10 data on systemic racism in the United States: only three blacks in the Senate

 10 data on systemic racism in the United States: only three blacks in the Senate

Todays U.S. report points out that in the United States, black people are affected by racism and slavery and have long suffered unfair treatment, making it more difficult for them to succeed. This is the result of the interaction of culture, policy and system, and the embodiment of systematic racism.

From the following aspects of health care, education, employment, income and so on, we can see the systematic racism in the United States through 10 data.

1. The maternal mortality rate of black Americans is three times that of white Americans

The problem of racial differences in the United States began to emerge from the birth room. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a report last year on maternal mortality in the United States. African American women are three times more likely to die from pregnancy or childbirth than white women. The survey found that 60% of all pregnancy related deaths could be saved by better medical measures.

Black versus white maternal mortality. Screenshot of business insider website

In some cities, the difference in the probability of death due to childbirth complications between black and white women is even more striking. In New York City, black mothers are 12 times more likely to die in childbirth than white mothers, according to NPR. Americans often attribute this difference to what they call high susceptibility to black diseases.. But many social science experts and medical researchers believe that racism is one of the sources of the problem.

2, 24% of novel coronavirus pneumonia deaths in the United States were black.

The novel coronavirus pneumonia data tracking website novel coronavirus pneumonia showed that 24% of the new crown pneumonia deaths reported in the United States were African Americans, and the proportion of blacks in the United States population was 13% by the year June 18th. The mortality rate of novel coronavirus pneumonia is 2.4 times that of whites. This proportion of deaths is totally inconsistent with its proportion in the population structure.

24% of the novel coronavirus pneumonia cases were black. Novel coronavirus pneumonia data tracking website screenshot

Novel coronavirus pneumonia is more likely to cause diabetes, hypertension and asthma among African Americans than other races. Unequal access to health services is one of the reasons for the worse health of this group.

African Americans without health insurance are twice as likely as whites, according to the Bureau of labor statistics. According to a survey published in Science in October last year, hospitals in the United States widely use an algorithm system for allocating health care services to patients, which has a clear ethnic distinction. Compared with black and white people with the same disease, the algorithm recommended that black people were far less likely to receive personalized care services.

Millions of patients are affected by algorithmic racism. Screenshot of Science

Rachel Hardman, an associate professor at the school of public health at the University of Minnesota, published a review in the New England Journal of Medicine on June 10, which pointed out that African Americans were unfairly treated in terms of health and health care. For example, racial discrimination exists in the health insurance market of the United States, and the quality of health insurance provided to different races is different.

3. 79% of black American students graduate from high school

More than 60 years ago, the Supreme Court of the United States declared that the black-and-white apartheid system in public schools was unconstitutional, and became a milestone in the struggle of the black civil rights movement and the end of apartheid. But the Washington Post points out that until now, racial discrimination still exists in American public schools, which is largely caused by the gap between the rich and the poor.

According to data released last year by the National Center for education statistics, in the 2017-2018 academic year, black students in the United States graduated from high school at 79%, white students at 89%, and Asian students at 92%. According to a report released in 2019 by the African American policy forum, black high school girls are often punished more severely than white girls when they make the same mistake. The former is six times more likely to be suspended than the latter.

Francina Sherman, director of the Youth Rights Advocacy Program at Boston College Law School, told American media that high school students of different races are treated differently not only because of teachers personal prejudice, but also because of the institutional problems of the entire education system.

4. Black American unemployment rose to a 10-year high of 16.8%

According to a June 5 report from the U.S. Department of labor, the countrys unemployment rate fell to 13.3% from 14.7% in April. Today may be the greatest recovery in American history, President trump said at the White House that day He also praised his achievements in promoting employment and wages for black people, who were in fact suffering from a major wave of unemployment.

