The following screenshot shows the whole conversation between the two of us. Whats more, my father-in-law and my mother-in-law were originally helping us with our children in Jiande. Moreover, boys generally speak late, and only when they are in their thirties can they say Dad, mom, sister. Grandma, who cant speak non overlapping words, is the age of learning to speak. At this time, they are going to take him away from me. At that time, they will not speak Mandarin. What is deeply rooted is Jiangshan dialect. I cant understand anything.
When I go to kindergarten, the children speak Putonghua. My son speaks Jiangshan dialect and cant communicate with his classmates. It will affect the childs body and mind. Maybe he will feel inferior, so Im not happy. If I can learn Putonghua, learn a few Jiangshan dialect, or understand Jiangshan dialect, I have no problem with it. Language learning must also have a primary and secondary point, can not put the cart before the horse.
Nowadays, many families are parenting children, and children spend more time together with their grandparents or grandparents than their parents. The older generation usually does not speak standard Mandarin, and basically speaking in the daily dialect. Children who are nurtured in this context will not be able to speak from the beginning, even if they are not good at Putonghua. Kindergarten children look down on, but how to do?
Dont worry. There are some special cases around me.
My first reaction was also a little confused: I have settled in the United States, didnt I teach English or Mandarin first?
The reasons given by my friends can hardly be refuted, which may dispel some of the worries of parents
1. If children dont learn Wuhan dialect when they are young, they will be more difficult to learn when they grow up, because only at home is the most suitable natural environment for learning dialects;
2. Dialect is the local accent and the foundation of a persons life. As a family, especially the Chinese family who immigrates abroad, it needs to be inherited, and it also helps to cultivate his grounded communication ability;
3. Mandarin or English, once the child out of the family context, can quickly learn, such as in kindergarten or through communication with people around, so do not rush to learn, in the future to accept the influence of these two languages will have a lot of opportunities.
In addition to a few reasons given by that friend, the charm of dialect itself is often ignored. In many cases, dialect is not only a synonym for humor, but also a skill.
Although the charm of dialect is great, it is an indisputable fact that it began to drain among young people. Nowadays, many post-95s do not know or even speak their own native dialect.
A brand input method once held the first dialect test for college students in Hunan Normal University. The test is Changsha Dialect in Hunan Province. It aims to make everyone pay attention to the protection of dialect and leave colorful local accent in the world.
In this regard, a netizen commented: Putonghua can be learned, and a forgotten dialect is a lifetime. Some netizens said: on the premise of popularizing Putonghua and speaking Putonghua well, dialects should not be lost.
At the end of 2016, a kindergarten in Guangdong Province issued a proposal to promote Putonghua online to teachers, students and parents, suggesting that we should try our best to drive our families to use Putonghua in our family life, actively promote Putonghua as far as possible, and adhere to the use of Putonghua in social life as far as possible.
As soon as the proposal came out, it caused a great stir, and finally it had to stop because of the strong opposition. Lets listen to the local peopleu2014u2014
It is necessary to protect Cantonese. The purpose is only to protect cultural diversity, so that all languages can coexist, not who outlaws whom.
When I do, I will forget Cantonese. Why cant you speak Cantonese? This has killed our uniqueness since childhood. We have to turn our Chinese students into products produced by the assembly line of processing plants. Everyone is different, we have our choice.
Mainstream voices want to protect dialects, and its worth keeping. And whether the dialect can be passed down from generation to generation, in the final analysis, does not lie in family education?
The childrens Medical Center affiliated to Medical College of Shanghai Jiaotong University has done a research on the influence of family dialect environment on childrens language development. They collected 688 children, aged from 2 to 6 years old, of whom 78% were exposed to dialect and 22% were in pure Mandarin.
It is found that family dialect environment does not increase the proportion of language barrier, and the language ability of children growing up in family dialect environment is at the same level as that of children growing up in Putonghua environment.
According to the research on childrens language development in China, it is found that the children who are exposed to the environment of double language (dialect and Putonghua) at birth are Putonghua silent period before the age of 3 (most of them are family environment dialects). After 3 years old, Putonghua exposure increases (public environment such as peers, kindergartens, etc.), and the language mode gradually changes from dialect to Putonghua. After that, Putonghua has made significant progress and become strong Language. Therefore, the family dialect environment has little influence on their language ability.
Foreign studies have found that children exposed to bilingualism or multilingualism have the same or even better language ability as monolingual children, and perform better in other fields, including cognition and reasoning, mathematical tasks, attention, etc.
Bilingualism promotes each other in childrens language development. Previously acquired language knowledge is conducive to later language learning. When receiving language stimulation, the two sets of language knowledge systems start at the same time to complete the communication task together; the brain relies on executive function to deal with conflicts caused by different languages and maintain balance, and constantly stimulates and exercises related areas of the brain, so as to improve cognition Ability.
Therefore, dialect is not a big obstacle to Mandarin learning. What is really terrible is that no one communicates with children.
In addition, dialect is an important carrier of sense of belonging. As mentioned above, the child of that friend grew up in the United States. If he doesnt touch Wuhan at all, when he comes back to his hometown, he will feel a sense of loss. This kind of feeling will be understood by you and me who are wandering in a foreign land in a big city.
But if he can speak Wuhan dialect, even if he has not returned to his hometown, he will feel cordial when he meets people who can speak Wuhan dialect in the street. This is the nostalgia and sense of belonging that the local accent brings to us.
Each dialect has its own characteristics, many words expressed in dialect will be given a unique charm. If we do not learn dialects, we will lose a cultural world corresponding to this language. Compared with those children who speak dialects and Putonghua at the same time, we will lose part of our culture and vision. Why is this a pity?
Speaking of this, we ushered in an ultimate question: first teach Putonghua or dialect? Or, at the same time?
In response to this question, we interviewed a senior editor of the foreign language teaching and Research Press. This linguistic expert believes that the difference between dialects and Putonghua is mainly determined by the difference between dialects and Putonghua.
At present, we adopt the theory of seven dialects which is popular in China for the time being. Generally speaking, the areas with large differences and complicated situations in Chinese dialects are mainly concentrated in the provinces south of the Yangtze River, especially Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Hunan, Jiangxi, Anhui (Southern Anhui), Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, etc.; in the vast areas north of the Yangtze River, especially in North China and North East China, the consistency of Chinese dialects is much greater than that in the south.
In fact, Putonghua and dialects and Chinese English are similar in language learning. Some dialects are even more difficult to learn than foreign languages. Therefore, parents can flexibly teach their children language, and do not have to worry that learning two languages at the same time will make children confused.
For Chinese people, dialect is the flavor of hometown and the carrier of emotion to hometown. We advocate teaching children proper dialects. When and how to teach them depends on the parents educational methods and childrens acceptance ability.
No matter teaching before teaching, let children accept this gift from home, our culture can be passed down from generation to generation.
1. Lin Yuanyuan, Zhang Yiwen, Liu Xueman, Lee Wendy. The influence of family dialect environment on childrens language development. Department of developmental behavior, Shanghai Childrens Medical Center affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University Medical School, American Center for sound, hearing and speech, School of behavioral and brain sciences, University of Texas, Dallas. 2020