After the Barcelona Olympic Games, the release of doves of peace has been transformed into an art form. At the opening ceremony of the 1994 Lillehammer Winter Olympic Games, the organizers replaced pigeons with white balloons. However, the Organizing Committee of Lillehammer Olympic Games did not re expose the scars of Seoul, but said that it was too cold to let doves fly peacefully; at the opening ceremony of the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games, the projection of pigeons was played; at the 2012 London Olympic Games, 75 actors were specially asked to paste on their bodies LED lights, dressed as pigeons riding bicycles into the arena.
As early as 1970, Spain, which achieved rapid economic growth, set the goal of bidding for the Olympic Games, hoping to enhance its national reputation. Initially, Spain wanted to host it in Madrid, not Barcelona. But at that time, Spain was still under the rule of Franco, the government reputation was not good, Madrid has not been recognized by the representatives of all countries, so the application office in 1972 certainly failed.
Finally, in 1972, the Munich massacre took place. The IOC began to attach importance to the security capabilities of potential bidders. A year later, Spanish Prime Minister Luis Blanco was bombed and killed by the Basque separatist terrorist organization ETA in Madrid. Considering that one of the very important indicators for the International Olympic Organizing Committee to assess the bidding country is whether the situation in the host city is stable, Madrid will not be able to compete for the Olympic Games.
Luis Blanco, Francos right arm
At that time, ETA buried an excessive amount of explosives to ensure that Blanco could be killed, which was extremely powerful
However, it was a blessing in disguise. Since then, both the Montreal Olympics and the Moscow Olympics have lost money (Montreal lost $2.4 billion, Moscow lost $1.3 billion), and Spains enthusiasm to bid for the Olympics has naturally cooled down.
Barcelonas Catalonia was always oppressed under Francos rule, and even lost its status as an autonomous region. It was not until 1979 that autonomy was restored. Catalonias local government also hopes to revive Barcelonas economy by bidding for the Olympic Games, so as to make the Mediterranean pearl shine again. In addition, 1992 marks the 500th anniversary of Columbuss discovery of the new continent, which makes the Olympic Games particularly important to the Spanish government.
Picasso: dove of peace
On July 25, 1992, Barcelona Olympic Games opened. At that time, 172 countries in the world attended the opening ceremony. All the former heads of state of the Spanish colonies also attended the opening ceremony, such as Fidel Castro, the supreme leader of Cuba. There were many performances with the theme of praising Columbus at the opening ceremony. In order to avoid these performances generating colonialist ideas and stimulating the American countries, these performances were finally removed.
Tennis player ivanisevic leads Croatia as a chess player
At 10:40 p.m., the exciting time came. After entering the stadium, the Olympic flame reached the hand of Spanish basketball player ePPI. He turned around and lit the arrow cluster on the hand of Spanish Paralympic Olympic mobilization Antonio rebollo. Rapolo, who could only move in a wheelchair, stood up at this time. This scene left tears for many Spaniards present. The American media described that rapolo was as great as Roosevelt was to the American people, and unprecedented in the hearts of Spaniards.. Facing the torch tower, rapolo could only hear the music. After aiming for a few seconds, rapolo shot the most wonderful arrow in the Olympic history. Then the arrow flew into the torch tower in peoples eyes, the flame was lit, and there was a hot cheering sound in the field.
This scene was later called the most wonderful ignition ceremony in the history of the Olympic Games by the International Olympic Committee. Later, Olympic director Olga explained many details of the ignition ceremony. For example, when he ignited, he only kept one stand, that is, the stand facing the torch tower, which left the audience with a bunch of arrows flying into the torch tower. But in fact, the arrowhead does not need to shoot the torch, because the torch tower has already released combustible gas, which can be ignited by igniting the combustible gas around the torch tower through the arrow cluster.
This angle is clear. Before the arrow falls into the torch, the torch has been lit
When asked why the Olympic flame should be lit in this way, ulga said that he hoped that the arrow would not only light the Olympic flame, but also the worlds peace and hope. All in all, peace became the theme of the Olympic Games. The Olympic Games also won high praise for its unique ignition ceremony, wonderful artistic performance and profound connotation.
All the directors of the opening ceremony had to dig their brains and come up with all kinds of wonderful ways to light the torch, thanks to Hitler. Coincidentally, there is also a relationship with Barcelona.
However, it may not have occurred to Hitler that two years later he became the German prime minister and the Nazi Party became the ruling party of Germany. In 1933, the International Olympic Committee was about to hold a meeting in Vienna, Austria. After Hitler learned that, he decided to contact with the International Olympic Committee after listening to the opinions of Dr. Albert Speyer, the German economic leader at that time. A few months later, Garmisch pattenkirchen of Germany won the right to host the 1936 Winter Olympics.
The reason why Hitlers attitude has changed 180 degrees is that he and Speyer proposed that the Olympic Games can not only help Germany improve its national reputation and witness its economic development, but also let Europe see Germanys peaceful rise. Hitler, on the other hand, believed that many of his political ideas and ambitions could also be shown to the world through the Olympic Games. The head of state believes that if the Aryans are invincible through sports, then there is no need to start a war, and the world can be forced to recognize the superiority of our nations bloodline, wrote Speers autobiography inside the third empire.
