With the new 5g mobile phone, the first batch of 5g users in China ask themselves: is there any change in wechat experience? Tiktok: No, do you have a smooth brush? It doesnt feel obvious; is it smoother to watch Youku Video blockbuster? No significant change The confusion of these 5g users is, what does 5g mean to ordinary consumers?
Through investigation and interview, we are surprised to find that there is a gap between consumers cognition of 5g and industry expectation that has not yet been crossed.
5g experience: fast, just one word
On the first anniversary of the official business, 5g is no longer a mysterious technology. Tens of millions of 5g users in China can use every minute of their daily life to experience 5g and feel 5g.
In the first year of 5g, what did it bring to ordinary 5g users? What was the real experience of the first 5g users?
5g user: I dont feel different except for speed measurement
In order to cooperate with the new 5g mobile phone, Chen Yun upgraded his phone fee package to 5g package. For him, 5g doesnt have a strong sense of existence.
Mobile phone mobile phone users are very ordinary, and their daily applications are WeChat, jitter, Iqiyi, tiktok, etc. now, I dont feel any change after using 5G phone.
Mark, another 5g user, said that his feeling of 5g was stuck in speed measurement. when measuring speed, I do see hundreds of megabytes of 5g speed, but I dont feel it when I use my mobile phone at ordinary times.
Compared with Chen Yun and mark, Tao Dong is a mobile phone user who knows how to use. He has mobile cards of three operators and has used more than one 5g mobile phone at the same time. At the current stage, the biggest advantage of 5g is fast download speed. I can experience obvious changes when using 5g to watch HD video while holding the traffic.
Reporters actual measurement: what is the score of 5g experience
In order to experience the most real difference between 5g and 4G networks, it Times reporters selected multiple landmarks such as peoples Square and Nanjing East Road for experience.
After a year of 5g base station deployment and network coverage, todays 5g signal has made a great leap forward compared with a year ago. Along the way of Nanjing East Road Pedestrian Street, the 5g signal of multiple terminal equipment can keep full scale at all times.
In the most conventional speed measurement process, the performance of 5g network is not disappointing. 5g has an average downlink rate of 457mbps, an uplink rate of 84mbps, and a maximum downlink rate of 720mbps. At present, this rate has made remarkable achievements in the worlds commercial 5g cities.
If the speed measurement is not convincing enough, the reporter compared the real download speed of 5g and 4G networks.
At the same time, in the 5g network environment, pulling the video progress bar at will can realize second feedback, and bid farewell to the prompt of loading.
When downloading an 87.9mb QQ application, 5g can be downloaded in less than a second, while 4G network takes about 10 seconds.
In addition to outdoor scenes, shopping malls are also high-frequency places for mobile phone traffic. Net red restaurant line up waiting number, coffee shop remote office, cashier pay
5g mobile phone: becoming a must
618 in the near future, e-commerce companies have already arranged for the preferential purchase of 5g mobile phones. In addition, in the first half of the year, 5g new mobile phones of major mobile phone manufacturers have come into the market. At present, the starting price of 5g mobile phones has reached about 1500 yuan.
More than 10 months have passed since 5g mobile phones were officially sold in China. How about the user experience of these 5g mobile phone tasters? How about 5g mobile phone sales?
Dont regret becoming the first 5g users
I dont regret buying 5g cell phones last year. In August last year, 5g mobile phones were officially sold in Shanghai. Qin Zhiren, a technology trendy man, placed an order for Huawei matex20 at the first time, becoming the first batch of 5g mobile phone tasters in Mordor.
Mr. Qin remembers clearly that at that time, there were only several 5g mobile phones such as Huawei and ZTE on the booth of the business hall, but now 5g mobile phones have fully occupied the counter, and the mainstream mobile phone manufacturers 2020 new phones are almost all 5g mobile phones.
According to the report released by China Academy of communications, 106 mobile phone products applied for access in the first quarter, including 57 5g mobile phones, accounting for 53.77% of the total. The popularity of 5g mobile phones has narrowed the distance between consumers and 5g. The domestic mobile phone market is rapidly transitioning from 4G to 5g, and the number of 5g mobile phone products accounts for more than half of the total.
