The opinions requires all departments in all regions to strengthen organization and leadership, clarify task division, strengthen coordination and cooperation, strengthen policy innovation and support in combination with the actual situation, effectively solve the outstanding problems faced by market subjects in the field of fresh agricultural products circulation, especially the development of private enterprises, and promote the healthy development of fresh agricultural products circulation industry.
Relevant leaders of the national development and Reform Commission answered reporters questions on the implementation opinions on further optimizing the development environment and promoting the circulation of fresh agricultural products
Recently, 12 departments including the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of public security, the Ministry of finance, the Ministry of natural resources, the Ministry of ecological environment, the Ministry of housing and urban rural development, the Ministry of transport, the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, the Ministry of Commerce, the state Administration of Taxation, the General Administration of market supervision and the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission jointly issued the implementation opinions on further optimizing the development environment and promoting the circulation of fresh agricultural products (hereinafter referred to as the opinions) uff09u3002 A few days ago, the relevant responsible comrades of the national development and Reform Commission answered reporters questions about the opinions.
Q: please introduce the main background of the opinions.
Q: what are the main features of the opinions?
The opinion has two main features:
First, adhere to the problem orientation and solve the outstanding problems in the circulation industry of fresh agricultural products. According to the feedback from enterprises, industry associations and local governments, we have combed out five categories of problems in detail, such as heavy business burden, difficult financing, and difficult land and housing use. We have focused on the focus and difficulty of enterprises with strong reflection and universal representativeness, highlighted the pain points restricting the development of the industry, repeatedly conducted research, communication and consultation with relevant departments, and reached an agreement on 12 key issues Consensus. For example, in terms of reducing the burden of enterprises, in view of the difficulty in obtaining VAT deduction vouchers, three meetings were held successively, and repeated communication was conducted through telephone and other means, and finally solutions were put forward jointly with relevant departments.
Second, adhere to the goal orientation and aim at the construction goal of fresh agricultural products circulation industry. Fresh agricultural products circulation is a complete supply chain from place of origin to dining table, which involves many links of collection, storage, transportation and marketing. Any link with problems will affect the efficiency of the whole chain, resulting in poor circulation, increased cost and price fluctuation. The opinions adheres to the goal of integrating the circulation, collection, storage, transportation and marketing of fresh agricultural products, speeds up the completion of the short board of circulation infrastructure, and focuses on strengthening the weak links in the circulation chain, especially the first kilometer and last kilometer, so as to ensure that the whole chain is closely linked and excellent. For example, in the initial stage of circulation in the production area, we should focus on strengthening the land support for the construction of drying and drying, sorting and packaging, fresh storage and other facilities; in the end stage of circulation in the sales area, we should focus on solving the housing problems of retail distribution terminal outlets such as community vegetable stores, fresh e-commerce front warehouses.
Q: please briefly introduce the main contents of the opinions.
The opinions put forward five parts and twelve policy measures.
First, in terms of reducing the operating cost of the enterprise, the paper puts forward measures to reduce the tax burden of the enterprise, such as reducing the price of electricity, reducing the relevant vehicle toll, optimizing the value-added tax deduction chain, etc.
Second, in terms of increasing financial support, it proposed to use the investment within the central budget, corporate bonds, credit funds, etc. to support the construction of enterprise facilities; to increase the support of working capital loans, strengthen equity financing, improve enterprise rescue mechanism; to play the role of local guarantee platform, set up risk compensation, and strengthen guarantee and credit enhancement services.
Third, in terms of increasing the supply of land-use housing, the paper puts forward specific measures to implement the land policy for circulation of agricultural products and solve the difficulties of retail terminal housing.
Fourth, in terms of creating a good business environment, focusing on building a pro Qing relationship between government and business, maintaining fair competition order, optimizing local administration and so on, the paper puts forward measures such as strengthening the assistance of enterprises in need, clearing up unfair competition behavior, establishing standardized and normalized communication mechanism between government and business, and innovating government management mode.
Fifthly, in the aspect of supporting enterprises to become bigger and stronger, it puts forward measures such as strengthening local overall planning and scientific layout, strengthening supporting public facilities, extending industrial chain, and strengthening the application of standards.
Q: how to implement the opinions in the next step?
Building a better development environment and supporting the reform and development of private enterprises are important decisions and arrangements made by the Party Central Committee and the State Council. We will focus on the implementation of the opinions from the following three aspects in combination with the deployment requirements of overall promotion of epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development.
Second, compaction responsibility. The main responsibility of building a good business environment, increasing the supply of land and housing, supporting enterprises to grow stronger and stronger lies in the local government. In accordance with the requirements of the opinions, the local government should strengthen organizational leadership, clarify the division of tasks, strengthen coordination and cooperation, effectively solve the outstanding problems faced by market subjects in the field of fresh agricultural products circulation, especially the development of private enterprises, and promote the flow of fresh agricultural products The general industry is developing healthily.
Third, do a good job in evaluation and tracking. The national development and Reform Commission and relevant departments will regularly evaluate and demonstrate the implementation of the relevant policies and measures of the opinions, regularly track and understand whether the relevant problems reflected by the research enterprises have been properly solved, and feed back the relevant information to the local government.
Source: Zhong Qiming, editor in charge of the national development and Reform Commission of the peoples Republic of China_ NF5619