Provided by China Internet Network Information Center
Provided by China Internet Network Information Center
In the first batch of youth network literacy education base licensing ceremony in Fuzhou, Fujian, some students signed to support civilized Internet access.
(taken in September, 219)
Recently, the topic of afterwave has become a hot topic. In contrast with the real life, we feel the wave behind surging. In the network virtual space, the majority of minors, who are called indigenous people in the network era, are emerging as new forces of Chinese Internet users.
According to the Research Report on the Internet use of minors nationwide in 2019 (hereinafter referred to as the report) jointly released by the Ministry of Youth Rights and interests of the Communist Youth League Central Committee and China Internet Network Information Center recently, the number of Chinese minors has reached one point seven five Billion yuan, and the Internet penetration rate of urban and rural minors is respectively 93.9% and 90.3% u3002 As a vigorous force, they began to participate in drawing the blueprint of Chinas online world. With the passage of time, their creativity and youth will redefine Chinas online world and real life to a large extent.
Urban and rural penetration rate is over 90%
At the beginning of the report, the relevant core statistical data are given, among which the popularity of the Internet among minors is described as follows: in 2019, the scale of Chinas minor Internet users is 175 million, and the Internet penetration rate of minors reaches 93.1%. 93.9% in cities and 90.3% in rural areas.
Whats worth noting here is that the total number of minors referred to in the report is 188 million, that is, the population of general primary school, junior high school, general high school and secondary vocational education (excluding Adult Education) in China Statistical Yearbook 2019 issued by the National Bureau of statistics, excluding the number of under-6 and non student groups.
Compared with the relevant report data released in 2018, we can find that the gap between urban and Rural Minors network penetration rate is from that in 2018 Five point four Percentage points down to Three point six Percentage points, reflecting a big step forward in the digital equalization of urban and rural areas.
According to the 45th statistical report on Chinas Internet Development released at the end of April, as of March this year, the number of Internet users in China was 904 million, with an Internet penetration rate of 64.5%. The statistical deadline of the report is the end of 2019. Although there is a time difference of about three months between the two, they are still referential. By comparison, we can find that the Internet penetration rate of minors is still 28.6 percentage points higher than that of the national population. The Internet penetration rate of minors in some age groups is even as high as 99%. The high degree of Internet participation fully shows that they are the real indigenous people in the Internet world.
Among all kinds of network terminals, mobile phones continue to maintain the status of first screen in terms of Internet access for urban and Rural Minors. According to the survey, the proportion of Internet users using mobile phones in urban and rural areas is 94.0% and 93.4% respectively, almost the same. There are great differences between urban and Rural Minors in laptop and tablet access to the Internet. Specifically, the proportion of Rural Minors using laptop and tablet is 15.7 and 10.9 percentage points higher than that of Urban Minors.
To some extent, this reflects the reality that these two types of Internet terminals are relatively few in rural areas. In terms of minors access to the Internet through TV, 2019 is much higher than 2018, with the proportion from 46.7% Upgrade to 56.7% u3002
Nearly 90% of online learning
The Internet has become the main support to promote the reform of educational informatization and the development of knowledge inclusive. According to the report, the Internet has become an important learning tool and method for minors. The proportion of them who often use the Internet for learning has reached 89.6%, 2.2 percentage points higher than 87.4% in 2018. There are various types of online learning, including using the Internet to do homework, review, memorize words, answer questions online, online course learning, etc. The proportion of all kinds of online learning activities of minors has increased to varying degrees compared with 2018. Among them, the proportion of learning extra-curricular knowledge and review through the Internet increased by more than 5 percentage points compared with 2018, and the proportion of learning through professional online education platform increased by 3.9 percentage points compared with 2018.
For the evaluation of the effect of online learning, the report provides relevant data in the form of survey. 66.1% of the Internet users think that online has a positive impact on their own learning, 13.1 percentage points higher than 53.0% in 2018. Among them, 14.6% thought to have a very positive impact, increased by 1.3 percentage points compared with 13.3% in 2018; 51.5% thought to have some help, increased by 11.8 percentage points compared with 39.7% in 2018; 11.4% thought to have a learning setback due to too long online time, decreased by 8.1 percentage points compared with 19.5% in 2018. This fully shows that for learning, the network is a double-edged sword, and only by using it correctly can we benefit from it, while the more tired and more Chinese minor Internet users are learning to use the network correctly, seeking advantages and avoiding disadvantages. With the support of relevant departments, the online extracurricular knowledge education mode represented by large-scale online open courses, namely Mogao, is extended as an extension of the concept of Internet plus education. It provides a good platform for self-learning for minors and becomes an important resource for them to expand their knowledge.