Compared with the optimism of retailers, affected by the epidemic, the first quarters 5g mobile phone shipments of channel providers were still affected.
A Shanghai operator familiar with the channel also expressed a similar view: affected by the epidemic, Shanghais 5g mobile phone sales in March accounted for only 25% of the total mobile phone sales, but compared with January and February, the data in March has been increased, and we expect that the data in April and may will be improved a lot.
According to IDCs quarterly mobile phone tracking report, in the first quarter of 2020, Chinas smart phone market shipped about 66.6 million units, down 20.3% year-on-year; domestic 5g mobile phone shipped about 14.5 million units, accounting for 21.8% of the overall market, up 64% month on month.
If you want Internet speed racing, change 5g
Since using 5g mobile phones for more than half a year, Qin Zhirens biggest feeling is that he has benefited from more and more 5g base stations built by operators, and the 5g network in Shanghai is getting better and better. Compared with last year, it has obviously made a qualitative leap. Last year, it was only an island like 5g network, and now the island has been gradually connected, and there are fewer and fewer places without 5g signal.
Qin Zhiren also pointed out that 5g has achieved continuous coverage on the main roads in Shanghai. Sometimes when you go out and take a taxi, you can continuously connect 5g signals and enjoy the high-speed Internet experience brought by 5g anytime and anywhere.
When 5g downloads the game update package, its advantages are particularly obvious. Qin Zhiren remembers that he once opened a game update package with his colleagues in a shopping mall near Zhongshan Park. It took him more than 10 seconds to download it, while his colleagues using 4G mobile phones took a few minutes.
In addition to faster downloads, like Qin Zhiren, Gao thinks that there is not much difference between 4G and 5g mobile phones from the perspective of users. However, with the price of 5g mobile phone decreasing gradually, Qin Zhiren still suggests that friends who want to change the phone should choose 5g mobile phone as much as possible.
5g network is still very empty, and there are few users. Now it still has the feeling of flying. Its like a newly opened highway, with few cars. If you want to drive fast, dont hurry?
On May 20, glory released the 5g mobile phone glory X10 with a starting price of 1899 yuan, which immediately became the cheapest 5g mobile phone; four days later, Huawei Changxiang Z released the 5g mobile phone, which lowered the starting price to 1699 yuan. However, since May 26, the redmi10x series mobile phone with a price of 1599 yuan has been released, creating a new low price of 5g mobile phone again.
Network speed cant support 5g application awareness improvement
In sun Jinghuis view, if only from the perspective of faster download speed of 5g mobile phones, it will not improve the users perception of 5g mobile phones.
4G has been widely used in China in 2015. When sun Jinghui was on a business trip in Singapore in August that year, he found that Singaporeans are still using 3G. The taxi driver told her that the local 3G network can fully meet the application of video calling, and there is no need to change 4G temporarily. Our current 4G to 5g switch is facing a similar situation for the time being. Sun Jinghui said.
So, how to achieve the breakthrough of 4G mobile phone switching to 5g mobile phone?
Sun Jinghui believes that it may be a potential breakthrough in the joint application of multiple devices.
At present, IOT devices such as smart watches, bracelets, smart glasses and mobile phones are still in a single link state. In the future, if 5g is used as the support to realize the joint application of multiple devices, it may increase users perception of 5g.
For example, if you make bracelets and watches into body feeling feedback devices, and then use glasses as the screen and mobile phones as the host to interact with each device, you can experience the next generation scenes of future body feeling games and virtual tourism brought by device interaction anytime and anywhere. She imagined.
5g network: maximum investment and minimum charge
200 billion yuan, which is the sum of the costs of the three major communication operators and the planned 5g construction of China Tower in 2020.
1161 billion yuan, which is the expenditure of Chinas three major communication operators for 5g construction in the next five years, accounting for 90% of the total capital expenditure of Chinas communication operators and 19% of the global 5g capital expenditure.
