Stoppage of meat processing plants in many countries for a short time will not affect the domestic market

 Stoppage of meat processing plants in many countries for a short time will not affect the domestic market

Beijing News noted that since April this year, many well-known food enterprises in Brazil, the United States, Canada and other countries have closed some meat processing plants for the same reason.

Industry analysis, labor intensity and factory environment is one of the reasons for the frequent Recruitment of meat processing plants. The shutdown of meat processing plants in Europe and the United States will cause a chain reaction of upstream aquaculture industry and downstream sales, resulting in price fluctuations. At present, the domestic frozen product reserve is sufficient, and the partial shutdown of foreign large-scale meat enterprises should not affect the current situation of Chinas meat supply in the short term.

Clustering infection in meat processing plants in many countries

In June 17th, novel coronavirus pneumonia was found to be responsible for the 20% German meat product manufacturer, Toennies. As of June 20th local time, according to the 3130 test results released, 1029 employees in tnes had been infected with the new crown virus. Tonness said it could take two weeks to completely close the joint meat plant. Adenauer, county mayor of juteslo County, where the plant is located, said that nearly 7000 employees in tonness must be isolated.

On June 18, the Welsh Department of public health confirmed that a poultry processing plant of 2sisters, the UKs largest supermarket chicken supplier, had been shut down due to a new outbreak. At present, the factory has 58 confirmed cases, and 560 employees will be tested for new coronavirus.

Novel coronavirus pneumonia novel coronavirus pneumonia has been spreading worldwide since Germany and Britain. Meat processing plants in Brazil, the United States and Canada have been suspended for the new crown pneumonia epidemic area. Novel coronavirus pneumonia has been diagnosed by several employees since April of this year. JBSSA, the worlds largest meat processing company, has closed a poultry factory in Brazil and a beef processing plant in the United States. Food processing giants such as Smith fielder, Tyson food, Cargill group and Hemme foods have also closed some pork, beef or turkey processing plants; Canadian food processing. Shang Fengye food also shut down a poultry factory.

Novel coronavirus pneumonia is reported to be responsible for more than 3000 of the meat processing industry workers in the United States by the end of May. As of May, more than 1000 workers at meat processing plants in Europe had been diagnosed with the disease, according to Bloomberg.

Why do meat slaughterhouses become the focus of infection? The CDC report in the United States mentioned that long working hours and labor-intensive workers will lead to an increase in the infection rate, and the low temperature and strong ventilation system in the factory will also cause the efficient transmission of the new coronavirus.

Novel coronavirus pneumonia has been adopted by all the slaughterhouses in the past, but Zhu Zengyong has a certain preventive measure for employees, said Zhu Zengyong, an associate researcher at Beijing Institute of animal husbandry and veterinary research. This situation has nothing to do with whether they are processing pork, poultry or seafood, but with the overall situation of local epidemic prevention and control.

High industrial concentration is more vulnerable to the epidemic

Meat processing has always been an important link in the industrial chain, and the shutdown of meat processing plants will also affect the upstream and downstream industries.

One of the most important manifestations of the upstream is that the slaughtering capacity of pigs is reduced. According to the national public radio (NPR) in May this year, the shutdown of a number of meat processing plants in the United States has left pig farmers with a large number of pigs nowhere to go. Lehmann, a member of the board of directors of the Illinois Pork Producers Association, believes that there are between 5 million and 10 million pigs in the United States that need euthanasia. In April, U.S. pig prices fell to a five-year low, according to the U.S. Department of agriculture. The price trend was not recovered until mid to late May, when the situation of epidemic prevention and control in the United States slightly improved and the slaughtering industry strengthened control measures, but it was still at a low level.

For the downstream industry, the price of pork in the United States first fell, then rose and then fell, with great fluctuations. Zhu zengyong said that due to the impact of consumption, the U.S. pork price fell to $1.13/kg in early April, but in late April, affected by the shutdown of slaughterhouses, the U.S. pork production capacity was cut by about 20%, and the price of white striped pig rose rapidly. At the beginning of May, it even exceeded the average level in five years. After mid May, the pork price began to fall, from $2.68/kg in early May Down to the current $1.43/kg.

