According to the article current situation and challenges of population development in Anhui Province published on the website of Anhui Provincial Bureau of statistics in March this year, it is suggested to establish, improve and gradually implement such incentives and preferential policies as two child family birth allowance, house purchase subsidy, milk powder subsidy, tax deduction, etc. to stimulate the two childs birth intention.
In this years national two sessions, encouraging childbearing is also a hot topic for many delegates and members. Liu Hong, deputy to the National Peoples Congress and President of Dalian Foreign Studies University, suggested that the government should take systematic supporting subsidy policies such as cash subsidy, differential individual tax deduction, housing rental and house purchase subsidy as a whole to promote the growth of natural population, drawing on the experience of other countries in the world.
In the proposal on adjusting social and family policies and coping with population development, the Central Committee of the NLD proposed to study the possibility of liberalizing fertility comprehensively or conditionally. The Central Committee of the NLD proposed to speed up the construction of a maternity support system. The first is to explore the establishment of a comprehensive system to encourage childbearing from pregnancy to the age of 18 or the end of academic education. The second is to increase the supply of 0-3-year-old care services, so that the enrollment rate has increased from the current 4% to 40%. At the same time, an allowance is provided for grandparents who are in the care of the next generation.
According to the data of the National Bureau of statistics, the total number of births in 2019 is 14.65 million, a decrease of 580000 compared with 15.23 million in 2018. This is the third consecutive year since the implementation of the comprehensive two child policy. Based on the birth rate, the birth rate of China in 2019 is 10.48 u2030, a new low in history.
Ding Changfa, an associate professor in the Department of economics of Xiamen University, analyzed the first finance and economics. He believed that it was necessary to implement the policy of encouraging childbearing, to aim at the pain point, and to truly solve the problems that people cant afford to live and raise. At present, the birth rate in many rural areas of our country is not bad, but in the metropolis, influenced by the factors such as high house price and high living cost, the birth rate is much worse. Therefore, how to solve the livelihood problems of housing, medical care, education, pension and so on is very important to improve the fertility rate.
At the same time of low birth rate, the birth rate varies greatly among different regions.
According to the statistics of the first financial reporter, the top ten provinces with birth rate in 2019 are Tibet, Ningxia, Qinghai, Guizhou, Guangxi, Fujian, Hainan, Yunnan, Jiangxi and Guangdong. In terms of regional distribution, the provinces with high birth rate are mainly concentrated in the western provinces, many of which are sparsely populated and have low urbanization rate. Generally speaking, the proportion of rural population is large, and the fertility rate will be higher.
The other part is concentrated in Hainan, Guangdong, Fujian and other South China provinces. Although Guangdong and Fujian are both developed coastal areas in the East, and their urbanization rate is relatively high, they are affected by the local traditional fertility culture and have higher fertility willingness. In addition, as a result of the large inflow of young and middle-aged migrants from Guangdong, the overall population structure is relatively young, so the fertility rate will also be relatively high.
By contrast, there are 10 provinces with a birth rate of less than 1%, namely Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Tianjin, Shanghai, Beijing, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi and Jiangsu. Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning are the last three. Generally speaking, Northeast China has the lowest birth rate in China.
The lower birth rate in Northeast China is related to the earlier industrialization and urbanization in Northeast China. Yi Baozhong, a professor of Northeast Asia Research Institute of Jilin University, analyzed the first financial reporter. Northeast enterprises are mainly state-owned enterprises, many of the employees are in state-owned enterprises and administrative institutions, and family planning is strictly implemented.
In addition, the lower fertility rate is also related to the less local employment opportunities. According to the analysis of yibaozhong, the main outflow of population in Northeast China in recent years is the young and middle-aged population, especially many people who work in the southeast coastal developed areas after graduation, leaving more middle-aged and elderly people, and the overall aging degree is relatively high.
The population development plan of Liaoning Province (2016-2030), released in June 2018, proposes to improve the tax, education, social security, housing and other policies, and give more incentive policies to families with two children. This is the first time in nearly 40 years since the implementation of the family planning policy in China that the provincial government has issued the policy of rewarding birth.
(source: the first financial reporter makes statistics according to local Statistical Bulletins) source: the first financial network editor in charge: Chen Hequn_ NB12679
(source: the first financial reporter makes statistics according to the Statistical Bulletins of all regions)