It is also rare that such a large sum of expenditure is put into the global 5g construction. However, compared with the cost of 5g construction, C-end consumers may be more concerned about the package charges. Due to the faster data transmission and the larger cost of traffic, is 5g package expensive?
GSMA forecasts that the number of 5g connections in China will increase from 5 million to 807 million in 2019-2025, accounting for nearly 50%.
5g package fee cannot offset base station electricity fee
In 2019, several operators in Taiwan region of China discussed 5g construction plan together, and almost all of them were complaining: the price war in 4G era made us have no money to earn, even the cost has been confiscated back. Im afraid by 2025, none of our operators will be able to make money on 5g. When it comes to indignation, some operators have even started their business.
After going through the most difficult epidemic period, Chinas 5g construction has instead launched the acceleration key, and many governments have raised the expected construction goals, such as Shanghai completing the three-year goal one year ahead of schedule.
But the more difficult it is for the three operators to calculate this account is electric tiger. From the perspective of operation cost, the average energy consumption of 5g base station is about three times of 4G. With the increasing number of base stations, this operation cost will be multiplied, and this is a long-term expenditure.
As soon as the 5g package of the three major operators was launched in October last year, people in the industry lamented that in some areas, the electric charge of 5g base station is about ten times as much as that of the tower rent paid by operators to China. For a long time in the future, the electric charge income of 5g package will not cover the electric charge cost of the base station.
Now, on the first anniversary of 5g licensing, many 5g base stations are running fast for a year. Shanghai Tower people roughly estimated to the IT times that even in a high rent city like Shanghai, the electric charge of 5g base station will be higher than the rent that operators need to pay.
In addition to the power consumption and base station density of 5g base station are larger than that of 4G, 5g base station mostly uses power conversion, which results in high price increase. There are two main power supply modes for 5g base station: direct power supply of power grid enterprises and third-party power supply. The power cost of power supply is 61% - 120% higher than that of direct power supply.
At present, there are 189000 5g base stations built in the operation area of State Grid Corporation of China, of which about 70% are directly powered by power grid enterprises and about 30% are powered by third-party transfer. However, in some cities, the power conversion ratio of 5g base station is as high as 70%.
Transforming power supply into direct power supply is an immediate way to save money. In Shenzhen, the Shenzhen Power Supply Bureau of China Southern Power Grid completed more than 2000 transformation of 5g base station to direct power supply in early May, saving 5g operators about 100 million yuan of annual electricity cost.
Although governments around the world have issued red headed documents to drive out electric tiger, in the process of implementation, employees of the iron tower company have encountered difficulties, and it is very difficult for each company to break through the third-party company to reduce electricity charges.
To solve this problem, Quan Shengming, a member of the CPPCC National Committee, suggested at the just concluded two sessions that telecom operators can participate in large user transactions and spot power transactions of power grid companies, and package and reduce the electricity price of 5g base stations by market-oriented means.
House price is lower, road is not blocked
The emergence of electric tiger will not only hinder the construction process of 5g, but also increase the cost for users to use 5g. But at present, it seems that this part of the construction cost has not been passed on to users.
Before the release of 5g package and smart phones, Chinas three major communication operators have received more than 10 million booking applications, although not all of them have been converted into actual users. By the end of 2019, the number of 5g connections in China has reached nearly 5 million.
So, why do Chinese users have more enthusiasm for 5g than European and American users?
Chinas population accounts for one fifth of the worlds population, and Chinas 5g base stations will reach more than 550000 by the end of 2020, equivalent to half of the global 5g base stations.
At the same time, it means that in the world of information and communication, each Chinese has far more housing area and highway lanes than the world average.
But in contrast, Chinas 5g tariff is far lower than that of other countries around the world, that is, the cost of house price paid is lower.
This is also the main reason why Chinas network is able to support the epidemic before the global network test. Everyone has a wider driveway and fewer natural road jams.
