Review of guanwangjun: a strong comprehensive national strength is more needed for a rich Military Morality in the plateau

category:Military
 Review of guanwangjun: a strong comprehensive national strength is more needed for a rich Military Morality in the plateau


This week, the biggest military news was undoubtedly the cross-border provocation of Indian troops in the valley of kalwan on the border between China and India on June 15, which resulted in casualties. India has been operating in the valley for a long time, believing that it has the advantages of infrastructure and military strength. Therefore, in the past two months, India has been harassing, trying to encroach on the real control line area, and even dare to take the initiative to attack the real control area. However, the tragic defeat of 20 deaths and nearly 100 casualties proves that our army is superior to the Indian army in terms of material conditions, physical quality, organization and military equipment, and still has the ability to take the initiative in the western border areas. This is the advantage of comprehensive national strength.

Indias self inflicted defeat still caused high tension in the regional situation, but at present, the Indian army has no military strength advantage in the East and West, which is not enough to support the Indian armys further military adventure. At present, our army has the advantages of quality and quantity in technical equipment such as tank and artillery in the West and east lines. If the Indian army continues to play with nationalism and create tension in the plateau area, our army is fully capable of completing a major battlefield equipment upgrade for the Xinjiang Military Region and completely suppressing the northern Indian command.

In the eighth company of a regiment in Xinjiang Military Region, when the Indian army was fighting with cold weapons on the front line, they were facing a group of soldiers with abundant military virtue

The strength advantage of Indian army Schrodinger

On the night of June 15, the conflict killed as many as 20 Indian troops and injured 78. In terms of the number of casualties, an Indian military company was completely wiped out, setting a record for the largest single battle loss of Indian troops in recent years, causing high tension on the border between the two countries. Many analysts are worried about Indias sudden retaliatory strike because of the precedent of Indias air attack on Pakistan, which also makes the masses concerned about the deployment of troops along the border between China and India.

India has the second largest mechanized infantry force in the world, and the second largest tank owner in the world. Its armor cannot be underestimated

Since the donglang crisis in 2017, people have been saying that Indias 180000 elite mountain troops, India has experience in actual combat on the plateau, India has advantages in the number of tank and infantry weapons, our army has poor geographical conditions and lack of garrison facilities on the front line, which makes up that India has strength advantage on the border between China and India.

As a military commentator, I also admit that the common peoples concern for national defense and security is not unreasonable. The Indian army is the largest in South Asia and the second largest in the world, with 1.1 million posts. The Indian army has not only a large number of people, but also a large number of mechanized forces and an absolute number of technical weapons. Indias domestic economic development is poor, and its industrial system is incomplete. However, thanks to its huge size and its defense expenditure, which accounts for a very high proportion of its fiscal revenue, it has maintained a large army.

From the mid-1990s to the early 21st century, the Indian army, taking advantage of the time when Russia was eager to sell weapons to relieve economic pressure after the collapse of the Soviet Union, imported Russian made equipment for ten consecutive years, and successively purchased and copied 3500 main battle tanks and 2700bmp-2 infantry combat vehicles from Russia. These technical weapons have given the Indian army the capital to live on, surpassing Russia and the United States, becoming the worlds second largest mechanized army power with the number of tanks, infantry and combat vehicles second only to China.

In the novel of the will of the nation written by the wolf badger, there are often passages where the officers of the panzer division of the Indian army hope to solve all problems with Panzer assault

However, although Indias military strength is huge based on its 30-year history of preparing for war, its main mechanized combat forces are all deployed near the India Pakistan border. Of the 35 infantry and armored divisions of the Indian army, 20 divisions are deployed along the India Pakistan line and Kashmir. Most of its panzer divisions and brigades, about 3000 tanks and 2500 infantry were deployed on the West India Pakistan line and Kashmir line to deal with about 2200 main battle tanks in Pakistan.

