The following screenshot shows the whole conversation between the two of us. Whats more, my father-in-law and my mother-in-law were originally helping us with our children in Jiande. Moreover, boys generally speak late, and only when they are in their thirties can they say Dad, mom, sister. Grandma, who cant speak non overlapping words, is the age of learning to speak. At this time, they are going to take him away from me. At that time, they will not speak Mandarin. What is deeply rooted is Jiangshan dialect. I cant understand anything.
When I go to kindergarten, the children speak Putonghua. My son speaks Jiangshan dialect and cant communicate with his classmates. It will affect the childs body and mind. Maybe he will feel inferior, so Im not happy. If I can learn Putonghua, learn a few Jiangshan dialect, or understand Jiangshan dialect, I have no problem with it. Language learning must also have a primary and secondary point, can not put the cart before the horse.
Nowadays, many families are parenting children, and children spend more time together with their grandparents or grandparents than their parents. The older generation usually does not speak standard Mandarin, and basically speaking in the daily dialect. Children who are nurtured in this context will not be able to speak from the beginning, even if they are not good at Putonghua. Kindergarten children look down on, but how to do?
Dont worry. There are some special cases around me.
A friend of Wuhan origin settled in the United States with his family three years ago. His son just turned one year old last month. However, he discussed with his wife and made an alternative decision: after the child can speak, he should first teach him Wuhan dialect, then Mandarin and English.
The reasons given by my friends can hardly be refuted, which may dispel some of the worries of parents
1. If children dont learn Wuhan dialect when they are young, they will be more difficult to learn when they grow up, because only at home is the most suitable natural environment for learning dialects;
3. Mandarin or English, once the child out of the family context, can quickly learn, such as in kindergarten or through communication with people around, so do not rush to learn, in the future to accept the influence of these two languages will have a lot of opportunities.
In addition to a few reasons given by that friend, the charm of dialect itself is often ignored. In many cases, dialect is not only a synonym for humor, but also a skill.
Remember the bus lady who was popular all over the network a few years ago? The 3-minute rap of dialect plays with various rhymes: double, double at the end of sentence, ligature, Jiayun Just imagine how boring the rap would be if it was changed to Mandarin!
A brand input method once held the first dialect test for college students in Hunan Normal University. The test is Changsha Dialect in Hunan Province. It aims to make everyone pay attention to the protection of dialect and leave colorful local accent in the world.
As a result, nearly 90% of the students failed. Many people have to call their parents for help at the test site in order to successfully answer the questions.
In this regard, a netizen commented: Putonghua can be learned, and a forgotten dialect is a lifetime. Some netizens said: on the premise of popularizing Putonghua and speaking Putonghua well, dialects should not be lost.
At the end of 2016, a kindergarten in Guangdong Province issued a proposal to promote Putonghua online to teachers, students and parents, suggesting that we should try our best to drive our families to use Putonghua in our family life, actively promote Putonghua as far as possible, and adhere to the use of Putonghua in social life as far as possible.
As soon as the proposal came out, it caused a great stir, and finally it had to stop because of the strong opposition. Lets listen to the local peopleu2014u2014
It is necessary to protect Cantonese. The purpose is only to protect cultural diversity, so that all languages can coexist, not who outlaws whom.
I think when Cantonese is going to be forgotten, some people will praise it. Why cant you speak Cantonese? This has killed our uniqueness since childhood. We have to turn our Chinese students into products produced by the assembly line of processing plants. Everyone is different, we have our choice.
Mainstream voices want to protect dialects, and its worth keeping. And whether the dialect can be passed down from generation to generation, in the final analysis, does not lie in family education?
It is found that family dialect environment does not increase the proportion of language barrier, and the language ability of children growing up in family dialect environment is at the same level as that of children growing up in Putonghua environment.
Foreign studies have found that children exposed to bilingualism or multilingualism have the same or even better language ability as monolingual children, and perform better in other fields, including cognition and reasoning, mathematical tasks, attention, etc.
Bilingualism promotes each other in childrens language development. Previously acquired language knowledge is conducive to later language learning. When receiving language stimulation, the two sets of language knowledge systems start at the same time to complete the communication task together; the brain relies on executive function to deal with conflicts caused by different languages and maintain balance, and constantly stimulates and exercises related areas of the brain, so as to improve cognition Ability.
In addition, dialect is an important carrier of sense of belonging. As mentioned above, the child of that friend grew up in the United States. If he doesnt touch Wuhan at all, when he comes back to his hometown, he will feel a sense of loss. This kind of feeling will be understood by you and me who are wandering in a foreign land in a big city.
But if he can speak Wuhan dialect, even if he has not returned to his hometown, he will feel cordial when he meets people who can speak Wuhan dialect in the street. This is the nostalgia and sense of belonging that the local accent brings to us.
Each dialect has its own characteristics, many words expressed in dialect will be given a unique charm. If we do not learn dialects, we will lose a cultural world corresponding to this language. Compared with those children who speak dialects and Putonghua at the same time, we will lose part of our culture and vision. Why is this a pity?
Speaking of this, we ushered in an ultimate question: first teach Putonghua or dialect? Or, at the same time?
In response to this question, we interviewed a senior editor of the foreign language teaching and Research Press. This linguistic expert believes that the difference between dialects and Putonghua is mainly determined by the difference between dialects and Putonghua.
Therefore, children in northern dialect areas generally have no problem learning Putonghua after kindergarten; however, children in southern dialect areas, such as Cantonese and Minnan dialect areas, do have some problems in learning Mandarin after kindergarten.
As for the order of learning, experts say it is still to see the degree of correlation between dialects and Putonghua. People in northern dialect areas can teach children dialects at any time. But it is hard to say in the south. If you teach too early, it will affect childrens Putonghua; if you teach too late, it will be very difficult for children to learn.
If the difference is not big, the order of study is natural. At the same time, teaching is no problem. Therefore, parents in northern dialect areas need not worry too much about the order of dialect and Mandarin learning. Moreover, when childrens social experience accumulates to a certain extent, they will notice the difference in language use at home and abroad - they can speak dialect at home, and they will automatically switch to Putonghua in kindergarten or school.
In fact, Putonghua and dialects and Chinese English are similar in language learning. Some dialects are even more difficult to learn than foreign languages. Therefore, parents can flexibly teach their children language, and do not have to worry that learning two languages at the same time will make children confused.
For Chinese people, dialect is the flavor of hometown and the carrier of emotion to hometown. We advocate teaching children proper dialects. When and how to teach them depends on the parents educational methods and childrens acceptance ability.
1. Lin Yuanyuan, Zhang Yiwen, Liu Xueman, Lee Wendy. The influence of family dialect environment on childrens language development. Department of developmental behavior, Shanghai Childrens Medical Center affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University Medical School, American Center for sound, hearing and speech, School of behavioral and brain sciences, University of Texas, Dallas. 2020