According to data from the Ministry of industry and information technology of China, during the epidemic period, Chinas mobile Internet traffic increased by 36.4% year on year.
In terms of the overall data, it is comparable with Spain, Germany and other major European epidemic countries. However, Chinese users did not experience a large area of network paralysis during the live buying and live online classes, while Europe returned to the era of standard clearing overnight.
Chinas 5g tariff is the lowest in the world
Does the expectation of Chinese users for 5g mean that they are generous to the package price?
According to the China Mobile economic development 2020 released by GSMA in March this year, nearly 80% of Chinese users who plan to upgrade 5g package are willing to pay higher fees than the current 4G package, accounting for the highest proportion in the world.
Among them, 50% of Chinese users think that the increase of 5g tariff by 10% is still acceptable, and 28% can even accept the increase of 20% or more.
Users in the United States, Europe, South Korea and Japan are more concerned about 5g tariff. The country with the largest opposition is Japan, and 58% of users are unwilling to increase additional expenses for 5g. Even in the relatively liberal United States, the proportion of this group is as high as 36%.
American telecom operators have launched 5g package since 2018. At & T announced that it was the first to open 5g network services in 12 cities in the United States on December 21, 2018.
But because 5g technology is not perfect enough, its 5g network needs to be connected through hot spots, and the price of hot spot equipment is $500 (about RMB 3500), the price of 5g package is $70 / month (about RMB 500), and only 15GB traffic per month.
In April 2019, 5g network was commercially available in South Korea. Korean Telecom, SK Telecom and LGU + provided 5g packages in different gears, with monthly rates ranging from 55000 won (about 325 yuan) to 130000 won (about 769 yuan).
Take a package of 55000 won as an example. The monthly traffic volume is 8GB. If it exceeds the limit, the speed will be reduced. If you want no speed limit, you need a higher package.
In November of the same year, the Korean government convened three major communication operators to discuss the price reduction of packages, which was unanimously rejected. Sk Telecom CEO said it was too early to talk about low-cost 5g package, because 5g network construction period still needs large investment.
In addition to the mainstream package price is more favorable than that of foreign countries, Chinas communication operators also launched 5g upgrade package. 4G users can apply for upgrade package without changing the package. The lowest upgrade cost can be as low as a few yuan per month, or even free.
Liu Yi, vice president of research at Gartner, made a calculation for it times. At present, the 5g tariff package launched by Chinas three major telecom operators is relatively cheap in the world, with 1GB traffic of 4 yuan, which is equivalent to 4G traffic tariff.
5g industry: the calm attitude of optimists
Compared with consumers, 5g industry chain people naturally play the role of optimists. In their eyes, when will 5g applications break out? How long is the road to full 5g? How long will it take for 5gs comprehensive technical characteristics to enter into life and society?
From 3G, 4G late to 5g leading
Over the past three decades, the evolution of mobile networks has connected people in a new way. From 1g, 2G, 3G, 4G to 5g, each evolution represents the birth of new wireless technology. Compared with 3G, 4G and other import periods, is 5g perception improved significantly?
I still remember the first time I got a 4G cell phone many years ago. It was too fast! Xu Yu, director of Qualcomm China R & D center, recalled.
Communication users feel that the iteration and upgrading of communication technology often need a perfect carrier, such as smart phones. At present, about half of 5g mobile phones in the world are beating 5g chips from Qualcomm. The application terminal is the interface between technology and human beings. Touch screen and other new human-computer interaction technologies and modes are applied on mobile phones, so that the elderly and children can easily experience communication The transformation of information technology.
There are many factors affecting the 5g experience. Some people can download a movie in a few seconds, but that doesnt mean that every 5g user can do it. The characteristics of wireless cellular technology itself mean that different individuals may have different experiences.
Xu added that, for example, some people live on the edge of the community, and 5g network coverage is not perfect, so 5g peak rate cannot be achieved. In every corner of the city, operators will also determine the layout priority of 5g network according to the positioning of different communities.
