One question: why does India get along badly with its neighbors?

 One question: why does India get along badly with its neighbors?

In the past decades, there have been three large-scale wars and one small-scale war between India and Pakistan. Since the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, relations between the two countries have been in a state of hostility and tension for most of the time due to the Kashmir issue. In the mid January 2016 issue of India today weekly, modi was cautiously optimistic about the neighbor first policy launched by modi: the foreign policy of neighbor first is moving forward on the right path. On the issue of Pakistan, modi has gained the reputation of openness and flexibility. This provides him with more options when dealing with relations with Pakistan. Most importantly, Modi is learning how to deal with Pakistan, and knows who to deal with: in Pakistan, the army has the final say; for Pakistan, Kashmir is very important; the interests of all the different interests in Pakistan are different. But in the past few years, India Pakistan relations have not improved significantly. In February 2019, a number of Indian military aircraft flew over the actual control line of Kashmir region to launch air strikes against Pakistan, which led to air war between the two countries, which once worried international public opinion that the fourth India Pakistan war was imminent.

India is paying for modis short-sighted China strategy! BIM bhuttel, an international relations scholar at Kathmandu University in Nepal, wrote on the website of the Asian times on June 17, reminding Indian Prime Minister modi that those who do not remember the past are doomed to repeat it. And a month ago, BIM Buttel wrote about modis neighbor first fiasco in Nepal.. During his five years in office, modi visited Nepal four times in a row and in a uproar, but the relationship between the two countries has reached a new record low, he wrote. In Kathmandus view, India is trying to expand its core interests while suffering in Nepal. The article mentions that two landmark events have brought Nepal India relations to the bottom: the first one is after Nepal experienced a huge earthquake in April 2015, because the new constitution of Nepal is different from Indias opinion, India has imposed a material embargo on Nepal, while most of Nepals fuel oil, gas and other materials need to be imported from India, and Indias embargo has a great impact on Nepals peoples livelihood; the second one is India The construction of roads in karapani region has damaged Nepals territorial sovereignty, and the new map released by Nepal has become the indispensable weapon to fight back against India. BIM btel concluded that under the banner of Hindu revivalism, modis foreign policy in neighboring countries had collapsed. India has been trying to persuade its immediate neighbors and allies to support its efforts to promote the reform of the UN Security Council so as to seek to become a permanent member, he concluded. However, a country that does not respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of small States runs counter to the spirit of the Charter of the United Nations. The international community will be keen to observe Indias loss of soft power as a result of its border dispute with Nepal.

There are also some reflections in India. Indias economic times said in a June 19 commentary entitled when tensions were brewing between China and India, modi found that neighboring countries remained silent. if modi wanted to gain general support from his neighbors in the face of the most important diplomatic challenges, he was wrong. The article holds that modi has been taking bold measures to build a strong image in dealing with the difficult relations between neighboring countries for a long time, but now he is faced with the task of easing the tense relations with China, and needs to take a cautious route in the upsurge of nationalism enthusiasm and the search for a peaceful solution to the crisis. Modis priority of neighboring countries policy has helped India solve the Enclave problem with Bangladesh and eased relations with Sri Lanka. But the confrontation and conflict between India and the three countries at the same time in the border area shows the problem that Indias hegemonic mentality is hard to change. In addition, modi manipulates Hindu nationalism and increasingly deviates from the original intention of the priority of neighboring countries policy, which once again causes the doubts and concerns of neighboring countries and makes some long-term trade and security partners uncomfortable. For example, Bangladeshs foreign minister has been delaying a visit to India because of an amendment to the citizenship law at the end of last year.

In an interview with the global times, Khalid Rahman, director of the Islamabad Institute of policy research in Pakistan, said that transferring peoples attention to domestic focus issues through foreign military operations has become a conventional means of the BJP government led by modi. Populism is becoming a challenge for Indias development, Rahman said. No matter the BJP or other political parties, Indias elite can hardly avoid the influence of populism under the democratic system. Whats more, the Indian media is also full of populism. They carry out malicious propaganda and reports against neighboring countries, deliberately provoking peoples hostility to other countries, which makes the situation worse.

Asking a lot of money for not being a second rate country

Wang Dehua, a researcher at the Shanghai Center for international studies, told the global times that India is always in a bad relationship with its neighbors, which is related to the countrys Indian dream and its big country mentality. In the 1950s, Nehru, Indias first prime minister, said, India will either become a powerful country or disappear.. India is not willing to be a second rate country, but it does not have good relations with its neighbors. India regards Pakistan as a dead enemy, Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives, Sri Lanka and even Bangladesh as Indias backyard, and the development of relations between neighboring countries in South Asia and China as encircling India. Wang Dehua believes that Indias big country mentality is very complicated. In a private exchange with Wang Dehua, Indians said they appreciated Deng Xiaoping, the chief designer of Chinas reform and opening up policy, saying that the real Asian century will not come until China, India and some other neighboring countries develop. But some people also misinterpret that the first half of the 21st century is Chinese, and the second half is Indian.