In the whole border area of China and India, the main force of India is mountain infantry. India is responsible for dealing with a total of 13 divisions in China, with about 10 mountain divisions, one infantry division, two armored brigades and one Armored Regiment in the front line, as well as more than 20 paramilitary forces, such as border guards, rifle battalions and border police. The number of troops is about 100000 motorized infantry with trucks, 177 tanks of three tank regiments and 120 infantry vehicles of two mechanized infantry barracks, and more than 700 howitzers and heavy mortars of 13 artillery regiments (regiment level units) (72 of them are fh-77b, and the rest are 120 or 105 howitzers). Among them, the eastern line is about 80000 infantry, no tank armored vehicles, and the western line is 20000 infantry and tank armored vehicles. There is no land and air, long-range artillery, lack of electronic counter forces. These are the land pressures facing our country in the western regions.

The main armor threat in the border area between China and India is t-72m1 and BMP-2 in the west section. There is no T-90 to 15

The border line between China and India is long, roughly divided into the west, middle and East sections. Among them, Xinjiang military region is responsible for the western part of the China India border, and Tibet Military Region is responsible for the eastern part of the China India border. The Xinjiang military region has two infantry divisions and three Border Guard regiments / battalions against the Indian army; the Tibet Military Region has eight Border Guard regiments and three synthetic brigades, one of which is a new synthetic brigade equipped with 04A infantry combat vehicles and 15 tanks. According to the calculation that 93 tanks and 124 infantry vehicles / armored transport vehicles are equipped in one division of our aircraft, 112 tanks and infantry vehicles are equipped in a synthetic brigade, about 267 tanks and 360 infantry vehicles / transport vehicles are equipped in the front line of our army, while the infantry vehicles and assault guns of the high mobile infantry battalion of the border defense regiment are not included. The number of infantry deployed on the front line of our army is less than that of the Indian army. The western line and the Indian army are roughly the same, but the strength of outposts on the front line is relatively small. The strength of the eastern line is less than half of that of the Indian army, but there are more technical weapons, including tanks, self-propelled guns (not available in the Indian Army) and self-propelled rockets than that of the Indian army, and the quality of tanks and infantry vehicles of some units is higher than that of the Indian army.

Xinjiang military region is still dominated by old equipment of 96 types, but the quality of armor is not dominant

Although Indians have more cars and fewer cars, and can barely achieve alignment in the division and brigade level establishment, the Indian army has a great disadvantage in the deployment of division level and above and group military level support units. The Indian army has many mobile units, low mechanization, and lack of information, land and air forces and long-range strike capabilities. These are the strengths of our army. In both the Tibet and Xinjiang military regions, our army has a complete set of intelligence support / Firepower Strike System at the group and even theater level. Xinjiang and Tibet together have two artillery brigades and 12 artillery battalions. They are equipped with two 155 mm self-propelled guns, 300 mm long-range rockets, including tracks and vehicles, as well as the latest 370 mm rockets displayed in the National Day Parade (it is not clear whether the artillery units of Tibet Military Region have arrived or not). At the same time, the two military regions also include air force brigade, special warfare brigade and electronic warfare brigade. All these are not available to the Indian army.

In terms of this confrontation in the western galwan Valley, the main force of the Indian side comes from the Northern Command of the Indian army, and the main force of our army comes from the Xinjiang Military Region. As the northern military region of India should also take into account the defense issues in the northern part of the border between India and Pakistan, the only unit actually responsible for the Xinjiang front line of the China India border is the 14th army of the Northern Command stationed in Licheng. Many of the 20 people killed by the Indian army came from the 14th army.

The 14th army has three infantry divisions and eight mountain infantry divisions, as well as 102, 118, 254 and artillery battalions. The 8th infantry division is not responsible for this direction. The 3rd Infantry Division has one tank regiment and three infantry brigades. Each infantry brigade has four regiments with a total of 3000 people.