In addition to learning, the Internet has become an important tool for minors to play and socialize. According to the report, listening to music and playing games continue to be the main online entertainment activities of minors, accounting for 65.9% and 61.0% respectively. The former as a way of entertainment for minors is accepted by parents, schools and other parties, but the latter caused a lot of controversy. In recent years, with the rapid development of online game industry, with the popularity of smart phones, the penetration to the minors is more rapid. According to the survey, 61.0% of the Internet users often play games on the Internet, and mobile phones are the main equipment for them to play games on the Internet. More than half of primary school students play mobile games; 61.2% and 59.2% of junior and senior high school students play mobile games; 71.7% of secondary vocational school students play mobile games. Short video is a booming Internet entertainment service in recent years. In 2019, the proportion of young Internet users who regularly watched short videos on the Internet reached 46.2%, 5.7 percentage points higher than that in 2018, which was 40.5%.
More than 65% of Internet users rely on self-study
The report emphasizes the importance of cultivating minors network literacy, and combines with the current network information environment to refine it into minors ability to learn online skills, online information identification ability, online behavior self-control ability, online self-protection ability and other basic qualities.
With regard to minors awareness of the protection of online privacy and their awareness of online security, the report has a lot of inks. On the one hand, it affirms that relevant parties have made achievements in strengthening the work in this field, and on the other hand, it points out that the current situation is not optimistic 54.6% Of the young Internet users will consciously avoid publishing personal information on the Internet; 41.3% Will set the online personal information to be visible to friends; 29.8% Will be published online Obtain parental consent prior to personal information; also 20.8% Of the minor Internet users do not have any of the above privacy protection awareness; 46% Of the Internet users who are under age have encountered all kinds of bad information in the process of surfing the Internet. Among them, the proportion of people who encounter rich information is the highest, reaching 23.5% ; the proportion of obscene pornography, bloody violence and negative ideological content is more than 15%; the proportion of minor Internet users who are satirized or reviled on the Internet is 42.3% ; the proportion of malicious harassment of oneself or relatives and friends on the Internet reached 22.1% u3002
Taking multiple measures to protect minors online life
In view of the problems in the use of the Internet by Chinese Minors, the report on the study of the use of the Internet by Chinese Minors in 2019 (hereinafter referred to as the report) published recently puts forward several suggestions.
Starting from preschool childrens access to the Internet
To prevent the Internet from indulging
According to the report, it is the inevitable choice to solve the problem of Internet addiction to form a pattern of joint management. Parents should pay more attention to the average time spent on the Internet every day, and educate and guide children to plan the time and content of using the Internet reasonably. The school strengthens the management of smart products such as mobile phones carried by students, pays close attention to the family situation of students who may over use the Internet, and provides care for the families of left behind or floating children who have difficulties, so as to prevent children from using the Internet as a spiritual sustenance. Internet enterprises should take social responsibility, improve the real name verification, time limit, content review, preference push and other operating mechanisms, further integrate the technical capabilities of software and hardware, operating system, operators and other aspects, and form a unified and linked minors healthy Internet access system.
Carry out online education according to the characteristics of school segments
The report pointed out that the network social attribute of minors began to form in junior high school, and senior high school has been consolidated, so differential education should be carried out based on this feature.
For junior high school students Internet users, the report puts forward that we should focus on the cultivation of their Internet application skills, and pay attention to the education of civilized Internet access and information security. For senior high school students Internet users, we should train their ability in network information screening, tool use, innovation and creation, cultivate correct cognition of the society, and encourage them to use the Internet to improve their creativity.
Enhance self-care ability and social protection ability
At the social level, we regularly investigate the awareness and ability of online self-care of minors, carry out targeted education through case teaching and other ways, and build a professional consulting service platform with credibility outside the school.