festival and Chinese culture year (Festival) spread all over the world, and the influence of Chinese culture continued to expand.

Seventh, basic public services have been continuously strengthened. This is an important guarantee for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. The basic public service system covering the whole people has been initially established, and the peoples livelihood security ability and peoples satisfaction have been further improved. We have made solid progress in building a healthy China. At the end of 2019, the number of national health technical personnel increased by 52.1% compared with the end of 2012. The average life expectancy of residents increased from 74.8 years in 2010 to 77.3 years in 2019. The construction of a multi-level social security system has been accelerated, and the number of people participating in endowment insurance, medical insurance, unemployment insurance, industrial injury insurance and maternity insurance has continued to increase. The construction of affordable housing project was accelerated. From 2013 to 2019, the central government supported 7.33 million poverty-stricken households to rebuild dilapidated houses in rural areas. In 2019, the per capita housing construction area of urban residents and rural residents will reach 39.8 and 48.9 square meters respectively.

Eighth, the construction of ecological civilization presents a new atmosphere. This is the quality of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. We will continue to save resources and protect the environment, vigorously promote energy conservation and consumption reduction, strive to create a livable ecology with green mountains, long flow of green water and fresh air, and accelerate the process of green development. In 2019, energy consumption per unit of GDP will decrease by 24.6% compared with 2012. The environmental quality has improved significantly. In 2019, 82.0% of the 337 cities at prefecture level and above had excellent air quality; 74.9% of the surface water quality reached or was better than Class III water body, which was 8.9% higher than that in 2015. Ecological protection and restoration have been strengthened in an all-round way. By the end of 2019, there are 474 National Nature Reserves in China. In 2019, the afforestation area will reach 7.39 million hectares, an increase of 25.3% over 2012, and the forest coverage rate will reach 22.96% at the end of the year.

Ninth, peoples living standards have improved significantly. This is a prominent sign of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. We will pay more attention to sharing the fruits of development with the people, spare no effort to overcome poverty, actively expand employment, increase income and promote consumption, and 1.4 billion Chinese people have made solid steps on the road of common prosperity. The achievements in poverty alleviation have attracted worldwide attention. The number of rural poor in China has decreased from 98.99 million at the end of 2012 to 5.51 million by the end of 2019, and the poverty incidence rate has dropped from 10.2% to 0.6%. From 2013 to 2019, the average annual real growth rate of per capita disposable income was 7.1%, faster than the average annual growth rate of per capita GDP in the same period. The quality of life of residents has improved significantly. In 2019, the Engel coefficient of national residents will drop to 28.2%; the number of household cars per 100 households will reach 35.3, 1.1 times higher than that in 2013.

2u3001 On the way to overcome the difficulties, it is necessary to speed up the building of a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way

First, the task of tackling the difficult problems of the remaining poor is arduous. As of the end of February this year, there are still 52 poverty-stricken counties, 2707 poor villages, and all the poverty-stricken people have not been lifted out of poverty by the end of February this year. Although the total amount is not large compared with the past, they are all the poor among the poor and the poor among the poor. Among the remaining poverty-stricken population, the proportion of the elderly, the sick and the disabled reached 45.7%, and the problems were prominent, such as the elderly, the sick and the disabled, the children of poor families dropping out of school and some poor people still living in dangerous houses.

Third, there are still shortcomings in ecological environment, public services and infrastructure. The task of air pollution control in key areas is arduous, heavy pollution weather occurs frequently in autumn and winter, water environment quality improvement is not obvious in a few areas, and soil pollution control pressure is great. Compared with the peoples expectation, the level of public services such as pension, education and medical care still lags far behind. According to the world bank data, in 2017, the number of doctors per 1000 population in China was only 2, lower than the average level of upper middle income countries. The infrastructure construction in the central and western regions is relatively backward, and the water, electricity and communication in poor areas are poor.

Fourth, economic and social development in an all-round way still faces some problems. The income gap between urban and rural areas and between different groups is still large. In 2019, the ratio of per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents is 2.64, and the number of low-income groups in rural and urban-rural fringe is still large. Risks in some fields need to be further prevented and resolved. The market economic order still needs to be standardized, the level of social civilization needs to be improved, the task of comprehensively administering the country according to law is still arduous, and the social governance system and capacity need to be strengthened.

Five, the novel coronavirus pneumonia brings new problems and new challenges. The hitherto unknown outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia has caused unprecedented impact on Chinas economic and social development this year, and it also brings new challenges to the work of building up a well-off society in an all-round way. Affected by the epidemic situation, the economic growth rate in the first quarter dropped sharply, the employment pressure increased significantly, the actual income of rural residents in poor areas decreased, and it was more difficult to consolidate the achievements of poverty alleviation.

(the author is deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission, director of the National Bureau of statistics and Secretary of the Party group)