In addition to the 3rd Infantry Division, the 14th army can dispatch 254 armored brigades to support the battle in this direction. However, due to the poor plateau performance of the Indian t-72m1 tank, it is difficult to form an advantage over the wheeled assault guns and infantry combat vehicles of our border guard regiments high mobility infantry battalion in the valley of the calevan region. The 254 brigade has two tank regiments and a mechanized infantry regiment. The mechanized infantry regiment is equipped with 60 Russian made BMP-2 infantry combat vehicles, and the tank regiment is equipped with 59 t-72m1 tanks.

BMP-2 of 254 armored brigade is the main armored threat our army faces in this confrontation

Corresponding to the 3rd Infantry Division and the armored 254 brigade, they are a border guard regiment of Xinjiang Military Region and a mobile division stationed in Hotan area. In addition to conventional infantry firearms, the border guard regiment is also equipped with infantry chariots and assault guns. In this confrontation, these armored mobile forces were deployed one to two kilometers behind the confrontation site, playing an important deterrent role.

In the rear of the border guard regiment, there are currently two integrated regiments under the jurisdiction of the infantry division stationed in Hotan, with 96 tanks, 86 infantry chariots, self-propelled artillery, self-propelled rocket launchers and other equipment. At the beginning of the 21st century, in order to deal with the large purchase of t-72m1 tanks and BMP-2 step combat vehicles by the Indian army, the Ministry replaced the relatively advanced tank and armor equipment at that time, so the main equipment was the second and second-generation semi mechanized equipment in China, which belonged to a typical well-off unit, with the same quality and quantity of mechanization as that of the Indian army, and the number was roughly the same as that of the Indian army deployed on the front line.

Xinjiang military region has great advantages in artillery firepower, land aviation, electronic warfare and information technology

However, in addition to the two mechanized infantry divisions, Xinjiang military region also has a land aviation brigade equipped with armed helicopters and transport aircraft, a special combat brigade with rich experience and an artillery brigade equipped with 300 mm long-range rockets and 05 type self-propelled artillery. Our armys strategy in the plateau emphasizes the combination of faith and fire. It is precisely because of the advantages of these striking forces that the Indian army is in a defensive situation relying on solid strongholds in both the East and the West. The armored forces are only used as fire fighting forces to prevent our mobile forces from expanding the front.

There are also well-equipped air and land forces in Xinjiang Military Region, enough to break the armor balance of Indian army

The Indian army has no advantages in quantity and system in the west line, while in the east line, which is more important in strategic position, India is faced with the risk of dimension reduction attack of our plateau informatization heavy brigade. After the Dong Lang crisis in 2017, our army accelerated the speed of reloading artillery, land aviation, special operations and synthetic brigades in the Tibet Military Region. This year, we have completed the refitting of 15 type tanks and hongjian-10 information-based equipment of a brigade in the Tibet Military Region. The potential combat area of this brigade does not have the armor power of the Indian army, so if there is a conflict in the east line, it will have a great advantage. In order to stop this brigades assault in tactics, the Indian army often has to deploy several brigades in the preset combat area, block all possible breakthroughs with the Tianlu battle method, and imitate our mechanized units to penetrate the front line of encirclement and annihilation in depth.

Because the brigade has excess firepower in the fire and information integration based pull-out operations, and even has rich armored units to support friendly units. In a recent CCTV video, the heavy brigade also sent a synthetic battalion to support a synthetic brigade in Linzhi.

Image source of 15 tanks supporting friendly infantry units: Zhongxin net

A brigade in Nyingchi has traditionally been a synthetic brigade for mountain operations, equipped with truck guns, raptors and bobcats, to deal with Indian mountain divisions in steep mountain environments. Because the 15 type tank has strong mobility, strong trafficability and light overall weight. Traditionally, only the SM can go to places, and the 15 type tank can go to places, so the brigade carried out a very retro step tank cooperative exercise in the exercise - although only one Chinese can cooperate in the mountain exercise at an altitude of 4000 meters.

