Abstract: with the help of a case of panic disorder, this paper explains the mechanism of neurosis by the emotional reaction and behavior caused by the disharmony between nature and acquired cognition, which plays a positive role in the formation of neurosis and patients understanding of their own conditions.
Key words: innate function cognitive recessive demand neurosis
Nature is a living goal set by man. It exists in our life as the motive force of life in the state of unconsciousness. Whether we know it or not, it serves as a potential direction to guide us towards these goals.
1. Satisfy yourself
With the skin as the boundary, everything inside the skin is called me. Self is an independent and equal individual, which sets the direction of existence for oneself. Corresponding to it are various needs to be met by people.
The first thing I want to maintain is my life state, that is, to meet my own physiological needs and safety.
Obviously, this is not enough. As an individual, I have my boundaries. Dont touch me, dont disturb me.
Like everyone else, I am a complete person. I also want to embody my value and show my existence through my own actions. While enjoying group support, they also have their own contributions. Before I had no capacity to act, being loved was my value and my reason to enjoy unconditional help.
I exist in the body, in space, in an autonomous life, in a valuable life. Thats what the ego wants to achieve.
Curiosity is the tendency of people to pay attention to and explore the new, abnormal and unknown things. It is also the internal motivation for people to learn, seek knowledge and understand the external world. It is a necessary condition for self existence. Without it, man will have nothing to know or gain from the world.
In order to satisfy ourselves, we must understand the world, make use of it and make use of it. The satisfaction of curiosity is the process of using our own resources to obtain the information of external resources. It comes from the full use and cooperation of our senses, minds and limbs.
3. Seek advantages and avoid disadvantages
Pursuing advantages and avoiding disadvantages is the internal motivation of taking corresponding measures to satisfy self with the support of feeling, emotion and rational cognition.
On the premise of satisfying ourselves, we constantly understand the objective world. And the world is not all good for us, some are even threatening. We will reserve the factors that meet the needs of our nature. It includes the accumulation of knowledge, the reserve of material, the improvement of behavior ability and the establishment of support relationship. We will also take corresponding measures to transform or avoid the factors that threaten us.
Nature provides us with some directions, and function is the comprehensive support system we provide to realize these directions.
Sensation is mainly responsible for providing information about physiological needs. To meet their own physiological needs and safety, people need food, water and other substances to provide energy, need to maintain a suitable temperature for survival, need to maintain health and so on. How can we know what we need, when and how much? The feeling will tell us.
Hungry: prompt me to eat.
Thirsty: prompt me to drink water.
Cold, hot: prompt me to meet the survival temperature of the body.
Pain: indicates where I am injured and other health conditions.
There is also a sense of balance and other body feelings that provide information for themselves, so that the newborn child can clearly understand their own needs.
The feeling is relatively comfortable and uncomfortable. The feeling that does not meet the living conditions is not comfortable, and the feeling conforming to the living conditions is comfortable. The transformation from discomfort to comfort is also a process of pursuing advantages and avoiding disadvantages supported by feelings. If hunger is more comfortable than full, and cold is more comfortable than warm, it is difficult for people to protect themselves.
People also have vision, hearing, smell, taste, touch and other functions. It is the ability of people to identify the characteristics of objective things by using the senses. It includes all information about the shape, shape, color, sound, smell, taste and other physical properties of objective things.
Anger: dissatisfaction when you are violated, body energy accumulation, and aggressive behavior may occur.
Anxiety: when we have more than two needs, we are in a dilemma and other reactions. It can also be a demand, a response when we weigh which way is more likely to satisfy ourselves. Support us to mobilize our potential and make quick decisions.
Panic: an emotional response to a threat in an unknown direction. Energy accumulation, usually the act of running around.
Memory is the process of storing information and memory is the process of extracting information. Memory is the function of human brain to store, mark and reproduce the received information. It is the basis of peoples cognition of the world.
Some things will gradually appear in the memory of our growth or repetition. Memory makes us not to repeat what we have learned, which greatly saves the cost of survival.
When the appearance of something constantly urges you to produce specific emotions, through memory, the relatively stable emotional memory of this thing is what we call emotion. Emotion is relatively stable and lasting than emotion. Emotions can be described as happiness, emotions can be described as happiness. Emotion can be described as gratitude, emotion can be described as gratitude. Emotion can be described as like, emotion can be described as love.
From birth, infants have instinctive sucking behavior, instinctive shouting behavior when in need, and instinctive grasping behavior in weightlessness. These are abilities that are not dominated by consciousness and need not be learned. Together with the acquired action and language, it becomes the most direct behavior ability to meet the needs of nature.
Nature points out the survival direction for us, and the function provides us with support system. Through postnatal growth, we get the knowledge of the world, which plays a decisive role in our future life.
1. The formation of cognition
Cognition is different from nature. Nature is unconscious, and cognition is through consciousness, that is, the traces of feelings, emotions and other memories we get through personal experience.
Recognition is the process of memory, and knowledge is the guiding belief that we refine by classifying, reasoning, verifying and confirming memory. It is the result of perceptual knowledge rising to rational knowledge. After the formation of cognition, we all guide our activities according to these beliefs.