American factors also influence Indias neighboring countries diplomacy. Maliha Lodi, a well-known Pakistani diplomat and former permanent representative to the United Nations, wrote in the dawn in early June that the increasingly obvious Anti China strategy of the United States may make India a closer economic partner of Washington, and the United States will increase its efforts to shape India as a strategic counterweight against China. In this context, the US support for New Delhi is making the latter bolder and bolder in dealing with disputes with neighboring countries.

In an interview with the global times, the chairman of Pakistans Senate Foreign Affairs Committee, mushad Hussain, said, Indias provocation to China is not only to win the favor of the west, but also to divert its peoples attention from the failure of the Indian governments foreign policy, which is caused by the failure of the Indian governments foreign policy, as well as the poor epidemic prevention and economic development s domestic predicament. Indias policy in South Asia is mainly divided into two parts: one is regional hegemonism aimed at its smaller neighbors; the other is that it is willing to be the agent of the west to contain China out of envy of Chinas development, Hussein said. India is now a hegemonic regional bully. In addition to China, India is also aggressively violating the interests of other neighboring countries such as Pakistan and Nepal. India should realize that the size of a country is not equal to its strength. It is wrong to seek to be Chinas opponent, which will be counterproductive and doomed to failure.

At present, China, Pakistan and Nepal have territorial disputes with India, which makes peace and stability in the region more complicated. Koinara, founder of Nepal International Strategic Research Center, believes that all these disputes should be resolved through dialogue, let professionals sit down and negotiate on the basis of evidence and historical facts, only in this way can we promote the resolution of the problem..

Because special relationship always wants to be big brother

India has always regarded its surrounding areas as the basis for becoming a great power, but its constant involvement in the affairs and diplomacy of neighboring countries has made Sri Lanka, Nepal and other neighboring countries uncomfortable. Some Sri Lankan scholars said that, in fact, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh and other Indias neighboring countries have paid great attention to balancing. That is to say, every project cooperated with China will give India almost the same project, but Indias efficiency is too low.

In mid June, to protest Indias construction of roads on disputed land with Nepal, Nepal adopted a new constitutional amendment to legally divide the disputed land into Nepals territory. After the adoption of the amendment, many Nepalese people held spontaneous celebrations. The territorial disputes between Nepal and India are mainly concentrated at the junction of China, Nepal and India in the northwest of Nepal, which is the liplik region, karapani region and linpiyadura region which are connected from southeast to northwest. On February 15 this year, Prime Minister Olli said in a special speech to the parliament, all historical evidence and facts show that these areas are our territory.. According to Nepalese media, until the early 1950s, the Nepalese government carried out census and other activities in the area, but with the constant encroachment of India, the area is now completely controlled by India. In 1998, the Nigerian side proposed to the Indian side a negotiation on the disputed territory, and stressed that we have not created problems, the problems are made by Indians, so Indians have the responsibility to respond to the problems.

These so-called disputed territories are of great strategic value to India, guarding the shortest distance between Chinas Tibet and Indias capital, New Delhi, abishak tapa, chairman of the Youth League of the National Democratic Party of Nepal, told the Global Times special correspondent in Nepal. Historically, India has set up 18 outposts in the border area between China and Nepal on the land of Nepal. During the reign of mahandra, the former king of Nepal, India agreed to withdraw these outposts from the land of Nepal, but the outposts in the disputed territory have not yet been withdrawn. Nepal is a land locked country, tapa said bluntly. There are only two neighboring countries, China and India. A large number of necessities need to be imported from India, which gives India an advantage in Nepal India relations, leading India to sometimes even determine our internal affairs.

Anupan, a senior journalist of Nepals national news agency, published an article on Indias foreign affairs website on June 18, which analyzed five factors driving Nepals anti India sentiment: first, India carried out three material blockades on Nepal in 1975, 1989 and 2015; second, territorial disputes between Nepal and India and the current situation of the opening of the border between Nepal and India, frequent cross-border murders by Indian forces or the Nigerian side People were blackmailed by the border forces of India; third, India vigorously publicized the fact that the Buddha was born in India in spite of the fact that the Buddha was born in Nepal; fourth, India habitually thought Nepal was a little brother, while Nepal did not think India was a big brother; Fifth, the Nepalese public believed that many agreements between Nepal and India were only beneficial to India, such as the Nepal India friendship signed in 1950 The treaty is very unpopular in Nepal and is considered by the public to be a treaty that places Nepal under the umbrella of India. When Prime Minister Prachanda visited India in 2008, he proposed to review the relevant treaties again, but there was no progress more than ten years later.

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u6056789,container:ssp_ 6056789, async:true });}) (); source: Global Times - global network editor in charge: Yao Wenguang_ NN1682