If the Indian army draws units from the front line of Pakistan, our army can also rely on the railway and road transport network with much higher efficiency to transport the 76th and 77th group armies to the front line, so as to achieve one shot resolution.

At present, there are three heavy-duty synthetic brigades, two light brigades and one medium-sized brigades in the 76th group army of our army, among which the dawn Xiongguan brigade has completed the new generation of battlefield equipment replacement. Another brigade was equipped with 99 type tanks, and also appeared in the plateau training ground in the recent Xidatan area. After these troops are sent to the Xinjiang Military Region, they can completely suppress the armored brigade and the machine infantry brigade, which come from afar and lack information firepower system.

In the east line, our army can send the 77th group army to the border as an organic unit. The 77th group army has one 96a tank heavy brigade and two medium brigade equipped with wheeled mechanized units, which can further increase the defense pressure of Indian mountain army. In fact, as early as in 2017, the plc181 self-propelled guns that had just been installed by our group 77 army had been put into the confrontation line and accepted the test of actual combat. In addition, the mobile forces in the central theater can also be put into plateau operations at any time.

Lx-14 is equipped with a complete set of domestic new generation information equipment, which can be hammered in the western line. Its friendly troops also have 99 tanks and 96a tanks

It can be said that the Indian army has no so-called strength advantage in both the East and the West lines of China. To say that, at present, the Indian army has only the number advantage in the front line. When the reinforcements of our army arrive at the front line relying on the developed Railway and road transportation network, the only number advantage of the Indian army will be lost. This weakness in military strength also contributed to the rapid reconciliation and reduction of Indias military after June 19.

Of course, with the Indian armys tradition of going down to conquer and going up and the consistent nationalist radical style of modi authorities, after this conflict, the Indian army will definitely continue to create tensions on the border between China and India. This is not good news at all for the front-line Indian army. At present, our armys main replacement targets are the northern and central war zones, while the main combat equipment of Xinjiang military region is in the forefront of 10 years. At the same time, the establishment system is still in front of the military reform. If the Indian army continues to put pressure on it, our army will be able to complete a major battlefield equipment upgrade for the Xinjiang Military Region, just like upgrading a brigade in the Tibet Military Region. By equipping the Xinjiang military regions armored unit complex with 15 type tanks, 99A tanks and other new generation battlefield equipment, we will completely suppress the northern Indian command in terms of quantity and quality. After all, as a country that can independently develop and assemble a complete set of mechanized equipment, the initiative of national defense situation is in our hands.

The Xinjiang military region also has the last batch of original type 59 tanks of the whole army. As the Indian army continues to put pressure on the western section, these old tanks can also be replaced with new ones in one step

Some old men familiar with Xinjiang Military Region may have a second spring

Although there is no mention of the air force and rocket force in this paper due to the word limit, the air force advantage in the Western Theater is much greater than that on land

Highland cold weapon fighting

For the vast number of readers, the provocation of the Indian side on June 15 suddenly aroused global concern and high regional tension. The border conflict has a wide area, a long duration and a lot of friction, but such a large-scale fight is really unheard of. However, with the initiative of our side and the Indian side, the incident ended in a unilateral loss for the Indian side.

As for the whole process of the incident, the spokesperson of the Ministry of foreign affairs has made it clear in his speech on June 19. However, due to our initiative to reduce the tone and other reasons, the details of the incident have not been made public at present, and many readers are not very clear about the full picture of the incident. In this article, the author also briefly collates the details of the incident at the request of some readers.

Even Modi, who played with nationalism, had to emphasize in his speech that the PLA did not enter our border because of our reduction in tone and Indias fault

Over the past two months, India has suddenly adopted a rash strategy towards me in the valley of gallevan. Gallevan river is a traditional territory of China, located on the Chinese side of the actual control line of the western section of the China India border, which has no dispute between China and India in the past. Kalewan river originates from baishitan in China, flows into the shiyork River controlled by India in the north-south direction, and flows into the Indus River in the West. The terrain is steep, and it is a typical mountain canyon landform. The temperature nearby is lower than zero all the year round, and tens of square kilometers are desolate except for the outpost. However, due to the better geographical conditions on the Indian side, India has invested heavily in this area in recent years, which has advantages in infrastructure and military strength.