China make complaints about 5G network, some users Tucaos current 5G experience is not as fair as 4G. 4G network has undergone nearly ten years of evolution, and its maturity is far higher than the current 5G network. Any technology has an optimization process at the initial stage of deployment. Base stations and terminals need to adapt constantly. 5G is no exception. Chinas 5G network is deployed at a very fast speed, and China 5G. Users have the opportunity to experience the revolutionary changes brought by 5g first. Said Xu.
On January 7, 2009, the state issued 3G license. At that time, we were nine years later than the first commercial 3G country; on December 4, 2013, the state issued 4G license, which was 10 years later than the first tier countries.
Therefore, when China enters the 3G and 4G era, the maturity of global application level has been high. Fu Liang, a communications expert, told the IT times that 4G related applications were ready at that time. Once 4G was commercially available in China, the applications would be widely used.
In the age of 5g, once we change the situation of falling behind in the past, we will become the worlds leading SA (independent Networking) country. 5g construction is in the forefront of the world, and there are not so many ready-made 5g applications for reference. The explosion of 5g applications requires the integration of multiple technologies and industries, which is a gradual process.
Compared with the requirements of 4G base station and network construction, 5g construction is more difficult in technology, and energy consumption, cost and other factors should be taken into account. The construction and popularization time will naturally be extended. Core smart said.
Wang Yi, vice president of ZTE and vice director of ZTE terminal products business center, also believes that at this stage, due to the fact that the coverage of 5g network has not yet achieved full coverage, with the promotion of 5g network layout in China, including the launch of carrier packages, the consumer experience will definitely get better and better.
Technology, industry and application still face challenges
At the beginning of 5g development, with the characteristics of 5g high bandwidth, low delay and wide connection, the industry generally believes that AR (augmented reality), VR (virtual reality), driverless and other important application fields of 5g. Nowadays, these applications are iterating rapidly and gradually infiltrating into the daily life of consumers.
At the technical level, 5g terminal has some problems such as immature experience and poor stability. 5g bandwidth has jumped from tens of megabytes to several gigabytes, which requires a very high processing capacity of terminal chip. Augmented reality (AR) is considered to be one of the typical 5g applications. People related to the bright wind platform, an AR service provider, said, the cost of chips is limited by the scale, which will ultimately affect the price of 5g terminals. In the short term, 5g terminals will still be dominated by mobile phones, and in the future, they will be diversified.
5g popularization needs to meet three levels of development. The infrastructure construction is complete, 5g chips are widely used, and the Internet of things industrial chain of everything is mature. Only after the three are combined can the application of 5g industry be accelerated to the ground, said Liang Fengtai
Take the consumer application MR (hybrid reality) glasses nreal as an example. Since its establishment in 2017, nreal glasses have experienced several generations of updating iterations, and until its official release in 2019, the products of nreal have been streamlined to the greatest extent, with a product weight of 88 grams. Through the deep combination of glasses and mobile phones, nreal is the closest Mr glasses to consumers so far.
Wearing nreal glasses, consumers can use it and nail app to work together, experience Ultra HD video and Mr games, and also use it to do in-depth integration with virtual idol concerts. At present, the development of related applications continues to make complaints about AR, VR and MR remain at the demonstration stage.
From the perspective of nreal, at present, because 5g industry environment is not fully mature, our solutions are mainly end-to-end, such as solving some problems on mobile phones through SLAM algorithm.
Zhang Yu, technical director of nreal5gar, said: on the technical side, mec (multi access edge computing) is an important part. MEC, as an innovation of network architecture and business model, is a powerful tool for 5g network service vertical industry. MEC can call the computing power nearby according to the terminals business requirements. But in this link, how to deploy MEC platform and how to participate system service providers have not been clarified. At present, 5g has not been successfully used.
In the 4G era, mobile phones are the carrier of mobile Internet access, but in the 5g era, things are different, Xiaomi said. In the future, 5g is interconnection and cannot be understood too narrowly. 5g is certainly not only reflected in mobile phones, but also will bring great changes to peoples lives, including Internet of vehicles and other applications.