Since the 1970s, the unemployment rate of black Americans has been higher than that of white Americans. Figure / website of US budget and Policy Research Center

The black American unemployment rate rose from 16.7% in April to 16.8% in May, the highest level in more than a decade. By contrast, the white American unemployment rate fell to 12.4% in May from 14.2% in April.

The employment gap between different races in the United States has existed for a long time. Historically, most black people have worked in low-income industries, with higher unemployment rates, according to the Institute of economic policy. Valerie Wilson, an economist at the Institute, argues that there is no explanation for the employment gap between races other than the entrenched racial discrimination in the labor market.

5. The average income of white American families is 6.5 times that of black families

In the United States, white people have benefited from the capital brought by black labor for a long time, but black peoples income has been lagging behind, Bloomberg reported. The huge racial gap between the rich and the poor is hard to close.

According to a survey released by the Cleveland Federal Reserve Bank last March, the average income of white Americans is 6.5 times that of black Americans. According to American economist dionysie ariprentis, racial income gap is the biggest reason for the widening gap between the rich and the poor in the United States.

Researchers at the Institute for economic policy say many people think that wages are closely related to education, but thats not the case. Black Americans with bachelors degrees generally have less wealth than whites who drop out of high school.

6. 44% of black Americans own houses

For many black American families, the housing crisis has never ended. As of the first quarter of 2020, 73.7% of white Americans owned houses, compared with 44% of black Americans, the lowest rate among all ethnic groups, according to the Census Bureau.

7. 8.9 million African Americans are in poverty

In the United States, if the annual income of a family of four is less than $25700, the annual income of a family of three is less than $20000, the annual income of a family of two is less than $16300 and the annual income of an individual is less than $1279000, Al Jazeera TV reported, all of these people are poor.

In addition, 22% of American children live below the poverty line, compared with only 12% of white children and 36% of black children.

Fortune magazine released the list of the top 500 companies in May, with only four black CEOs: Marvin Ellison, CEO of home furnishing retailer Lloyds (No. 44), Kenneth Fraser, CEO of pharmaceutical manufacturer MSD (No. 69), Roger Ferguson, CEO of TIAA (No. 81), and Gide, CEO of tapestry (No. 485)u00b7 Caitlin.

Four black CEOs in the top 500 US companies. Screenshot of todays US website

Even if you add up all the black CEOs since the first fortune 500 list was released in 1999, there are only 17.

According to a joint study by the University of Michigan, Rutgers University and Washington University, black men are 2.5 times more likely to be killed by police than white men.

Liu Weidong, a researcher at the American Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out in an interview with the Beijing news that the reason why American police enforce the law violently against black people is that on the one hand, the rigid impression of black people by the police has not changed, and when facing black people, there will be a state of concern or contempt. On the other hand, from the perspective of crime rate, the crime rate of black people is indeed higher. Police groups tend to be overly nervous about black people, fearing that they have weapons or other items.

10. There are only three black senators in the US Senate

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u6056789,container:ssp_ 6056789, async:true }At present, Tim Scott is the only black senator in the Republican Party. Fox News screenshot the US election is approaching. Many Democratic congressmen, well-known black leaders and activists say they hope that Democratic presidential candidate Biden will choose black women as his running mate. Congressman Cedric Richmond, a former chairman of the Black House Committee, said that whoever was Bidens running mate had one of the most important goals: to ensure that trump will not become president on January 20 next year.. Read the resolution adopted by the United Nations to express strong condemnation of the death of black Americans. Merkel called the United States polarizing seriously: the murder of Freud was a terrorist Obama: the United States was unable to eradicate racism for 400 years at a stroke. Source: new Beijing News responsibility editor: Han Jiapeng_ NN9841

With the US election approaching, many Democratic congressmen, well-known black leaders and activists expressed their hope that Democratic presidential candidate Biden would choose black women as his running mate. Congressman Cedric Richmond, a former chairman of the Black House Committee, said that whoever was Bidens running mate had one of the most important goals: to ensure that trump will not become president on January 20 next year..