Brazil is the second largest epicenter in the world, but the risk of losing control is increasing

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 Brazil is the second largest epicenter in the world, but the risk of losing control is increasing


Experts believe that the lack of coordination and insufficient medical resources are the two main reasons why Brazil has become the new epicenter of the global top epidemic.

There are different ways to prevent epidemic in missing the best window period

Until the middle of March, community communication appeared in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, two major cities in Brazil. A number of officials who came back from visiting the United States were diagnosed, and the governments at all levels began to pay attention to it, but they still hesitated between health protection and economic protection.

People wear masks to shop at a grocery store in Sao Paulo, Brazil, on May 29. Xinhua News Agency (photographed by Rahel patso)

The epidemic continues to spread in the country, but the Brazilian authorities lack a coordinated anti epidemic arrangement. Brazils former Minister of justice and public security, Sergio Moro, and two successive health ministers, Luis Mandeta and Nelson Tech, left office due to serious differences with President Bozo Nalo. There are also many differences between bosonaro and the local government in anti epidemic methods, which also makes the anti epidemic work more difficult.

After the outbreak, most shops in Brazil, except supermarkets, pharmacies and other necessary industries, were suspended. The government called on the public to consciously take social isolation measures, but the isolation rate was still low.

In addition, the long-distance traffic continues to run, the number of detection reagents is insufficient, and the people lack the habit of wearing masks, which makes the epidemic spread to remote areas.

Ricardo cassiolo, a professor at Brazils capital markets Institute, believes that the president and the governors are in a completely opposite position. Local governments are independent and lack of unified coordination, which has become an important reason for the rapid development of the epidemic.

On March 17, in Brasilia, the capital of Brazil, Brazilian president bosonaro (middle) arrived at the presidential residence. Xinhua social development (photographed by Lucio tavola)

Compared with other countries in Latin America, Brazils health care system is relatively sound. In Brazil, public health care is provided, and citizens can get free treatment from public medical institutions. But this year, in addition to the new crown epidemic, dengue fever and influenza also broke out at the same time, causing unprecedented impact on Brazils medical system.

In the diagnosis and treatment of patients with new crown, ventilator is an important medical equipment. However, as of the end of January this year, there were only about 60000 ventilators in Brazil, mainly in large cities, and many local hospitals did not have them at all, according to Brazilian media reports. Rio de Janeiro state plans to set up six shelter hospitals, but only one starts to receive patients, and the other five cannot be put into use as planned due to the delay of medical equipment.

Workers build a shelter hospital at the ibilapuela stadium in Sao Paulo, Brazil, on April 16. Xinhua News Agency (photographed by Rahel patso)

After the outbreak, many patients with mild illness were required to go home for self-treatment due to the lack of reception capacity, which led to the spread of the epidemic to a certain extent.

With the development of the epidemic, Brazils public health system is under great pressure. According to a recent survey conducted by Brazils mainstream media Sao Paulo, the public medical system has been overwhelmed in many states with more serious epidemic situation. The occupancy rate of critical beds in the severely affected state of Sao Paulo has reached 91%, while some states in the north and northeast have been saturated, and patients need to wait in line for beds. Many cities have seen cases of patients dying at home.

Brazilian infectious disease experts said that from the current situation, the Brazilian epidemic is still in a climbing stage. In addition, Brazil will enter the winter at present. The weather will turn cold, which will speed up the spread of respiratory diseases. In addition, the epidemic will spread to poor communities. Many experts are worried that Brazils epidemic situation is out of control.

On May 26, residents in the outskirts of Brasilia, Brazil, were tested for the new coronavirus. Xinhua social development (photographed by Lucio tavola)

Inflection point hasnt arrived yet, gradually opening up everywhere

Brazils Ministry of health and other medical research institutions have said it is difficult to predict when the inflection point will arrive because of the different stages of the epidemic in 27 Brazilian states and federal regions. However, in order to save the economy, many Brazilian states and federal regions began to relax the isolation measures and gradually resume business activities.

Brazils GDP fell 1.5% in the first quarter of this year compared with the fourth quarter of 2019, the biggest quarterly decline since the second quarter of 2015, due to the impact of the epidemic and isolation measures, according to data released by the National Geographic Statistics Bureau.

Sao Paulo, Brazils most developed and confirmed state, has gradually resumed economic activities since June 1, and the state has gradually relaxed isolation measures according to the severity of the epidemic. The city government of Sao Paulo, the state capital, announced that the quarantine period would be extended until June 15, and the non essential places remained closed. The city government began to accept and evaluate the application of the commercial sector to resume economic activities.

In Rio de Janeiro, the second worst affected state, the quarantine period will be extended until June 8, and then the phase out will begin. But in Rio de Janeiro, the states capital, the mayor decided to phase out the closure in six stages starting June 2.

A clerk cleans his hands at a grocery store in Sao Paulo, Brazil, on May 29. Xinhua News Agency (photographed by Rahel patso)

In the Federal District of Brasilia, the capital, business activities have been gradually resumed since the middle of May due to the relatively light epidemic. However, restaurants, bars, cinemas, gyms and other places have not yet opened, and the school will finally open.

However, experts remind that in a state with a serious epidemic like Sao Paulo, the curve of newly confirmed cases still shows an upward trend, and there is a high risk of resuming business activities, which may lead to a great discount in the effect of isolation measures and increase pressure on the health care system.

(function(){( window.slotbydup=window .slotbydup||[]).push({id:u6056789,container:ssp_ 6056789, async:true Novel coronavirus pneumonia death in Brazil is the first to exceed the official warning of the US official. The latest warning of the new epicenter of the disease in South America is: New Zealands international responsibility editor: Luo Wei Wei. NB12082