Shijok river area is a long-term border area operated by India. India has been building military stations and outposts around the Highlands in the disputed territory to the north and west of the galwan River Valley, building roads and bridges, and trying to use the characteristics of our armys weak infrastructure in the galwan River Valley area to encroach on Chinas territory.

From April, India began to build bridges and roads in the shijok river area, and moved the actual control line east to the east of the jialevan River and shijok river. In the early morning of May 6, Indian border guards crossed into Chinas territory, built fortifications and set up barriers in the valley area of gallevan by night, blocked the normal patrols of Chinese border guards, deliberately provoked incidents and tried to unilaterally change the current situation of border control. Chinese border forces had to take necessary measures to strengthen on-site response and border area control, and repeatedly confronted with Indian soldiers in the valley area.

India makes small moves to move the real control line to China, as shown in the figure of Google Earth real control line modified by Indian programmers

Our army and Indian Army stand off across the river

On the evening of June 15, in the valley area of gallevan, on the border between China and India, the Indian army broke its promise and again crossed the actual control line for illegal activities, deliberately launched provocative attacks, causing fierce physical conflicts between the two sides, causing casualties. In the statement after the event, the Ministry of defense simply said that the Indian army launched a provocative attack across the border for the sake of reducing the transfer. So we can only restore the battle of the biggest casualties in the 21st century according to the Indian media and local map.

According to the description of Indian media, from the evening of the 15th to the early morning of the 16th, the Indian army concentrated its elite personnel, crossed the valley of kalwan, climbed the mountain to the construction site of our border defense highway in kalwan, trying to interfere with Chinas construction work at night and create a fait accompli on the other side of the river. According to the Indian media, the position of this provocation has been within one kilometer of Chinas actual control line. After entering the construction site, Indian army forcibly blocked, injured our construction personnel, destroyed the property of the construction team, and clashed with our construction team.

Photo source: microblog @ red robe firefly

The Indian army said it used wooden sticks with barbed wire, finger tigers, and engineering shovels to attack the so-called unarmed Indian army. The Indian army then called for reinforcements. According to reports released later by the Indian chronicler, these reinforcements include the third infantry of the 14th army of Liecheng Division Infantry, Bihar 12 and 16 battalions, Punjab 3 regiment, the third medium-sized artillery regiment and the eighth mountain artillery regiment, can be said to be all the best, which also explains why the PLA finally captured a large number of regiment and battalion level school officers.

In the end, a large number of officers in various units of the Northern Command of the Indian army were killed or captured during the operation

The two groups fought with our army for six hours, and then the Indians were rushed from the mountain to the valley near the foot of the mountain. The Indian media also said that the PLA threw stones from high to low to attack the Indian army on the river beach, and many Indian soldiers finally fell into the cold water of the galwan river. According to the Ministry of defense of India, three people died on the spot, 17 were seriously injured and 78 were injured, 22 of them seriously. In addition, a number of soldiers and officers were detained by the PLA, including a lieutenant colonel and three major, who were not released for return to India until 18 June.

For the casualties of our army, the foreign ministrys clear response is threatening the life and security of our army, not causing casualties on both sides. Only Indias own media or official media quoted the so-called military sources to report one after another exaggerated figures on the Internet. Of course, there are no authoritative figures endorsing these exaggerated casualties. This conflict is a battle with armor that is retro enough. As in most cases in the cold weapons war era, the main casualties of the defeated army are all in the situation of being chased by the other party. Considering that our army finally controlled the battlefield and captured many senior officers of the Indian army, the so-called results of the Indian army are not worth the sun. Because of the unilateral attack and loss of the Indian army in this incident, our army did not release further injury figures in line with the principle of reduction and negotiation, so as to avoid stimulating Indians.