Nature gives us generality, while cognition gives us individuality. We grow up in the environment of the original family and form our basic cognition in this environment. Cognition inevitably has the mode of original family, which reflects the subjects central consciousness and directional cognition, which is suitable for the subjects survival experience. After the formation of cognition, we basically rely on experience to face the objective things. Obviously, each feature has its own pros and cons. Experience has helped us a lot, but it may also limit us.
The repetition of fate is the result of faith. We get such beliefs in practice, and then use them in all our social activities in the future, so we will get the same results.
However, such a belief, like its formation, can still be shaken by the touch of major emotional events. This kind of vacillation is the new experience that our operation and management get with the current emotion. Such beliefs can still be shaken through self-awareness. This kind of vacillation is the result of our reexamination, verification and promotion.
In the process of growing up, we get some cognition about the rationality and feasibility of self-demand, which provides us with new life goals. Among them, the goal contrary to the natural needs makes our natural needs negated. The natural needs excluded from consciousness by cognition are recessive needs.
The rationality of demand is the cognition of self influence in cognition, because it is about the cognition of direction and goal. As for the rationality of the need of nature, we know at birth that it is our nature and exists in our life. And the cognition we get in practice may be improved on the basis of our natural needs, which makes our task more arduous. It may make our natural needs be negated and less. It may increase our demand, and sometimes even provide the opposite direction.
For example, natural needs tell us that its right to have our own preferences, while cognition tells us to listen to our parents, and parents preferences are right. For example, natural needs tell us to do our own things well and be responsible for our own survival, while cognition tells us that we must be outstanding, and the first is our direction. For example, nature tells us to maintain our own boundaries, while cognition tells us that if we are wrong, we will be beaten.
As the direction of our survival, whether cognition meets the needs of human nature is an important factor to determine whether we have conflicts.
One of the characteristics of neurosis is that the realistic goal is inconsistent with emotion and behavior. Take anxiety hair as an example, to see where the abnormal, why abnormal.
1. Anxiety attack
Anxiety attack is the sudden appearance of some strong anxiety emotion in certain environment, and it shows in the form of out of control, which makes us at a loss.
2. Expectation anxiety
Anxiety attack is a big enough emotional event, which can form new cognition.
As a kind of injury, anxiety attack itself becomes a real threat, which makes us worry. When we think that this is a kind of pain without cause, we think that there is no reason to cause our pain, and this cognition is wrong. This false perception forms our anticipatory anxiety. The fundamental reason is that we cant understand the factor that causes our anxiety, that is, what our own dissatisfaction is.
Anxiety attack is not good for us, we will worry about the next time, and nervous. In order to protect ourselves from anxiety attacks, we take defensive measures such as withdrawal. This seemingly abnormal behavior is not abnormal. Because anyone can not understand a threat, will be careful, try to avoid the threat.
Realistic anxiety is an emotional response with a goal but no definite measures. Neurotic anxiety is aimless, and of course there is no measure of emotional response. In fact, there is no emotion for no reason. Emotion is the response of whether the objective things meet the needs.
3. Fear of place
If weve had anxiety attacks in some places. Then, we believe that these places cause our anxiety and avoid some places. This is a wrong cognition, and phobia is the fear of recognizing the wrong threat, and it is the disunity of goal, emotion and behavior. As a result of the new cognition, these places can indeed trigger our anxiety attacks. This misconception forms our fear of place.
The new understanding can make our pain seem to have a reasonable explanation, and give us some comfort. Like the unknown is more disturbing than a conviction.
We should protect ourselves from the harm of these places. We adopt defense such as avoidance and retreat, which is an abnormal behavior. And what we do with these injuries is not unusual.
4. Where is the anomaly
We re-examine these processes and find that our abnormal emotions and abnormal behaviors are reasonable in addition to our wrong cognition. So these false perceptions come from implicit needs. This is not recognized by the consciousness of natural needs are not met, we have anxiety, is like many people, when dissatisfaction.
Although we are guided by our own misconceptions, we want to protect our own ideas and make the best choices for ourselves. Protecting yourself, of course, is better than forcing yourself to suffer. So in a way, mental disorders are the healthiest group of people.
Its normal not to be understood because we dont know whats wrong with us.
No matter what measures are taken, they are protecting themselves from suffering as much as possible. Just like taking medicine is also to fight anxiety, they play the same role. Is it abnormal to take medicine.
5. Emotion, general psychological problems and neurosis
We dont take some measures to meet our actual needs.
The general psychological problem is the emotional response to understand ones own needs, but at the level of consciousness, affected by the cognition of the feasibility of the need. Usually, they are easy to be restrained by emotions, and their behaviors are more passive or intense.
Neurosis is a demand that can not be satisfied and can not be recognized by consciousness. It is an emotion affected by the rationality of demand, which makes us have no corresponding behavior to satisfy ourselves. Therefore, emotion can only be released, eliminated and extinguished by itself.