Affected by the epidemic situation and other factors, 5gs low latency, wide connectivity and other features and advantages closely related to business have not been fully reflected. In addition, 5g network and other infrastructure still need a long time. It is expected that consumers will experience 5gs advantages in two years or even longer. Jingdong said.
Will there be 5g +?
During the outbreak, the global 5g progress is bound to be affected, for example, the formulation of 5g related standards and the supply chain of manufacturers will be slightly lagged. Changes in the above links will directly affect the production and sales of 5g terminals. Said Fu Liang.
From the standard formulation to the freezing of the first 5g standard R15, and then to the first 5g commercial construction, 5g basic network will be integrated with cloud and AI end-to-end, and one network will enable intelligent transformation of hundreds of lines and thousands of industries. According to the plan of 3GPP, the maturity of 5gr16 standard is near.
5g standard R16 has new improvements and supplements in terms of high bandwidth and ultra-low delay. For example, in terms of reducing delay, mobile phone, air port and network delay should be reduced, which needs to be built by different partners in the ecological chain.
For example, in R16 version, the 5g Internet of vehicles standard of v2x is worthy of attention, which will greatly promote the application and landing of 5g in the industry. In R16 version, 5g can achieve a high-precision positioning of 3 to 10 meters, but in the future R17 version, the positioning accuracy will be upgraded to centimeter level, which has a revolutionary impact on the logistics storage industry and home life scene.
It can be seen that 5g itself is also constantly upgrading and iterating, and the range and change are very large. 5g met with good partners such as AI, cloud computing, edge computing, big data at the intersection of the times, and 5g has a long way to go.
Higher, faster and stronger is the motto of the Olympic movement, which represents the infinite pursuit of the strongest voice of human life.
Faster speed, lower delay and wider connection is 5gs ultimate pursuit of the fastest information transmission, connection speed and efficiency, which represents the persistent and devout pursuit of the two absolute variables of space-time and speed when facing the physical world.
In 2G, 3G and 4G before 5g, which time did human beings not rush into it.
From the current evolution trend of 5g industrial chain, the mature order of each link of the industrial chain will be: terminal, network, application.
At present, the market is full of 5g mobile phones, which greatly promote the enthusiasm of consumers. Operators spare no effort to promote network coverage and prepare the best environment for 5g applications. The belated consumption and enterprise class 5g applications eventually subvert our life and society again.
For consumers, the strongest perception is the application layer.
Maybe you cant brush out 1Gbps of super Internet speed anytime and anywhere in todays city, maybe you will be dizzy when wearing VR glasses, maybe your mobile internet life has not changed even a little due to 5g
But we firmly believe that mobile phone will continue to upgrade to the direction of personal mobile computing application center under the 5G networks support. We can also make a definite expectation that the future is a world of driverless reality, because the 5G driving system is safer and can save countless valuable lives. There will be an AI robot playmate of its own. The intelligent brain of the robot is connected to the cloud through 5g It is very important that the above world is very close to us, but we are still as ignorant as when we hit 3G and 4G times. But if we go back to the past by time machine, who can guess todays dream. To believe 5g is to believe in human beings. Extended reading: NTT has successfully revealed for the first time the mathematical universal structure behind quantum indirect control, speaking with data! Bloomberg reported that it is difficult for the UK to abandon Huawei. The US State Department: if Canada allows Huawei to build 5g, the US will reassess the intelligence sharing relationship. Source: it times editor in charge: Xue Jingyu_ NBJS10393
But we firmly believe that mobile phone will continue to upgrade to the direction of personal mobile computing application center under the 5G networks support. We can also make a definite expectation that the future is a world of driverless reality, because the 5G driving system is safer and can save countless valuable lives. There will be an AI robot playmate of its own. The intelligent brain of the robot is connected to the cloud through 5g
It is very important that the above world is very close to us, but we are still as ignorant as when we hit 3G and 4G times. But if we go back to the past by time machine, who can guess todays dream.