But Hitlers speech at home was still full of private goods. For example, when he gave a speech to teenagers in Germany, he said: compared with bullets and shells, sports is a good way to defeat the weak, the despicable and the Jews spiritually. In addition, he strongly opposed the participation of black athletes and Jews in the Olympic Games when he first met with the then president of the International Olympic Committee, Latour, however, strongly said that if Hitler continued to impose his anti Semitic ideas on the Olympic Games, it would not exclude the transfer of the Olympic Games to other countries, and the United States also proposed to move the Olympic Games to Rome, Italy, in 1935. So Hitler gave up for a while.
However, this kind of anti Semitism still exists. Wolfgang felstner, the German officer in charge of the construction of the Olympic Village, is doomed. On September 15, 1935, Germany issued the infamous Nuremberg act. All non Aryans will no longer be German citizens, and their citizenship will be deprived. In addition, the act defines a person as Jewish if all or three of his four grandparents are Jewish. Feilstner met this standard. After the delivery of the Olympic Village, feilstner was demoted and his credit was counted on another German officer.
On the other hand, Hitler still used the Olympic Games to disguise Taiping. He even established the socialist Sports Youth League of imperial countries, which aims to promote the participation of German youth in sports. Such a national led youth sports organization brought many positive comments to Hitler at that time. In 1936, more than 20000 sports were newly established in Germany At that time, German teenagers also had unprecedented enthusiasm for sports. Even Coubertin, the father of the Olympic Games, said that Hitler played an important role in the development of sports. From todays perspective, many German sports associations were driven by that upsurge.
On July 20, 1936, the German Olympic Organizing Committee successfully collected the flame in Olympia. After that, the flame was delivered in Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Austria and Czechoslovakia. In the Second World War, these countries were either drawn into the axis camp or invaded by the axis countries. The first Olympic torch relay became the enclosure movement to divide the sphere of influence.
The staff at the opening ceremony were all pretty men and women who had been carefully selected. The most attractive one was the torchbearer Fritz schilgen, who was responsible for lighting the main torch. He was the 5000 meter bronze medal winner of the 1930 International University Games. When selecting the torchbearer, Hitler met schilgen at a glance. In his eyes, schilgens figure was what Aryans should have, Hitler even affectionately called him my beautiful man. In this way, silvan wrote his name in the history of the Olympic Games and became the first person to light the Olympic torch.
Even Coubertin praised Hitler as a great man and a practitioner of the Olympic spirit. The 1940 Olympic Games were held in Japan. We have the ability to let our people go to Japan in airships to watch the games and cheer for our athletes, Hitler said arrogantly. But I can assure you that the games of 1944 and beyond will be held in Berlin forever. Hitlers ambition can be seen from these words. Three years later, before the 1940 Tokyo Olympic Games, Hitler plunged the whole world into a smoke of gunpowder.
When it comes to the Berlin Olympic Games, we have to mention Jesse Owens. The American media have been trying to make up for how Jesse Owens hit Hitler in the face with his excellent results. But they never mentioned that although Hitler was very angry, he didnt show a sense of laziness to Jesse Owens, and still stood up to salute Jesse Owens. Jesse Owens himself later said, Hitler didnt show me disrespect. Instead, President Roosevelt didnt show me any respect. He didnt even send me a telegram of congratulations (Roosevelt sent telegrams to all the white players).
Although Jesse Owens won the championship, the story of friendly competition between him and Lu Lang was well-known. Although he lost to Jesse Owens in the long jump, he was runner up, but his act of teaching his long jump experience to Jesse Owens at the scene of the competition won the applause of all the audience. But in the early days, Lutz Lang almost became an Olympic torch bearer, probably because he was not as tall as silgen, and Lutz Lang was not a torch bearer.
Lutz Langs fate seems to be full of misery and injustice. After failing to be the Olympic torch bearer and the Olympic gold medal, he was drafted into the army and sent to Italy (only winning the gold medal can exempt him from military service). On July 10, 1943, he was arrested by the allies in Sicily. He was not treated as well as he had been with Jesse Owens. On July 13, 1943, he and 73 other unarmed prisoners of war were killed by the US army without trial. They were only 30 years old. The flame of his destiny, which had been kindled by the movement, was extinguished. Source: Houchang village sports team Author: Yokohama Feiyi editor in charge: Zhou Juntao_ NS4573
Lutz Langs fate seems to be full of misery and injustice. After failing to be the Olympic torch bearer and the Olympic gold medal, he was drafted into the army and sent to Italy (only winning the gold medal can exempt him from military service). On July 10, 1943, he was arrested by the allies in Sicily. He was not treated as well as he had been with Jesse Owens. On July 13, 1943, he and 73 other unarmed prisoners of war were killed by the US army without trial. They were only 30 years old. The flame of his destiny, which had been kindled by the movement, was extinguished.