One of the most important contributions of psychoanalysis to psychology is the revelation of human dream life and its unconscious process. The understanding and application of the psychology of symbolism and symbolism has become one of the important tools and ways for analysts to approach the real meaning of unconsciousness and dreams.
1. General meaning of symbol
In his book Freud, psychoanalysis and symbolism, Petocz sums up five definitions of symbolism in a broad and narrow sense. There are four broad definitions of symbols:
One is to regard symbol as an advanced category, such as the new Kantian school;
Second, symbol is regarded as a kind of symbol, which is the view of Saussure, the founder of European semiotics;
Thirdly, symbol is regarded as a tool of indirect expression, such as the French contemporary philosopher Paul likel;
Fourthly, the symbol is regarded as an expression tool of unspeakable things.
The narrow sense symbol is the definition of classical psychoanalysis: it is regarded as the substitute of unconscious manufacture. What is most concerned is the unconscious nature of symbolic process and what content is symbolized.
The various definitions of symbols lead to the ambiguity of discussion and research.
But what is more meaningful for psychology and psychotherapy is that it is regarded as one of the symbols. For example, fetishism has its special symbolic meaning for every object (animal accessories, brassieres, stockings, high-heeled shoes, etc.), such as the attachment symbol of brassieres to mothers or womens breasts. Through the association of symbolic meaning, it can be understood that the sexual psychological barrier of fetishists is fixed in the oral desire period.
2. The status and function of symbol in psychoanalysis
Symbolism contains feelings and images.
The symbol is like a scenic spot for the psychological world. Symbolic function is like the light of night for the psychological exploration of the analyte or the exploration of the unconscious cause of the patients disease.
Introduce some top psychologists emphasis on symbols:
u00b7Symbol in Freuds Theory: symbol is the product of repression, only the repressed can be symbolized.
He believes that there is a fixed and corresponding relationship between the symbol and the symbolized. In his introduction to psychoanalysis, the fixed relationship between the elements of dreams and the interpretation of dreams is called a symbolic relationship.
Three characteristics of symbolic meaning: fixed meaning; silent speech; hereditary.
Attention: general symbol, special symbol, flexibility. The suppression of the desire to attach importance to dream symbols. u00b7Symbol in Jungian theory: a thing is regarded as a symbol if we cant or cant make a rational explanation for it completely according to the routine, but still realize it has some important, even mysterious (unknown) meaning with conviction or intuition. In short, the symbol is the two things of Mo Ling.
Jung found symbolism in the process of studying the prototype of unconsciousness. It also suggests that in order to reveal peoples spiritual (spiritual) activities, we must understand the meaning of symbols and symbolic language.
Meaning of symbol: symbol is a kind of meaningful image and a tool to promote psychological change. Dreams communicate our consciousness and unconsciousness, but they use symbolic language. Symbol has the function of transcendence and integration. In his later work people and their symbols, he said that the meaning of symbols makes people full of life; symbols are not only the key for people to know themselves, but also the lighthouse for people to realize themselves. Mans life is a process of constantly seeking and creating symbols; human history is a history of constantly replacing old symbols with new ones.
Attention: archetype, archetypal image, shadow, persona... The healing function of. Give symbols some constructive meaning. We should pay attention to the foreboding and purposefulness of dream symbols. u00b7Symbol in Lacans Theory: the structure of society is symbolic. Symbolic order is the world of symbols, language and meaning.
The study of complex is different from Freuds personal unconscious connotation, which holds that individual psychology is determined unconsciously by social structure. It is found that the formation of psychosis (such as the case of wolf child) stems from the UN symbolization of castration fear in Oedipus period. The hallucinations and delusions of the mental patient are due to the fact that there is something in his inner world that cannot be symbolized. So the fear of castration, which should be solved in symbolism, appears in reality at the right time.
(the core of Oedipus complex is castration fear. The normal growth of human is based on the symbolic solution of castration fear. The successful overcoming of Oedipus complex means the recognition of fathers law. He also said that everyone is a neurosis, and only when people enter the symbolic order can they obtain subjectivity.)
Attention: the metaphor and metonymy of symbol in the three structures of human spirit: imagination, symbol and reality. The restoration of early psychological trauma lies in the reconstruction of psychological or symbolic functions.
3. Interpretation of symbols
The symbol of human psychological reality is realized through image. So, first of all, it is the feeling and naming of image.
u2460 Dream symbol. Dream is the most profound channel to unconsciousness. Dreams are like: plays, fables.... Dream is the symbolic language of psychological reality.
u2461 Image dialogue. Experience the work of initial image, image naming, image or energy transformation.
The basis to master: familiar with symbolic psychology.
u2463 Psychological projection test. Any object, when it is taken as a symbol, is the externalization and manifestation of human spirit. The feelings and symbolic analysis of projective psychological test, including psychodrama, sandplay, color character, constellation symbol, work analysis, scale test, etc.
The basis to master: familiar with psychoanalysis of object relationship. 2u3001 Experience symbol and analysis
1. Experience dream symbols (symbolic analysis of dreams)
2. Experience the symbols of psychological projection experiment (symbolic analysis of projection experiment)