With the downgrade of China and India, and the unilateral declaration of victory by modi authorities on June 18, the fight with the largest number of casualties since the 21st century ended with India losing nearly 100 people. So far, the incident has not ended, and the Indian army has not disengaged from our army in the valley of garwan, and the 3rd Infantry Division and 14th artillery unit of Liecheng have begun to move closer to the valley of garwan. The Indian Air Force also sent miguel-29, the newly arrived Apache helicopter and other weapons to Ladakh to exert military pressure on our Western Theater.

Indian Apache helicopter in Ladakh

This incident can be characterized as a typical rash advance and failure of the Indian army. India unilaterally provoked the incident, went forward to confront each other, and returned to the origin after suffering losses. However, compared with the back to the starting point as the termination symbol in the donglang incident, India in this incident can be said to be pure loss, not only failed to control the Highlands near the river valley, destroy the outpost and rear infrastructure of the PLA, and complete the cannibalism, but also suffered a loss in the undisputed territory of China, which not only accounted for the loss, but also severely hit the morale of the front-line Indian army. The failure exposed not only the gap between the organizational level and operational capability of the front-line forces of China and India, but also the growing gap between the comprehensive national strength of China and India.

Like the Tunlong incident, the region of kalwan is now in the interest of the Indian side. India controls the relatively flat roads near the shiyork River to facilitate the construction of military stations, roads, bridges, outposts and permanent fortifications. In recent years, the Indian government has built 66 border roads between the East and the west of the China India border, including those leading to the shiyork River, which are favorable for the time, the place and the people, and also contributed to Indias current military adventure.

Picture source: waves in the South China Sea

However, although India has the advantage of quantity in terms of the number of outposts and the number of troops near the river valley, compared with China, Indias outposts lack the advantage of quality. The border guard regiment of the Xinjiang Military Region of the peoples Liberation Army has built few outposts here, far away from the confrontation line. However, the outposts have complete facilities, many and advanced means of transport, and the quality of the troops is better than that of the Indian troops, so it has the upper hand in this confrontation.

In the plateau confrontation, there are many fights between China and India, which put forward higher requirements for the physical strength of the troops. In order to improve the physical strength and morale of the troops in the plateau area, it is necessary to establish permanent strongholds with complete facilities and improve the living conditions of the troops. The long-term physical training of the troops in the higher altitude plateau environment is conducive to the formation of plateau acclimatization in higher altitude areas.

For this reason, in recent years, in order to solve the six difficulties of military power, water, heating, medical treatment, oxygen absorption and toilet use, Tibet Military Region and Xinjiang Military Region have established a large number of container type first-line outposts with sewers, solar energy heating and integrated into the State Grid. These outposts are not only equipped with flush toilets, but also equipped with indoor gymnasiums, which can maintain physical fitness in a closed mountain environment in winter.

The officers and soldiers of the Tacson border defense company stationed at an altitude of more than 4900 meters carry out cultural and recreational activities in the spacious and bright sunlight greenhouse during the rest time.

Officers and soldiers of the Tacson border company stationed at an altitude of more than 4900 meters were exercising in a sunny greenhouse.

In addition, in order to maintain physical fitness and high morale of the troops, the front-line permanent strongholds also need to do a good job in food and drink. According to the public information, the meals of our border guards are two big meat dishes, two half meat dishes and vegetable dishes with eggs. A large amount of protein intake helps the PLA border guards to maintain a good body shape and physical fitness, and play an advantage in the border conflict. Compared with the Chinese army, the Indian army has insufficient protein intake and high proportion of dietary starch. At the same time, in order to ensure the nutrition of the army and avoid the diseases caused by vitamin deficiency, Xinjiang military region has introduced the achievements of biotechnology, high-yield technology, automatic control, precise control and other scientific and technological fields, and has built three types of vegetable factories in the border company (outpost) pilot, namely, warehouse type, container type and cabinet type.

