In 1980, 16 Zimbabwean girls beat Austria 4-1 at the Dinamo arena in Moscow to win the first gold medal in womens hockey in Olympic history.
This is not just to say, the strongest nature has the strongest truth.
All the 16 players in the competition are amateurs. Secondly, they form a temporary team 35 days before the competition. If this is not the strongest, then look at their careers on weekdays.
An amateur team of housewives, bank clerks, secretaries and librarians began their first joint practice 35 days before the competition, but in the formal competition, they beat the strong players one after another to reach the top.
All this starts with the boycott of the Moscow Olympics.
1980 Moscow Summer Olympic Games
Unexpected gold medal
On December 24, 1979, on Christmas Eve, the Soviet Union sent troops to Afghanistan.
The causes of the war are very complicated, but the direct result is that the Soviet Union, which is in the middle of the US Soviet struggle for hegemony, has become the target of international public opinion.
Half a year later, the upcoming Moscow Olympic Games became the victims of this war. The United States took the lead in withdrawing from the Olympic Games. European countries such as Britain, France and Germany only sent small-scale teams to participate in the games, and refused to hold their own national flag and play their national anthem in the Olympic Games.
Newsweek cover in January 1980: should we boycott the Olympics?
Under the political haze, the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games became the Olympic Games with the least athletes and the lowest gold content in history, and almost became the self congratulation of the Soviet Union and the East.
At the last moment when the womens hockey match was about to collapse, the International Olympic Committee focused on Zimbabwe, an African country that had just declared its independence in April 1980.
Independence day of Zimbabwe
On balance, Zimbabwe only agreed to send a womens hockey team to solve the urgent needs of the International Olympic Committee, and by the way, mix a familiar face.
At that time, no one really thought that this loser team would win. There were girls who liked to play hockey under the last White regime in Zimbabwe, but these amateurs never participated in regular competitions.
Zimbabwe womens hockey team
But at the request of the state, the white girls were brought back on the stage to fight for the country, only 35 days before the opening of the Olympic Games.
When the new regime was established in 1980, the whole country was destitute. In order to allow these girls to compete abroad, the Zimbabwean government first sent them to Zambia, and then changed the route from Zambia to Angola, which found a small aircraft to transport frozen meat by air.
Later, team leader grant recalled the scene, she said: the stench in the plane is really bad, there is no seat in the whole plane, all of us sit on the floor, fasten the seat belts that we dont know whether it is safe, and then fly to an unknown country.
At the beginning of independence, Zimbabwe was destitute.
After coming to Moscow, the fate of the team is still unknown, but the test has begun. In order to adapt to international competitions as soon as possible, Zimbabwean womens music has held a series of warm-up matches with local teams. However, they had never seen a standard Hockey Stadium at first. No one in the team had ever heard of hockey and special shoes. When they stepped on the field for the first time, they were ridiculed by their opponents: ignorant country bumpkin.
All of us were upset at the time and we never expected ourselves to win even one of the games, player chick later recalled. We all think of ourselves as a certain loser, a minor supporting role
Perhaps because of this, Zimbabwes amateur team seems to have let go of all its burdens. On July 25, Zimbabwe ushered in their first game in Olympic history, with pat McKillop opening the record for the team; then pat Davis, Linda Watson and Liz Chase also scored one goal each. Zimbabwe beat Poland 4-0.
After the victory over Poland, Zimbabwean womens songs embraced each other.
After the game, Zimbabwe President Mugabes wife personally came to the dressing room to congratulate the girls, she was excited to shout: if you can win the championship, everyone in the team can get a cow as a reward.
All of us were in a daze at that time, and it took us a long time to wake up: the championship was not out of reach.
In the subsequent competition, relying on fearless struggle and a bit of luck, Zimbabwe reached the top podium after 4-1 victory over Austria.
It was a great feeling. All of a sudden everyone began to notice us, they started to pay attention to Zimbabwe, and every journalist in the newsroom wanted to interview us. One night, 16 girls in Zimbabwe became household names from nobody. They didnt even have a pair of sports shoes when they came. Before leaving, the 16 girls stepped into the Kremlin to receive an interview with the supreme leader of the Soviet Union.
After returning to Zimbabwe, the girls were welcomed as never before. President Mugabe personally met them at the airport and gave them a resounding Title: golden girls.
People across the country welcomed them. Although they didnt have a television and couldnt see the girls winning moment, almost all Zimbabweans heard the last exciting match on the radio.
Like the Chinese womens volleyball team in those years, Zimbabwean womens music also became the pronoun of their fighting spirit at that time.
However, the good times did not last long, because soon there was no peace in Zimbabwe. President Robert Mugabe, who once dreamed that white British descendants and African indigenous blacks could live in harmony in Zimbabwe, was soon defeated by reality.
At this point, we have to mention that Rhodesia, the predecessor of Zimbabwe, is a racist government with white supremacy. When the British white people came to the African continent, they signed unequal land treaties with the tribal leaders of Zimbabwe, occupying most of the land in Zimbabwe. And issued a declaration of independence, declaring the establishment of Rhodesia.
