Talent is the most active and active element in innovation activities. China has more than 170 million talents with higher education or all kinds of professional skills. There are huge potential and vitality in the rich talent resources. Therefore, we need to further deepen the reform of the system and mechanism, form a talent structure to meet the needs of high-quality development and the construction of an innovative country, change Chinas human capital from scale expansion to quality improvement, and let population dividend add talent dividend to provide strong intellectual support for Chinas high-quality development.
Only by virtue can we achieve success, and only by virtue can we achieve great success.
Talent is the first resource and the most active and active element in innovation activities. It can be said that without the advantages of talents, there can be no industrial advantages, not to mention innovation advantages and technological advantages.
There are more than 170 million talents with higher education or all kinds of professional skills in China. The large-scale talent resource team plays a unique and irreplaceable role in the economic and social development. Especially as Chinas economy moves towards a stage of high-quality development, this role is particularly prominent.
At present and in the future, how to give full play to the scale advantage of human resources, stimulate the huge potential of human resources, and make human resources further become the foundation to support Chinas economic resilience and potential?
What is the most expensive thing in the 21st century? Talent!
This classic line simply explains that todays competition is essentially a contest of talents. The more the risk challenges are unprecedented, the more we should give full play to the advantages of human resources.
Zhou Maohua, a macro analyst at the financial market department of China Everbright Bank, said that science and technology are the first productivity, and talents are the first resource for scientific and technological innovation. China has more than 170 million talents who have received higher education or professional skills training, which is an important basis for China to shift from the traditional demographic dividend to the talent dividend.
Guo Guannan, director of the comprehensive research office of the Institute of economic system and management of the Chinese Academy of macroeconomics, said that in terms of the external environment, the current international situation facing China is becoming more and more complex and severe. The strategic game between China and the United States will become the normal in the future. The United States will continue to restrict the scientific and technological exchanges with China, and realize the scientific and technological level of China through the efficient flow of scientific and technological elements around the world Ascension becomes difficult. From the perspective of internal environment, the situation of industrial transformation and upgrading in China is still grim, the problem of big but not strong in the development of manufacturing industry is still prominent, the low-end supply is surplus, the high-end supply is insufficient, which is not conducive to expanding the domestic market, and the improvement of quality and efficiency of manufacturing industry is imminent.
Considering the situation at home and abroad, stimulating the potential creativity of more than 170 million talents and realizing more independent innovation are important magic weapons for China to cope with the current international situation and improve the level of science and technology. Guo Guannan said that to fully stimulate the enthusiasm of more than 170 million talents, form a talent resource structure matching with industrial transformation and upgrading, realize the positive cycle between talent resources and industrial upgrading, and create a more powerful support for industrial transformation and upgrading by talent resources is an important foundation for China to promote economic transformation and upgrading.
Tap the potential of human resources
Talent is the foundation of economic development. Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, great achievements have been made in Chinas economy, which is inseparable from the cultivation and introduction of talents and the construction of talent team.
At present, there are many difficulties in global economic growth, and external instability and uncertainty factors increase. The imbalance and inadequacy of domestic development are more prominent, and the economy is facing new downward pressure. Under such circumstances, we should actively tap the potential of human resources, release the talent dividend and unswervingly promote high-quality development.
In recent years, China has introduced a series of policies and measures to stimulate the innovation and Entrepreneurship of talents and release the talent dividend. Nowadays, innovation and entrepreneurship creation has become an important force to promote Chinas economic transformation and upgrading, as well as an important support to promote employment.
Guo Guannan suggested that we should further improve the enthusiasm of scientific research personnel, accelerate the deepening of the reform of the right to use, disposal and income right of scientific and technological achievements, fully reflect the value of knowledge and innovation in income distribution, effectively liberalize the restrictions on the labor income of scientific research personnel, fully release the innovation potential of scientific and technological personnel, improve the quality and efficiency of scientific and technological supply, so as to retain high-end talents.
At present, there are still a series of outstanding problems in our country, such as structural unemployment, failure to give full play to the potential of talents, and low proportion of top talents in various industries. Zhou Maohua said that to solve these problems and fully release the talent dividend, we must take comprehensive measures in combination with Chinas specific national conditions to promote the closer integration of higher education and industrial development; improve the construction of multi-level capital market and supporting industrial chain, so that innovative technology can be transformed into productivity faster; improve the legal system to better protect intellectual property rights; accelerate the integration of industry, learning, research and innovation Department; increase vocational training for talents, reduce structural contradictions in the employment market, etc.
The key to the release of talent bonus is to mobilize the enthusiasm and creativity of talents and promote the development of productivity. Li said that we must respect and attach importance to talents, fully protect the rights of all kinds of talents, especially their intellectual property rights; we must provide all kinds of incentives beyond the property rights for all kinds of talents, steadily improve their income level, and match their contributions with their returns; we must strive to provide good guarantee services for talents and solve their worries.
Accelerate the release of talent bonus
At present, the role of talents in promoting economic development is more and more obvious, and more and more attention is paid to talent resources in different regions.
In recent years, many cities have successively issued the policy of robbing people, trying to attract all kinds of talents to work and start businesses in local areas and promote the development of regional economy by lowering the threshold of settlement. Especially in the graduation season, many cities will introduce a series of preferential policies to encourage college students to work and settle down in the local area.
In fact, attracting talents is only the starting point of talent work. To truly release the vitality of human resources, the key is to create a series of institutional arrangements, social environment and cultural atmosphere conducive to the development of innovation activities, and to maximize the release of talent dividend through continuous improvement of institutional mechanisms.
In order to attract and retain talents, we must let talents feel the vigorous innovation vitality, strong development potential and positive entrepreneurial atmosphere, so that they can make continuous progress and display their talents. Zhou Maohua said that talent gathering, industrial development and urban development complement each other. When attracting and retaining talents, all localities must try their best to improve the soft competitive environment, improve the urban infrastructure, optimize the living environment, dig deep into the urban culture and enhance the charm of the city. At the same time, we should also focus on constantly improving the quality of industrial development, and strive to create a platform for the vast number of human resources to do business.
We should pay attention to stability policy and overall planning policy. Guo Guannan said that some cities often change and adjust the policy of attracting and retaining talents, which leads to the lack of talents; some cities not only issue the policy of attracting talents at the municipal level, but also make the policy of attracting talents in their own counties and districts under their jurisdiction. The content of the document is complicated and the actual effect is not good.
Guo Guannan said that it would be unrealistic and wasteful to scientifically formulate attracting policies based on local industries and set attracting targets with high ambitions. We should focus on improving the attraction of local talents. On the one hand, we should attract local talents to return to work, and on the other hand, we should increase efforts to keep local college graduates in employment.
Li said that to attract and retain talents, on the one hand, we need to constantly improve the macro environment, including a good industrial development environment, as well as a constantly improving urban supporting infrastructure environment. On the other hand, we should constantly optimize the market environment so that talents, funds and other elements can flow more easily and freely. The dividend release of more than 170 million talents will have a far-reaching and comprehensive positive impact on economic and social development, and will certainly help China move towards high-quality and sustainable development.
In addition, the experts also suggested that we should further deepen the reform of the system and mechanism, form a talent structure to meet the needs of high-quality development and the construction of an innovative country, form a more active, more open and more efficient talent policy environment, promote the transformation of Chinas human capital from scale expansion to quality improvement, and let the population dividend superimpose the talent dividend to provide high-quality development for China Exhibition provides strong intellectual support.