At present, container type vegetable shed has been popularized in border units, because many of these units are connected to the power grid

The plateau environment and material conditions are arduous. Once the logistics is not done well, high reduction rate and high mortality rate are inevitable. At the same time, China and India fought many cold weapons in the western part of the country, and casualties were inevitable. In the aspect of plateau medical management, our army has been equipped with high-pressure oxygen cabin and other first-aid facilities to prevent plateau symptoms for a long time. In November 2016, Xinjiang military region has achieved the goal of bedside oxygen for all sentinel officers and soldiers at an altitude of more than 4000 meters. High pressure oxygen tanks and oxygen production stations have also been established in Ali military area, Sanli barracks medical station and other forces. For the wounded with craniocerebral injury, our army has enough vehicles, when necessary, it can also mobilize the helicopters of the land aviation forces of Xinjiang Military Region, timely evacuate and send them to the hyperbaric oxygen cabin for treatment, which can better prevent the occurrence of brain hernia.

This time, the PLA basically controlled the battlefield, which was also conducive to the evacuation and treatment of the wounded. In addition, in the valley of gallevan, our army also has heliport stations to facilitate the evacuation of critically ill patients.

In addition, there is our consistent style of work. Our army is a revolutionary soldier. It is hard trained, has a fine style of work and integrates officers and soldiers. Under the guarantee of abundant material conditions, it is normal for our officers and soldiers with physical advantages to have high morale and dare to fight and win.

Bedside oxygen has been popularized in Xinjiang plateau area

In contrast, after the defeat of the fighting in the valley of gallevan, a large number of Indian soldiers were injured and abandoned near the river beach, exposed to the wild under zero conditions at night. In this case, hypoxia at high altitude leads to insufficient blood supply leading to limb necrosis, and the situation of injured blood loss will also reduce the oxygen carrying capacity of blood, thus accelerating and aggravating the occurrence of shock in the bleeding body. The Indian army has only temporary camps in the valley of garwan, and cant rescue the seriously wounded with plateau symptoms, so they can only be evacuated. The only one with the ability of serious injury rescue is the brigade headquarters of 102 xiyaqin brigade nearly 100 kilometers away. If the symptoms are very serious, the Indian army can only go to 153 army hospital in Licheng for further treatment. However, there are at least 200 kilometers from Liecheng to the valley of galwan. It can be imagined that the Indian army, who was shocked in the extremely cold weather on the plateau, basically failed to survive in Liecheng and died halfway.

In the end, the gap in the humane treatment of soldiers is the gap in comprehensive national strength and infrastructure construction. Today, our soldiers benefit from the growing national strength, economic strength and scientific and technological level, and become the better side of the material conditions. The fact that the Indian army in galwan area has advantages in geographical environment and preparation in personnel and outpost infrastructure proves that the Indian army is not suitable for the extreme conflict in this plateau environment. With the unprecedented provocation of the Indian army, China will speed up the pace of infrastructure construction in the western part of the China India border.

In fact, as early as last September, China launched a large number of supporting facilities for the valley area, and the cross-border provocation by the Indian army did not affect the progress of Chinas highway. It can be predicted that the PLA will open the same infrastructure construction as the donglang area in the future, to ensure that there will be permanent outposts and a better patrol environment in the highlands of the garwan River Valley, and to prevent the Indian army from using the better geographical conditions to provoke the fourth plane. The PLA, which is fighting a war of prosperity on the border between China and India, will continue to take root in this area and safeguard Chinas territorial integrity and national sovereignty.

Indias long-standing cannibalism will bring in the rise of the infrastructure construction of the western border defense

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u6056789,container:ssp_ 6056789, async:true });}) (); source of this paper: observer net editor in charge: Yao Wenguang_ NN1682