However, its common for graduates to find jobs. Its true that graduates of netred major dont worry about employment. Last summer, the first graduates of crayfish college paid 6000 to 12000 yuan. It is reported that these students were booked out long before graduation.
According to the regional needs of the development of major, training students and nurturing local construction, the emergence of online Red major has caused controversy but the situation is not reduced. In fact, the proportion of such majors is still very small, and there are many problems such as the disconnection between the majors and the market. Not only the undergraduates, but also the higher vocational education.
A bowl of snail powder, unveiling a college. At the end of May, the first snail powder industry college in China was established in Liuzhou Vocational and technical college. This year, it officially enrolled 500 students.
In 2019, the listing ceremony of China (Tianmen) steaming college was held in Tianmen vocational college. In 2017, Jianghan art vocational college set up Qianjiang lobster college, which was very popular for a while.
In addition to food, specialty of higher vocational education also involves all aspects of life. In 2014, Chongqing energy Vocational College and an elevator company jointly established the elevator college. The first garbage classification education school in China has been established, and higher vocational major may be involved in the future.
However, Qianjiang lobster college was very popular at the beginning of its establishment, and it was also criticized. It believed that the establishment of the major was a very serious matter, scientific and could not mistake peoples children.
The school believes that what they set up is not the lobster specialty, but the catering management, cooking technology and nutrition, and marketing specialty in the professional catalog, only focusing on the cooking of crawfish.
So is snail powder college. According to the schools introduction, the specialty plans to set up 7 characteristic specialties in green food production and detection, food detection technology, equipment maintenance and management, and cultivate a group of talents with composite application of technical skills in snail powder industry.
The purpose of vocational education is not to train skilled workers. Ma Boyi, President of Beijing Transportation College, pointed out two fundamental differences to China News Weekly.
First, vocational education pays more attention to the competence and continuous development ability of the students in the future, that is to say, they should have the ability of continuous learning and the potential of deep promotion in the post.
Secondly, vocational education requires full connection with enterprises. In the process of teaching, enterprise culture should be permeated, and students should be taught to behave and do things. The primary task of vocational education is to cultivate people by virtue.
What the market needs, what the regional advantage is, some characteristic specialties of higher vocational education will aim at.
The cultivation of snails in Liuzhou has also become a billion yuan industry. In 2020, Liuzhou will add 20000 mu of snail breeding, increase the construction of auxiliary material production lines such as sour bamboo shoots and sour beans, and build the whole industrial chain of snail powder production.
People may not be familiar with steaming. Tianmen is the first hometown of Chinese steaming. The steaming method has gradually developed into nine steaming techniques, i.e. powder steaming, clear steaming, gun steaming, buckle steaming, package steaming, brewing steaming, pattern modeling steaming, sealing steaming and dry steaming, with more than 3000 varieties.
Vocational education is closely linked with the development of regional industries, forming a full caliber characteristic of serving the national economy. In 2018, there are more than 1000 specialties in 19 categories set up in Chinas junior and higher vocational colleges, covering all industries and industries of the national economy. In 2019, vocational education and training will be covered in 2846 counties of 333 cities in 31 provinces.
Vocational education has sunk to the third and fourth tier cities, which has improved the enrollment opportunities of county and rural youth, and at the same time nurtured local construction.
Jiang Dayuan, a researcher at the Research Institute of Vocational and technical education center of the Ministry of education, told China News Weekly that in recent years, 70% of the front-line employees in production, management and service in China are from vocational colleges. 80% of vocational college graduates are employed in small and medium-sized enterprises, which are the strong support of local economy.
Ma Boyi pointed out to China News Weekly that the biggest advantage of employment nearby is the low cost of employment. Although many posts in Beijing are in urgent need of technical talents, the cost of living in Beijing and the urban integration of non Beijing students really need vocational school students to make a choice.
At present, the vocational education system established in China has the largest training scale in the world. According to the blue book of employment in 2018, the employment rate of Higher Vocational Colleges exceeded that of undergraduates for the first time in 2017.
Difficult to break bottleneck
In fact, the proportion of online Red majors like snail powder and crawfish in the on-the-job education system is still very low.
Compared with the training of skilled personnel in service industry, the high-cost training of industrial skilled personnel is the focus of vocational education. According to the data, the top three majors in the employment rate of the graduates in 2018 are high-voltage transmission and distribution line construction, operation and maintenance, electrified railway technology and power system automation technology.
Vocational education directly targets employment, but it doesnt mean that the malpractice of the disconnection between the specialty and the market does not exist. Ma Boyi pointed out to China Newsweek that this is the problem that needs to be solved most in the current higher vocational education.
Ma Boyi explained that our current professional settings are not based on the real needs of enterprises, or the needs of enterprises, but based on our professional catalog.
Now, the Ministry of education has begun to give the school autonomy to the setting of majors, that is, when cultivating students, it should have its directivity. Majors must cooperate with the leading enterprises in this field, or with the enterprises with large demand in this field.
The central purpose of cooperation is to really create courses according to the post requirements when cultivating people. However, Ma Boyi told China News Weekly that the biggest problem at present is how to convert the demand for posts into the curriculum system. Teachers should have a deep understanding of the enterprise, and enterprise personnel should also be deeply involved in the teaching process, which can truly solve the problem of professional and market disconnection.
Jiang Dayuan pointed out to China News Weekly that vocational education has important social functions. First, it is necessary to guarantee the minimum level and guarantee the most basic peoples livelihood and employment. Second, it is necessary to rush to the top and transform high-end technology into the most urgent industry of the country, such as chip production. The problem of the shortage of senior technical talents is also prominent in vocational education. In 2018, there are about 170 million skilled workers in China, and only 50 million high skilled workers, accounting for only 6.2% of the total number of employees. Ma Boyi told China News Weekly that in fact, senior technical talents should not be afraid of shortage. The key is to give them not only enough honor, but also enough social status and economic treatment. Ma Boyi believes that this is the problem of awareness of the whole society. If the whole society realizes this problem, or the government first recognizes this problem, it will be easy to solve. Source: Yang Bin, editor in charge of China News Weekly_ NF4368
Jiang Dayuan pointed out to China News Weekly that vocational education has important social functions. First, it is necessary to guarantee the minimum level and guarantee the most basic peoples livelihood and employment. Second, it is necessary to rush to the top and transform high-end technology into the most urgent industry of the country, such as chip production.
The problem of the shortage of senior technical talents is also prominent in vocational education. In 2018, there are about 170 million skilled workers in China, and only 50 million high skilled workers, accounting for only 6.2% of the total number of employees.
Ma Boyi told China News Weekly that in fact, senior technical talents should not be afraid of shortage. The key is to give them not only enough honor, but also enough social status and economic treatment.
Ma Boyi believes that this is the problem of awareness of the whole society. If the whole society realizes this problem, or the government first recognizes this problem, it will be easy to solve.