The EU is relatively less affected than the US. Zhu zengyong believes that the closure of the plant in tonness, Germany, may lead to a slight increase in local pig prices, but it should have little impact on the overall trend of pork prices in the EU. Data shows that the current EU pork price has been in a declining state, and the wholesale price of Grade E pork has dropped from 1954 euros / ton in early March to 1626 euros / ton in early June.

Why are slaughtering industries affected differently in the United States and the European Union? Zhu zengyong told the Beijing news that, on the one hand, it is related to the different prevention and control measures and efforts taken by different countries, on the other hand, it is also due to the different degree of concentration of slaughtering industry between the two sides. In the United States, the slaughtering and processing industry is highly concentrated. The top five slaughtering enterprises, such as Smithfield, JBS and Tyson food, basically account for more than 70% of the slaughtering volume in the United States. Therefore, when the new crown epidemic affects the whole slaughtering industry, the upstream and downstream performance is also more obvious.

It will not affect our country in the short term

The news that a number of well-known foreign meat enterprises have cluster infection also makes Chinese consumers worry about the quality of imported food. On June 18, a spokesman for the Ministry of Commerce, Gao Feng, responded at a regular conference that the imported food and agricultural products should comply with the relevant inspection and quarantine regulations of China. The Ministry of Commerce will strengthen communication and coordination with relevant departments and countries, control the quality and safety of imported food and agricultural products from the source, and ensure the health and safety of Chinese consumers.

On June 18 and 20, the General Administration of Customs of China announced that the export of tonness, its segmentation and refrigeration enterprises to China had been suspended. All products from the above enterprises that have arrived or are about to arrive at the port shall be temporarily withheld by the Customs Department. However, British poultry meat has not been allowed to be exported to China. At the same time, the UK authorities have been required to confirm the safety protection of 8 pork enterprises and 2 beef enterprises registered in China in strict accordance with the guidelines; if there is a new crown epidemic situation in the enterprise, it will immediately notify the Chinese side.

For the impact of the current European and American epidemic on Chinas meat import, Zhu zengyong analyzed that in the EU, Chinas imported pork mainly comes from Spain, Germany and other countries, and the local epidemic situation may have some impact on Chinas import. But at present, the latest import data disclosed by the General Administration of customs is from January to April. The specific situation will not be known until the data in May and June are released. At the same time, the imported meat will be booked at least one month in advance, and the affected situation will also be delayed for one month.

From the data of pork trade with China disclosed by the U.S. Department of agriculture, the changes have been reflected. In April this year, the weekly average value of US pork exports to China was 18200 tons; the weekly average value in May was 15200 tons; the weekly average value in the first two weeks of June was 13200 tons.

Although the number of pork exports to China by major foreign exporters has changed, it will not affect the supply of pork in the domestic market in the short term. Zhu zengyong stressed that from the fourth quarter of 2019 to now, Chinas frozen product reserve is relatively sufficient, while processing industry, catering industry and consumption capacity are in the recovery process, and the recovery rate of live pig prices is higher than that of pork prices. All these show that the domestic pork supply and demand situation is still improving, and the frozen product inventory is also guaranteed.

What is the current situation of pork supply guarantee in Beijing? On June 18, a spokesman for the Ministry of Commerce Gao Feng introduced at a press conference that at present, the supply of necessities in Beijing is generally sufficient and the price is basically stable. Relevant departments have deployed 10000 tons of central reserve pork, and will continue to launch reserve pork timely in the later period according to the operation of pork market.

It is worth noting that in the context of prevention and control of the epidemic, consumers should pay more attention to the key links of health when preparing meat products. According to the protection guidelines released on the website of the national health and Health Commission, it is better not to wash the raw meat directly under the tap to prevent splashing pollution. In the production process, avoid rubbing eyes and nose directly with hands. Also remember to wash your hands with soap and running water for at least 20 seconds after handling.

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