Strategic high frontier competition is increasingly fierce

 Strategic high frontier competition is increasingly fierce

Comments: Japan is one of the few countries in the world with advanced space technology and development capability at the same time. In recent years, the process of building space militarization force is also accelerating. The establishment of Japans space corps on the one hand is an important embodiment of its military strength construction in the three new fields of space, network and electromagnetism in recent years, serving its strategic goal of security independence military strategy and force transformation and development, on the other hand, it is also guided by the current competition situation in the security field of the United States, intended to cooperate with the strategic deployment of the United States and integrate space military forces It is intended to serve as a new growth point for bilateral defense cooperation and inject new impetus for strengthening the alliance. Therefore, in the foreseeable future, Japan will further invest resources in the construction of space military forces, optimize the organizational structure, and comprehensively mobilize its own strength and external support to ensure that it can seize the first opportunity in the space military field.

Most of Japans reconnaissance satellites are launched by domestic H-IIA launch vehicles

Japans space militarization is speeding up

In the field of space militarization, Japan has never been willing to fall behind. Whoever controls the space will control the earth, and the right to control the sky will become one of the main conditions for fighting for the right to control the air and the sea, said nakayawa, a former defense minister. In 2008, Japans parliament passed the basic law of the universe, which overturned the principle of peaceful non military use of space in 1969, making it possible for Japan to carry out military space activities on the basis of defensive military purposes. Subsequently, the Japanese government successively issued a series of relevant supporting documents, publicly recognized the necessity of developing space for national security, and defined the core projects of space militarization in the future. In December 2018, in the latest defense plan outline, Japan further listed space as a key strategic area of life and death, and declared to take comprehensive measures to ensure its dominant position in the space field.

Under the guidance of the above documents and concepts, the pace of Japans space militarization has been accelerating in recent years, and its space military capability has been rising rapidly. In December 2017, the Japanese government announced that it would set up a Skynet power integrated command to lead the construction of combat capabilities in these three high-end fields, and put forward a new theory of cross domain operations, emphasizing the organic integration of the new space, network and electromagnetic spectrum combat fields with the traditional land, sea and air combat fields, so as to build a multi domain integrated joint defense force. On January 20, 2019, in his address to the national assembly, Abe emphasized once again that Japan must thoroughly strengthen its capabilities and systems (in the above fields), and strive for its military advantages in network and electromagnetic wave, so as to protect itself from the threat of cyberspace and electromagnetic interference from the outside world to Japanese satellites. Later, Japanese Defense Minister Taro Kono also said: the universe is an important new field besides network and electromagnetic wave. Japan must be able to quickly take advantage of space, which is also very important.

Japanese quasi zenith navigation satellite waiting to be launched can be used to support military operations

This time Japan has set up a new special space force, the Cosmos team, which is to implement the above ideas and ideas. This force starts with the space monitoring force. At present, its mission is mainly to use satellites and ground equipment to monitor space conditions, including tracking space debris and satellite positions, avoiding collision accidents in space, and using its ground radar network to monitor possible attempts to interfere with Japan or the United States through anti satellite missiles, laser irradiation, communication interference and other means The satellite activities of the satellite operation are expected to be implemented in 2022-2023. This is an important step in Japans space militarization construction, which shows that Japan has regarded space as a strategic military area as important or even more critical than the conventional combat area. It is planning ahead of time, deploying as early as possible, and giving priority to development, so as to ensure that no one is left behind in the international competition in this field, and push Japans security strategy into the space age.

An important breakthrough for Japan to realize normal nationalization

Since the defeat of World War II, Japan has been restricted by the Cairo Declaration, the Bostan proclamation and Japans peace constitution in terms of military affairs. It cannot possess military forces or develop offensive strategic weapons. For this reason, Japan has always been haunted by seeking all opportunities to break through and strive to become a normal country.

Japan believes that in order to achieve national normalization, the first thing to break through is the forbidden zone in the military field. In the field of conventional military, it is easy to be opposed by other countries. However, if normalization is realized in space, it will not be as sensitive as the deployment of warships, weapons and troops overseas. Therefore, taking advantage of its advantages in space technology, it will be an important breakthrough for Japan to achieve normalization. In addition, compared with conventional weapons, the development of space capabilities can also achieve twice the result with half the effort. The attack effect and range of using space weapons are sometimes much more powerful than developing a missile or a fighter. If Japans natural army can first form a deployment, a capability, and a global reconnaissance and control strike capability, its overall military strength will be greatly improved. At the same time, it can also play a driving and breakthrough effect in other aspects in the future, so that Japans so-called normalization of the country will be formed quickly and inadvertently.