6. Types of neurosis
The basic emotion of neurosis is anxiety, and the unsatisfied demand is the anxiety factor. A series of new cognition and corresponding defense brought about by this emotion form various neurosis symptoms.
Extensive anxiety and expectation anxiety are the results of anxiety caused by unmet implicit needs. The possible defenses are retreat, evasion, etc.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is the result that anxiety without direction cant work when implicit needs are not met. The possible defense to relieve anxiety is ritual compensation.
Phobia is the effect of disoriented fear. The possible defenses are substitution, diversion, etc.
Anxiety attack is no direction of anxiety, when out of control, in a violent way to release. The defense that may be used is retrogression, etc.
Hysteria is no direction when anger gets out of control and is released in a violent way. The possible defenses are diversion, substitution, etc.
7. Know yourself
In the process of growing up, we form our cognition, which makes our natural needs unsatisfied, and constantly arouse our emotions and make us miserable. Everyone has emotions. All emotions are reasonable. Emotions tell us that there is still dissatisfaction.
We have experienced deeper emotions. Its not a disease. Its a function. Anyone in the face of an unidentified and unmanageable threat will have such emotions. It will appear when anyone needs to. It reminds us of the degree and importance of our needs in a strong way.
What we can do is to relearn about the needs of nature, to understand the content of nature at the level of consciousness, to understand the neglected demand of nature, and to understand what is our legitimate right. We will find the hidden need that triggers our emotions. Because it is not in our consciousness level, even if we see it, we do not know that it belongs to our reasonable needs. Just as we are anxious about a lost item, we want to find it but dont know it.
Psychological barriers, the most sorry is themselves, it has increased many difficulties. However, we take on what we have experienced, which makes us more tolerant.
Knowledge comes from our life, and of course it serves us. Psychotherapy is the understanding of the truth. There is only truth here, no cheating. Medicine, as a means to help us relieve our pain, has really helped us a lot. However, some words are relatively professional, which may make people feel unpredictable or even more worried. As a kind of periodical assistance, drugs can relieve peoples pain, but they cant make us see the truth.
We understand these, understand ourselves, symptoms, obstacles, and so on. It is just the dissatisfaction of needs that leads to relevant emotions, related forms of expression and related behaviors. We can, of course, relearn about our natural needs, which exist in our consciousness and will give us great support.
Dialogue on the feeling of interpretation of neurosis
After reading the little interpretation of neurosis, I felt that it was concise but not simple, profound but obscure, fluent and relieved. If you give me some comments, I think: This is a very professional and complete theory of neurosis. For ordinary people, it is a good article that makes people feel profound and easy to read. Based on what I know about you, this highly professional article is written with personal experience and soul. Its amazing!
In this so-called highly civilized world, no matter who you are, no matter who has suffered from neurosis or relatively healthy people, we must face one of the ultimate courses of life know yourself. Whoever knows himself more clearly will live and talk calmly. I think, small should be in the trend of this realm.
You said, although we are guided by our own misconceptions, we want to protect our own ideas and make the best choices for ourselves. Protecting yourself, of course, is better than forcing yourself to suffer. So in a way, mental disorders are the healthiest group of people I seriously agree with it. I once wrote about this point of view in the sick and healthy people.
The seventh know yourself of the article describes or summarizes your growth experience, which also has healing function for others.
In short, to congratulate the small growth, you are a very talented you!
Thank you, Mr. bear. Its my luck to know you. My requirements are relatively high. The counselors in my eyes should respect, understand and trust clients. They should be talented and have high IQ. All these are what you have. I need recognition and a sense of achievement, but its not what ordinary people can give me, so I care about your evaluation, as if its my exam score.
Im not professional in psychology. Writing is my weakness. I think science is better. Maybe this is the article written by the head of science. I think the content is very good.
As for self, people like me really have a lot of prejudice. Now I dont have all the rights and responsibilities to understand myself. Its just the place where I untie it. The nature of my writing is not comprehensive. I want to know more about myself, just as I wanted to give myself an account. This process is really difficult, but I think that it is not in vain for people to live and understand themselves. Otherwise, it is like a machine, which is controlled by family consciousness. But theres not much you can do. Take your time.
Thank you, Mr. Xiong, for respecting a client in his busy schedule.
Thank you for your high recognition of me. One thing I am like you: we have a high standard for those who recognize us. We will feel that we are recognized by those we admire and have a sense of joy and profound value. From the psychological point of view, it is the self-determination that we exist or have obtained enough narcissism - Pride and self-confidence. This is healthy narcissism.
In addition, I have an idea: I wrote a little reading of neurosis (including my impressions). If you agree, I would like to put it on my website and blog to be shared by more people. See if you want to?
OK, I can send it. Im very happy. Im a little worried that my words are not accurate. Narcissism blinds me and I dont know who I really am. If narcissism becomes a kind of real learning, thats great. A pile of empty things become real, that feeling. Thank you, Mr. bear!
Xiong Ling: in fact, I want to thank you for your interpretation of neurosis and the sharing of real feelings. The expression of real feelings is a valuable exchange, and sharing experience is also a valuable spirit in the world. But not everyone can. Thank you, little!