In the Hollywood movie blood diamond, Leonardo plays the Rhodesia businessman
It is reported that at that time, the per capita GDP of white Zimbabweans was far higher than that of Britain, and a European upper class society was completely rebuilt in Africa.
Urban construction in Rhodesia
However, such a huge gap between the rich and the poor quickly attracted the local black peoples dissatisfaction. At that time, the white farmers in Zimbabwe employed some black coolies, which were almost the private property of the white farmers. In other words, the government does not care about the lives of these black people.
White police abuse black people in Zimbabwe
At first, the black people suspected that the land taken away by the white colonists was the most fertile land, and the land left for them was not only small but also barren.
With the support of the international community, Zimbabwean Aboriginal black people began to organize guerrillas and began to fight with the weapons of Chinese aid. Even the struggle strategy was encircling the city from the countryside.
The armed forces of the white government are not willing to be outdone, but interestingly, at that time, there were a large number of black people in the private armed forces of white farmers. They volunteered to fight for white employers. In their minds, there was no so-called racial discrimination. They had an employment relationship with the farmers, and they even appreciated the rich white people for giving them a meal.
Black people in Rhodesia
But in 1979, all this changed. Under the British governments auspices, representatives of the white government of Rhodesia and the black representatives of the African peoples Union had a negotiation, which completely changed the fate of Zimbabwe.
At the beginning of 1980, Zimbabwe held a national parliamentary election, and the African peoples Union led by black leader Robert Mugabe won a complete victory. At this point, Zimbabwe has completely ended the White regime, and the indigenous black people have become the real leaders of their own homeland.
Mugabe and Margaret Thatcher
Mugabes initial political ideal is to build an African country where black and white people coexist harmoniously. Like Mandela in South Africa, Mugabe himself is a victim of racial discrimination and he hates racism.
In this context, the white girl went out on behalf of Zimbabwe and was warmly welcomed by the people of the whole country after returning home.
But soon, things changed.
Mugabe, who was honored as a treasure, could not easily lead a life as a local emperor. The most difficult and urgent problem he faced was the survival of black Zimbabweans.
When the white government was in power, the black people were not in their consideration. Now, when the black people become masters, they must give an account to the black people. The original pattern of white farmers + Black long-term workers can no longer be continued. After the land reform negotiated with the British government did not produce obvious results, Mugabe started a comprehensive and rapid land reform, which classified the land owned by white farmers as illegal gains and distributed them to the local black aborigines after violence.
The white farmer was stopped outside his estate
As a direct result of this policy, Zimbabwes white farmers were driven away in large numbers, and the Mugabe government, which had hoped for racial harmony, took out guns at white farmers who did not want to leave.
In order to better implement the land reform policy, the Mugabe government began to vigorously advocate colonial hatred, publicized the white peoples various evils in the colonial era, and encouraged the landless black people to occupy the white farms.
Many generations of hungry black aborigines began to rush into the farms, smash, burn and kill. These behaviors, which should have been punished by law, were listed in the fuzzy zone. Most of the white farmers began to flee, but some white people who were unwilling to hand over their land were killed (at the same time, black long-term workers who swore allegiance to white farmers were also killed).
Injured white Zimbabwean farmer
By 2000, Zimbabwe had confiscated 1200 white farms, large and small, across the country, but it had not had the effect that Mugabe hoped. The Negroes who got the land did not live a prosperous life as expected. In the final analysis, the reason was that the expelled white ranchers held more advanced technology and more suitable methods. They did not and did not want to leave it to the black people who occupied the land.
At that time, almost all the white girls of 16 Zimbabwean womens songs were involved in the cruel land reform. Their parents were once aristocrats of Zimbabwe. Now, faced with government policies, most of them choose to flee with their families. Some of them have fled to South Africa, and others have disappeared completely.
The Times reported the whereabouts of these 16 girls in 2008. Most of them emigrated to South Africa, which is more friendly to white people. A few of them settled in Australia and New Zealand. The youngest of the 16, boxhar, had no news since the year when he returned to Zimbabwe. Only three of them chose to stay in Zimbabwe for life.
Absurdly, after the failure of land reform, the government began to call on the forced white people to return to Zimbabwe to build their homes, and promised to pay them a series of compensation.
There was a video on the Internet of local black Zimbabweans crying and welcoming white employers back. Black people were willing to redistribute their land and create wealth together. But in the eyes of white farmers, everything has changed.
The return of white farmers to Zimbabwe was warmly welcomed by the local people
When I went back to the land I used to be, it was as barren as my bald bald bald head. Dave, a white Zimbabwean farmer, said in an interview with the BBC that he said about 3000 white people had fled Zimbabwe that year, and more than 600 of them had already passed away and could no longer be compensated by the government.
Now he has to rent part of his land to grow some potatoes and corn: its hard to imagine that Im 72 years old and have to start all over again without a pension.
Dave went back to his farm and found it was barren
Black Freud was killed by the white police, which caused a great stir in the United States. Almost all the people began to support the black peoples equal rights, and the March derived from it was almost changed.
Racism has never been the discrimination of white people standing at the top of the food chain. It is more like a cycle, spreading the seeds of hatred among people of different races and colors.