In recent years, Japan has launched a series of Huang military communication satellites

In addition, Japan also hopes to highlight its capabilities and importance by developing space forces, so as to gradually change its position in Japan us cooperation. At present, the United States is absolutely dominant in Japan-U.S. relations, and Japan is subordinate in Japan-U.S. space cooperation. Japan believes that the fight for the earths orbit has become the commanding height of military competition in the future. If Japan has made progress and development in the space field, take advantage of the opportunity to become bigger and stronger, give full play to its own advantages, especially the rapid development of multiple technologies such as orbital reconnaissance, surveillance and damage, and can form a one-to-one relationship with the United States, then it can keep in line with the United States and turn Japans capabilities into The ability of the United States forms a kind of coordination relationship in the battle ability of the Japanese army, which will further increase the discourse power of Japan, gradually change the position of Japan in the cooperation between Japan and the United States, and make it change and develop from the former supporting role to the quasi leading role.

For the United States, with the development and research in the field of outer space all over the world, it realizes that it does not have an absolute advantage. No matter in terms of technology or investment, it is hard to find a helper with Japans leading technology and investment. Therefore, it will be tacit for Japan to establish its own space military force. In this case, Japan will work closely with the United States after the establishment of the space operations force. It is reported that Japan will share information resources with the U.S. Army after the establishment of the space operation team. The monitoring system operated by Japan can simultaneously monitor the interference of other countries to the U.S. satellites. From 2023, Japans self defense force will connect with the U And establish a joint space command center with the United States at the right time, which will consolidate the cooperation foundation of the Japan-U.S. security alliance and accelerate the pace of Japan toward national normalization.

Huang -1 military communication satellite launch

Increasingly fierce competition in the field of strategic high frontier

In the field of national security, outer space is regarded as the strategic high frontier, the fourth battlespace after land, sea and air, and the new strategic commanding point that big powers must contend for. In the future war, seizing the right to control the sky is the necessary way to win. It can be said that the current space is becoming the place for new strategists to fight for, and the national security and development interests are closely related to it.

In this context, building the heavenly army has become an urgent task for all countries in the world. The United States, Russia and Europe have long been at the forefront. As early as June 2001, Russia listed the military space force and missile space defense force from the strategic rocket force, set up a new type of arms - space force, and entrusted it with the task of launching various military spacecraft and attacking the enemys space weapon system. This is the first truly professional space force in human history. In December 2018, President trump of the United States signed the national defense authorization act for fiscal year 2020 and announced the establishment of the U.S. space force in a high-profile manner. This is not only a major restructuring of the structure and capabilities of the U.S. military forces, but also an important measure to further deepen the implementation of the high frontier strategy.

Japan plans to launch missile early warning satellites around 2025 to improve the early warning system

Compared with the United States and Russia, Japan is obviously in the second tier in space construction and development. Although some of its technical strength is strong, the overall construction is still backward. For example, at present, only the United States in the world has the sensing ability when a satellite is attacked, and its military satellite can cut off the attack signal sent by the sensing device of the enemys ground base in real time, while Japan does not have this independent satellite defense and space operation ability. Although its space operation command center has low orbit reconnaissance radar and earth synchronous orbit monitoring telescope, it still has It is difficult to detect the signs of the attack against the friendly man-made satellite in space effectively, and it is impossible to detect in advance when the satellite is attacked, which will greatly hinder Japans future space military construction.

From the perspective of future development, with a new round of international competition in the space field becoming increasingly fierce, Japan will continue to use and expand its advantages in the space technology field, implement the small step and fast run, accelerate the development of new space weapons and equipment, and adjust and optimize the strength deployment and organization of the space combat forces in accordance with its strategic goal of becoming a space power parallel with the United States, Russia and Europe To construct a more perfect space combat system of reconnaissance attack defense support.

At the same time, Japan will actively seek cooperation with other countries, strengthen cooperation with the United States, Europe, Australia, India and other countries and regions through joint efforts with space powers and the formation of space military alliance, so as to realize complementary advantages and indirectly enhance its own space military capabilities, so as to make up for its lack of capabilities, and implement interest sharing and Responsibility sharing. It can be predicted that with Japans irreversible trend towards space militarization, its space military organizations and weapons will enter a new stage of development, and will have a greater impact on international space security, which deserves the high vigilance and long-term attention of neighboring countries.

(Bing taozhilue is a personal column set up by Ling Yunzhi, a researcher of Asia Pacific Development Research Center of Nanjing University, for surging defense column. He reviews recent major defense events, comments on the hidden mystery behind the information, peels off the cocoon, draws the silk and sees the gold in the dust. Its a two-week issue. Its all right.)

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